COMPANIES (AMENDMENT) ORDINANCE 2018/19 

SUMMARY

× Ordnance promulgated on 2nd November 2018

× Companies (Amendment) Bill 2019 to replace the ordinance passed by Lok Sabha on 4th January 2019; pending with Rajya Sabha

× Companies (Amendment) Ordnance 2018 will cease to operate on 21st January 2019

× Hence, Companies (Amendment) Ordnance 2019 promulgated on 12th January 2019 to be effective from 2nd November 2018

× 32 amendments 

FINE REPLACED WITH PENALTY

× 16 cases

× Fine by NCLT, Penalty by RoC / RD

1. S. 53(3) – Prohibition on issue of shares at discount

2. S.64(2) – Notice to be given to Registrar for alteration of share capital

3. S. 92(5) – Annual Return

4. S. 102(5) – Statement to be annexed to Notice

5. S. 105 -Proxies

6. S. 117(2) – Resolutions and Agreements to be filed

7. S.  121(3) -Report on annual general meeting

Amendments

FINE REPLACED WITH PENALTY

8.  S. 137(3) – Copy of financial statement to be filed with Registrar

9. S. 140(3) – Removal, resignation of auditor and giving of special notice

10. S. 157(2) – Company to inform DIN to Registrar

11. S. 159 – Punishment for Contravention – in respect of DIN

12. S. 165(6) – Number of Directorships

13. S. 191(5) – Payment to Director for Loss of Office

14. S. 197(15) – Overall maximum managerial remuneration and managerial remuneration in case of absence or inadequacy of profits

15. S. 203(5) – Appointment ofKMP

16. S. 238(3) – Registration of the offer of scheme involving transfer of shares

S. 2(41) FY & S. 14 CONVERSION

× To have different Financial Year power given to CG from NCLT [S. 2(41)]

× Also, applications for conversion of a company from public to private (S. 14) are now to be made to the CG instead of the NCLT.

× Pending applications with the NCLT submitted prior to 2 November, 2018 in case of the above matters will be dealt by the NCLT.

COMMENCEMENT OF BUSINESS

× S. 10A introduced – reintroduction

× Earlier removed by amending s. 11 through Companies (Amendment) Act 2015.

× Any company incorporated on or after 2nd November 2018, shall not commence business or exercise any borrowing powers, unless:

+ it files a declaration within 180 days of incorporation in Form INC 20A, confirming that every subscriber to the Memorandum has paid the value of shares agreed to be taken by him, AND

+ files a verification of its registered office address with the RoC within 30 days of incorporation.

× In case of default – penalty:

+ Company – Rs. 50K

+ OID – Rs. 1000/- per day subject to maximum Rs. 1 Lakh.

× Failure in filing and Registrar has reasonable cause to believe that company not carrying on any business – may initiate action for removal of name from Register of Companies u/s 248

× S. 248 also amended consequently.

S. 12(9) REGISTERED OFFICE

× S. 12(9) introduced.

× In case RoC has reason to believe that company is not carrying any business or operations , he may call for physical verification of registered office

× And if not found complying with s. 12(1):

× RO should be capable of receiving and acknowledging all communications and notices as may be addressed to it.

× May initiate action for removal of name from Register of Companies u/s 248

S. 53 SHARES AT DISCOUNT

× Fine changed to penalty.

× Imprisonment of OID removed

× Penalty rationalised

+ Earlier – Min. Rs. 1 Lakh Maximum Rs. 5 Lakhs

+ Now – penalty equal to the amount raised by the issue of shares at a discount or five lakh rupees, whichever is lower.

× Company will also be liable to refund the money received with interest at 12% per annum from the date of issue of the shares.

S. 64 ALTERATION OF AOA

× Fine changed to penalty

× These powers have been transferred to central government rom NCLT.

S. 77 CHARGES

× Earlier charge to be registered within 30 days of creation. RoC may permit reg. within 300 days of creation. If registration is not completed within 300 days, company to seek extension .

× Now:

+ If the charge is created before the Ordinance – within 300 days – If not registered, to be completed within 6 months from the date of Ordinance on paying fee

+ If the charge is created after the Ordinance- Within 60 days. If not registered – RoC may grant another 60 days on application on payment of advalorem fee.

S. 86 CHARGES

× If a person wilfully

+ furnishes false or incorrect information, or

+ suppresses material information

× which is required to be registered under this provision, he will be liable for fraud under section 447.

S. 87 RECTIFICATION OF CHARGES

× S. 87 substituted – CG has power to rectify any omission or misstatement.

× Omission to file creation – no longer can be rectified

× Time of intimation of payment or satisfaction can be extended on CG satisfaction

× Omission or misstatement can be recitifed on CG satisfaction

× Just and equitable ground for grant of relief – no longer allowed

S. 90 SIGNIFICANT BENEFICIAL OWNERS

× In case declaration is not made or it is not satisfactory, then company to apply within 15 days for restrictions on such shares to NCLT u/s 90(7).

× A person aggrieved by order of such restriction u/s 90(8) may apply for relaxation – now time period applying for relaxation restricted to 1 year from date of order.

× If no application made for relaxation within 1 year – shares shall be transferred to IPEF without any restrictions.

× Failure to declare this interest is punishable with a fine between Rs. 1 Lakh and Rs. 10 Lakh rupees, along with a continuing fine for every day of default of Rs. 1000/-.

× The Ordinance provides that such person may either be fined, or imprisoned for up to one year, or both.

S. 92 ANNUAL RETURN

× If filed within 60 days in MGT 7– normal fee

× Upto 30.6.2018 additional fee till 300 days

× W.e.f. 1.7.2018 additional fee Rs. 100/- pd

× After that penalty (earlier fine w.e.f. 2nd November 2018):

+ On Company and Officer in default

× minimum 50K plus Rs. 100/- per day on continuous default.

× maximum – 500K

+ Imprisonment on Officer in default upto 6 months omitted

S. 102 STATEMENT FOR SPECIAL BUSINESS

× Fine converted to penalty

× Earlier for default – fine which may extend to Rs. 50000/- or 5 times of benefit accruing to promoter, director, KMP.. their relatives ..

Whichever is more

× Now – penalty of Rs. 50K or 5 times of benefit accruing to promoter, director, KMP.. their relatives .. Whichever is higher

S. 105 PROXIES

× Fine converted to penalty

× Earlier for default – fine which may extend to Rs. 5000/-

× Now – penalty of Rs. 5K

S. 117 FILING OF RESOLUTIONS

× Earlier for default – fine:

+ Company:

× Min. Rs. 1 Lakh; Max. Rs. 25 L

+ OID:

× Min. Rs. 50K; Max. Rs. 5 L

× Now – penalty:

+ Company:

× Min. Rs. 1 Lakh, continuing Rs. 500/- p.d.

× Max. Rs. 25 L

+ OID including liquidator:

× Min. Rs. 50K, continuing Rs. 500/- p.d.

× Max. Rs. 5 L

S. 121 REPORT ON AGM

× Earlier for default – fine:

+ Company:

× Min. Rs. 1 Lakh; Max. Rs. 5 L

+ OID:

× Min. Rs. 25K; Max. Rs. 1 L

× Now – penalty:

+ Company:

× Min. Rs. 1 Lakh, continuing Rs. 500/- p.d.

× Max. Rs. 5 L

+ OLD:

× Min. Rs. 25K, continuing Rs. 500/- p.d.

× Max. Rs. 1 L

S. 137 FILING OF FS

 To be filing with ROC in Form AOC -4 within 30 days of AGM

4 within 30

× Upto 30.6.2018 additional fee till 300 days

× W.e.f. 1.7.2018 additional fee Rs. 100/- pd

× Penalty on

+ Company – 1k p. d > 10 L;

+ MD, etc in charge by Board- if no one – all directors

×Penalty – 1L (Rs. 100/- per day if continuous default) to 5L

×Imp. upto 6months (Omitted w.e.f. 2.11.18)

S. 140 AUDITOR RESIGNATION

× Earlier for default – fine:

+ Min. Rs. 50K or remuneration of auditor whichever is less

+ Max. Rs. 5 L

× Now – penalty:

+ Min. Rs. 50K or remuneration of auditor whichever is less; continuing Rs. 500/- p.d.

+ Max. Rs. 5 L

S. 157 INFORMING DIN TO ROC

× Earlier for default – fine:

+ Company:

× Min. Rs. 25K; Max. Rs. 1 L

+ OID:

× Min. Rs. 25K; Max. Rs. 1 L

× Now – penalty:

+ Company:

× Min. Rs. 25K, continuing Rs. 100/- p.d.

× Max. Rs. 1 L

+ OID:

× Min. Rs. 25K, continuing Rs. 100/- p.d.

× Max. Rs. 1 L

S. 159 INFORMING DIN TO ROC

× Contravention of:

+ S. 152 – Appointment of Directors

+ S. 155 – More than 1 DIN

+ S. 156 – Director to intimate DIN

× Earlier for default – fine:

+ Imprisonment upto 6 months

+ Fine: upto Rs. 50K; Continuous Rs. 500/- p.d.

× Now – penalty:

+ Imprisonment removed

+ Rest same

S. 164/165 DIRECTOR DISQUALIFICATION

× Under s. 165, a person cannot be a director in more than 20 companies.

× The Ordinance provides that contravening this provision will be a ground for disqualification from directorship.

× S. 165 – non- compliance – fine was: Min 5K to 25K p.d.

× Now penalty – 5k p.d.

S.19COMPENSATION

DIRECTOR ON LOSS OF PROFIT

× Earlier Fine – Mn 25K; Max 1 L

× Now: Penalty Rs. 1 L 

S. 197 MANAGERIAL REMUNERATION

× Restriction on Independent Director to get Stock Options – omitted – S. 197(7) omitted

× Earlier:

+ Fine – 1 L to 5 L

× Now:

+ Any person – Penalty – 1 L

+ Company – Penalty – 5 L

S. 203 APPOINTMENT OF KMP

× Earlier for default – fine:

+ Company:

× Min. Rs. 1 L; Max. Rs. 5 L

+ Director and KMP:

× Upto 50K; continuing Rs. 1000/- p.d.

× Now – penalty:

+ Company:

× Rs. 5 L

+ Director and KMP :

× Min. Rs. 50K, continuing Rs. 1000/- p.d.

× Max. Rs. 5 L

S. 441 COMPOUNDING

× RD can compound offences with a penalty of up to Rs. 5 Lakhs.

× The Ordinance increases this ceiling to Rs 25 lakhs.

S. 447 FRAUD

× Imprisonment not less than 6 months to 10 years

× + Fine not be less than amount involved in the fraud which may extend to 3 times.

× If fraud in question involves public interest then the imprisonment shall not be less than 3 years.

× If amount involved in fraud is less than Rs. 10L or 1% of turnover – imprisonment upto 5 years or fine upto Rs. 25 Lacs or with both. No minimum term or amount -(9.2.2018)

× Ordinance – Fine limit increased to Rs. 50 Lacs

S. 454 PENALTIES ADJUDICATION

× The Act allows the central government to appoint adjudicating officers to decide penalties under the Act.

× The Ordinance states that these officers, in addition to imposing penalties, may direct the defaulting entity to rectify the default.

S. 454A REPEATED DEFAULT

× New section introduced

× If a company, or an officer, or other person commits a default again within three years of the previous case, the entity will be liable to twice the penalty as provided for such default.

Author Bio

Qualification: CS
Company: YOGESH GUPTA & ASSOCIATES
Location: Gurugram, Haryana, IN
Member Since: 17 Jul 2018 | Total Posts: 39
CS YOGESH GUPTA is founder of Yogesh Gupta & Associates, Company Secretaries & Co- founder of IURIS Consultants LLP & E & A Consultants LLP and Corporate & IPR Law Professionals. He is a Commerce Graduate and an Associate Member of the Institute of Company Secretaries of India ( View Full Profile

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