GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF FINANCE

(Department of Revenue)

NOTIFICATION NO. 88/2015

(INCOME TAX)

New Delhi, the  1st December, 2015

S.O. (E).- Whereas, an Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand for the avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income was signed in Thailand on the 29th day of June, 2015 (hereinafter referred to as the said Agreement);

And whereas, the said Agreement entered into force on the  13th day of October, 2015, being the date of the later of the notifications of the completion of the procedures required by the respective laws for entry into force of the said Agreement, in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 29 of the said Agreement;

And whereas, clause (a) of paragraph 3 of Article 29 of the said Agreement provides that the provisions of the Agreement shall have effect in India in respect of income derived in any fiscal year beginning on or after the first day of April following the calendar year in which the said Agreement enters into force;

Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 90 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), the Central Government hereby notifies that all the provisions of said Agreement, as annexed hereto, shall be given effect to in the Union of India.

[F.No.503/5/2005-FTD-II]

(RAJAT BANSAL)

Joint Secretary to the Government of India

 

AGREEMENT

BETWEEN

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA

AND

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE KINGDOM OF THAILAND

FOR

THE AVOIDANCE OF DOUBLE TAXATION

AND

THE PREVENTION OF FISCAL EVASION

WITH RESPECT TO TAXES ON INCOME

The Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand, desiring to conclude an Agreement for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and with a view  to promoting economic cooperation between the two countries, have agreed as follows:

Article I

PERSONS COVERED

This Agreement shall apply to persons who are residents of one or both of the Contracting States.

Article 2

TAXES COVERED

1.     This Agreement shall apply to taxes on income imposed on behalf of a Contracting State or of its political subdivision or local authorities, irrespective of the manner in which they are levied.

2.     There shall be regarded as taxes on income all taxes imposed on total income, or on elements of income, including taxes on gains from the alienation of movable or immovable property, taxes on the total amounts of wages or salaries paid by enterprises.

3.     The existing taxes to which the Agreement shall apply are in particular :

(a)     In the case of India, the income tax, including any surcharge thereon;  (hereinafter referred to as “Indian tax”);

(b) In the case of Thailand:

– the income tax; and

– the petroleum income tax: (hereinafter referred to as “Thai tax”);

4.     The Agreement shall apply also to any identical or substantially similar taxes which are imposed after the date of signature of the Agreement in addition to, or in place of, the existing taxes. The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall notify each other of significant changes which have been made in their respective taxation laws.

Article 3

GENERAL DEFINITIONS

1.     For the purposes of this Agreement, unless the context otherwise  requires:

(a)     the term “India”  means the territory of India and includes the territorial sea and airspace above it, as well as any other maritime zone in which India has sovereign rights, other rights and jurisdiction, according to the Indian law and in accordance with international law, including the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea;

(b)     the term “Thailand” means the territory of the Kingdom of Thailand, including its internal waters, its territorial seas, and any maritime areas over which the Kingdom of Thailand has sovereign rights or jurisdiction under international law;

(c)     the terms “a Contracting State” and “the other Contracting State” mean the Republic of India or the Kingdom of Thailand as the context requires;

(d)     the term “person” includes an individual, a company, a body of persons and any other entity treated as a taxable unit under  the taxation laws in force in the respective Contracting States;

(e)     the term “company” means any body corporate or any entity which is treated as a body corporate for tax purposes;

(f)     the terms “enterprise of a Contracting State” and enterprise of the other Contracting State” mean respectively an enterprise carried on by a resident of a Contracting State and an enterprise carried on by a resident of the other Contracting State;

(g)     the term “tax” means Indian tax or Thai tax, but shall not include any amount which is payable in respect of any default or omission in relation to the taxes to which this Agreement applies or which represents a penalty or fine imposed relating to those taxes, as the context requires;

(h)     the term “national” means:

(i)     any individual possessing the nationality of a Contracting State;

(ii)     any legal person, partnership, association and any other entity deriving its status as such from the laws in force in a Contracting State;

(i)     the term “international traffic” means any transport by a ship or aircraft operated by an enterprise of a Contracting State, except when the ship or aircraft is operated solely between places in the other Contracting State; and

(j)     the term “competent authority” means, in the case of India, the Finance Minister, Government of India, or his authorized representative, and, in the case of Thailand, the Minister of Finance or his authorized representative.

(k)     the term “fiscal year” means-

(i)     in the case of India: the financial year beginning on the 151 day of April;

(ii)     in the case of Thailand: the tax year beginning on the 1st day of January.

2.     As regards the application of the Agreement at any time by a Contracting State any term not defined therein shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning that it has at that time under the law of that State for the purposes of the taxes to which the Agreement applies and any meaning under the applicable tax laws of that State prevailing over a meaning given to the term under other laws of that State.

Article 4

RESIDENT

1.      For the purposes of this Agreement, the term “resident of a Contracting State” means any person who, under the laws of that State, is liable to tax therein by reason of his domicile, residence, place of incorporation, place of management or any other criterion of a similar nature, and also includes that State and any political subdivision or any local authority thereof. This term, however, does not include any person who is liable to tax in that State in respect only of income from sources in that State.

2.      Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph 1 an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then his status shall be determined as follows:

(a)      he shall be deemed to be a resident of the State in which he has a permanent home available to him; if he has a permanent home available to him in both States, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the State with which his personal and economic relations are closer (centre of vital interests) ;

(b)      if the State in which he has his centre of vital interests cannot be determined, or if he has not a permanent home available to him in either State, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the State in which he has an habitual abode;

(c)      if he has an habitual abode in both Slates or in neither of them, he shall be deemed to be a resident of the State of which he is a national ;

(d)      if he is a national of both States or of neither of them, the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to settle the question by mutual agreement.

3.  Where by reason of the provisions of paragraph  1 a person other than an individual is a resident of both Contracting States, then it shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which its place of effective management is situated. If the State in which its place of effective management is situated cannot be determined,  then  the  competent  authorities  of the  Contracting  States shall endeavour to settle the question by mutual agreement.

Article 5

PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT

1.     For the purposes of this Agreement, the term “permanent establishment” means a fixed place of business through which the business of an enterprise is wholly or partly carried on.

2.     The term “permanent establishment” includes especially:

(a)     a place of management;

(b)     a branch;

(c)     an office;

(d)     a factory;

(e)     a workshop;

(f)     a sales outlet;

(g)     a farm, plantation or other place where agricultural, forestry, plantation or related activities are carried on;

(h)     a mine, an oil or gas well, a quarry or any other place of extraction of natural resources; and

(i)     a warehouse, in relation to a person providing storage facilities for others.

3.     The term “permanent establishment” shall also include:

(a)     a building site, a construction, installation or assembly project or supervisory activities in connection therewith, where such site, project or activities continue for a period or periods aggregating more than 183 days;

(b)      the furnishing of services including consultancy services by an enterprise  through employees or other personnel by the enterprise for such purpose, but only  where activities of that nature continue (for the same or a connected project) within the Contracting State for a period or periods  aggregating  more than 183 days  within any twelve-month period.

4.     Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, the term “permanent establishment” shall be deemed not to include:

(a)     the use of facilities solely for the purpose of storage or display of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise;

(b)     the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of storage or display;

(c)     the maintenance of a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise solely for the purpose of processing by another enterprise;

(d)      the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of  purchasing goods or merchandise, or of collecting information, for the enterprise;

(e)      the. maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for the purpose of carrying on, for the enterprise, any other activity of a preparatory or auxiliary character;

(f)     the maintenance of a fixed place of business solely for any combination of activities mentioned in subparagraphs (a) to (e), provided that the overall activity of M     the fixed place of business resulting from this combination is of a preparatory or auxiliary character.

5.     Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, where a person – other than an agent of an independent status to whom paragraph 7 applies – is acting in a Contracting State, on behalf of the enterprise of the other Contracting State, the enterprise shall be deemed to have a permanent establishment in the first-mentioned State, if such a person :

(a)      has and habitually exercises in that State an authority to conclude contracts in the name of the enterprise, unless the activities of such person are limited to those  mentioned in paragraph      4 which, if exercised through a fixed place of business, would not make this fixed place of business a permanent establishment under the provisions of that paragraph, or

(b)      has  no such authority,  but  habitually maintains in the first- mentioned State a stock of goods or merchandise belonging to the enterprise from which he regularly delivers on behalf of the enterprise, or

(c)      has no such authority, but  habitually secures orders in the first-mentioned State wholly or almost wholly for the enterprise itself.

6.      Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, an insurance enterprise of a Contracting State shall, except in regard to reinsurance, be deemed to have a permanent establishment in the other State if it collects premiums in the territory of that other State or insures risks situated therein through a person other than an agent of an independent status to whom paragraph 7 applies.

7.      An enterprise shall not be deemed to have a permanent establishment in a Contracting State merely because it carries on business in that State through a broker, general commission agent or any other agent of an independent status, provided that such persons are acting in the ordinary course of their business. However, when the activities of such an agent are devoted wholly or almost wholly on behalf of that enterprise, he will not be considered an agent of an independent status within the meaning of this paragraph.

8.     The fact that a company which is a resident of a Contracting State controls or is controlled by a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State, or which carries on business in that other State (whether through a permanent establishment or otherwise),  shall not of itself constitute either company a permanent establishment of the other

Article 6

INCOME FROM IMMOVABLE PROPERTY

1.      Income derived by a resident of a Contracting State from immovable property situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

2.      The term “immovable property” shall have the meaning which it has under the law of the Contracting State in which the property in question is situated. The term shall in any case include property accessory to immovable property, livestock and equipment used in agriculture and forestry, rights to which the provisions of general law respecting landed property apply, usufruct of immovable property and rights to variable or fixed payments as consideration for the working of, or the right to work, mineral deposits, sources and other natural resources; ships, boats and aircraft shall not be regarded as immovable property.

3.     The provisions of paragraph shall apply to income derived from the direct use, letting, or use in any other form of immovable property.

4.     The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 3 shall also apply to the income from immovable property of an enterprise and to income from immovable property used for the performance of independent personal services.

Article 7

BUSINESS PROFITS

1.      The profits of an enterprise of a Contracting State shall be taxable only in that  State unless the enterprise carries on business in the other Contracting State  through a permanent establishment situated therein. If the enterprise carries on  business as aforesaid, the profits of the enterprise may be taxed in the other State  but only so much of them as is attributable to that permanent establishment.

2.      Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, where an enterprise of a Contracting State carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, there shall in each Contracting State be attributed to that permanent establishment the profits which it might be expected to make if it were a distinct and separate enterprise engaged in the same or similar activities under the same or similar conditions and dealing wholly independently with the enterprise of which it is a permanent establishment.

3.      In the determination of the profits of a permanent establishment, there shall be allowed as deductions expenses which are incurred for the purposes of the business of the permanent establishment including executive and general administrative expenses so incurred, whether in the State in which the permanent establishment is situated or elsewhere, in accordance with ‘ the provisions of and subject to the limitations of the tax laws of that State.

4.      Insofar as it has been customary in a Contracting State to determine the profits  to  be  attributed to  a  permanent  establishment on the  basis  of  an apportionment of the total profits of the enterprise to its various parts, nothing in paragraph 2 shall preclude that Contracting State from determining the profits to be taxed by such a method as may be customary; the method adopted shall, however, be such that the result shall be in accordance with the principles contained in this Article.

5.      No profits shall be attributed to a permanent establishment by reason of the mere purchase by that permanent establishment of goods or merchandise for the enterprise.

6.      For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, profits to be attributed to the permanent establishment shall be determined by the same method year by year unless there is good and sufficient reason to the contrary.

7.      Where profits include items of income which are dealt with separately in other Articles of this Agreement, then the provisions of those Articles shall not be affected by the provisions of this Article.

Article 8

SHIPPING AND AIR TRANSPORT

1.     Income or profits derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State from the operation of aircraft in international traffic shall be taxable only in that Contracting State.

2.     Income or profits derived by an enterprise of a Contracting State from the operation of ships in international traffic may be taxed in the other Contracting State, but the tax imposed in that other State shall be reduced by an amount equal to 50 per cent thereof.

3.      The term ‘operation of ships or aircraft’ shall mean business of transportation in international traffic of persons, mail, livestock or goods by the ships or aircraft  including-

(i) the incidental lease of ships or aircraft in connection with such transportation;

(ii) use, maintenance or rental of containers in connection with such transportation;  and

(iii) any other activity directly connected with such transportation.

4.     For the purposes of paragraphs 1 and 2, interest on funds directly connected with the operation of ships or aircraft in international traffic shall be regarded as income from the operation of such ships or aircraft.

5.     The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall also apply to income or profits from the participation in a pool, a joint business or an international operating agency.

Article 9

ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES

1. Where

(a)      an enterprise of a Contracting State participates directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of the other Contracting State; or

(b)      the same persons participate directly or indirectly in the management, control or capital of an enterprise of a Contracting State and an enterprise of the other Contracting State;

and in either case conditions are made or imposed between the two enterprises in their commercial or financial relations which differ from those which would be made  between independent enterprises, then any profits which would, but for those conditions,  have accrued to one of the enterprises,  but, by reason of those conditions, have not so accrued, may be included in the profits of that enterprise and taxed accordingly.

2.     Where a Contracting State includes in the profits of an enterprise of that State, and taxes accordingly, profits on which an enterprise of the other Contracting State has been charged to tax in that other State and the profits so included are profits which would have accrued to the enterprise of the first-mentioned State if the conditions made between the two enterprises had been those which would  have been made between independent enterprises, then that other State shall make an appropriate adjustment to the amount of the tax charged therein on those profits. In determining such adjustment, due regard shall be had to the other provisions of the Agreement and the competent authorities of the Contracting States shall, if necessary, consult each other.

Article 10

DIVIDENDS

1.     Dividends paid by a company which is a resident of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

2.     However, such dividends may also be taxed in the Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the dividends is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of the dividends.

This paragraph shall not affect the taxation of the company in respect of the profits out of which the dividends are paid.

3.     The term “dividends” as used in this Article means income from shares or ,other rights, not being debt-claims, participating in profits, as well as income from other corporate rights which is subjected to the same taxation treatment as income from shares by the laws of the State of which the company making the distribution is a resident.

4.      The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the dividends, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State of which the company paying the dividends is a resident, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the holding it n respect of which the dividends are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.

5.      Where a company which is a resident of a Contracting State derives income or profits from the other Contracting State, that other State may not impose any tax  on the dividends paid by the company, except insofar as such dividends are paid to  a resident of that other State or insofar as the holding in respect of which the  dividends are paid is effectively connected with a permanent establishment or a fixed     , base situated in that other State, nor subject the company’s undistributed profits to a  tax on the company’s undistributed profits, even if the dividends paid or the undistributed profits consist wholly or partly of income or profits arising in such other State.

Article 11

INTEREST

1.      Interest arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

2.      However, such interest may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which it arises and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the interest is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of the interest.

3.     Notwithstanding  the  provisions  of paragraph 2, interest  arising  in  a Contracting State shall be exempt from tax in that State, provided that it is derived and beneficially owned by:

(a)     the Government, a political sub-division or a local authority of the other Contracting State; or

(b)     (i)     in the case of India, the Reserve Bank of India, the Export- Import Bank of India;

(ii)     in the case of Thailand, the Bank of Thailand, the Export Import Bank of Thailand;

(c)      any other institution as may be agreed upon from time to time between the competent authorities of the Contracting States. ‘

4.      The term “interest” as used in this Article means income, from debt-claims of every kind, whether or not secured by mortgage, and whether or not carrying a right to participate in the debtor’s profits, and in particular, income from government securities and income from bonds or debentures, including premiums and prizes attaching to such securities, bonds or debentures, as well as income assimilated to income from money lent by the taxation laws of the Contracting State in which the income arises. Penalty charges for late payment shall not be regarded as interest for the purpose of this Article.

5.     The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the interest, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the interest arises, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the debt-claim in respect of which the interest is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.

6.     Interest shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is the resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the interest, whether he is a resident of a Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment or a fixed base in connection with which the indebtedness on which the interest is paid was incurred, and such interest is borne by such permanent establishment or fixed base, then such interest shall be deemed to arise in the State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.

7.     Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the interest, having regard to the debt-claim for which it is paid, exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain. taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Agreement.

Article 12

ROYALTIES

1.     Royalties arising in a Contracting State and paid to a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

2.     However, such royalties may also be taxed in the Contracting State in which they arise and according to the laws of that State, but if the beneficial owner of the royalties is a resident of the other Contracting State, the tax so charged shall not exceed 10 per cent of the gross amount of the royalties.

3.     The term “royalties” as used in this Article means payments of any kind received as a consideration for the use of, or the right to use, any copyright of  literary, artistic or scientific work including cinematograph film, or films or tapes used for television or radio broadcasting, any patent, trade mark, design or model, plan, secret formula or process, or for the use of, or the right to use, industrial, commercial or scientific equipment, or for information concerning industrial, commercial or scientific experience.

4.     The provisions of paragraph 1 and 2 shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the royalties being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State in which the royalties arise, through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the right or property in respect of which the royalties are paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply

5.      Royalties shall be deemed to arise in a Contracting State when the payer is that State itself, a political sub-division, a local authority, or a resident of that State. Where, however, the person paying the royalties, whether he is a resident of a  Contracting State or not, has in a Contracting State a permanent establishment or a  fixed base in connection. with which the liability to pay the royalties was incurred, and such royalties are borne by such permanent establishment or fixed base, then such royalties shall be deemed to arise in the Contracting State in which the permanent establishment or fixed base is situated.

6.      Where, by reason of a special relationship between the payer and the beneficial owner or between both of them and some other person, the amount of the royalties having regard to the use, right or information for which they are paid,  exceeds the amount which would have been agreed upon by the payer and the beneficial owner in the absence of such relationship, the provisions of this Article shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount. In such case, the excess part of the payments shall remain taxable according to the laws of each Contracting State, due regard being had to the other provisions of this Agreement.

Article 13

CAPITAL GAINS

1.      Gains derived by a resident of a Contracting State from the alienation of immovable property referred to in Article 6 and situated in the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

2.      Gains from the alienation of movable property forming part of the business property of a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State or of movable property pertaining to a fixed base available to a resident of a Contracting State- in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing independent personal services, including such gains from the alienation of such a permanent establishment (alone or with the whole enterprise) or  of such a fixed base, may be taxed in that other State.

3.      Gains from the alienation of ships or aircraft operated in international traffic or movable property pertaining to the operation of such ships or aircraft, shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the alienator is a resident.

4.      Gains from the alienation of shares of the capital stock of a company the property of which consists directly or indirectly principally of immovable property situated in a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.

5.     Gains from the alienation of shares other than those mentioned in paragraph 4 in a company which is a resident of a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.

6.      Gains from the alienation of any property other than that referred to in paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 may be taxed in accordance with the taxation laws of the respective Contracting States.

Article 14

INDEPENDENT PERSONAL SERVICES

1.      Income derived by an individual who is a resident of a Contracting State from the performance of professional services or other activities of an independent character shall be taxable only in that State except in the following circumstances when such income may also be taxed in the other Contracting State:

(a)      if he has a fixed base regularly available to him in the other Contracting State for the purpose of performing his activities; in that case, only so much of the income as is attributable to that fixed base may be taxed in that other State; or

(b)      if his stay in the other Contracting State is for a period or periods amounting to or exceeding in the aggregate 183 days in any period of twelve months; in that case, only so much of the income as is derived from his activities performed in that other State may be taxed in that other State.

2.      The term “professional services” includes especially independent scientific, literary, artistic, educational or teaching activities as well as the independent activities of physicians, lawyers, engineers, architects, surgeons, dentists and accountants.

Article 15

DEPENDENT PERSONAL SERVICES

1.     Subject to the provisions of Articles 16, 18, 19, 20 and 21, salaries, wages and other similar remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment shall be taxable only in that State unless the employment is exercised in the other Contracting State. If the employment is so exercised, such remuneration as is derived therefrom may be taxed in that other State.

2.      Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph  1, remuneration derived by a resident of a Contracting State in respect of an employment exercised in the other Contracting State shall be taxable only in the first-mentioned State if:

(a)     the recipient is present in the other State for a period or periods not exceeding in the aggregate 183 days within any twelve-month period commencing or ending in the fiscal year concerned, and

(b)     the remuneration is paid by, or on behalf of, an employer who is not a resident of the other State, and

(c)     the remuneration is not borne by a permanent establishment or a fixed base which  the employer has i n the other State.

3.      Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this Article, remuneration derived in respect of an employment exercised aboard a ship or aircraft operated in international traffic, by an enterprise of a Contracting State may be taxed in that State.

Article 16

DIRECTORS’ FEES

Directors’ fees and other similar payments derived by a resident of a Contracting State in his capacity as a member of the board of directors of a company which is a resident of the other Contracting State may be taxed in that other State.

 

Article 17

ARTISTES AND SPORTS PERSONS

1.      Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles  14 and 15, income derived by a  resident of a Contracting State as an entertainer, such as a theatre, motion picture, radio or television artiste, or a musician, or as a sportsperson, from his personal activities as such exercised in the other Contracting State, may be taxed in that other State.

2.      Where income in respect of personal activities exercised by an entertainer or a sportsperson in his capacity as such accrues not to the entertainer or sportsperson himself but to another person, that income may, notwithstanding the provisions of Articles 7, 14 and 15, be taxed in the Contracting State in which the activities of the entertainer or sportsperson are exercised.

3.      The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, shall not apply to income from activities  performed in a Contracting State by entertainers or sportspersons if the activities are substantially supported by public funds of one or both of the Contracting States or of political subdivisions or local authorities thereof. In such a case, the income shall be taxable only in the Contracting State of which the entertainer or sportsperson is a resident.

Article 18

PENSIONS

Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2 of Article  19, pensions and other similar remuneration paid to a resident of a Contracting State in consideration of past employment shall be taxable only in that State.

Article 19

GOVERNMENT SERVICE

1.     (a)     Salaries, wages and other similar remuneration, other than a pension, paid by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of services rendered to that State o, subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.

(b)     However, such salaries, wages and other similar remuneration shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the services are rendered in that State and the individual is a resident of that State who.

(i)  is a national of that State; or

(ii)  did not become a resident of that State solely for the purpose of rendering the services.

2.     (a)     Any pension paid by, or out of funds created by, a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof to an individual in respect of  services rendered to that State or subdivision or authority shall be taxable only in that State.

(b)      However, such pension shall be taxable only in the other Contracting State if the  individual is a resident of, and a national of, that State.

3.      The provisions of Articles 15, 16, 17 and 18 shall apply to salaries, wages and other similar remuneration and to pensions in respect of services rendered in connection with a business carried on by a Contracting State or a political subdivision or a local authority thereof.

Article 20

STUDENTS

1.      A student who   is or was a resident of one of the Contracting  States  immediately before visiting the other Contracting State and who is present in that other Contracting State solely for the purpose of his education or training, shall besides grants and scholarships be exempt from tax in that other State on:

(a)      payments made to him by persons residing outside that other State for the purposes of his maintenance, education or training; and

(b)      remuneration which he derives from an employment which he exercises in the other Contracting State if the employment is directly related to his studies.

2.      The benefits of this Article shall extend only for such period of time as may be reasonable or customarily required to complete the education or training undertaken, but in no event shall any individual have the benefits of this Article, for more than six consecutive years from the date of his first arrival for the purposes of education or training in that other State.

Article 21

PROFESSORS, TEACHERS AND RESEARCH SCHOLARS

1.      A professor, teacher or research scholar who is or was a resident of one of the Contracting State immediately before visiting the other Contracting State at the invitation of that other Contracting State or of a university, college, school or other approved institution, shall be exempt from tax in that other Contracting State on any remuneration for such teaching or research for a period not exceeding two years from the date of his first arrival in that other Contracting state.

2.      This Article shall apply to income from research only if such research is undertaken by the individual in the public interest and not primarily for the benefit of some private person or persons.

3.      For the purposes of this Article, an individual shall be deemed to be a resident of a Contracting State if he is resident in that State in the fiscal year in which he visits the other Contracting State or in the immediately preceding fiscal year.

4.      For the purposes of paragraph 1, “approved institution” means an institution which has been approved in this regard by the competent authority of the concerned Contracting State.

Article 22

OTHER INCOME

1.      Items of income of a resident of a Contracting State, wherever arising, not dealt with in the foregoing Articles of this Agreement shall be taxable only in that State.

2.      The provisions of paragraph 1  shall not apply to income, other than income from immovable property as defined in paragraph 2 of Article 6, if the recipient of such income, being a resident of a Contracting State, carries on business in the other Contracting State through a permanent establishment situated therein, or performs in that other State independent personal services from a fixed base situated therein, and the right or property in respect of which the income is paid is effectively connected with such permanent establishment or fixed base. In such case the provisions of Article 7 or Article 14, as the case may be, shall apply.

3.      Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1  and 2, items of income of a resident of a Contracting State not dealt with in the foregoing Articles and arising in the other Contracting State may also be taxed in that other State.

Article  23

ELIMINATION OF DOUBLE TAXATION

1.      The laws in force in either of the Contracting States shall continue to govern the taxation of income in the respective Contracting States except where provisions  to the contrary are made in this Agreement.

2.      Double taxation shall be eliminated as follows:

(i) In India,

(a)      Where a resident of India derives income which, in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, may be taxed in Thailand, India shall allow as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the tax paid in Thailand.

Such deduction shall not, however, exceed that portion of the tax as computed before the deduction is given, which is attributable, as the case may be, to the income which may be taxed in Thailand.

(b)      Where in accordance with any provision of the Agreement income derived by a resident of India is exempt from tax in India, India may nevertheless, in calculating the amount of tax on the remaining income of such resident, take into account the exempted income.

(ii) In Thailand,

(a)  Where a resident of Thailand derives income which, in   accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, may be taxed in India, Thailand shall allow as a deduction from the tax on the income of that resident, an amount equal to the tax paid in India.

Such deduction shall not, however, exceed that portion of the tax as computed before the deduction is given, which is attributable, as the case may be, to the income which may be taxed in India.

(b) Where in accordance with any provision of the Agreement income derived by a resident of Thailand is exempt from tax in Thailand, Thailand may nevertheless, in calculating the amount of tax on the remaining income of such resident, take into account the exempted income.

Article 24

NON-DISCRIMINATION

1.     Nationals of a Contracting State shall not be subjected in the other Contracting State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith, which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which nationals of that other State in the same circumstances, in particular with respect to residence, are or may be subjected. This provision shall, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 1, also apply to persons who are not residents of one or both of the Contracting States.

2.      The taxation on a permanent establishment which an enterprise of a Contracting State has in the other Contracting State shall not be less favourably levied in that other State than the taxation levied on enterprises of that other State carrying on the same activities. The provisions of this Article shall not be construed as obliging a Contracting State to grant to residents of the other Contracting State any personal allowances, reliefs and reductions for taxation purposes on account of civil status or family responsibilities which it grants to its own residents. This provision shall not be construed as preventing a Contracting State from charging the profits of a permanent establishment which a company of the other Contracting State has in the first mentioned State at a rate of tax which is higher than that imposed on the profits of a similar company of the first mentioned Contracting State. nor as being in conflict with the provisions of paragraph 3 of Article 7.

3.     Except where the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 9, paragraph 7 of Article 11, or paragraph 6 of Article 12, apply, interest, royalties and other disbursements paid by an enterprise of a Contracting State to a resident of the other Contracting State shall, for the purpose of determining the taxable profits of such enterprise, be deductible under the same conditions as if they had been paid to a resident of the first-mentioned State.

4.      Enterprises of a Contracting State, the capital of which is wholly or partly  owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by one or more residents of the other Contracting State, shall not be subjected in the first-mentioned State to any taxation or any requirement connected therewith which is other or more burdensome than the taxation and connected requirements to which other similar enterprises of the first mentioned State are or may be subjected.

5.     The provisions of this Article shall apply only to the taxes which are the subject matter of this Agreement.

Article 25

MUTUAL AGREEMENT PROCEDURE

1.      Where a person considers that the actions of one or both of the Contracting States result or will result for him in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, he may, irrespective of the remedies provided by the domestic law of those States, present his case to the competent authority of the Contracting State of which he is a resident or, if his case comes under paragraph 1 of Article 24, to that of the Contracting State of which he is a national. The case must be presented within three years from the first notification of the action resulting in taxation not in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement.

2.      The competent authority shall endeavour, if the objection appears to it to be justified and if it is not itself able to arrive at a satisfactory solution, to resolve the case by mutual agreement, with the competent authority of the other Contracting  State with a view to the avoidance of taxation which is not in accordance with the Agreement. Any agreement reached shall be implemented notwithstanding any time limits in the domestic law of the Contracting States.

3.      The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall endeavour to resolve by mutual agreement any difficulties or doubts arising as to the interpretation or application of the Agreement. They may also consult together for the elimination of double taxation in cases not provided for in the Agreement.

4.      The competent authorities of the Contracting States may communicate with each other directly for the purposes of reaching an agreement in the sense of the preceding  paragraphs.  The competent authorities, through consultations, shall develop appropriate bilateral procedures, conditions, methods and techniques for the implementation of the mutual agreement procedure provided for in this Article. In addition,  a competent authority may devise appropriate unilateral procedures, conditions, methods and techniques to facilitate the above-mentioned bilateral actions and the implementation of the mutual agreement procedure.

Article 26

EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION

1.      The competent authorities of the Contracting States shall exchange such information as is foreseeably relevant for carrying out the provisions of this Agreement or to the administration or enforcement of the domestic laws of the Contracting States or of their political subdivisions or local authorities concerning taxes covered by the Agreement insofar as the taxation there under is not contrary to the Agreement. The exchange of information is not restricted by Article 1.

2.     Any information  received  by  a  Contracting  State  shall  be  treated  as   secret in the same manner as information obtained under the domestic laws of that State and shall be disclosed only to persons or authorities (including  courts  and administrative  bodies)  concerned with the assessment or collection  of,  the enforcement or prosecution in respect of, or the determination of appeals in relation to, the taxes covered by the Agreement.  Such persons or authorities shall use the information only for such purposes.  They may disclose the information in public  court proceedings or in judicial decisions. Notwithstanding the foregoing, information  received by a Contracting State may be used for other purposes when such information may be used for such other purposes under the laws of both States and  the competent authority of the supplying State authorizes such use.

3.     In no case shall the provisions of paragraph 1 be construed so as to impose on a Contracting State the obligation:

(a)     to carry out administrative measures at variance with the laws   and administrative practice of that or of the other Contracting State;

(b) to supply information which is not obtainable under the laws or in the normal course of the administration of that or of the other Contracting State;

(c) to supply information which would disclose any trade,  business, industrial,  commercial or professional secret or trade  process, or information, the disclosure of which would be contrary to public policy (order public).

4.      If information is requested by a Contracting State in accordance with this Article, the other Contracting State shall use its information gathering measures to obtain the requested information, even though that other State may not need such information for its own tax purposes. The obligation contained in the preceding sentence is subject to the limitations of paragraph 3 but in no case shall such limitations be construed to permit a Contracting State to decline to supply information solely because it has no domestic interest in such information.

5.      In no case shall the provisions of paragraph 3 be construed to permit a Contracting State to decline to supply information solely because the information is held by a bank, other financial institution, nominee or person acting in an agency or a fiduciary capacity or because it relates to ownership interests in a person.

Article 27

LIMITATION OF BENEFITS

The provisions of this Agreement shall in no case prevent a Contracting State from the application of the provisions of its domestic law and measures concerning tax avoidance or evasion, whether or not described as such.

Article 28

MEMBERS OF DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS

AND CONSULAR POSTS

Nothing in this Agreement shall affect the fiscal privileges of members of diplomatic missions or consular posts under the general rules of international law or under the provisions of special agreements.

Article 29

ENTRY INTO FORCE

1.      The Contracting States shall notify each other in writing, through diplomatic channels, of the completion of the procedures required by the respective laws for the entry into force of this Agreement.

2.      This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of the later of the notifications  referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.

3.      The provisions of this Agreement shall have effect:

(a) In India, in respect of income derived in any fiscal year beginning on or after the first day of April next following the calendar year in which the Agreement enters into force.

(b) In Thailand,

(i)      in respect of taxes on income withheld at source, on amounts of income derived on or after the first day of January in the calendar year next following the year in which the Agreement enters into force; and

(ii)      in respect of other taxes on income, on such taxes chargeable for any tax year or accounting period, beginning on or after the first day of January in the calendar year next following the year in which the Agreement enters into force.

4.     The Convention between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention  of fiscal  evasion with respect to taxes on income including the Memorandum of Understanding signed at New Delhi on the 22″d day of March, 1985      shall cease to have effect when the provisions of this Agreement become effective in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 3.

Article 30

TERMINATION

This Agreement shall remain in force indefinitely until terminated by a Contracting State. Either Contracting State may terminate the Agreement, through diplomatic channels, by giving notice of termination at least six months before the end of any calendar year beginning after the expiration of five years from the date of entry into force of the Agreement.

In such event the Agreement shall cease to have effect:

(a) In India, in respect of income derived in any fiscal year on or after the first day of April next following the calendar year in which the notice is given.

(b)     In Thailand,

(i)     in respect of taxes on income withheld at source, on amounts of income derived on or after in first day of January in the calendar year next following the year in which the notice is given; and

(ii)      in respect of other taxes on income, on such taxes chargeable for any tax year or accounting period beginning on or after the  first day of  January in the calendar year next following the year in which the notice is given.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned duly authorized thereto, have signed this Agreement.

Done in duplicate at Bangkok on this 29th day of June, two thousand and fifteen Year of the Christian Era, in Hindi, Thai and English languages, all texts being equally  authentic. In case of divergence of interpretation, the English text shall prevail.

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA

   FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE KINGDOM OF THAILAND

(Sushma Swaraj)

Minister of External Affairs

General

(Tanasak Patimapragorn)

Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs

PROTOCOL

At the time of signing the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income, the undersigned have agreed upon the following provisions which shall form an integral part of the Agreement.

1.      It is understood that if Thailand introduces a provision in its domestic law  regarding Assistance in Collection of Taxes or agrees to enter into such assistance  with any other treaty partner, then the competent authorities of the two Contracting States shall open the negotiations to amend the Agreement for extending assistance in the collection of tax to each other.

2.      Nothing in this Agreement shall be construed as preventing a Contracting State from imposing tax on the disposal of profits out of a Contracting State in accordance with the provisions of its domestic law.

3.      With reference to paragraph 4 of Article 7 (Business Profits), it is understood that if the information available to the taxation authority of a Contracting State is inadequate to determine the profits to be attributed to the permanent establishment of an enterprise, nothing in that Article shall affect the application of any law of that State  relating  to  the determination  of the  tax liability  of such  permanent establishment provided that law shall be applied so far as the information available to the taxation authority permits consistently with the principles of that Article.

4.      With reference to Article 26 (Exchange of Information), it is understood that information includes documents or certified copies of the documents.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto, have signed this Protocol.

Done in duplicate at Bangkok on this 29th day of June, two thousand and fifteen Year of the Christian Era, in Hindi, Thai and English languages, all texts being equally authentic. In case of divergence of interpretation, the English text shall prevail.

FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA

   FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE KINGDOM OF THAILAND

(Sushma Swaraj)

Minister of External Affairs

General

(Tanasak Patimapragorn)

Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs

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Category : Income Tax (25526)
Type : Notifications (15398) Notifications/Circulars (30679)

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