More than half of the country’s overall workforce is self-employed, even as female employees receive less remuneration than their male counterparts for doing similar jobs, as per the data of a government survey released today. While 51 per cent of the country’s total workforce are self-employed, only around 15.6 per cent are ‘regular wage/ salaried’ employees and 33.5 per cent are casual labours, the key indicators from a survey the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) revealed.
Among workers in rural areas, about 54.2 are self-employed, while only 41.4 per cent of the workforce in urban areas are self-employed.
While only 7.3 per cent of workers in rural areas are regular wage earners, 41.4 per cent of workers in cities are getting regular salaries.
The findings of the NSSO also reveal that women workers, both in rural and urban areas, continue to receive less remunerations than their male counterparts.
In urban areas, the average wage is Rs 365 per day and it is Rs 232 in rural areas.
NSSO survey found that the average earning per day received by male workers is Rs 249 but it is only Rs 156 in case of female workers, indicating the female-male wage ratio at 0.63.
Similarly, in urban areas males earn Rs 377 as against Rs 309 by woman, indicating a ratio of 0.82.