The basic concept of Indirect Tax is that the person supplying goods or services, collects tax from the recipient and thereafter deposits the same with the Government. But in certain transactions, it may happen that the recipient of the goods or services is required to deposit the tax directly to the Government Treasury and this process is known as Reverse Charge Mechanism.

Under GST Law, Section 9 of the CGST Act, 2017 and Section 5 of the IGST Act, 2017 empowers the Central Government to notify such goods and services on supply of which the recipient shall be liable to pay applicable GST under the Reverse Charge Mechanism.

RCM ON SERVICES RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENT

The Central Government by exercising its powers under Section 9(3) of the CGST Act, 2017 and Section 5(3) of the IGST Act, 2017 has notified various goods and services on supply of which the recipient is liable to pay applicable GST. One of the services notified, vide Notification No. 13/2017-CT (R) dated 28.06.2017 and Notification No. 10/2017-IT (R) dated 28.06.2017, is the service received from the Government by the business entity. The entry can be understood as under:

  • Category of Supply Services supplied by the Central Government, State Government, Union Territory or Local Authority to a business entity;
  • Supplier Central Government, State Government, Union Territory or Local Authority;
  • Recipient/ person liable to pay GST – Any business entity located in the taxable territory.

Thus, a business entity receiving services from the Central Government, State Government, Union Territory or Local Authority, shall be liable to pay applicable GST under the Reverse Charge Mechanism.

GST

Applicability

The term ‘business entity’ is not defined in the above notification. But reference can be taken from Notification No. 12/2017- CT(R) dated 28.06.2017, which provides that business entity means any person carrying out business.

Thus, the aforementioned entry is applicable to all the person carrying on the business activity within the taxable territory.

EXCEPTIONS

Class of Services

The Notification No. 13/2017-CT (R) dated 28.06.2017 and Notification No. 10/2017-IT (R) dated 28.06.2017, also provides certain exceptions i.e., the recipient is not required to discharge GST on receipt of the following services from the Central Government, State Government, Union Territory or Local Authority:

a) renting of immovable property;

b) services by the Department of Posts by way of speed post, express parcel post, life insurance, and agency services provided to a person other than Central Government, State Government or Union Territory or Local Authority;

c) services in relation to an aircraft or a vessel, inside or outside the precincts of a port or an airport; and

d) transport of goods or passengers.

Monetary Limit

The Notification No. 12/2017-CT (R) dated 28.06.2017 and Notification No. 8/2017-IT (R) dated 28.06.2017 provides that where the consideration against the services provided by Central Government, State Government, Union Territory or Local Authority does not exceed INR 5,000/- then such services shall be exempt from GST.

Thus, in cases wherein the amount payable to the Central Government, State Government, Union Territory or a Local Authority, for the services provided by them, is upto INR 5,000/-, the recipient is not required to pay GST on the same under the Reverse Charge Mechanism.

CONCLUSION

The Central Government, vide Notification No. 13/2017-CT (R) dated 28.06.2017 and Notification No. 10/2017-IT (R) dated 28.06.2017, has burdened the business entities/ taxpayers to pay GST under the Reverse Charge Mechanism on the services received from the Government.

In order to determine the liability to pay tax under the Reverse Charge Mechanism on services received from the Government, the taxpayer has to consider three factors:

  • First, whether the amount paid to the Government is below INR 5,000/- or not;
  • Second, whether the amount paid is against any services or is merely a deposit of taxes, duties or cess;
  • Third, if the amount is paid against any service, then the said service is not an exception mentioned under the aforesaid notifications.

In the coming time, it will be interesting to see that, whether the late fees or penalty paid to the Government can be considered as an amount paid against any services.

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Author Bio

Qualification: LL.B / Advocate
Company: AMLEGALS
Location: AHMEDABAD, Gujarat, IN
Member Since: 14 Apr 2018 | Total Posts: 152
I am a litigation & arbitration advocate. I am founder of a leading full service law firm AMLEGALS. I handle litigation in indirect taxes, Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code, IPR, Arbitration, Contracts etc in High Courts, Tribunals-NCLT,CESTAT,NCLAT etc, Arbitral Tribunals and various Court of View Full Profile

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