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SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) was established in 1988 as a non-statutory body to regulate the Indian securities market. On April 12th, 1992, the Government of India made SEBI an autonomous body and offered statutory powers by passing the SEBI Act 1992 in the Parliament. SEBI is the regulator for the Indian securities market and has three major functions: quasi-judicial, quasi-legislative and quasi-executive.
With the increase in the number of dealings in the Indian stock markets, a lot of malpractices was seen like price rigging, the unofficial premium on a new issue, delay in shares delivery, violations with respect to rules and regulations of the stock exchange and the listing requirements. With all such malpractices in place, the customers were losing their faith and confidence in the Indian stock exchange. Hence, the Indian government decided to set up a regulatory body or an agency known as SEBI (Securities Exchange Board of India).
SEBI drafts the regulations in the legislative capacity, it conducts investigations and enforces actions as per its executive function and it also passes orders and rulings as per its judicial capacity.The Indian Government has been vested SEBI with the following powers:
- for approving the by−laws of stock exchanges.
- requiring the stock exchange for amending their by−laws.
- inspecting the books of accounts and calling for periodical returns from the recognized stock exchanges.
- inspecting the books of accounts of the financial intermediaries.
- compelling companies for list their shares on stock exchanges.
- registration brokers.
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