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GOODS AND SERVICES TAX

Note: (a) CGST Act means Central Goods And Services Tax Act, 2017

(b) IGST Act means Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017

(c) Amendments carried out through the Finance Bill, 2023 come into effect on the date of its enactment, unless otherwise specified.

Amendments carried out in the Finance Bill, 2023 related to GST except those in clause 142 will come into effect from the date when the same will be notified concurrently, as far as possible, with the corresponding amendments to the similar Acts passed by the States & Union territories with legislature. Amendments carried out in the Finance Bill, 2023, vide clause 142 will come into effect retrospectively from 1st July, 2017.

I. AMENDMENTS IN THE CGST ACT, 2017:

S.
No.
Amendment Clause of the Finance Bill, 2023
1. Clause (d) of sub-section (2) and Clause (c) of sub-section (2A) in section 10 of the CGST Act is being amended so as to remove the restriction imposed on registered persons engaged in supplying goods through electronic commerce operators from opting to pay tax under the Composition Levy. [128]
2. Second and third provisos to sub-section (2) of section 16 of the CGST Act are being amended to align the said sub-section with the return filing system provided in the said Act. [129]
3. Explanation to sub-section (3) of section 17 of the CGST Act is being amended so as to restrict availment of input tax credit in respect of certain transactions specified in para 8(a) of Schedule III of the said Act, as may be prescribed, by including the value of such transactions in the value of exempt supply.

Further, sub-section (5) of said section is also being amended so as to provide that input tax credit shall not be available in respect of goods or services or both received by a taxable person, which are used or intended to be used for activities relating to his obligations under corporate social responsibility referred to in section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013.

[130]
4. Sub-section (1) and sub-section (2) of section 23 of the CGST Act are being amended, with retrospective effect from 01st July, 2017, so as to provide that persons for compulsory registration in terms of sub section (1) of section and section 22 of the Act need not register if exempt under sub section (1) of section 23. [131]
5. A new sub-section (5) in section 37 of the CGST Act is being inserted so as to provide a time limit upto which the details of outward supplies under sub-section (1) of the said section for a tax period can be furnished by a registered person. Further, it also seeks to provide an enabling provision for extension of the said time limit, subject to certain conditions and restrictions, for a registered person or a class of registered persons. [132]
6. A new sub-section (11) in section 39 of the CGST Act is being inserted so as to provide a time limit upto which the return for a tax period can be furnished by a registered person. Further, it also seeks to provide an enabling provision for extension of the said time limit, subject to certain conditions and restrictions, for a registered person or a class of registered persons. [133]
7. A new sub-section (2) in section 44 of the CGST Act is being inserted so as to provide a time limit upto which the annual return under sub-section (1) of the said section for a financial year can be furnished by a registered person. Further, it also seeks to provide an enabling provision for extension of the said time limit, subject to certain conditions and restrictions, for a registered person or a class of registered persons. [134]
8. A new sub-section (15) in section 52 of the CGST Act is being inserted so as to provide a time limit upto which the statement under sub-section (4) of the said section for a month can be furnished by an electronic commerce operator. Further, it seeks to provide an enabling provision for extension of the said time limit, subject to certain conditions and restrictions, for an electronic commerce operator or a class of electronic commerce operators. [135]
9. Sub-section (6) of section 54 of the CGST Act is being amended so as to remove the reference to the provisionally accepted input tax credit to align the same with the present scheme of availment of self-assessed input tax credit as per sub-section (1) of section 41 of the said Act. [136]
10. Section 56 of the CGST Act is being amended so as to provide for an enabling provision to prescribe manner of computation of period of delay for calculation of interest on delayed refunds. [137]
11. A new sub-section (1B) in section 122 of the CGST Act is being inserted so as to provide for penal provisions applicable to Electronic Commerce Operators in case of contravention of provisions relating to supplies of goods made through them by unregistered persons or composition taxpayers. [138]
12. Sub-section (1) of section 132 of the CGST Act is being amended so as to decriminalize offences specified in clause (g), (j) and (k) of the said sub-section and to increase the monetary threshold for launching prosecution for the offences under the said Act from one hundred lakh rupees to two hundred lakh rupees, except for the offences related to issuance of invoices without supply of goods or services or both. [139]
13. First proviso to sub-section (1) of section 138 of the CGST Act is being amended so as to simplify the language of clause (a), to omit clause (b) and to substitute the clause (c) of said proviso so as to exclude the persons involved in offences relating to issuance of invoices without supply of goods or services or both from the option of compounding of the offences under the said Act. It further seeks to amend sub-section (2) so as to rationalize the amount for compounding of various offences by reducing the minimum as well as maximum amount for compounding. [140]
14. A new section 158A in the CGST Act is being inserted so as to provide for prescribing manner and conditions for sharing of the information furnished by the registered person in his return or in his application of registration or in his statement of outward supplies, or the details uploaded by him for generation of electronic invoice or E-way bill or any other details, as may be prescribed, on the common portal with such other systems, as may be notified. [141]
15. Schedule III of the CGST Act is being amended to give retrospective applicability to Para 7, 8 (a) and 8 (b) of the said Schedule, with effect from 01st July, 2017, so as to treat the activities/ transactions mentioned in the said paragraphs as neither supply of goods nor supply of services. It is also being clarified that where the tax has already been paid in respect of such transactions/ activities during the period from 01st July, 2017 to 31st January, 2019, no refund of such tax paid shall be available. [142]

II. AMENDMENTS IN THE IGST ACT, 2017:

S. No. Amendment Clause of the Finance Bill, 2023
1. Clause (16) of section 2 of the IGST Act is being amended so as to revise the definition of “non-taxable online recipient” by removing the condition of receipt of online information and database access or retrieval services (OIDAR) for purposes other than commerce, industry or any other business or profession so as to provide for taxability of OIDAR service provided by any person located in non­taxable territory to an unregistered person receiving the said services and located in the taxable territory. Further, it also seeks to clarify that the persons registered solely in terms of clause (vi) of Section 24 of CGST Act shall be treated as unregistered person for the purpose of the said clause.

Also, clause (17) of the said section is being amended to revise the definition of “online information and database access or retrieval services” to remove the condition of rendering of the said supply being essentially automated and involving minimal human
intervention.

[143]
2. Proviso to sub-section (8) of section 12 of the IGST Act is being omitted so as to specify the place of supply, irrespective of destination of the goods, in cases where the supplier of services and recipient of services are located in India. [144]

Extract of relevant clause of Finance Bill 2023

Clause 128 of the Bill seeks to amend clause (d) of sub-section (2) and clause (c) of sub-section (2A) in section 10 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to remove the restriction imposed on registered persons engaged in supplying goods through electronic commerce operators from opting to pay tax under the composition levy.

Clause 129 of the Bill seeks to amend second and third provisos to sub-section (2) of section 16 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act to align the said sub-section with the return filing system provided in the said Act.

Clause 130 of the Bill seeks to amend Explanation to sub-section (3) of section 17 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to restrict availment of input tax credit in respect of certain transactions specified in clause (a) of paragraph 8 of Schedule III of the said Act, as may be provided by rules, by including the value of such transactions in the value of exempt supply.

It also seeks to amend sub-section (5) so as to provide that input tax credit shall not be available in respect of goods or services or both received by a taxable person which are used or intended to be used for activities relating to his obligations under corporate social responsibility referred to in section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Clause 131 of the Bill seeks to substitute, with effect from the 1st day of July, 2017, section 23 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act relating to persons not liable for registration so as to provide overriding effect to the said section over sub-section (1) of section 22 and section 24 of the said Act.

Clause 132 of the Bill seeks to insert a new sub-section (5) in section 37 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to provide a time limit of three years upto which the details of outward supplies under sub-section (1) of the said section for a tax period can be furnished by a registered person. It further seeks to empower the Government, on the recommendation of the Council, to extend by notification, the said time limit for a registered person or a class of registered persons, subject to certain conditions and restrictions.

Clause 133 of the Bill seeks to insert a new sub-section (11) in section 39 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to provide a time limit of three years upto which the return for a tax period can be furnished by a registered person. It further seeks to empower the Government, on the recommendation of the council, to extend by notification, the said time limit for a registered person or a class of registered persons, subject to certain conditions and restrictions.

Clause 134 of the Bill seeks to insert a new sub-section (2) in section 44 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to provide a time limit of three years upto which the annual return under sub-section (1) of the said section for a financial year can be furnished by a registered person. It further seeks to empower the Government, on the recommendation of the Council, to extend by notification, the said time limit for a registered person or a class of registered persons, subject to certain conditions and restrictions.

Clause 135 of the Bill seeks to insert a new sub-section (15) in section 52 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to provide a time limit of three years upto which the statement under sub-section (4) of the said section for a month can be furnished by an electronic commerce operator. It further seeks to empower the Government, on the recommendation of the Council, to extend by notification, the said time limit for an operator or a class of operators, subject to certain conditions and restrictions.

Clause 136 of the Bill seeks to amend sub-section (6) of section 54 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act by removing reference to the provisionally accepted input tax credit so as to align the same with the present scheme of availment of self-assessed input tax credit as per sub-section (1) of section 41 of the said Act.

Clause 137 of the Bill seeks to amend section 56 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to provide by rules the manner of computation of period of delay for calculation of interest on delayed refunds.

Clause 138 of the Bill seeks to insert a new sub-section (1B) in section 122 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to provide for penal provisions applicable to electronic commerce operators in case of contravention of provisions relating to supplies of goods or services made through them by unregistered persons or composition taxpayers.

Clause 139 of the Bill seeks to amend sub-section (1) of section 132 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to decriminalise offences specified in clauses (g), (j) and (k) of the said sub-section and to increase the monetary threshold from one hundred lakh rupees to two hundred lakh rupees for launching prosecution for the offences under the said Act, except for the offences related to issuance of invoices without supply of goods or services or both.

Clause 140 of the Bill seeks to amend first proviso to sub-section (1) of section 138 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to exclude the persons involved in offences relating to issuance of invoices without supply of goods or services or both from the option of compounding of the offences under the said Act.

It further seeks to amend sub-section (2) so as to rationalise the amount for compounding of various offences by reducing the minimum as well as maximum amount for compounding.

Clause 141 of the Bill seeks to insert a new section 158A in the Central Goods and Services Tax Act so as to provide for the manner and conditions for sharing of the information furnished by the registered person in his application for registration or in his return filed or in his statement of outward supplies, or the details uploaded by him for generation of electronic invoice or E-way bill or any other details, as may be provided by rules, on the common portal with such other systems, as may be notified.

Clause 142 of the Bill seeks to amend Schedule III of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act to give retrospective applicability to paragraphs 7 and 8 and the Explanation 2 to the said Schedule with effect from the 1st day of July, 2017.

Integrated Goods and Services Tax

Clause 143 of the Bill seeks to amend clause (16) of section 2 of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, by omitting certain words therein, so as to restrict the meaning of the term “non-taxable online recipient” to mean any unregistered person receiving online information and database access or retrieval services located in the taxable territory. It further seeks to clarify that the persons registered solely in terms of clause (vi) of section 24 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act shall be treated as unregistered person for the purpose of the said clause.

It also proposes to amend clause (17) of the said section by removing certain words therein so as to remove the condition of “essentially automated” and “involving minimal human intervention” from the said definition.

Clause 144 of the Bill seeks to omit the proviso to sub-section (8) of section 12 of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act so as to remove the confusion regarding availment of input tax credit and other matters.

Extract of Relevant Amendment Proposed by Finance Bill, 2023

128. Amendment of section 10.

In the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (hereinafter referred to as the Central Goods and Services Tax Act), in section 10,–

(a) in sub-section (2), in clause (d), the words “goods or” shall be omitted;

(b) in sub-section (2A), in clause (c), the words “goods or” shall be omitted.

129. Amendment of section 16.

In section 16 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, in sub-section (2),–

(i) in the second proviso, for the words “added to his output tax liability, along with interest thereon”, the words and figures “paid by him along with interest payable under section 50” shall be substituted;

(ii) in the third proviso, after the words “made by him”, the words “to the supplier” shall be inserted.

130. Amendment of section 17.

In section 17 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act,–

(a) in sub-section (3), in the Explanation, for the words and figure “except those specified in paragraph 5 of the said Schedule”, the following shall be substituted, namely:–

“except,–

(i) the value of activities or transactions specified in paragraph 5 of the said Schedule; and

(ii) the value of such activities or transactions as may be prescribed in respect of clause (a) of paragraph 8 of the said Schedule”;

(b) in sub-section (5), after clause (f), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:–

“(fa) goods or services or both received by a taxable person, which are used or intended to be used for activities relating to his obligations under corporate social responsibility referred to in section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013;”.

131. Substitution of new section for section 23.

For section 23 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, the following section shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been substituted with effect from the 1st day of July, 2017, namely:–

Persons not liable for registration.

“23. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in sub-section (1) of section 22 or section 24,–

(a) the following persons shall not be liable to registration, namely:–

(i) any person engaged exclusively in the business of supplying goods or services or both that are not liable to tax or wholly exempt from tax under this Act or under the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017;

(ii) an agriculturist, to the extent of supply of produce out of cultivation of land;

(b) the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be specified therein, specify the category of persons who may be exempted from obtaining registration under this Act.”.

132. Amendment of section 37.

In section 37 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, after sub-section (4), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:–

“(5) A registered person shall not be allowed to furnish the details of outward supplies under sub-section (1) for a tax period after the expiry of a period of three years from the due date of furnishing the said details:

Provided that the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be specified therein, allow a registered person or a class of registered persons to furnish the details of outward supplies for a tax period under sub-section (1), even after the expiry of the said period of three years from the due date of furnishing the said details.”.

133. Amendment of section 39.

In section 39 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, after sub-section (10), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:–

“(11) A registered person shall not be allowed to furnish a return for a tax period after the expiry of a period of three years from the due date of furnishing the said return:

Provided that the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be specified therein, allow a registered person or a class of registered persons to furnish the return for a tax period, even after the expiry of the said period of three years from the due date of furnishing the said return.”.

134. Amendment of section 44.

Section 44 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act shall be re-numbered as sub-section (1) thereof, and after sub-section (1) as so re-numbered, the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:–

“(2) A registered person shall not be allowed to furnish an annual return under sub-section (1) for a financial year after the expiry of a period of three years from the due date of furnishing the said annual return:

Provided that the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, and subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be specified therein, allow a registered person or a class of registered persons to furnish an annual return for a financial year under sub-section (1), even after the expiry of the said period of three years from the due date of furnishing the said annual return.”.

135. Amendment of section 52.

In section 52 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, after sub-section (14), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:–

“(15) The operator shall not be allowed to furnish a statement under sub-section (4) after the expiry of a period of three years from the due date of furnishing the said statement:

Provided that the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be specified therein, allow an operator or a class of operators to furnish a statement under sub-section (4), even after the expiry of the said period of three years from the due date of furnishing the said statement.”.

136. Amendment of section 54.

In section 54 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, in sub-section (6), the words “excluding the amount of input tax credit provisionally accepted,” shall be omitted.

137. Amendment of section 56.

In section 56 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, for the words “from the date immediately after the expiry of sixty days from the date of receipt of application under the said sub­section till the date of refund of such tax”, the words “for the period of delay beyond sixty days from the date of receipt of such application till the date of refund of such tax, to be computed in such manner and subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be prescribed” shall be substituted.

138. Amendment of section 122.

In section 122 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, after sub-section (1A), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:–

“(1B) Any electronic commerce operator who–

(i) allows a supply of goods or services or both through it by an unregistered person other than a person exempted from registration by a notification issued under this Act to make such supply;

(ii) allows an inter-State supply of goods or services or both through it by a person who is not eligible to make such inter-State supply; or

(iii) fails to furnish the correct details in the statement to be furnished under sub-section (4) of section 52 of any outward supply of goods effected through it by a person exempted from obtaining registration under this Act,

shall be liable to pay a penalty of ten thousand rupees, or an amount equivalent to the amount of tax involved had such supply been made by a registered person other than a person paying tax under section 10, whichever is higher.”.

139. Amendment of section 132.

In section 132 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, in sub-section (1),–

(a) clauses (g), (j) and (k) shall be omitted;

(b) in clause (l), for the words, brackets and letters “clauses (a) to (k)”, the words, brackets and letters “clauses (a) to (f) and clauses (h) and (i)” shall be substituted;

(c) in clause (iii), for the words “any other offence”, the words, brackets and letter “an offence specified in clause (b),” shall be substituted;

(d) in clause (iv), the words, brackets and letters “or clause (g) or clause (j)” shall be omitted.

140. Amendment of section 138.

In section 138 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act,–

(a) in sub-section (1), in the first proviso,–

(i) for clause (a), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:–

“(a) a person who has been allowed to compound once in respect of any of the offences specified in clauses (a) to (f), (h), (i) and (l) of sub-section (1) of section 132;”;

(ii) clause (b) shall be omitted;

(iii) for clause (c), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:–

“(c) a person who has been accused of committing an offence under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 132;”;

(iv) clause (e) shall be omitted;

(b) in sub-section (2), for the words “ten thousand rupees or fifty per cent. of the tax involved, whichever is higher, and the maximum amount not being less than thirty thousand rupees or one hundred and fifty per cent. of the tax, whichever is higher”, the words “twenty-five per cent. of the tax involved and the maximum amount not being more than one hundred per cent. of the tax involved” shall be substituted.

141. Insertion of new section 158A.

After section 158 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:–

Consent based sharing of information furnished by taxable person.

“158A. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in sections 133, 152 and 158, the following details furnished by a registered person may, subject to the provisions of sub­section (2), and on the recommendations of the Council, be shared by the common portal with such other systems as may be notified by the Government, in such manner and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, namely:–

(a) particulars furnished in the application for registration under section 25 or in the return filed under section 39 or under section 44;

(b) the particulars uploaded on the common portal for preparation of invoice, the details of outward supplies furnished under section 37 and the particulars uploaded on the common portal for generation of documents under section 68;

(c) such other details as may be prescribed.

(2) For the purposes of sharing details under sub-section (1), the consent shall be obtained, of –

(a) the supplier, in respect of details furnished under clauses (a), (b) and (c) of sub-section (1); and

(b) the recipient, in respect of details furnished under clause (b) of sub-section (1), and under clause (c) of sub-section (1) only where such details include identity information of the recipient,

in such form and manner as may be prescribed.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, no action shall lie against the Government or the common portal with respect to any liability arising consequent to information shared under this section and there shall be no impact on the liability to pay tax on the relevant supply or as per the relevant return.”.

142. Retrospective exemption to certain activities and transactions in Schedule III to the Central Goods and Services Tax Act.

(1) In Schedule III to the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, paragraphs 7 and 8 and the Explanation 2 thereof (as inserted vide section 32 of Act 31 of 2018) shall be deemed to have been inserted therein with effect from the 1st day of July, 2017.

(2) No refund shall be made of all the tax which has been collected, but which would not have been so collected, had sub­section (1) been in force at all material times.

Integrated Goods and Services Tax

143. Amendment of section 2.

In the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 (hereinafter referred to as the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act), in section 2,–

(a) for clause (16), the following clause shall be substituted, namely:–

‘(16) “non-taxable online recipient” means any unregistered person receiving online information and database access or retrieval services located in taxable territory.

Explanation.––For the purposes of this clause, the expression “unregistered person” includes a person registered solely in terms of clause (vi) of section 24 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017’;

(b) in clause (17), the words “essentially automated and involving minimal human intervention and” shall be omitted.

144. Amendment of section 12.

In section 12 of the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, in sub-section (8), the proviso shall be omitted.

*****

Source : Finance Bill 2023 / Union Budget 2023

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