Companies (Acceptance of Deposits) Rules, 1975

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 58A, read with section 642 of the Companies Act, 1956(1 of 1956), the Central Government, in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India, hereby makes the following Rules, namely :-

1. Short title, commencement and application.-

(1) These Rules may be called the Companies (Acceptance of Deposits) Rules, 1975.

(2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

(3) They shall apply to such companies as are not banking companies and are not also financial companies.

2. Definitions.-

In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires,-

(a) “Act” means the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) ;

(b) “deposit” means any deposit of money with, and includes any amount borrowed by, a company, but does not include-

(i) any amount received from the Central Government or a State Government, or any amount received from any other source and whose repayment is guaranteed by the Central Government or a State Government, or any amount received from a local authority or a foreign Government or any other foreign citizen, authority or person ;

(ii) any amount received as a loan from any banking company or from the State Bank of India or any of its subsidiary banks or from a banking institution notified by the Central Government under section 51 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949), or a corresponding new bank as defined in clause (d) of section 2 of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970 (5 of 1970), or from a co-operative bank as defined in clause (b-ii) of section 2 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934) ;

(iii) any amount received as a loan from the Industrial Finance Corporation of India established under the Industrial Finance Corporation Act, 1948 (15 of 1948), or from a State Financial Corporation established under the State Financial Corporations Act, 1951 (63 of 1951), or from the Shipping Development Fund Committee constituted under section 15 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (44 of 1958) or from the Unit Trust of India established under the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963 (52 of 1963), or from the Industrial Development Bank of India established under the Industrial Development Bank of India Act, 1964 (18 of 1964), or from an Electricity Board constituted under the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (54 of 1948) or from the Life Insurance Corporation of India constituted under section 3 of the Life Insurance Corporation Act, 1956 (31 of 1956), or from the Rehabilitation Industries Corporation of India Limited or the State Trading Corporation of India Limited or the Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation of India Limited or the Rural Electrification Corporation Limited or the Agricultural Finance Corporation Limited or the Industrial Reconstruction Corporation of India Limited or the Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India Limited or the National Industrial Development Corporation of India Limited or the Tamil Nadu Industrial and Investment Corporation Limited or the State Industrial and Investment Corporation of Maharashtra Limited “or from the General Insurance Corporation of India and its subsidiaries, namely, the National Insurance Company Limited, the New India Assurance Company Limited, the Oriental Fire and General Insurance Company Limited and the United Fire and General Insurance Company Limited” or from the Gujarat Industrial Investment Corporation Limited or from any financial company wholly owned by the Central Government or State Government or from the Oil Industry Development Board or Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited, or from any other Financial Company or Public Financial Institutions which may be notified by the Central Government in this behalf in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India.

(iv) any amount received by a Company from any other Company.

(v) any amount received from an employee of the company by way of security deposit ;

(vi) any amount received by way of security or as an advance from any purchasing agent, selling agent, or other agents in the course of or for the purposes of the business of the company or any advance received against orders for the supply of goods or properties or for the rendering of any service;

(vii) any amount received by way of subscriptions to any shares, stock, bonds or debentures such bonds or debentures as are covered by sub-clause (x) pending the allotment of the said shares, stock, bonds or debentures and any amount received by way of calls in advance on shares, in accordance with the Articles of Association of the Company so long as such amount is not repayable to the members under the Articles of Association of the Company ;

(viii) any amount received in trust or any amount in transit ;

(ix) any amount received by a private company from a person who, at the time of the receipt of the amount, was a director, relative of director or member:

Provided that the director or member, as the case may be, from whom money is received, furnishes to the company at the time of giving the money, a declaration in writing to the effect that the amount is not being given out of funds acquired by him by borrowing or accepting from others;

Explanation.-For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that any deposit received or renewed by a company before the commencement of the Companies (Acceptance of Deposits) Amendment Rules, 1978, shall continue to be governed by the rules applicable at the time of such deposit or renewal as the case may be.

“(x) any amount raised by the issue of bonds or debentures secured by the mortgage of any immovable property of the company or with an option to convert them into shares in the company provided that in the case of such bonds or debentures secured by the mortgage of any immovable property the amount of such bonds or debentures shall not exceed the market value of such immovable property”;

(xi) any amount brought in by the promoters by way of unsecured loans in pursuance of stipulations of financial institutions subject to the fulfillment of the following conditions, namely:-

(a) the loans are brought in pursuance of the stipulation imposed by the financial institutions in fulfillment of the obligation of the promoters to contribute such finance ;

(b) the loans are provided by the promoters themselves and/or by their relatives, and not from their friends and business associates ; and

(c) the exemption under this sub-clause shall be available only till the loans of financial institutions are repaid and not thereafter.

Explanation.-For the purpose of this sub-clause the term ‘financial institution’ shall mean:-

(a) a public financial institution specified in or under section 4A of the Companies Act, 1956 ;

(b) a State Financial, Industrial or Investment Corporation ;

(c) the State Bank of India or a subsidiary bank as defined in the State Bank of India (Subsidiary Banks) Act, 1959 (38 of 1959) ;

(d) a nationalized bank, that is to say, a corresponding new bank as defined in section 2 of :-

(i) the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970 (5 of 1970) ; or

(ii) the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1980 (40 of 1980);

(e) the General Insurance Corporation of India established in pursuance of the provisions of section 9 of the General Insurance Business (Nationalization) Act, 1972 (57 of 1972);

(f) the Industrial Reconstruction Corporation of India; or

(g) any other Institution which the Central Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf.

(c) “Depositor” includes any person who has given a loan to a company;

(cc) “Financial company” means an non-banking company which is a financial institution within the meaning of clause (c) of section 45-I of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934).

(d) “free reserves” includes the balance in the share premium account, capital and debenture redemption reserves and any other reserves shown or published in the balance-sheet of the company and created by appropriation out of the profits of the company, but does not include the balance in any reserve created ;

(i) for repayment of any future liability or for depreciation in assets or for bad debts ;

(ii) by the revaluation of any assets of the company.

# (e) “net owned fund” has the same meaning as assigned to it in the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 ( 2 of 1934);

3. Acceptance of deposits by companies.-

(1) On and from the commencement of these rules,-

(a) no company shall accept or renew any deposit which is repayable on demand or on notice or after a period of less than six months or more than thirty six months from the date of acceptance or renewal of such deposit:

Provided that a company may for the purpose of meeting any of its short term requirements for funds, accept or renew, such deposits as are referred to in Clause (i) of sub-rule (2) for repayment earlier than six months from the date of deposit or renewal, as the case may be, subject to the condition that such deposit-

(i) shall not exceed ten per cent of the aggregate of the paid-up share capital and free reserves of the company, and

(ii) are repayable not earlier than three months from the date of such deposit or renewal thereof, as the case may be

Provided further that where a company has before the 1st day of April, 1978, accepted any deposit repayable after it period of more than thirty-six months, such deposits shall, unless renewed after the said date, be repaid in accordance with the terms of such deposits

(c) no company shall invite or accept or renew any deposits in any form, on a rate of interest exceeding * 12.5 per cent per annum at rests which shall not be shorter than monthly rests ;

(d) no company shall pay brokerage to any broker at a rate, exceeding one per cent of the deposits for a period up to one year, one and half per cent of the deposits for a period of more than one year but up to two years, and two per cent of the deposits for a period exceeding two years collected by or through such broker, and such payment shall be on one time basis.

# (e) “no company with a net owned fund of less than rupees one crore shall invite public deposits;”

Explanation.-Any person who is authorised by a company, in writing, to solicit deposits on its behalf and through whom deposits are procured will only be entitled to brokerage and payment of brokerage to any other person for procuring deposits shall be deemed to be not in conformity with the rules.

(1A) On and from 1st day of March, 1997 no company shall accept or renew any deposits in any form if it is in default in the repayment of any deposit or part thereof and any interest thereupon in accordance with the terms and conditions of such deposits

(2) No company, other than a Government company, shall accept :

(i) any deposit against an unsecured debenture or any deposit from a shareholder (not being a deposit accepted by a private company from its shareholder) or any deposit guaranteed by any person who, at the time of giving such guarantee is a director of the company if the amount of any such deposit together with the amount of such other deposits of all or any of the kinds of deposits referred to in this clause and outstanding on the date of acceptance or renewal of such deposit exceeds ten per cent (including any deposit accepted under the proviso to sub-rule (1) of rule 3) of the aggregate of the paid-up share capital and free reserves of the company :

Provided that for the purpose of calculation of the amount of deposits outstanding on the date of such acceptance or renewal, any deposit guaranteed by a person who, at the time of giving such guarantee was the managing agent or secretaries and treasurers of the company and outstanding on such date shall be taken into account.

(ii) any other deposit, if the amount of such deposit together with the amount of such other deposit other than any of the deposits referred to in clause (i), outstanding on the date of acceptance or renewal exceeds twenty-five per cent of the aggregate of the paid-up share capital and free reserves of the company.

(2A) No Government company shall accept any deposit, if the amount of such deposit exceeds thirty five per cent (including any deposit accepted under the proviso to sub-rule (1) of rule 3 of the aggregate of its, paid-up share capital and free reserves.)

(3) If, immediately before the commencement of these Rules, the aggregate amount of deposits, of the nature referred to in clause (i) of sub-rule (2), accepted by a company before such commencement, exceeds the limit specified in the said clause (i), the company shall, on or before, the 31st day of March 1978 bring down the deposits to the limit aforesaid and for this purpose the company shall repay such deposits, as may be necessary.

Explanation :- For the purpose of this rule in arriving at the aggregate of the paid-up share capital and free reserves of a company, there shall be deducted from the aggregate of the paid-up share capital and free reserves as appearing in the latest audited balance-sheet of the company, the amount of accumulated balance of loss, balance of deferred revenue, expenditure and other intangible assets, if any, as disclosed in the said balance-sheet ;

“Government company” means a company as defined in section 617 of the Companies Act, 1956.

(4) On and from the 1st day of April, 1978, where a company has any outstanding loans which were excluded from deposits by virtue of Explanation I as it stood immediately before the said date, then such company shall before the first day of April, 1981, repay or bring such loan down to an amount which along with other outstanding deposits, is within the limits specified in this Rule.

Explanation :- For the purpose of this rule in arriving at the aggregate of the paid-up share capital and free reserves of a company, there shall be deducted from the aggregate of the paid-up share capital and free reserves as appearing in the latest audited balance-sheet of the company, the amount of accumulated balance of loss, balance of deferred revenue, expenditure and other intangible assets, if any, as disclosed in the said balance-sheet ;

“3A. Maintenance of liquid assets.-

(1) Every company shall before the 30th day of April of each year deposit or invest, as the case may be, a sum which shall not be less than 15 per cent of the amount of its deposits maturing during the year ending on the 31st day of March next following in any one or more of the following methods, namely :

(a) in a current or other deposit account with any scheduled bank, free from charge or lien ;

(b) in unencumbered securities of the Central Government or of any State Government ;

(c) in unencumbered securities mentioned in clauses (a) to (d) and (ee) of section 20 of the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 (2 of 1882).

(d) in unencumbered bonds issued by the Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited, Bombay, a company incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), and notified under clause (i) of section 20 of the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 (2 of 1882).

“Provided that with relation to the deposits maturing during the year ending on the 31st day of March, 1979, the sum required to be deposited or invested under this sub-rule shall be deposited or invested before the 30th day of September, 1978.”

Explanation.- For the purpose of this sub-rule, the securities referred to in clause (b) or clause (c) shall be reckoned at their market value.

(2) The amount deposited or invested, as the case may be, under sub-rule (1), shall not be utilised for any purpose other than for the repayment of deposits maturing during the year referred to in that sub-rule, provided that the amount remaining deposited or invested, as the case may be, shall not at any time fall below ten per cent of the amount of deposits maturing until the 31st day of March of that year.”

4. Form and particulars of advertisements.-

(1) Every company intending to invite or allowing or causing any other person to invite deposits shall issue an advertisement for the purpose in a leading English newspaper and in one vernacular newspaper circulating in the State in which the registered office of the company is situated.

(2) No company shall issue or allow any other person to issue or cause to be issued on its behalf, any advertisement, inviting deposits, unless such advertisement is issued on the authority and in the name of the Board of Directors of the company and contains a reference to the conditions subject to which deposits shall be accepted by the company, the date on which the said Board of Directors has approved the text of advertisement and the following information namely:-

(a) name of the company;

(b) the date of the incorporation of the company;

(c) the business carried on by the company and its subsidiaries with the details of branches or units, if any;

(d) brief particulars of the management of the company;

(e) names, addresses and occupations of the Directors;

(f) profits of the company, before and after making provision for tax, for the three financial years immediately preceding the date of advertisement;

(g) dividends declared by the company in respect of the said years;

(h) a summarised financial position of the company as in the two audited balance-sheets immediately preceding the date of advertisement in the following form, namely:

(j)

(ja) The total number of small depositors and amount due to them in respect of which default has been made;

(jb) The fact of waiver of interest accrued on deposits of the small depositors.

Summarised financial position of the company as appearing in the two latest audited balance-sheets deposit

Note:- Brief particulars of contingent liabilities may be added by way of footnote

(i) the amount which the company can raise by way of deposits under these rules and the aggregate of deposits actually held on the last day of the immediately preceding financial year.

(j) a statement to the effect that on the day of the advertisement the company has no overdue deposits other than unclaimed deposits, or a statement showing the amount of such overdue deposits as the case may be.

(k) a declaration to the effect-

(i) that the company has complied with the provisions of these rules;

(ii) that compliance with these rules does not imply that repayment of deposits is guaranteed by the Central Government; and

(iii) that the deposits accepted by the company (other than secured deposits, if any, accepted under the provisions of these rules, the aggregate amount of which may be indicated) are unsecured and ranking pari passu with other unsecured liabilities.

(iv) that the company is not in default in the repayment of and deposit or part thereof and any interest thereupon in accordance with terms and conditions of such deposits.

(3) An advertisement issued in accordance with this rule shall be valid until the expiry of six months from the date of closure of the financial year in which it is issued or until the date on which the balance-sheet is laid before the company in general meeting, or, where the Annual General Meeting for any year has not been held, the latest day on which that meeting should have been held in accordance with the provisions of the Act, whichever is earlier, and a fresh advertisement shall be made, in each succeeding financial year, for inviting deposits during that financial year.

(4) No advertisement shall be issued by or on behalf of a company unless on or before the date of its issue, there has been delivered to the Registrar for registration a copy thereof signed by a majority of the Directors on the Board of Directors of the company as constituted at the time the Board approved the advertisement or their agents, duly authorised by them in writing.

Explanation.-For the purpose of this rule, the date of the issue of the newspaper in which the advertisement appears shall be taken as the date of issue of the advertisement.

4A. Statement in lieu of advertisement.-

(1) Where a company intends to accept deposits without inviting or allowing or causing any other person to invite, such deposit, shall, before accepting deposits deliver to the Registrar for registration a statement in lieu of advertisement containing all the particulars required to be included in the advertisement by virtue of sub-rule (2) of Rule 4 and duly signed in the manner provided in sub-rule (4) of that Rule.

(2) A statement delivered under sub-rule (1) shall be valid until the expiry of six months from the date of closure of the financial year in which it is so delivered

or until the date on which the balance-sheet is laid before the company in general meeting, or where the Annual General Meeting for any year has not been held, the latest day on which that meeting should have been held in accordance with the provisions of the Act, whichever is earlier”.

5. Form of Application for deposits.-

(1) On and form the commencement of these rules, no company shall accept, or renew any deposit, unless an application is made by the intending depositor for the acceptance of such deposit and such application contains a declaration by such person to the effect that the amount is not being deposited out of the funds acquired by him by borrowing or accepting deposits from any other person.

(2) The application referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be made in the form supplied by the company and such form shall be accompanied by a statement by the company containing all the particulars specified in sub-rule (2) of Rule 4 and incorporating therein all changes in relation to such particulars up to the date on which the form is issued by the company.

6. Furnishing of receipts to depositors.:-

(1) Every company shall, on the acceptance or renewal of a deposit, furnish to the depositor or his agent a receipt for the amount received by the company within a period of eight weeks from the date of receipt of money or realisation of cheques.

(2) The deposit receipt referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be signed by an officer of the company duly authorised by the company in this behalf, and shall state the date of deposit, the name and address of the depositor, the amount received by the company as deposits, the rate of interest payable thereon and the date on which the deposit is repayable

(3) The company shall not reserve to itself either directly or indirectly a right to alter, to the prejudice or disadvantage of the depositor, the terms and conditions of the deposit after it is accepted.

7. Registers of deposits.-

(1) Every company accepting deposits shall keep at its registered office one or more registers in which there shall be entered separately in the case of each depositor the following particulars, namely:-

(a) name and address of the depositor;

(b) date and amount of each deposit;

(c) duration of the deposit and the date on which each deposit is repayable;

(d) rate of interest;

(e) date or dates on which payment of interest will be made;

(f) any other particulars relating to the deposit.

(2) The register or registers referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be preserved in good order for a period of not less than eight calendar years from the financial year in which the latest entry is made in the register.

8. General provisions regarding repayment of deposits.-

(1) Where a company makes repayment of a deposit after the expiry of a period of six months from the date of such deposit but before the expiry of the period for which such deposit was accepted by the company, the rate of interest payable by the company on such deposit shall be reduced by one per cent. from the rate which the company would have paid had the deposit been accepted for the period for which such deposit had run and the company shall not pay interest at any rate higher than the rate as so reduced :

Provided that nothing contained in this rule shall apply to the repayment of any deposit before the expiry of the period for which such deposit was accepted by the company, if such repayment is made solely for the purpose of:-

(a) complying with the provisions of the Non-Banking Non-financial Companies (Reserve Bank) Directions, 1966; or

(b) complying with the provisions of rule 3; or

(c) converting, with the consent of the depositors, into secured debentures in accordance with the guidelines, issued by the Government of India from time to time, regarding the issue of “rights” debentures; or

(d) providing war risk or other related benefits to the personnel of the naval, military or air forces or to their families, on an application made by the associations or societies formed by such personnel, during the period of emergency declared under Article 352 of the Constitution.

Provided further that where a company permits a depositor to renew his deposit, before the expiry of the period for which such deposit was accepted by the company, for availing of the higher rate of interest, the company shall pay interest to such depositor at higher rate if-

(i) such deposit is renewed in accordance with the other provisions of these rules and for a period longer than the unexpired period of the deposit, and

(ii) the rate of interest as stipulated at the time of the acceptance or renewal of deposit is reduced by one per cent for the expired period of the deposit and is paid or adjusted or recovered accordingly.

(2) Where depositors so desire, deposits may be accepted in joint names exceeding three, with or without any of the clauses, namely, “Either or Survivor”, “Number one or Survivor”, “Anyone or Survivor “

Explanation :-For the purposes of this rule, where the period for which the deposit had run contains any part of a year, then, if such part is less than six months, it shall be excluded and if such part is six months or more, it shall be reckoned as one year.

#”8A Penal rate of interest.- A penal rate of interest of eighteen per cent. shall be paid for the overdue period in case of public deposits matured and claimed but remaining unpaid. In case of deposit made by a small depositor, the penal rate of interest shall be twenty per cent. compoundable on an annual basis.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this rule, the expression “a small depositor” has the same meaning as assigned to it in the explanation to Section 58AA of the Act.

9. Power of Central Government to decide certain questions.-

If any question arises as to whether these rules are or are not applicable to a particular company, such question shall be decided by the Central Government in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India.

10. Return of deposits to be filed with the Registrar.-

Every company to which these Rules apply, shall on or before the 30th day of June, of every year, file with the Registrar, a return in the form annexed to these rules and furnishing the information contained therein as on the 31st day of March of that year duly certified by the Auditor of the Company.

(2) A copy of the return shall also be simultaneously furnished to the Reserve Bank of India.

11. Penalty.-

If a company or any other person contravenes an provision of these rules for which no punishment is provided in the Act, the company and every officer of the company who is in default or such other person shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees and where the contravention is a continuing one, with a further fine which may extend to fifty rupees for every day after the first, during which the contravention continues.

11A. Complaint under section 58AAA(2)

The regional director of the Department of Company Affairs shall be authorized officer to make complaints under sub-section (2) of section 58AAA of the Act.

12. Repeal and savings.-

On the commencement of these rules, all rules, orders or directions in force in relation to any matter for which provision is made in these Rules shall stand repealed, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such repeal.

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0 responses to “Companies (Acceptance of Deposits) Rules, 1975”

  1. Rajesh says:

    Sir,

    The Rules stated above is not the one which is Notified. For the gazetted Notification of this Rule please see MCA website.

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