By way of this writing, I would like to discuss the recent clarification issued by CBDT dated 13th April, 2020 in relation to the deduction/collection of TDS/TCS under various provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Act) considering the increased rates of surcharge as amended by the Finance (No.2) Act, 2019.
TheFinance (No.2) Bill, 2019 was tabled in Lok Sabha on 5th July, 2019 and has received the assent of the Hon’ble President of India on 1st August, 2019 and became the Finance (No.2) Act, 2019. The rates of surcharge as applicable to individual taxpayer have been tabulated herein below:
|Sl. No.||Income Slab||Old Rates||New Rates|
|1||Less than 50 Lakh rupees||Nil||Nil|
|2||50 lakh rupees but less than I crore rupees||10%||10%|
|3||I crore rupees but less than 2 crore rupees||15%||15%|
|4||2 crore rupees but less than 5 crore rupees||15%||25%|
|5||5 crore rupees and above||15%||37%|
It is worth to be noted that the above said “New Rates” were made applicable from 1st April, 2019 whereas the Finance (No.2) Act, 2019 was enacted on 1st August, 2019. Every individual taxpayer is required to compute its tax liability for the AY 2020-21 after taking into consideration the new rates. Further, the deductor or collector was also required to deduct TDS or collect TCS after considering the new rates.
It has been brought up to the notice of the Central Government that in many cases the transaction had reached its finality prior to the date when the bill was tabled in Lok Sabha i.e., prior to 5th July, 2019. In all such cases, it has been requested before CBDT that such deductor or collector who have shortly deducted or shortly collected the amount of TDS/TCS, should not be held as an assessee in defaults under the provisions of section 201 of the Act.
In this regard, it has been clarified by the CBDT that a person responsible for deduction or collection of TDS or TCS, shall not be held as an assessee in default under the provisions of section 201 of the Act, in respect of the transaction wherein:
1. such transaction has reached its finality and all the payment has been made on or before 5thJuly, 2019 and no other transaction has been undertaken between such parties during the FY 2019-20, from which such shortfall could be recovered;
2. on such transaction TDS has been deducted or TCS has been collected as per the old rates;
3. the deductor or collector has deposited the TDS deducted or TCS collected to the credit of Central Government on or before the due date;
4. TDS returns or TCS returns has been filed by the deductor or collector on or before the due date of filing such returns.
Furthermore, it has been clarified that if a person fails to fulfil any of the above said conditions, such person will not be eligible for any benefits, in relation to short deduction or collection.
If in a situation where the deductor or collector has recovered the shortfall on or after 5th July, 2019 from any subsequent transaction during the financial year, interest for delay in deduction or collection of such tax shall not be levied. Therefore, it could be inferred that interest on delay in payment of such tax after deduction or collection shall be levied.
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