Under the existing provisions of section 35(2AB) of the Income-tax Act, a company is allowed weighted deduction of 150 per cent of the expenditure (not being expenditure in the nature of cost of any land or building) incurred on scientific research on an approved in-house research and development facility.
In order to further incentivise the corporate sector to invest in in-house research, it is proposed to increase this weighted deduction from 150 per cent to 200 per cent.
The existing provisions of section 35(1)(ii) of the Income-tax Act provide for a weighted deduction from the business income to the extent of 125 per cent of any sum paid to an approved scientific research association that has the object of undertaking scientific research or to an approved university, college or other institution to be used for scientific research. Further, under section 35(2AA) of the Act, weighted deduction to the extent of 125 per cent is also allowed for any sum paid to a National Laboratory or a university or an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) or a specified person for the purpose of an approved scientific research programme.
In order to encourage more contributions to such approved entities for the purposes of scientific research, it is proposed to increase this weighted deduction from 125 per cent to 175 per cent.
These amendments are proposed to take effect from 1st April, 2011 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2011-12 and subsequent years.