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Long-term savings is a big commitment, but they need to be done to increase benefits and future emergencies.

The Provident Fund (PF) is a pension fund that helps people regularly save a portion of their salary to provide enough money for a good and healthy lifestyle after retirement.

This program is provided by the Employment Provident Fund Organization (EPFO). All companies with more than 20 members can apply for the EPF scheme.

Types of Provident Funds and the importance of taxes:

Depending on different tax conditions and their implications, there are four types of funds, including:

  • Statutory Provident Fund
  • Recognized Provident Fund
  • Unrecognized Provident Fund
  • Public Provident Fund
  • Statutory Provident Fund (SPF):
    • The local authorities, government agencies, railways, universities, etc. They manage this Provident fund.
    • This action falls within the scope of the Insurance Funds Act of 1925.
    • Employers may not have tax on their contributions, while employee contributions are taxable under 80c.
    • There are no tax implications for the interest provided as this is not considered part of the income.
    • You don’t have to pay taxes if you redeem the full amount after retirement.
    • If the person deactivates their PF account, no additional tax implications are required during the withdrawal process.

Recognized Provident Fund (RPF):

  • Recognized Provident Fund is quite popular. All employees in companies with more than 20 employees contribute to the PF.
  • Employees can set up the scheme for their contributions in their own PF trust or follow the PF commissioner system, but CIT (Commissioner of Income Tax) must approve all schemes.
  • If the employee’s contribution is more than 12%, it will be taxed for the year in which the contribution was made.
  • Tax is deducted under Section 80B for the share of employee contributions.
  • The total amount at the time of redemption is exempt from tax only if the employee has worked continuously for five years.

Unrecognized Provident Fund (UPF):

  • The Commissioner of Income Tax, i.e. CTI, does not recognize these funds.
  • With this insurance fund, contributions made during the financial year are not subject to tax.
  • No tax breaks are made for employees either, i.e. Section 80B is not implied.
  • No need to pay interest tax.
  • This amount is taxable as “salary income” at the time of withdrawal. However, employee contributions are not taxed under this section, but other taxes are assumed for them.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

  • This scheme of public provident funds is generally available for everyone, regardless of whether they are employed or unemployed.
  • The minimum rate should be Rs. 500, and the maximum amount extends up to Rs 1.5 lacs.
  • This amount is paid after 15 years.
  • It is one of the most profitable programs for future savings and investment.
  • Interest on the amount paid is also tax-free.

Benefit from the funds provided

With different types of PF Schemes they also offer several benefits that allow people to make their contributions.

Some of the benefits are listed below:

Tax-free and long-term: Many middle-class people fear having to pay high taxes on their hard-earned money. These safe funds provide an excellent way out and method for safe, tax-free and long term financial savings.

Emergency: These savings can be very helpful in emergencies and crises such as accidents, health problems and others. In these cases, one can withdraw the amount in advance.

Death: In the event of an employee’s unexpected death, the amount saved can be a relief to the family.

Insurance and pensions: Employee life insurance and the withdrawal of the amount of interest as a pension serve as additional benefits of the Provident fund’s scheme.

UAN Number: The UAN number provided for withdrawals and installments allows employees to access their accounts anytime and anywhere and easily check their status without worrying about job changes or similar cases.


The Provident Funds scheme works according to certain criteria, such as disbursement and redemption procedures. Many forms are provided according to the needs of employees to carry out various activities related to PF accounts.

We can use net-banking on the EPFO ​​portal to make EPF payments.

Thus, with various benefits and types, EPF is a great choice for future monetary security.

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  1. Sushil Kumar says:

    The name of TAI is included in the list of Trusts vide notification no.F.52-19(7)39-H dated 2.7.1940 of Government of India, Department of Education, Health & Lands under sub-section (3) of section 8 of the Provident Fund Act,1925 (XIX of 1925).
    As I notice they invest their money in bank and public sector companies. They don’t get audited by any government agencies nor inform to commissioner.
    Interest earned on investment is less than EPF.
    No sovereign guarantee of employees money.
    Distribution of interest is unjustified. Some one get more and some one less due to change of rate of interest.
    Please suggest how to handle this trust.

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June 2024