Deciphering a Comparison of Permanent Account Number (PAN), Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN), Goods and Services Taxpayer Identification Number (GSTIN) and Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN)

Basis Expansion PAN Permanent Account
GST Number / GSTIN Goods & Service tax Number / Goods & Service Tax Identification number TAN TIN
Tax Deduction & Collection Number Taxpayer Identification
Meaning A unique all India based alpha numeric number issued to any person who applies or to whom department allots. A unique identification number assigned to a dealer or service provider under the GST regime. A unique alpha numeric number assigned to entities that are responsible for deduction & collection of tax A registration number assigned to business enterprises  & companies, for whom VAT is applicable.
Issued by? Indian Income Tax Department Goods & Service Tax Department Indian Income Tax Department Commercial Tax Department
No. of
10 15 10 11
When to obtain?

– All taxpayers or persons required to furnish a return of Income

– Any person who intends to enter into economical or financial transactions where quoting PAN is mandatory as per Income Tax Rules

For Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura – Limit is 10 Lakhs (both Service+goods)

For Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Puducherry, Sikkim, Telangana, and Uttarakhand – Limit is 20 Lakhs (both service+Goods)

For other States, for supply of goods, limit is 40 Lakhs(*) and 20 Lakhs for supply of service or mixed supply.

*Act provides list for Compulsory registration

– Every person who is liable to deduct Tax at source or collect Tax at Source All business entities willing to register under VAT or CST.
Form to
use ?
– Form 49A for Indians

– Form 49AA for foreigners

GST REG-01 for registration Form 49 B for Indians State wise forms
Where to apply? 1.

2. Through any NSDL TIN Facilitation Centres/ PAN Centres 1.

2. Through TIN-FC

1. Website of the respective state’s Sales Tax department website

2. Directly from the Commercial Tax Office

Mode of applying Online & Offline Online Online & Offline Online & Offline
Documents required

1. Proof of Identity

2. Proof of Address

3. Proof of Date of Birth

1. PAN of the applicant

2. Proof of Address with photo

3. Proof of Business (deed/ incorporation etc)

4. Bank Account details.

No documents required if Offline. If applied through online, acknowledgement generated on submission to be signed & forwarded to NSDL by post

1. Proof of Identity

2. Proof of Address

3. Proof of Business

4. PAN Card

5. Photographs

6. Security ** requirements differ state wise

Penalty Failure to comply with the provisions of Section 139A will attract a penalty of Rupees 10,000 for each default Failure to take registration under GST shall attract penalty of Rupees 10,000 or tax evaded whichever is higher. Failure to obtain TAN & failure to quote correct TAN will attract a penalty of Rupees 10,000 Penalty is state specific
How many can a person hold Single More than one GST has to be obtained if there is business in more than one state or if there are multiple business verticals in a one state Single Each state
Understanding the number  

1 st 3 digits are alphabetic series Type of entity is understood from the 4th alphabet from the left P – Person F – Firm / LLP C – Company H – Hindu Undivided Family A – Association of person B – Body of Individual G – Govt. Agency J – Artificial Juridical Person L – local Authority T – Trust 5 th Character from the left indicates the 1st letter of PAN holder’s last name. Next 4 – sequential numbers Last Digit – alphabetic check digit



GST Number (GSTIN)

state code




issued by govt


Tags: , ,

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: A P N T & Associates
Location: cochin, Kerala, India
Member Since: 22 Apr 2021 | Total Posts: 1
A Fellow member of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India with more than a decade of post qualification experience. Has 5 years of work experience as a faculty at different institutions for Economic Laws, Corporate Laws, Direct and Indirect taxes for CA, CS, CMA, ACCA and other professional stu View Full Profile

More Under Goods and Services Tax

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Posts by Date

October 2021