Section 197 of the Companies Act, 2013 Overall Maximum Managerial Remuneration and Managerial Remuneration In Case of Absence or Inadequacy of Profits
(1) Maximum amount of managerial remuneration
Total managerial remuneration payable by a public company, to –
in respect of any financial year shall not exceed 11% of the net profits of that company for that financial year computed in the manner laid down in section 198 except that the remuneration of the directors shall not be deducted from the gross profits.
|S.NO||CONDITIONS||MAXIMUM REMUNERATION IN A YEAR|
|1||Overall limit on managerial remuneration||11% of the net profits of company|
|2||Company with one managing director/whole time director/manager||5% of the net profits of company|
|3||Company with more than one managing director/whole time director/manager||10% of the net profits of company|
|4||Remuneration payable to directors who are neither managing director nor whole time director||1% of the net profits of company if there is a managing director or whole time director|
|5||Remuneration payable to directors who are neither managing director nor whole time director||3% of the net profits of company if there is no managing director or whole time director|
> However, a public company can pay managerial remuneration in excess of 11% by-
> In case company has defaulted in payment of dues to any
prior approval of the same shall be obtained by the company before obtaining the approval in the general meeting.
> The percentages given above shall be exclusive of any fees payable under section 197(5).
(2) Remuneration by a Company having no profits / inadequate profits
If in any financial year, a company has no profits or inadequate profits, no amount shall be payable by way of remuneration, to its
except in accordance with provisions of schedule V. However, there is no restriction on amount payable to directors under 197 (5)
Managerial Remuneration Under SCHEDULE V (Part II)
(i) Remuneration payable by companies having profits:
A company having profits in a financial year may pay remuneration to a managerial person or persons or other director or directors not exceeding the limits specified in section 197.
(ii) Remuneration payable by companies having no profit or inadequate profit:
Where in any financial year during the currency of tenure of a managerial person or other director, a company has no profits or its profits are inadequate, it may pay remuneration to the managerial person or other director not exceeding, the limits under (A) and (B) given below:-
|Sl. No||Where the effective capital (in Rs.) is||Limit of yearly remuneration payable shall not exceed (in Rs.) in case of a managerial person||Limit of yearly remuneration payable shall not exceed (in Rs.) in case of other director|
|(i)||Negative or less than 5 crores||60 lakhs||12 lakhs|
|(ii)||5 crores and above but less than 100 crores.||84 lakhs||17 lakhs|
|(iii)||100 crores and above but less than 250 crores.||120 lakhs||24 lakhs|
|(iv)||250 crores and above.||120 lakhs plus 0.01% of the effective capital in excess of Rs.250 crores||24 Lakhs plus 0.01% of the effective capital in excess of Rs.250 crores|
However, remuneration in excess of above Iimits may be paid if the special resolution has been passed by the shareholders.
In case of a managerial person or other director who is functioning in a professional capacity, remuneration as per item (A) may be paid-
> An employee of a company holding shares of the company not exceeding 0.5% of its paid up share capital under any scheme formulated for allotment of shares to such employees including Employees Stock Option Plan or by way of qualification shall be deemed to be a person not having any interest in the capital of the company.
Provided further that the limits specified under items (A) and (B) of this section shall apply, if-
(i) Payment of remuneration is approved by a resolution passed by the Board and by the Nomination and Remuneration Committee as the case may be,
(ii) The company has not committed any default in payment of dues to any bank or public financial institution or non-convertible debenture holders or any other secured creditor, and in case of default, the prior approval of the bank or public financial institution concerned or the non-convertible debenture holders or other secured creditor, as the case may be, shall be obtained by the company before obtaining the approval in the general meeting.
(iii) An ordinary resolution or a special resolution, as the case may be, has been passed for payment of remuneration as per item (A) or a special resolution has been passed for payment of remuneration as per item (B), at the general meeting of the company for a period not exceeding three years.
(iv) A statement along with a notice calling the general meeting .
(3) Determination of Remuneration
The remuneration payable to the director shall be determined by:
> The remuneration payable shall also include the remuneration payable in any other capacity
> However, remuneration for services rendered in other capacity shall not be so included if-
(4) Fees to directors
(5) Method of payment
The fees can be paid:
a. Monthly or
b. As a Specified Percentage of the Net Profits of the company or
c. Partly by method (a) and partly by method (b)
(6) Remuneration Drawn / receives in excess of limit
If any director receives any remuneration in excess of the limit or without prior approval as required, the same shall be refunded to the company within 2 years or lesser period as allowed by company and keep it in trust for the company until it is refunded.
(7) Waiver of excess remuneration
The company shall not waive the recovery of any sum refundable to it under sub-section (9) unless approved by the company by special resolution within two years from the date the sum becomes refundable.
> In case company has defaulted in payment of dues to any
prior approval of the same shall be obtained by the company before obtaining the approval of waiver in the general meeting.
(8) No significance of remuneration provisions
If schedule V is applicable on ground of no profits or inadequate profits, any provision contained in the company’s-
which purports to increase or has the effect of increasing the amount of remuneration, then those provisions shall not have any effect unless such increase is in accordance with the conditions specified in that Schedule.
(9) Disclosure by Listed Company
Every listed company shall disclose in board report the ratio of remuneration of each director to the median employee’s remuneration and such other details as may be prescribed.[Rule 5 of Companies ( Appointment & Remuneration of Managerial Personnel,2014 ]
When the company insures its-
for compensate them against any liability in respect of any negligence, default, misfeasance, breach of duty or breach of trust, the premium paid on such insurance shall not be treated as part of the remuneration except if such person is proved guilty.
(11) Remuneration from other company
Any managing director/whole time director receiving commission from the company may also receive a remuneration or commission from the holding or subsidiary of such a company provided the same is disclosed in the board’s report.
|Who makes default in complying with provisions||Penalty|
|Person||Rupees 1 Lakh|
|Company||Rupees 5 Lakh|
(13) Disclosure in Auditor Report
The auditor of the company shall make a statement in Auditor Report whether-