The Conversion of Public Company into Private Company is mentioned in the Companies Act, 2013, and Incorporation of Companies Rules, 2014. The Private Company has less compliance as compared to Public Company to be followed under the Companies Act, 2013. The need for less compliance leads to increase Conversion of Public Company into Private Company. Earlier, the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) has the power for the Conversion of Public Company into Private Company now the power has moved to Regional Director.

Procedure for Conversion of Public Company Into Private Company

1. Board resolution for approval for conversion and alteration of memorandum & articles of association with restrictions applicable to a private company u/s 2(68) and appointment of Attorney.

2. Special resolution for approval for conversion, alteration of memorandum & articles of association and change of name to add word “Private” in the name.

3. eForm MGT-14 for filing the resolution within 30 days of passing of resolution with Registrar alongwith:

(a) Special resolution along with explanatory statement

(b) Consent to shorter notice (if applicable)

(c) Altered memorandum & articles of association

4. Company shall at least before 21 days of filing of the application

(a) advertise the application in Form INC 25A.

(b) serve individual notice by registered post with acknowledgement due to each of the Creditors and debenture holders and

(c) serve a notice to RD, Registrar and Regulatory Body by registered post acknowledgement due, if the Company is regulated by any other law

5. Application in e-Form No. RD-1 with Regional Director(“RD”) within 60 days from passing of Special Resolution with fee as provided in the Companies (Registration Offices and Fees) Rules, 2014 along with following attachments:

(a) Copy of the memorandum and articles of association

(b) Copy of minutes of General Meeting

(c) Copy of Board Resolution of Power of Attorney not earlier than 30 days to authorise to file application to RD.

(d) Declaration by a Key Managerial Personnel (“KMP) pursuant to section 2(68)

(e) Declaration by a KMP that there has been no non-compliance of sections 73 to76A, 177, 178, 185, 186 and 188 of the Act

(f) Declaration by a KMP that no resolution is pending to be filed pursuant to section 179(3) and also stating that the company was never listed in any of the Regional Stock Exchanges and if was so listed, all necessary procedures were complied as laid down by Securities Exchange Board of India.

Note: For point no. (d), (e) & (f), in case Companies are not required to appoint KMP, then such declarations shall be filed by the Director (g) List of Creditors, Debenture Holders drawn up to the latest practicable date preceding the date of filing of application by not more than 30 days (h) An affidavit by Company Secretary, if any and at least two Directors, one of them shall be a managing Director, (if appointed) confirming the correctness on the list of Creditors.

6. Duly authenticated copy of the list of creditors and debenture holders to be kept at the Registered Office for inspection if any.

7. In case no objection received for the advertisement or notice and application is complete then RD shall without hearing pass an approval order within 30 days of receipt of the application.

8. In case of defective/incomplete application, RD shall intimate the Company within 30 days from the receipt of the application where Company shall rectify the application and resubmit within 15 days of in eForm RD-GNL-5.

Note: Maximum 2 resubmissions are allowed

9. In case of no resubmission of defects or non satisfaction of RD, RD shall reject the application within 30 days from the date of filling application or within 30 days from the date of last re-submission made, as the case may be.

10 Where an objection is received for conversion or RD has specific objection, then RD shall hold hearing within 30 days and direct company to file affidavit to record consensus at the hearing Receipt of order of NCLT post Hearing and approval of Fam MGT-14 by Registrar for conversion.

Process for Conversion of Public Company Into Private Company

11. In case no consensus is received within 60 days of filing of application, RD shall re the application within stipulated period of 60 days

Note: Conversion shall not be allowed in case any inspection and investigation is or prosecution is pending against the company.

12. A Company shall file certified copy of the order passed by the RD in Form INC-21 within 15 days of receipt of approval.

The article has been prepared considering the relevant Guidelines/ Circulars/ Notifications/ Provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, the rules made there under & The Companies Act, 2013. Readers are requested to cross-check the provisions before acting upon the same. The author will not be liable for any damages or penalties caused.

About Author:- Author Sagar Kapoor is a Practicing Company Secretary at Delhi. Founder of Sagar Kapoor & Associates, The author has core knowledge in Company Law matters specially. You can get in touch with me at

Author Bio

Qualification: CS
Location: Delhi, Delhi, India
Member Since: 29 May 2018 | Total Posts: 11
I am a Practicing Company Secretary, founder of Sagar Kapoor & Associates. Serving the Corporates on their legal matter is one of my passion. Having a great experience in handling compliance, secretarial & legal matter of the Corporates. Proficient in liasoning with the Government department View Full Profile

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December 2023