Case Law Details

Case Name : Ramanand Industries Vs ITO (ITAT Jaipur)
Appeal Number : ITA No. 882/JP/2018
Date of Judgement/Order : 20/11/2018
Related Assessment Year : 2013-14
Courts : All ITAT (6382) ITAT Jaipur (165)

Ramanand Industries Vs ITO (ITAT Jaipur)

It is settled proposition of law that even if the books of account are rejected U/s 145(3) of the Act, it would not ipso facto result to an addition except the income estimated on same reasonable and proper basis lead to an addition. In the case in hand, neither the Assessing Officer nor the ld. CIT(A) has undertaken an exercise to estimate the income of the assessee on some proper and reasonable basis and therefore the ad hoc addition made by the Assessing Officer as well as the ld. CIT(A) is not permissible under the provisions of the Act. After the rejection of books of account, the Assessing Officer was mandated to estimate the income of the assessee on some proper and reasonable basis. The past history of the declared G.P. is considered as a reasonable and proper guidance for estimation of the income. In absence of any estimation made by the Assessing Officer, the ad hoc addition made by the authorities below is not sustainable. Accordingly, in the facts and circumstances of the case when there is no significant or noticeable decline in the G.P. in comparison to the earlier year whereas there is a significant increase of six times in the turnover. The said insignificant decline in the G.P. cannot be a reason for an addition.

FULL TEXT OF THE ITAT JUDGMENT

This appeal by the assessee is directed against the order dated 10/05/2018 of ld. CIT(A)-3, Jaipur for the A.Y. 2013-14. The assessee has raised following grounds of appeal:

“1. On the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the A.O. rejected books of account thereafter ld. CIT(A) erred in sustaining the rejecting of books of account U/s 145(3), without proper basis which is unjustified.

2. On the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the A.O. and CIT(A) erred in making trading addition of Rs.3,00,000/- which was further reduced only at Rs. 1,50,000 by the ld. CIT(A) without any basis, which liable to be quashed in entirely.”

2. Ground No. 1 of the appeal is regarding rejection of books of account U/s 145(3) of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (in short the Act).

3. We have heard the ld AR of the assessee as well as ld. DR and considered the relevant material on record. The Assessing Officer has rejected the books of account of the assessee on the ground that the inventory of opening stock and closing stock and its value are not verifiable due to the reason that the assessee filed the return of income for the A.Y. 2012-13 U/s 44AD of the Act and therefore, the proper books of account were not maintained by the assessee disclosing the closing stock which is to be taken as opening stock for the year under consideration. The Assessing Officer has further noted that the production expenses booked to the P&L account are not fully vouched and therefore the books of account are not giving a correct picture of the affairs of the assessee and the result being net profit.

4. The assessee challenged the said action of the Assessing Officer before the ld. CIT(A) but could not succeed. The ld. CIT(A) has confirmed the rejection of books of account by noting the fact that the Assessing Officer has pointed out the specific defects in the books of account.

5. Having considering the rival submissions and careful perusal of record, we find that the Assessing Officer has pointed out specific defects in the books of account regarding the opening and closing stock and valuation. Further the expenses were not fully vouched and also day to day stock register was not found to be maintained by the assessee. Accordingly we do not find any error or illegality in the orders of the authorities below qua this issue and rejection of books of account is confirmed.

6. Ground No.2 of the appeal is regarding the trading addition of Rs. 3.00 lacs made by the Assessing Officer was restricted by the ld. CIT(A) to Rs. 1.50 lacs.

7. We have heard the ld. AR of the assessee as well as the ld DR and considered the relevant material on record. The ld. CIT(A) has considered this issue in para 5.3 as under:

“5.3 I have carefully considered the material before me. I find that the Assessing officer made the addition of Rs.3,00,000/-. The A/R submitted that the trading result of the assessee for the year and immediately preceding year are as under: –

Sales GP GP Ratio
AY 2013-14 1,34,80,953.25 24,91,060.33 18.47%
AY 2012-13 21,10,506.18 4,11,756.76 19.50%

The G.P rate is slightly decreased but the fall is very much justified from the multifold increase turnover.

Your honour, even the books are rejected than it is the established law that the estimation of profit should be made from fair estimation on the fact and circumstances. Where the books of accounts are rejected the best guide is assessee’s own history.

As I mentioned above the gross profit rate is slightly lower as compare to the last year and this could be very well justified form the manifold increase in the turnover.

I am also herewith enclosing a chart showing expenses with percentage on gross turnover for the year end and immediately preceding year.

You may appreciate here that almost all the expenses are lower in terms of percentage in comparison to last year therefore the gross trading result declared by assessee does not deserve to be enhanced.

Your honour Hon. Rajasthan High Court held in case of Gotan Lime Khanij Udyog page no 26 Tax World 205 even the books are rejected in that case such rejection does not give automatic mandate to enhance the trading results. The best estimation is derived from assessee own results and it should be appreciate.

Considering the above facts I find that the turnover of the appellant also increase from Rs.21,10,509/- to Rs. 1,34,80,953/- almost 6 time which is the main reason for decline the profit rate. Therefore considering the above facts and past history of the case I am the opinion that the addition made by the Assessing office of Rs.3,00,000/- is higher side considering the totally of the case and increase in turnover I restrict the trading addition Rs. 1,50,000/-. Accordingly I confirm trading addition of Rs. 1,50,000/- and balance amount of Rs. 1,50,000/- is deleted. This ground is partly allowed.”

Thus, it is clear that the ld. CIT(A) has accepted the fact that for the year under consideration, the turnover of the assessee has increased for more than six times whereas there is only insignificant decrease in the G.P. ratio declared by the assessee for the year under consideration. From the comparative details as reproduced by the ld. CIT(A) in the finding reproduced (supra), it is clear that there is no significant decline in the G.P. ratio which is less than 1% whereas the turnover of the assessee has increased six times during the year under consideration in comparison to the earlier years. Hence, it is settled proposition of law that even if the books of account are rejected U/s 145(3) of the Act, it would not ipso facto result to an addition except the income estimated on same reasonable and proper basis lead to an addition. In the case in hand, neither the Assessing Officer nor the ld. CIT(A) has undertaken any exercise to estimate the income of the assessee on some proper and reasonable basis and therefore the ad hoc addition made by the Assessing Officer as well as the ld. CIT(A) is not permissible under the provisions of the Act. After rejection of books of account, the Assessing Officer was mandated to estimate the income of the assessee on some proper and reasonable basis. The past history of the declared G.P. is considered as a reasonable and proper guidance for estimation of the income. In absence of any estimation made by the Assessing Officer, the ad hoc addition made by the authorities below is not sustainable. Accordingly, in the facts and circumstances of the case when there is no significant or noticeable decline in the G.P. in comparison to the earlier year whereas there is a significant increase of six times in the turnover. The said insignificant decline in the G.P. cannot be a reason for an addition. Accordingly we delete the addition made by the Assessing Officer.

8. In the result, the appeal of the assessee is partly allowed.

Order pronounced in the open court on 20/11/2018.

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