Case Law Details

Case Name : Chander Bhan Vs. ITO(ITAT Delhi)
Appeal Number : I.T.A .No. 1895/Del/2016
Date of Judgement/Order : 01.02.2017
Related Assessment Year : 2007-08

The relevant facts of the case are that as per AIR information available with the tax authorities, it was noticed that the assessee had deposited an amount of Rs.20 lakhs in cash on various dates in Saving Bank Account Number. 02501000071202 OF the HDFC Bank Ltd, Rewari in the year under consideration. Accordingly, as per the assessment order, notice under section 148 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 was issued to the assessee after recording of reasons on 16.03.2012. In response thereto, the assessee filed its return of income on 18.02.2013 declaring a total income of Rs.4,426/-. After issuance of notices under section 143(2)/142(1) alongwith questionnaire etc. rejecting the explanation offered the assessment was concluded at an income of Rs.25,50,000/-. The assessee challenged the jurisdiction of the Assessing Officer to pass the order and also challenged the decision on merits.

The CIT(A) it was submitted dismissed the jurisdictional ground. Inviting attention to para 4.3 of the impugned order it was submitted that the assessee vide Ground No.2 had assailed the order on the ground that the assessment was made u/s 143(3)/148 of the Act, without proper service of alleged notice issued u/s 148. The CIT(A) it was submitted dismissed the ground on the ground that the assessee had not produced any evidence in support of his contention. The said ground of appeal it was submitted was accordingly dismissed requiring the assessee to produce negative evidence. Accordingly, it was his limited prayer that the issue may be set-aside back to the file of the CIT(A) directing the said authority to first decide the jurisdictional issue considering the record.

Though the Ld. Sr.DR though relied upon the impugned order on query was unable to show what is the kind of evidence, an assessee can produce to show that no notice was served upon it. Accordingly, in the circumstances he had no objection, if the issues are restored back to the file of the CIT(A).

I have heard the rival submissions and perused the material available on record. I find that conclusion drawn by the CIT(A) on facts cannot be upheld. The factum of issuance of notice within time is to be proved on query by the authority whose jurisdiction is challenged for want of The aggrieved party cannot be asked to lead negative evidence in support of its claim. When service of notice is challenged by a party then the onus to demonstrate that notice was issued in accordance with law is on the authority whose jurisdiction in the absence of notice is under challenge. The dismissal of assessee’s ground requiring the assessee to produce evidence in support of its contention is beyond the ken of law or logic. The impugned order accordingly in view of this patent fallacy which is against all common sense and logic, is set aside and the issue is restored back to the file of the CIT(Appeals) with a direction to first decide the jurisdictional issue on facts in accordance with law and thereafter to proceed to consider the issue on merits if so warranted on facts.

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