Ans: Input tax means the central tax (CGST), State tax (SGST), integrated tax (IGST) or Union territory tax (UTGST) charged on supply of goods or services or both made to a registered person. It also includes tax paid on reverse charge basis and integrated tax goods and services tax charged on import of goods. It does not include tax paid under composition levy.
Ans: Yes. The definition of input tax includes the tax payable under the reverse charge.
Ans: Yes, it includes taxes paid on input goods, input services and capital goods. Credit of tax paid on capital goods is permitted to be availed in one instalment.
Ans: A registered person is entitled to take credit of input tax charged on supply of goods or services or both to him which are used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business, subject to other conditions and restrictions.
Ans: Following four conditions are to be satisfied by the registered taxable person for obtaining ITC:
(a) he is in possession of tax invoice or debit note or such other tax paying documents (such as bill of entry or any other document prescribed under the Customs Act, ISD invoice as prescribed in Rule 36(1) of the CGST Rules).
(b) he has received the goods or services or both;
(c) the supplier has actually paid the tax charged in respect of the supply to the government; and
(d) he has furnished the return under section 39.
Ans: The registered person shall be entitled to the credit only upon receipt of the last lot or installment.
Ans: Yes, the recipient can take ITC. But he is required to pay the consideration along with tax within 180 days from the date of issue of invoice. This condition is not applicable where tax is payable on reverse charge basis.
Ans: The amount of ITC would be added to output tax liability of the person. He would also be required to pay interest. However, he can take ITC again on payment of consideration and tax.
Ans: It would be deemed that the registered person has received the goods when the goods have been delivered to a third party on the direction of such taxable person. So ITC will be available to the person on whose order the goods are delivered to third person.
Ans: A registered person cannot take ITC in respect of any invoice or debit note for supply of goods or services after the due date for furnishing the return under section 39 for the month of September following the end of financial year to which such invoice/invoice relating to debit note pertains or furnishing of the relevant annual return, whichever is earlier. So, the upper time limit for taking ITC is 20th October of the next FY or the date of filing of annual return whichever is earlier.
The underlying reasoning for this restriction is that no change in return is permitted after September of next FY. If annual return is filed before the month of September, then no change can be made after filing of annual return.
Ans: The input tax credit shall not be allowed on the said tax component in respect of which depreciation has been claimed.
Ans: Yes, except a small list of items provided in the law, the credit is admissible on all items. The list covers mainly items of personal consumption, inputs use of which results into formation of an immovable property (except plant and machinery), telecommunication towers, pipelines laid outside the factory premises, etc. and taxes paid as a result of detection of evasion of taxes.
Ans: No. ITC on motor vehicles can be availed only if the taxable person is in the business of transport of passengers or goods or is providing the services of imparting training on motor vehicles.
Ans: No, a person cannot take ITC with respect to goods lost, stolen, destroyed or written off. In addition, ITC with respect of goods given as gifts or free samples are also not allowed.
Ans: No. ITC on goods or services by a person for construction of immovable property, other than plant and machinery, is not allowed. Plant and machinery cover only apparatus, equipment, and machinery fixed to earth by foundation or structural support, and excludes land and building, among other things.
Ans: A person applying for registration can take input tax credit of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semifinished or finished goods held in stock on the day immediately preceding the date of grant of registration. If the person was liable to take registration and he has applied for registration within thirty days from the date on which he became liable to registration, then input tax credit of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semifinished or finished goods held in stock on the day immediately preceding the date on which he became liable to pay tax can be taken.
Ans: 31st July, 2017.
Ans: The person who obtains voluntary registration is entitled to take the input tax credit of input tax on inputs in stock, inputs in semi- finished goods and finished goods in stock, held on the day immediately preceding the date of registration.
Ans: The registered person shall be allowed to transfer the input tax credit that remains unutilized in its electronic credit ledger to the new entity, provided that there is a specific provision for transfer of liabilities.
Ans: The input tax credit of goods or services or both attributable only to taxable supplies can be taken by registered person. The manner of calculation of eligible credit is provided in the CGST Rules.
Ans: No. Zero-rated supplies have been covered within taxable supplies for the purpose of allowing input tax credit. Moreover, IGST Act specifically allows availment of input tax credit for making zero rated supplies, notwithstanding that such supply may be exempt.
Ans: Zero rated supplies.
Ans: The input tax credit of goods or services or both attributable only to the purpose of business can be taken by registered person. The manner of calculation of eligible credit is provided in rules.
Ans: He can avail ITC in respect of inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock and on capital goods (reduced by prescribed percentage points) on the day immediately preceding the date from which he ceases to be eligible for composition scheme. The manner of calculation of eligible credit is provided in CGST Rules.
Ans: A banking company or a financial institution including a non-banking financial company engaged in supply of specified services would either avail proportionate credit or avail 50% of the eligible input tax credit.
Ans: Mr. A is eligible for input tax credit on inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock and capital goods (reduced by such percentage points as has been prescribed by the ITC Rules) as on 30th July, 2017. The Input Tax Credit on capital goods shall be claimed after reducing the tax paid on such capital goods by five percentage points per quarter of a year or part thereof from the date of invoice or such other documents on which the capital goods were received by the him.
Ans: Mr. B is eligible for input tax credit on inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock as on 21st July, 2017. This is subject to the further condition that the invoices pertaining to such inputs should not be more than a year old. Mr. B cannot take input tax credit in respect of capital goods.
Ans: The registered person has to pay an amount equal to the input tax credit in respect of stocks held and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock on the day immediately preceding the date of exercise of option or date of exemption. The ITC on inputs shall be calculated proportionately on the basis of corresponding invoices on which credit had been availed by the registered person on such input. In respect of capital goods held in stock the input tax credit involved in the remaining useful life in months shall be computed on pro-rata basis, taking the useful life as 5 years. Assume capital goods have been in use for 4 years, 6 months and 15 days. The useful remaining life in months will be 5 months ignoring the part of the month. If ITC on such capital goods is taken as C, ITC attributable to the remaining useful life will be C multiplied by 5/60. This would be the amount payable on capital goods. The ITC amount shall be determined separately for integrated tax, central tax and state tax. The payment can be made by debiting electronic credit ledger, if there is sufficient balance in the said ledger, or by debiting electronic cash ledger. If any balance remains in the electronic credit ledger, it would lapse.
Ans: In cases of new registration, change from composition to normal scheme, from exempt to taxable supplies, the concerned person cannot avail ITC after the expiry of one year from the date of issue of tax invoice relating to such supply.
Ans: In case of mismatch, the communication would be made to the both parties. If the mismatch is not rectified, then the amount will be added to the output liability of recipient in the return for the month succeeding the month in which discrepancy is communicated.
Ans: No, input tax credit is allowed provisionally for two months. The supply details are matched by the system and discrepancies are communicated to concerned supplier and recipient. In case mismatch continues, the ITC taken would be reversed automatically.
Ans: No, provisionally allowed ITC can be used only for the payment of self-assessed output tax in the return.
Ans: In case of supply of capital goods or plant and machinery on which input tax credit has been taken, the registered person shall pay an amount equal to the input tax credit taken on the said capital goods or plant and machinery, as reduced in the manner prescribed under sub-rule 6 of rule 44 of the CGST Rules, 2017, or the tax on the transaction value of such capital goods or plant and machinery, whichever is higher. But in case of refractory bricks, molds and dies, jigs and fixtures when these are supplied as scrap, the person can pay tax on the transaction value.
INDEX OF ALL FAQs ON GOODS AND SERVICE TAX
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Omitted as the chapter is no longer there in the Final GST Act(s)