Case Law Details

Case Name : CIT Vs Shri. Shaji thomas (Kerala High Court)
Appeal Number : I.T.A.No.61 of 2014
Date of Judgement/Order : 16/07/2018
Related Assessment Year :
Courts : All High Courts (4888) Kerala High Court (245)

CIT Vs Shri. Shaji thomas (Kerala High Court)

Assessing Officer had accepted the fact that 97.60 Ares of land sold by the assessee is agricultural land. In fact, the said finding was also on proof of specific agricultural operations having been undertaken in the said The adjacent land which is lying as Kayal land and water-logged, would only have made the adjacent land more fertile and admittedly it was not used for any other purpose. The adjacent land remaining as water-logged and comprised within the backwaters, sold along with the agricultural land, could be deemed to be only agricultural land.

FULL TEXT OF THE HIGH COURT ORDER / JUDGMENT

The Revenue is in appeal from the order of the Tribunal, on the following questions of law:

1. Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the Tribunal is right in law in equating “water-logged area” with “backwaters” and is not the above approach and the conclusion perverse and wrong?

2. Whether, on the facts and in the circumstances of the case, is not –

i) the very approach of the Tribunal equating or treating waterlogged area with backwaters factually and legally wrong?

ii) the Tribunal wrong to have equated the finding of the Assessing Officer that “33.13 ares as shown in the revenue records as backwater (Kayal)” as “the impugned land as water logged area: based on the submission of the assessee?

iii) the Tribunal wrong to have held 3.13 ares (0.818 acre) as water tank available in an agricultural land and are not the above findings based on submissions and surmises, perverse?

3. The Tribunal for the reasons stated in the grounds right in law and fact in holding that “that portion of the land cannot have different character from that of the main land” “same treatment has to be given” and are not the findings tested in the light of the grounds raised perverse and illogical?

i) Did the assessee discharge the burden of proof;

ii) Should not the Tribunal have put the assessee to proof?

2. The assessee sold 130.73 Ares of land, lying contiguously, but registered in the name of the assessee in two Thandapers as per the Transfer of Registry Rules. 97.60 Ares is registered under one Thandaper and 33.13 Ares in another Thandaper; the latter being backwaters [Kayal]. The Assessing Officer found that 97.60 Ares of land was agricultural land. However with respect to 33.13 Ares, the finding was that it is a water-logged area, being comprised in the backwaters and, hence, there could be no classification as an agricultural land. Capital gains were sought to be assessed on that portion of land, which was held to be water-logged and part of backwaters.

3. The Tribunal found that the contention of the assessee that the Kayal portion was used for irrigating the other portion was acceptable. It was found that the Kayal land has acquired the character of a water tank, used for the irrigation of the other land. It is submitted by the learned Senior Counsel appearing for the Revenue that the said finding was merely on the submission of the assessee and there was nothing to establish the same.

4. We have to notice that the Assessing Officer had accepted the fact that 97.60 Ares of land sold by the assessee is agricultural land. In fact, the said finding was also on proof of specific agricultural operations having been undertaken in the said The adjacent land which is lying as Kayal land and water-logged, would only have made the adjacent land more fertile and admittedly it was not used for any other purpose. The adjacent land remaining as water-logged and comprised within the backwaters, sold along with the agricultural land, could be deemed to be only agricultural land. We are, hence, not inclined to interfere with the orders of the Tribunal. We answer the questions of law, which are more on facts, against the Revenue and in favour of the assessee.

The appeal stands dismissed. No costs.

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