pri An understanding about PAN-Permanent Account Number An understanding about PAN-Permanent Account Number


Obtaining PAN is may be optional or voluntary like passport, driving license, Aadhaar etc. However, its use is mandatory at required places, like PAN for high-value financial transactions, Driving License for motor driving, passport for foreign travel and more.

  • For payment of direct taxes
  • To file income tax returns
  • To avoid deduction of tax at higher rate than due
  • To enter into specific transaction such as:
  • (a) Sale or purchase of immovable property value exceeding specified limit (b) Sale or purchase of a vehicle other than a two wheeler.
  • Any mutual fund purchase.

WHO MUST APPLY FOR PAN- Permanent Account Number?

1. Anybody who earns a taxable income in India, including foreign nationals who pay taxes here.

2. Anybody who runs a business (be it retail, services or consultancy) that had total sales, turnover or gross receipt exceeding a specified limit in the previous financial year. (From December 5, 2018. The new rule has made it mandatory for all businesses with a net turnover/ gross income of up to Rs 2.5 lakh per year to have a PAN)

The most common word which affects the life professional, corporate and other people is PAN, in this advance era still people have question or myth that we don’t get salary from anywhere so we don’t require PAN Card. In this write-up we will have an insight under the concept of PAN Card .The primary objective of PAN is to use a universal identification key to track financial transactions that might have a taxable component to prevent tax evasion. The PAN number remains unaffected by change of address throughout India.

PAN, or permanent account number, is a unique 10-digit alphanumeric identity allotted to each taxpayer by the Income Tax Department under the supervision of the Central Board of Direct Taxes. It also serves as an identity proof. PAN Card is mandatory for financial transactions such as receiving taxable salary or professional fees, sale or purchase of assets above specified limits, buy mutual funds and more.


1. Use ‘Form 49A’ or ‘Form 49AA’ as applicable to you. Find more details at

2. You can find the location of PAN card offices in any city from the websites of the Income Tax Department or National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL)or UTI Infrastructure Technology (UTIITL).

3. You will need copies of proof of Identity and address.

4. You can also apply online through websites of the I-T Department (Income Tax) or National Securities Depository Limited NSDL or UTI Infrastructure Technology (UTIITL).

49A 49AA
Individual Citizens of India. Individual who are not Indian Citizens
HUF-Hindu Undivided families.
Companies Registered in India. Companies Registered outside India.
Associations Registered in India. Firms Formed or Registered outside India.
Firms’, Including LLP’s Formed or Registered in India. LLP’s Formed or Registered outside India.
Local Authorities


For illustration -A typical PAN is AFZPK7190M. The combination in which alphabet and numbers are arranged is explained further.

  • First three characters i.e. “AFZ” in the above PAN are alphabetic series running from AAA to ZZZ.
  • Fourth character of PAN i.e. “P” in the above PAN represents the status of the PAN holder. “P” stands for Individual, “F” stands for Firm, “C” stands for Company, “H” stands for HUF, “A” stands for AOP, “T” stands for TRUST etc.
  • Fifth character i.e. “K” in the above PAN represents first character of the PAN holder’s last name/surname.
  • Next four characters i.e. “7190” in the above PAN are sequential number running from 0001 to 9999.
  • Last character i.e. “M” in the above PAN is an alphabetic check digit.

A pan card is required for a lot of purposes thus making it an extremely valuable and indispensable part of most people lives. The likeliness of PAN identity theft has grown with the growing importance of PAN. Merely safeguarding the physical copy cannot prevent misuse. Information can be misused very easily for benami property transactions or purchase of tickets of high value, as a majority of transactions demand simply quoting of the PAN or a photocopy of the PAN Card. Thus, a copy of your PAN card or its number could be quoted in transactions that you are not even a part.

{The author is a Company Secretary  and can be reached at (M) 7021848742and (E)}

Author Bio

Qualification: CS
Company: N/A
Location: Jaipur, Rajasthan, IN
Member Since: 26 Sep 2017 | Total Posts: 25
CS Annu Sharma is a Commerce Graduate and an Associate Member of the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI). She has cumulative experience of more than 3 years with Listed Company, CA and CS firms. She authored various articles on the topics of Corporate Laws, Securities Laws, DGFT, I View Full Profile

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  1. pradeep garg says:

    I fully agree about the benefits of PAN CARD, however CBDT must make a facility on its website for direct n easy verification of PAN quoted by the party to the transactions. Small tax deductors face stiff problem in filing quarterly TDS/TCS returns when the payees write defective PAN on their bills particularly the transporters. Therefore deductor has to ask for copy of pancard which may be in the name of individual while bill may be in firm name.

  2. SARIKA MAHALE says:

    Also Tell us the Process of Cancellation of PAN after the Death of Individual , Close of Business like Partnership firm, Pvt Ltd Company or Trust etc.

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July 2021