prpri Statutory dues cannot be claimed if not exists in company’s approved RP for DHFL Statutory dues cannot be claimed if not exists in company’s approved RP for DHFL

Case Law Details

Case Name : Piramal Capital &
Appeal Number : Housing Finance Ltd. Vs Administrator, Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. (NCLAT Delhi)
Date of Judgement/Order : Company Appeal (AT) (Insolvency) No. 467 of 2021
Related Assessment Year : 12/07/2021
Courts : NCLAT

Piramal Capital & Housing Finance Ltd. Vs The Administrator, Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. (NCLAT Delhi)

Conclusion:  All the dues including the statutory dues owed to the Central Government, any State Government or any local authority, if not part of the Company’s approved resolution plan, shall stand extinguished and no proceedings in respect of such dues for the period prior to the date the Adjudicating Authority was granting its approval under Section 31 could be continued.

Held: Assesssee-company filed the appeal against part of direction in impugned order dated 7th June, 2021 passed by the Adjudicating Authority (National Company Law Tribunal), Mumbai Bench. It submitted that the Para “the approval of the Resolution Plan shall not be construed as waiver of any statutory obligations/ liabilities of the Corporate Debtor and shall be dealt by the appropriate Authorities in accordance with law. Any waiver sought in the Resolution Plan, shall be subject to approval by the Authorities concerned in the light of the decision of Hon’ble Supreme Court in the matter of Ghanshyam Mishra and sons vs. Edelweiss Asset Reconstruction Company Limited” required clarification as although Para referred to decision in the judgment of ‘Ghanshyam Mishra and Sons Pvt. Ltd. vs. Edelweiss Asset Reconstruction Company Limited. & Ors.’, Civil Appeal No. 8129/2019 dated 13th April, 2021, the directions were not in consonance with the directions issued by Hon’ble Supreme Court in the matter of ‘Ghanshyam Mishra’. It was argued that, they were rather contrary requiring assessee to approach individual authorities to extinguish statutory liability/obligations. Administrator submitted that it was necessary that there should not be any confusion in the implementation of the Resolution Plan which had been approved. Committee of Creditors (CoC) submitted that CoC was concerned with the fact that the Successful Resolution Applicant should not have any excuse for not duly and completely executing the Resolution Plan which had been approved by the CoC. ‘All the dues including the statutory dues owed to the Central Government, any State Government or any local authority, if not part of the resolution plan, shall stand extinguished and no proceedings in respect of such dues for the period prior to the date the Adjudicating Authority was granting its approval under Section 31 could be continued.’ It was held that all the dues including the statutory dues owed to the Central Government, any State Government or any local authority, if not part of the resolution plan, shall stand extinguished and no proceedings in respect of such dues for the period prior to the date the Adjudicating Authority was granting its approval under Section 31 could be continued.

FULL TEXT OF ORDER OF NATIONAL COMPANY LAW APPELLATE TRIBUNAL

This Appeal has been filed by the Appellant – Successful Resolution Applicant against part of direction in impugned order dated 7th June, 2021 passed by the Adjudicating Authority (National Company Law Tribunal), Mumbai Bench in I.A. No. 449 of 2021 in C.P. (IB) No. 4258/MB/CII/2019. The Appellant has challenged the impugned order limited to the following direction which was given by the Adjudicating Authority (at Page 122 of the Appeal). In Operative Order of Impugned Judgment Direction (ii) is as under:

“(ii) The approval of the Resolution Plan shall not be construed as waiver of any statutory obligations/ liabilities of the Corporate Debtor and shall be dealt by the appropriate Authorities in accordance with law. Any waiver sought in the Resolution Plan, shall be subject to approval by the Authorities concerned in the light of the decision of Hon’ble Supreme Court in the matter of Ghanshyam Mishra and sons vs. Edelweiss Asset Reconstruction Company Limited.”

2. The Learned Senior Counsel for the Appellant submits that this Para requires clarification as although the Para refers to decision in the judgment of ‘Ghanshyam Mishra and Sons Pvt. Ltd. vs. Edelweiss Asset Reconstruction Company Limited. & Ors.’, Civil Appeal No. 8129/2019 dated 13th April, 2021, the directions are not in consonance with the directions issued by Hon’ble Supreme Court in the matter of ‘Ghanshyam Mishra’. It is argued that, they are rather contrary requiring Appellant to approach individual authorities to extinguish statutory liability/obligations.

3. The Learned Counsel for the Administrator submits that the submissions being made by the Learned Counsel for the Appellant he agrees with the same and it is necessary that there should not be any confusion in the implementation of the Resolution Plan which has been approved.

4. The Learned Senior Counsel for the Committee of Creditors (CoC) submits that the CoC is concerned with the fact that the Successful Resolution Applicant should not have any excuse for not duly and completely executing the Resolution Plan which has been approved by the CoC.

5. With consent of Counsel for both sides, we have taken up this Appeal for final disposal, and heard them.

6. Having going through the impugned direction and going through the judgment in the matter of ‘Ghanshyam Mishra and Sons Pvt. Ltd. vs. Edelweiss Asset Reconstruction Company Limited. & Ors.’, Civil Appeal No. 8129/2019 dated 13th April, 2021.’, we find that there is some confusion in this Para (ii) which has been passed by the Adjudicating Authority. It would be appropriate to reproduce Para 95 from the Judgment of ‘Ghanshyam Mishra’, where the Hon’ble Supreme Court dealt with various questions and answered the same as under:

“95. In the result, we answer the questions framed by us as under:

(i) That once a resolution plan is duly approved by the Adjudicating Authority under subsection (1) of Section 31, the claims as provided in the resolution plan shall stand frozen and will be binding on the Corporate Debtor and its employees, members, creditors, including the Central Government, any State Government or any local authority, guarantors and other stakeholders. On the date of approval of resolution plan by the Adjudicating Authority, all such claims, which are not a part of resolution plan, shall stand extinguished and no person will be entitled to initiate or continue any proceedings in respect to a claim, which is not part of the resolution plan;

(ii) 2019 amendment to Section 31 of the I&B Code is clarificatory and declaratory in nature and therefore will be effective from the date on which I&B Code has come into effect;

(iii) Consequently all the dues including the statutory dues owed to the Central Government, any State Government or any local authority, if not part of the resolution plan, shall stand extinguished and no proceedings in respect of such dues for the period prior to the date on which the Adjudicating Authority grants its approval under Section 31 could be continued.”

7. (A) In view of the above, we direct that in place of the above impugned Para (ii) in the impugned order, the direction shall be:

‘All the dues including the statutory dues owed to the Central Government, any State Government or any local authority, if not part of the resolution plan, shall stand extinguished and no proceedings in respect of such dues for the period prior to the date the Adjudicating Authority was granting its approval under Section 31 could be continued.’

(B) We substitute this direction in place of Para (ii) of the Operative Order of impugned order.

(C) With such direction we dispose of the Appeal. No costs.

Download Judgment/Order

Author Bio

More Under Company Law

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Search Posts by Date

July 2021
M T W T F S S
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031