Objective

Author in this article makes available relevant material so as to enable the reader analyse the impact of the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Act, 2019 which sets to replace the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019.

Following articles have already been published on taxguru.in

Title Link
Concessional tax rates for Domestic Companies for FY 2019-20 https://taxguru.in/income-tax/concessional-tax-rates-domestic-companies-fy-2019-20.html
Analysis of Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2019 https://taxguru.in/income-tax/analysis-taxation-laws-amendment-ordinance-2019.html

Structure-:

a Enactment Citation f Situation before Enactment
b Background g Enactment
c Take away points h Relating to Surcharge
d Grey areas i Relating to insertion of new section
e Entering the subject j Skeleton of section 115BA, 115BAA and 115BAB

1 Section starts with non obstante clause 9 Return of income
2 Rate of tax prescribed 10 TP Applicable?
3 One-time choice 11 Whether new company required
4 Nature of activity – allowed 12 If yes, additional conditions
5 Nature of activity – prohibited 13 MAT Impact
6 Choice of section irrevocable 14 MAT impact – elaborate
7 Consequences if conditions are not fulfilled 15 Any other provisions
8 Manner of computing total income

Enactment Citation

The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019 [the IT Ordinance, 2019] was promulgated on 20-September-2019.

The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Act, 2019 [the IT Amendment Act, 2019] that received ascent of President of India on 11-Dec-2019.

which has come into effect from 20-September-2019 to replace the IT Ordinance, 2019.

Background

The Indian economy is grappling with the problems of reduced GDP, increasing NPA etc.

There were representations from various sectors especially the FPI regarding incremental surcharge by the Finance [No.2] Act, 2019 as most of them are incorporated as AOP.

To give our economy a boost, an announcement was made by FM, Ms. Nirmala Sitaraman on 23-August-2019 that the tax rates of companies will be reduced.

Accordingly, an ordinance namely The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019 [the IT Ordinance, 2019] was promulgated on 20-September-2019. There were some obvious typo-graphical errors for which a corrigendum to the Ordinance was also issued.

Later the Parliament passed the IT Amendment Act, 2019 to replace The Ordinance 2019 which came into force with effect from 20-Setpember-2019

But while replacing the IT Ordinance, 2019, the IT Amendment Act, 2019 has significantly differed from the contents of the IT Ordinance, 2019.

Take away points

Section 115BA has partially become redundant as the base rate has been brought down to 25% across all domestic companies by the Finance Act in the Part III of First schedule itself.

Section 115BAA will be very important because even an existing domestic company [irrespective of its date of incorporation or nature of activity] can also get the benefit of tax rate of 22%.

The amendment to section 115JB bringing down the MAT rate for all companies from 18.5% to 15% is also a welcome move.

Section 115BAB has potential of being a game changer because it will have tax rate of only 15%.

One also has to take into consideration section 80-IAC which is for start-ups engaged in innovation, development or improvement of products or processes or services or a scalable business model with a high potential of employment generation or wealth creation.

The MAT rate u/s 115JB has been brought down to 15% for all the domestic companies.

The buyback provisions are amended to shift the taxation from company to the share-holders for listed companies which was announced the buyback before 5-July-2019.

Grey areas

Whether the change in the MAT rate is really becoming effective with effect from FY 2019-20 because the press release states that the year has been shifted to FY 2020-21

What will be the consequences if a company has opted for section 115BAB and later additional activities are carried out by the company not listed in the section?

Entering the subject

Base rate from 30% to 25%

The Finance Act, 2017 for the first time, brought the base tax rate to 25% for all domestic companies with turnover for FY 2015-16 being less than 50 crores.

Relevant portion of – Finance Act – First Schedule – Part III – Paragraph E

..

Paragraph E

In the case of a company,—

Rates of income-tax

1. For domestic company,—

Rate FA, 2017 FA, 2019
of tax
25% (i) where its total turnover or the gross receipt in the previous year 2015-16 does not exceed fifty crore rupees; (i) where its total turnover or the gross receipt in the previous year 2017-2018 does not exceed four hundred crore rupees;
30% (ii) other than that referred to in item (i) (ii) other than that referred to in item (i)

Situation before Enactment

The tax rate was 25% for those with turnover below 400 crores for FY 2018-19. Section 115BA also had provided for tax rate of 25% but with much more conditions or limitations.

For those who have studied the IT Ordinance, 2019, here is a line by line comparison between the IT Amendment Act, 2019 vis-à-vis the IT Ordinance, 2019. Those studious persons will definitely have to do a quick un-learning.

CHAPTER I CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY PRELIMINARY
1. Short title and commencement. 1. Short title and commencement.
(1) This Act may be called the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Act, 2019. (1) This Ordinance may be called the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019.
(2) Save as otherwise provided, it shall be deemed to have come into force on the 20th day of September, 2019. (2) Save as otherwise provided, this Ordinance shall come into force at once.
CHAPTER II CHAPTER II
AMENDMENTS IN THE INCOME-TAX ACT, 1961 AMENDMENTS IN THE INCOME-TAX ACT, 1961
2. Amendment of section 92BA. 2. Amendment of section 92BA. 
In section 92BA of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (hereafter in this Chapter referred to as the Income-tax Act), after clause (v), the following clause shall be inserted, with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020, namely:— 2. In section 92BA of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (hereafter in this Chapter referred to as the Income-tax Act), after clause (v), the following clause shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020, namely:—
“(va) any business transacted between the persons referred to in sub-section (6) of section 115BAB;”. “(va) any business transacted between the persons referred to in sub-section (4) of section 115BAB;”.
3. Amendment of section 115BA. 3. Amendment of section 115BA.
In section 115BA of the Income-tax Act, with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020,— 3. In section 115BA of the Income-tax Act with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020,—
(a) for the marginal heading “Tax on income of certain domestic companies”, the marginal heading “Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies” shall be substituted; (a) for the marginal heading “Tax on income of certain domestic companies”, the marginal heading “Tax on income of certain domestic manufacturing companies” shall be substituted;
(b) in sub-section (1), for the words “subject to the other provisions of this Chapter”, the words, figures and letters “subject to the other provisions of this Chapter, other than those mentioned under section 115BAA and section 115BAB” shall be substituted; (b) in sub-section (1), for the words “subject to the other provisions of this Chapter”, the words, figures and letters “subject to the other provisions of this Chapter, other than those mentioned under section 115BAA and section 115BAB” shall be substituted;
(c) in sub-section (4), after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:— (c) in sub-section (4), after the proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—
“Provided further that where the person exercises option under section 115BAA, the option under this section may be withdrawn.”. “Provided further that where the person exercises option under section 115BAB, the option under this section may be withdrawn.”.
4. Insertion of new sections 115BAA and 115BAB. Tax on income of certain domestic companies. 4. Insertion of new sections 115BAA and 115BAB. Tax on income of certain domestic companies. 
After section 115BA of the Income-tax Act, the following sections shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020, namely:— After section 115BA of the Income-tax Act, the following sections shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020, namely:—
“115BAA. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act but subject to the provisions of this Chapter, other than those mentioned under section 115BA and section 115BAB, the income-tax payable in respect of the total income of a person, being a domestic company, for any previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2020, shall, at the option of such person, be computed at the rate of twenty-two per cent., if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are satisfied: “115BAA. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act but subject to the provisions of this Chapter, other than those mentioned under section 115BA and section 115BAB, the income-tax payable in respect of the total income of a person, being a domestic company, for any previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2020, shall, at the option of such person, be computed at the rate of twenty-two per cent., if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are satisfied.
Provided that where the person fails to satisfy the conditions contained in sub-section (2) in any previous year, the option shall become invalid in respect of the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years and other provisions of the Act shall apply, as if the option had not been exercised for the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years.
(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the total income of the company shall be computed,— (2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the following conditions shall apply subject to the condition that the total income of the company has been computed,-
(i) without any deduction under the provisions of section 10AA or clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32 or section 32AD or section 33AB or section 33ABA or sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2AA) or sub-section (2AB) of section 35 or section 35AD or section 35CCC or section 35CCD or under any provisions of Chapter VI-A under the heading “C.—Deductions in respect of certain incomes” other than the provisions of section 80JJAA; (i) without any deduction under the provisions of section 10AA or clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32 or section 32AD or section 33AB or section 33ABA or sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2AA) or sub-section (2AB) of section 35 or section 35AD or section 35CCC or section 35CCD or under any provisions of Chapter VI-A under the heading “C.—Deductions in respect of certain incomes” other than the provisions of section 80JJAA;
(ii) without set off of any loss carried forward or depreciation from any earlier assessment year, if such loss or depreciation is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in clause (i); (ii) without set off of any loss carried forward from any earlier assessment year if such loss is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in sub-clause (i); and
(iii) without set off of any loss or allowance for unabsorbed depreciation deemed so under section 72A, if such loss or depreciation is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in clause (i); and (iii) by claiming the depreciation, if any, under section 32, other than clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of the said section, determined in such manner as may be prescribed.
(iv) by claiming the depreciation, if any, under any provision of section 32, except clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of the said section, determined in such manner as may be prescribed.
(3) The loss and depreciation referred to in clause (ii) and clause (iii) of sub-section (2) shall be deemed to have been given full effect to and no further deduction for such loss or depreciation shall be allowed for any subsequent year: (3) The loss referred to in sub-clause (ii) of sub-section (2) shall be deemed to have been already given full effect to and no further deduction for such loss shall be allowed for any subsequent year.
Provided that where there is a depreciation allowance in respect of a block of asset which has not been given full effect to prior to the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2020, corresponding adjustment shall be made to the written down value of such block of assets as on the 1st day of April, 2019 in the prescribed manner, if the option under sub-section (5) is exercised for a previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2020.
(4) In case of a person, having a Unit in the International Financial Services Centre, as referred to in sub-section (1A) of section 80LA, which has exercised option under sub-section (5), the conditions contained in sub-section (2) shall be modified to the extent that the deduction under section 80LA shall be available to such Unit subject to fulfilment of the conditions contained in the said section. (4) Nothing contained in this section shall apply unless the option is exercised by the person in the prescribed manner on or before the due date specified under sub-section (1) of section 139 for furnishing the returns of income for any previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after 1st day of April, 2020 and such option once exercised shall apply to subsequent assessment years:
Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section, the term “Unit” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (zc) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005. Provided that once the option has been exercised for any previous year, it cannot be subsequently withdrawn for the same or any other previous year.
(5) Nothing contained in this section shall apply unless the option is exercised by the person in the prescribed manner on or before the due date specified under sub-section (1) of section 139 for furnishing the returns of income for any previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2020 and such option once exercised shall apply to subsequent assessment years:
Provided that in case of a person, where the option exercised by it under section 115BAB has been rendered invalid due to violation of conditions contained in sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iii) of clause (a), or clause (b) of sub-section (2) of said section, such person may exercise option under this section:
Provided further that once the option has been exercised for any previous year, it cannot be subsequently withdrawn for the same or any other previous year.
Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies. Tax on income of certain new domestic manufacturing companies.
115BAB. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act but subject to the provisions of this Chapter, other than those mentioned under section 115BA and section 115BAA, the income-tax payable in respect of the total income of a person, being a domestic company, for any previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2020, shall, at the option of such person, be computed at the rate of fifteen per cent., if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are satisfied: 115BAB. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act but subject to the provisions of this Chapter, other than those mentioned under section 115BA and section 115BAA, the income-tax payable in respect of the total income of a person, being a domestic company, for any previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2020, shall, at the option of such person, be computed at the rate of fifteen per cent., if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are satisfied.
Provided that where the total income of the person, includes any income, which has neither been derived from nor is incidental to manufacturing or production of an article or thing and in respect of which no specific rate of tax has been provided separately under this Chapter, such income shall be taxed at the rate of twenty-two per cent. and no deduction or allowance in respect of any expenditure or allowance shall be allowed in computing such income:
Provided further that the income-tax payable in respect of the income of the person deemed so under second proviso to sub-section (6) shall be computed at the rate of thirty per cent.:
Provided also that the income-tax payable in respect of income being short term capital gains derived from transfer of a capital asset on which no depreciation is allowable under the Act shall be computed at the rate of twenty-two per cent.:
Provided also that where the person fails to satisfy the conditions contained in sub-section (2) in any previous year, the option shall become invalid in respect of the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years and other provisions of the Act shall apply to the person as if the option had not been exercised for the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years.
(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the following conditions shall apply, namely:— (2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the following conditions shall apply, namely:—
(a) the company has been set-up and registered on or after the 1st day of October, 2019, and has commenced manufacturing or production of an article or thing on or before the 31st day of March, 2023 and,— (a) the company has been set-up and registered on or after the 1st day of October, 2019, and has commenced manufacturing on or before the 31st day of March, 2023, and,—
(i) the business is not formed by splitting up, or the reconstruction, of a business already in existence: (i) is not formed by splitting up, or the reconstruction, of a business already in existence:
Provided that this condition shall not apply in respect of a company, business of which is formed as a result of the re-establishment, reconstruction or revival by the person of the business of any such undertaking as is referred to in section 33B, in the circumstances and within the period specified in the said section; Provided that this condition shall not apply in respect of an undertaking which is formed as a result of the re-establishment, reconstruction or revival by the person of the business of any such undertaking as is referred to in section 33B, in the circumstances and within the period specified in the said section;
(ii) does not use any machinery or plant previously used for any purpose. (ii) does not use any machinery or plant previously used for any purpose.
Explanation 1.—For the purposes of sub-clause (ii), any machinery or plant which was used outside India by any other person shall not be regarded as machinery or plant previously used for any purpose, if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:— Explanation 1.—For the purposes of sub-clause (ii), any machinery or plant which was used outside India by any other person shall not be regarded as machinery or plant previously used for any purpose, if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:—
(A) such machinery or plant was not, at any time previous to the date of the installation used in India; (A) such machinery or plant was not, at any time previous to the date of the installation by the person, used in India;
(B) such machinery or plant is imported into India from any country outside India; and (B) such machinery or plant is imported into India from any country outside India; and
(C) no deduction on account of depreciation in respect of such machinery or plant has been allowed or is allowable under the provisions of this Act in computing the total income of any person for any period prior to the date of the installation of machinery or plant by the person. (C) no deduction on account of depreciation in respect of such machinery or plant has been allowed or is allowable under the provisions of this Act in computing the total income of any person for any period prior to the date of the installation of machinery or plant by the person.
Explanation 2.—Where in the case of a person, any machinery or plant or any part thereof previously used for any purpose is put to use by the company and the total value of such machinery or plant or part thereof does not exceed twenty per cent. of the total value of the machinery or plant used by the company, then, for the purposes of sub-clause (ii) of this clause, the condition specified therein shall be deemed to have been complied with; Explanation 2.—Where in the case of a person, any machinery or plant or any part thereof previously used for any purpose is put to use by the company and the total value of such machinery or plant or part thereof does not exceed twenty per cent. of the total value of the machinery or plant used by the company, then, for the purposes of sub-clause (ii) of this clause, the condition specified therein shall be deemed to have been complied with;
(iii) does not use any building previously used as a hotel or a convention centre, as the case may be, in respect of which deduction under section 80-ID has been claimed and allowed. (iii) does not use any building previously used as a hotel or a convention centre, as the case may be.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expressions “hotel” and “convention centre” shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in clause (a) and clause (b) of sub-section (6) of section 80-ID; Explanation. —For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expressions “convention centre” and “hotel” shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in clause (a) and clause (b) of sub-section (6) of section 80-ID;
(b) the company is not engaged in any business other than the business of manufacture or production of any article or thing and research in relation to, or distribution of, such article or thing manufactured or produced by it. (b) the company is not engaged in any business other than the business of manufacture or production of any article or thing and research in relation to, or distribution of, such article or thing manufactured or produced by it; and
(c) the total income of the company has been computed,—
Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby clarified that the business of manufacture or production of any article or thing referred to in clause (b) shall not include business of,— (i) without any deduction under the provisions of section 10AA or clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32 or section 32AD or section 33AB or section 33ABA or sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2AA) or sub-section (2AB) of section 35 or section 35AD or section 35CCC or section 35CCD or under any provisions of Chapter VI-A under the heading “C.—Deductions in respect of certain incomes” other than the provisions of section 8 OJJAA ;
(i) development of computer software in any form or in any media; (ii) without set off of any loss carried forward from any earlier assessment year if such loss is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in sub-clause (i); and
(ii) mining; (iii) by claiming the depreciation under section 32, other than clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of the said section, determined in such manner as may be prescribed.
(iii) conversion of marble blocks or similar items into slabs;
(iv) bottling of gas into cylinder;
(v) printing of books or production of cinematograph film; or
(vi) any other business as may be notified by the Central Government in this behalf; and
(c) the total income of the company has been computed,—
(i) without any deduction under the provisions of section 10AA or clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32 or section 32AD or section 33AB or section 33ABA or sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2AA) or sub-section (2AB) of section 35 or section 35AD or section 35CCC or section 35CCD or under any provisions of Chapter VI-A under the heading “C.—Deductions in respect of certain incomes” other than the provisions of section 80JJAA;
(ii) without set off of any loss or allowance for unabsorbed depreciation deemed so under section 72A where such loss or depreciation is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in sub-clause (i);
Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby clarified that in case of an amalgamation, the option under sub-section (7) shall remain valid in case of the amalgamated company only and if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are continued to be satisfied by such company; and
(iii) by claiming the depreciation under the provision of section 32, except clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of the said section, determined in such manner as may be prescribed.
(3) The loss referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause (c) of sub-section (2) shall be deemed to have been given full effect to and no further deduction for such loss shall be allowed for any subsequent year. (3) The loss referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause (c) of sub-section (2) shall be deemed to have been already given full effect to and no further deduction for such loss shall be allowed for any subsequent year.
(4) If any difficulty arises regarding fulfilment of the conditions contained in sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iii) of clause (a) of sub-section (2) or clause (b) of said sub-section, as the case may be, the Board may, with the approval of the Central Government, issue guidelines for the purpose of removing the difficulty and to promote manufacturing or production of article or thing using new plant and machinery. (4) Where it appears to the Assessing Officer that, owing to the close connection between the company and any other person, or for any other reason, the course of business between them is so arranged that the business transacted between them produces to the company more than the ordinary profits which might be expected to arise, the Assessing Officer shall, in computing the profits and gains of such company for the purposes of this section, take the amount of profits as may be reasonably deemed to have been derived therefrom:
Provided that in case the aforesaid arrangement involves a specified domestic transaction referred to in section 92BA, the amount of profits from such transaction shall be determined having regard to arm’s length price as defined in clause (ii) of section 92F.
(5) Every guideline issued by the Board under sub-section (4) shall be laid before each House of Parliament, and shall be binding on the person, and the income-tax authorities subordinate to it. (5) Nothing contained in this section shall apply unless the option is exercised by the person in the prescribed manner on or before the due date specified under sub-section (1) of section 139 for furnishing the first of the returns of income for any previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after 1st day of April, 2020 and such option once exercised shall apply to subsequent assessment years:
(6) Where it appears to the Assessing Officer that, owing to the close connection between the person to which this section applies and any other person, or for any other reason, the course of business between them is so arranged that the business transacted between them produces to the person more than the ordinary profits which might be expected to arise in such business, the Assessing Officer shall, in computing the profits and gains of such business for the purposes of this section, take the amount of profits as may be reasonably deemed to have been derived therefrom:
Provided that in case the aforesaid arrangement involves a specified domestic transaction referred to in section 92BA, the amount of profits from such transaction shall be determined having regard to arm’s length price as defined in clause (ii) of section 92F:
Provided further that the amount, being profits in excess of the amount of the profits determined by the Assessing Officer, shall be deemed to be the income of the person.
(7) Nothing contained in this section shall apply unless the option is exercised by the person in the prescribed manner on or before the due date specified under sub-section (1) of section 139 for furnishing the first of the returns of income for any previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after 1st day of April, 2020 and such option once exercised shall apply to subsequent assessment years:
Provided that once the option has been exercised for any previous year, it cannot be subsequently withdrawn for the same or any other previous year. Provided that once the option has been exercised for any previous year, it cannot be subsequently withdrawn for the same or any other previous year.
Explanation.—For the purposes of section 115BAA and this section, the expression “unabsorbed depreciation” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (b) of sub-section (7) of section 72A.
5. Amendment of section 115JAA.
In section 115JAA of the Income-tax Act, after sub-section (7), the following sub-section shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020, namely:—
“(8) The provisions of this section shall not apply to a person who has exercised the option under section 115BAA.”.
6. Amendment of section 115JB. 5. Amendment of section 115JB
In section 115JB of the Income-tax Act, with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020,— In section 115JB of the Income-tax Act, with effect from the 1st day of April, 2020,—
(a) in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:— (a) in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—
“Provided that for the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2020, the provisions of this subsection shall have effect as if for the words “eighteen and one-half per cent.” occurring at both the places, the words “fifteen per cent.” had been substituted.”; “Provided that for the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2020, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words “eighteen and one-half per cent.”, occurring at both the places, the words “fifteen per cent.” had been substituted.”;
(b) for sub-section (5A), the following sub-section shall be substituted, namely:— (b) for sub-section (5A), the following sub-section shall be substituted, namely:—
“(5A) The provisions of this section shall not apply to,— “(5A) The provisions of this section shall not apply to,—
(i) any income accruing or arising to a company from life insurance business referred to in section 115B; (i) any income accruing or arising to a company from life insurance business referred to in section 115B;
(ii) a person who has exercised the option referred to under section 115BAA or section 115BAB.”. (ii) a person who has exercised the option referred to under section 115BAA or section 115BAB.”.
7. Amendment of section 115QA. 6. Amendment of section 115QA.
In section 115QA of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from the 5th day of July, 2019, namely:— In section 115QA of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (1), the following proviso shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted with effect from the 5th day of July, 2019, namely:—
“Provided that the provisions of this sub-section shall not apply to such buy-back of shares (being the shares listed on a recognised stock exchange), in respect of which public announcement has been made on or before the 5th day of July, 2019 in accordance with the provisions of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Buyback of Securities) Regulations, 2018 made under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992. “Provided that the provisions of this sub-section shall not apply to such buy-back of shares (being the shares listed on a recognised stock exchange), in respect of which public announcement has been made before 5th day of July, 2019 in accordance with the provisions of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Buy-back of Securities) Regulations, 2018 made under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 as amended from time to time.
CHAPTER III CHAPTER III
AMENDMENTS IN THE FINANCE (NO. 2) ACT, 2019 AMENDMENTS IN THE FINANCE (No.2) Act, 2019
8. Amendment of Act No. 23 of 2019. 7. Amendment of Act No. 23 of 2019.
In section 2 of the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2019 [hereafter in this Chapter referred to as the Finance (No. 2) Act], in sub-section (9), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2019,— In section 2 of the Finance (No.2) Act, 2019 [hereafter in this Chapter referred to as the Finance (No.2) Act], in sub-section (9), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2019,—
(a) in the second proviso, for the words “First Schedule”, the words, figures and letters “First Schedule, except in case of a domestic company whose income is chargeable to tax under section 115BAA or section 115BAB of the Income-tax Act” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted; (a) in third proviso,—
(b) in the third proviso,—
(i) in clause (a) for the words “the Income-tax Act” the words, figures and letters “the Income-tax Act, not having any income under section 115AD of the Income-tax Act” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted; (i) in clause (a) for the words “the Income-tax Act”, the words, figures and letters “the Income-tax Act, not having any income under section 115AD of the Income-tax Act” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted;
(ii) after clause (a), the following clause shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted, namely:— (ii) after clause (a), the following clause shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted, namely:—
‘(aa) in the case of individual or every association of persons or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, or every artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (31) of section 2 of the Income-tax Act having income under section 115AD of the Income-tax Act,— (aa) in the case of every association of persons or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, having income under section 115AD of the Income-tax Act,—
(i) at the rate of ten per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income exceeds fifty lakh rupees, but does not exceed one crore rupees; (i) at the rate of ten per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income exceeds fifty lakh rupees, but does not exceed one crore rupees;
(ii) at the rate of fifteen per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income exceeds one crore rupees but does not exceed two crore rupees; (ii) at the rate of fifteen per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income exceeds one crore rupees but does not exceed two crore rupees;
(iii) at the rate of twenty-five per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income [excluding the income of the nature referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 115AD of the Income-tax Act] exceeds two crore rupees but does not exceed five crore rupees; (iii) at the rate of twenty five per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income [excluding the income of the nature referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 115AD of the Income-tax Act] exceeds two crore rupees but does not exceed five crore rupees;
(iv) at the rate of thirty-seven per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income [excluding the income of the nature referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 115AD of the Income-tax Act] exceeds five crore rupees; (iv) at the rate of thirty-seven per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income [excluding the income of the nature referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 115AD of the Income-tax Act] exceeds five crore rupees;
(v) at the rate of fifteen per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income [including the income of the nature referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 115AD of the Income-tax Act] exceeds two crore rupees but is not covered in sub-clauses (iii) and (iv): (v) at the rate of fifteen per cent. of such “advance tax”, where the total income [including the income of the nature referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 115AD of the Income-tax Act] exceeds two crore rupees but is not covered in sub-clauses (iii) and (iv):
Provided that in case where the total income includes any income chargeable under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 115AD of the Income-tax Act, the rate of surcharge on the advance tax calculated on that part of income shall not exceed fifteen per cent.;’; Provided that in case where the total income includes any income chargeable under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 115AD of the Income-tax Act, the rate of surcharge on the advance tax computed on that part of income shall not exceed fifteen per cent.;’;
(iii) in clause (c), in the opening portion, for the words “domestic company”, the words, figures and letters “domestic company except such domestic company whose income is chargeable to tax under section 115BAA or section 115BAB of the Income-tax Act,” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted; (b) in the fourth proviso, for the words, brackets and letter “in (a) above”, the words, brackets and letters “in (a) and (aa) above” shall be substituted;
(c) in the fourth proviso, for the words, brackets and letter “in (a) above”, the words, brackets and letters “in (a) and (aa) above” shall be substituted; (c) after the eighth proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—
(d) after the eighth proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—
“Provided also that in case of every domestic company whose income is chargeable to tax under section 115BAA or section 115BAB of the Income-tax Act, the advance tax computed under the first proviso shall be increased by surcharge, for the purposes of the Union, calculated at the rate of ten per cent. of such “advance tax”.” “Provided also that in respect of any income chargeable to tax under section 115BAA or section 115BAB of the Income-tax Act, the tax computed under the first proviso shall be increased by a surcharge, for the purposes of the Union, calculated at the rate of ten per cent. of such “advance tax”.
9. Amendment of Part II of First Schedule. 8. Amendment of Part II of First Schedule.
In the First Schedule of the Finance (No.2) Act,— In the First Schedule of the Finance (No.2) Act, with Amendment of effect from the 1st day of April, 2019,—
(A) in PART II, under the sub-heading “Surcharge on income-tax”, in paragraph (i), in clause (a), with effect from the 1st day of April, 2019,— (A) in PART II, under the sub-heading “Surcharge on income-tax”, in paragraph (i), in clause (a),—
(i) in sub-clauses I and II, after the words “aggregate of such incomes”, the brackets, words, figures and letters “(including the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act)” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted; (i) in sub-clauses I and II, after the words “aggregate of such incomes”, the brackets, figures and letters “(including the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act)” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted;
(ii) in sub-clauses III and IV, after the words “aggregate of such incomes”, the brackets, words, figures and letters “(excluding the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act)” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted; (ii) in sub-clauses III and IV, after the words “aggregate of such incomes” the brackets, figures and letters “(excluding the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act)” shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted.
(iii) after sub-clause IV, the following sub-clause shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted, namely:— (iii) after sub-clause IV, the following sub-clause shall be inserted and shall be deemed to have been inserted, namely:—
“V. at the rate of fifteen per cent. of such tax, where the income or aggregate of the such incomes (including income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act) paid or likely to be paid and subject to the deduction exceeds two crore rupees, but is not covered under sub-clauses III and IV): “V. at the rate of fifteen per cent. of such tax, where the income or aggregate of such incomes (including the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act) paid or likely to be paid and subject to the deduction exceeds two crore rupees, but is not covered under sub-clauses III and IV):
Provided that in case where the total income includes any income chargeable under section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act, the rate of surcharge on the amount of Income-tax deducted in respect of that part of income shall not exceed fifteen per cent.;’’; Provided that in case where the total income includes any income chargeable under section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act, the rate of surcharge on the amount of income-tax deducted in respect of that part of income shall not exceed fifteen per cent.;’;
(B) in PART III, in Paragraph A, under the sub-heading “Surcharge on income-tax”, after the opening portion,— (B) in PART III, in Paragraph A, under the sub-heading “Surcharge on income-tax”, after the opening portion,—
(i) in clauses (a) and (b), after the words “having a total income”, the brackets, words, figures and letters “(including the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A)” shall be inserted; (i) in clauses (a) and (b), after the words “having a total income”, the brackets, words, figures and letters “(including the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A)” shall be inserted;
(ii) in clauses (c) and (d), after the words “having a total income”, the brackets, words, figures and letters “(excluding the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A)” shall be inserted; (ii) in clauses (c) and (d), after the words “having a total income”, the brackets, words, figures and letters “(excluding the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A)” shall be inserted;
(iii) after clause (d) and before the proviso, the following clause shall be inserted, namely:— (iii) after clause (d) and before the proviso, the following clause shall be inserted, namely:—
“(e) having a total income (including income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A) exceeding two crore rupees, but is not covered under clauses (c) and (d), shall be applicable at the rate of fifteen per cent. of such income-tax: “(e) having a total income (including the income under the provisions of section 111A and section 112A) exceeding two crore rupees, but is not covered under clauses (c) and (d), shall be applicable at the rate of fifteen per cent. of such income-tax:
Provided that in case where the total income includes any income chargeable under section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act, the rate of surcharge on the amount of Income-tax computed in respect of that part of income shall not exceed fifteen per cent.;”. Provided that in case where the total income includes any income chargeable under section 111A and section 112A of the Income-tax Act, the rate of surcharge on the amount of income-tax computed on that part of income shall not exceed fifteen per cent.;’;
10. Repeal and savings.
(1) The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019 is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding such repeal, anything done or any action taken under the said Ordinance, shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act.

Enactment

The IT Amendment Act, 2019 received the assent of the President on the 11th December, 2019.  It runs only into 9 pages. The amendments can be broadly divided 2 parts namely;

1. relating to surcharge and

2. relating to sections including insertion of new section

Relating to Surcharge

There is almost no change between the IT Ordinance, 2019 vis-à-vis the IT Amendment Act, 2019.

Rates of surcharge for all non-corporate entities

Finance [no.2] Act, 2019 = FA[2]

IT [Amendment] Act, 2019 = IT-Amd

Income

Before FA[2]

Change by FA [2]

Change by IT-Amd

from

To

0.00 0.50 00 % 00 % No change
0.50 1.00 10 % 10 % No change
1.00 2.00 15 % 15 % No change
2.00 5.00 15 % 25 % Refer below.
5.00 above 15 % 37 % Refer below.

Changes by the IT [Amendment] Act, 2019

Income

Before FA[2]

Change by FA [2]

Change by IT-Amd

from

To

0.00 0.50 00 % 00 % No change
0.50 1.00 10 % 10 % No change
1.00 2.00 15 % 15 % No change
2.00 5.00 15 % 25 % Refer below.
5.00 above 15 % 37 %

Up till first three categories, there is no change. For last 2 categories, Bifurcate the total income and tax thereon under following categories

Compute the tax on following nature of income Above 2 crores Above 5 crores
Income from STCG or LTCG arising from transaction on which STT is paid and are exigible to taxation under i.e. u/s 111A & 112A 15% 15%
Other income 25% 37%

Relating to sections including insertion of new section

Skeleton of section 115BA, 115BAA and 115BAB

Each section is an island by itself. Each section has provisions with respect to following characteristics

Each section is bifurcated into below mentioned characteristics.

1 Section starts with non obstante clause
2 Rate of tax prescribed
3 One-time choice
4 Nature of activity – allowed
5 Nature of activity – prohibited
6 Choice of section irrevocable
7 Consequences if conditions are not fulfilled
8 Manner of computing total income
9 Return of income
10 TP Applicable?
11 Whether new company required
12 If yes, additional conditions
13 MAT Impact
14 MAT impact – elaborate
15 Any other provisions

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
Section starts with non obstante clause (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act but subject to the 95b[other provisions of this Chapter] 95c[, other than those mentioned under section 115BAA and section 115BAB], the income-tax payable in respect of the total income of a person, being a domestic company, for any previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2017, shall, at the option of such person, be computed at the rate of twenty-five per cent, if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are satisfied. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act but subject to the provisions of this Chapter, other than those mentioned under section 115BA and section 115BAB, the income-tax payable in respect of the total income of a person, being a domestic company, for any previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2020, shall, at the option of such person, be computed at the rate of twenty-two per cent., if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are satisfied:

 

(7) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act but subject to the provisions of this Chapter, other than those mentioned under section 115BA and section 115BAA, the income-tax payable in respect of the total income of a person, being a domestic company, for any previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2020, shall, at the option of such person, be computed at the rate of fifteen per cent., if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are satisfied:

 

Rate of tax prescribed 25% 22% 15% – # – refer note below.

 

One-time choice Only option to shift to 115BAA #

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
Nature of activity – Prohibited (b) the company is not engaged in any business other than Section is silent on this issue (b) the company is not engaged in any business other than

Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby clarified that the business of manufacture or production of any article or thing referred to in clause (b) shall not include business of,—

(7) development of computer software in any form or in any media;

(ii) mining;

(iii) conversion of marble blocks or similar items into slabs;

(iv) bottling of gas into cylinder;

(v) printing of books or production of cinematograph film; or

(vi) any other business as may be notified by the Central Government in this behalf; and

Nature of activity – allowed the business of manufacture or production of any article or thing and research in relation to, or distribution of, such article or thing manufactured or produced by it; Section is silent on this issue the business of manufacture or production of any article or thing and research in relation to, or distribution of, such article or thing manufactured or produced by it.

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
Whether new co.  required Yes No Yes
IF yes, additional conditions (a) the company has been set-up and registered on or after the 1st day of March, 2016; N.A. (a) the company has been set-up and registered on or after the 1st day of October, 2019, and has commenced manufacturing or production of an article or thing on or before the 31st day of March, 2023 and,—

(7) the business is not formed by splitting up, or the reconstruction, of a business already in existence:

Provided that this condition shall not apply in respect of a company, business of which is formed as a result of the re-establishment, reconstruction or revival by the person of the business of any such undertaking as is referred to in section 33B, in the circumstances and within the period specified in the said section;

(ii) does not use any machinery or plant previously used for any purpose.

Explanation 1.—For the purposes of sub-clause (ii), any machinery or plant which was used outside India by any other person shall not be regarded as machinery or plant previously used for any purpose, if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:—

(7) such machinery or plant was not, at any time previous to the date of the installation used in India;

(B) such machinery or plant is imported into India from any country outside India; and

(C ) no deduction on account of depreciation in respect of such machinery or plant has been allowed or is allowable under the provisions of this Act in computing the total income of any person for any period prior to the date of the installation of machinery or plant by the person.

Explanation 2.—Where in the case of a person, any machinery or plant or any part thereof previously used for any purpose is put to use by the company and the total value of such machinery or plant or part thereof does not exceed twenty per cent. Of the total value of the machinery or plant used by the company, then, for the purposes of sub-clause (ii) of this clause, the condition specified therein shall be deemed to have been complied with;

(iii) does not use any building previously used as a hotel or a convention centre, as the case may be, in respect of which deduction under section 80-ID has been claimed and allowed.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expressions “hotel” and “convention centre” shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in clause (a) and clause (b) of sub-section (6) of section 80-ID;

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
Choice of section irrevocable Provided further that where the person exercises option under section  115BAA*, the option under this section may be withdrawn. Provided that in case of a person, where the option exercised by it under section 115BAB has been rendered invalid due to violation of conditions contained in sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iii) of clause (a), or clause (b) of sub-section (2) of said section, such person may exercise option under this section:

Provided further that once the option has been exercised for any previous year, it cannot be subsequently withdrawn for the same or any other previous year

Provided that once the option has been exercised for any previous year, it cannot be subsequently withdrawn for the same or any other previous year.

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
Consequences if conditions are not fulfilled

 

Section is silent on this issue Proviso to sun section (1)

Provided that where the person fails to satisfy the conditions contained in sub-section (2) in any previous year, the option shall become invalid in respect of the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years and other provisions of the Act shall apply, as if the option had not been exercised for the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years.

Proviso to sun section (1)

Provided also that where the person fails to satisfy the conditions contained in sub-section (2) in any previous year, the option shall become invalid in respect of the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years and other provisions of the Act shall apply to the person as if the option had not been exercised for the assessment year relevant to that previous year and subsequent assessment years.

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
Manner of computing total income © the total income of the company has been computed,—

(7)    without any deduction under the provisions of section 10AA or clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32 or section 32AC or section 32AD or section 33AB or section 33ABA or sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2AA) or sub-section (2AB) of section 35 or section 35AC or section 35AD or section 35CCC or section 35CCD or under any provisions of Chapter VI-A under the heading “C.—Deductions in respect of certain incomes” other than the provisions of section 80JJAA ;

(ii) without set off of any loss carried forward from any earlier assessment year if such loss is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in sub-clause (i); and

(iii) depreciation under section 32 , other than clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of the said section, is determined in the manner as may be prescribed.

(3) The loss referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause © of sub-section (2) shall be deemed to have been already given full effect to and no further deduction for such loss shall be allowed for any subsequent year.

(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), the total income of the company shall be computed,—

(7)   without any deduction under the provisions of section 10AA or clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32 or section 32AD or section 33AB or section 33ABA or sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2AA) or sub-section (2AB) of section 35 or section 35AD or section 35CCC or section 35CCD or under any provisions of Chapter VI-A under the heading “C.—Deductions in respect of certain incomes” other than the provisions of section 80JJAA;

(ii) without set off of any loss carried forward or depreciation from any earlier assessment year, if such loss or depreciation is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in clause (i);

(iii) without set off of any loss or allowance for unabsorbed depreciation deemed so under section 72A, if such loss or depreciation is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in clause (i); and

(iv) by claiming the depreciation, if any, under any provision of section 32, except clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of the said section, determined in such manner as may be prescribed.

(3) The loss and depreciation referred to in clause (ii) and clause (iii) of sub-section (2) shall be deemed to have been given full effect to and no further deduction for such loss or depreciation shall be allowed for any subsequent year:

Provided that where there is a depreciation allowance in respect of a block of asset which has not been given full effect to prior to the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2020, corresponding adjustment shall be made to the written  down value of such block of assets as on the 1st day of April, 2019 in the prescribed manner, if the option under sub-section (5) is exercised for a previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2020.

(4) In case of a person, having a Unit in the International Financial Services Centre, as referred to in sub-section (1A) of section 80LA, which has exercised option under sub-section (5), the conditions contained in sub-section (2) shall be modified to the extent that the deduction under section 80LA shall be available to such Unit subject to fulfilment of the conditions contained in the said section.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-section, the term “Unit” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (zc) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005.

© the total income of the company has been computed,—

(7) without any deduction under the provisions of section 10AA or clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of section 32 or section 32AD or section 33AB or section 33ABA or sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iia) or sub-clause (iii) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2AA) or sub-section (2AB) of section 35 or section 35AD or section 35CCC or section 35CCD or under any provisions of Chapter VI-A under the heading “C.—

Deductions in respect of certain incomes” other than the provisions of section 80JJAA;

(ii) without set off of any loss or allowance for unabsorbed depreciation deemed so under section 72A where such loss or depreciation is attributable to any of the deductions referred to in sub-clause (i).

Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby clarified that in case of an amalgamation, the option under sub-section (7) shall remain valid in case of the amalgamated company only and if the conditions contained in sub-section (2) are continued to be satisfied by such company; and

(iii) by claiming the depreciation under the provision of section 32, except clause (iia) of sub-section (1) of the said section, determined in such manner as may be prescribed.

(3) The loss referred to in sub-clause (ii) of clause (c ) of sub-section (2) shall be deemed to have been given full effect to and no further deduction for such loss shall be allowed for any subsequent year.

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
Return of income (5) Nothing contained in this section shall apply unless the option is exercised by the person in the prescribed manner on or before the due date specified under sub-section (1) of section 139 for furnishing the returns of income for any previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2020 and such option once exercised shall apply to subsequent assessment years: (7) Nothing contained in this section shall apply unless the option is exercised by the person in the prescribed manner on or before the due date specified under sub-section (1) of section 139 for furnishing the first of the returns of income for any previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on or after 1st day of April, 2020 and such option once exercised shall apply to subsequent assessment years:

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
TP applicable ? No No Yes
MAT Impact Yes No.
MAT impact analysis Severe – MAT credit will be lost.

­­­Section No. 115BA 115BAA 115BAB
Section heading Tax on income of certain manufacturing domestic companies Tax on income of certain domestic companies. Tax on income of new manufacturing domestic companies.
Any other provisions No (4) If any difficulty arises regarding fulfilment of the conditions contained in sub-clause (ii) or sub-clause (iii) of clause (a) of sub-section (2) or clause (b) of said sub-section, as the case may be, the Board may, with the approval of the Central Government, issue guidelines for the purpose of removing the difficulty and to promote manufacturing or production of article or thing using new plant and machinery.

(5) Every guideline issued by the Board under sub-section (4) shall be laid before each House of Parliament, and shall be binding on the person, and the income-tax authorities subordinate to it.

(6) Where it appears to the Assessing Officer that, owing to the close connection between the person to which this section applies and any other person, or for any other reason, the course of business between them is so arranged that the business transacted between them produces to the person more than the ordinary profits which might be expected to arise in such business, the Assessing Officer shall, in computing the profits and gains of such business for the purposes of this section, take the amount of profits as may be reasonably deemed to have been derived therefrom:

Provided that in case the aforesaid arrangement involves a specified domestic transaction referred to in section 92BA, the amount of profits from such transaction shall be determined having regard to arm’s length price as defined in clause (ii) of section 92F:

Provided further that the amount, being profits in excess of the amount of the profits determined by the Assessing Officer, shall be deemed to be the income of the person.

Explanation.—For the purposes of section 115BAA and this section, the expression “unabsorbed depreciation” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (b) of sub-section (7) of section 72A.’.

# – Provided that where the total income of the person, includes any income, which has neither been derived from nor is incidental to manufacturing or production of an article or thing and in respect of which no specific rate of tax has been provided separately under this Chapter, such income shall be taxed at the rate of twenty-two per cent. And no deduction or allowance in respect of any expenditure or allowance shall be allowed in computing such income:

Provided further that the income-tax payable in respect of the income of the person deemed so under second proviso to sub-section (6) shall be computed at the rate of thirty per cent.:

Provided also that the income-tax payable in respect of income being short term capital gains derived from transfer of a capital asset on which no depreciation is allowable under the Act shall be computed at the rate of twenty-two per cent.:

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