Section 206AB(3) and Section 206CCA(3) defines the term ‘specified person’ as – ‘For the purposes of this section ‘specified person’ means a person who has not filed the returns of income for both of the two assessment years relevant to the two previous years immediately prior to the previous year in which tax is required to be deducted/collected, for which the time limit of filing return of income under sub-section (1) of section 139 has expired; and the aggregate of tax deducted at source and tax collected at source in his case is rupees fifty thousand or more in each of these two previous years”
Section 206AB(1) [and Section 206CCA(1)] contains the word ‘Where’, so it is quite obvious that one has to decide as to someone (probable deductee or collectee) is specified person or not as on the relevant date of deduction or collection at source.
Now, one may refer to the Circular No. 11 of Year 2021 issued by CBDT. Link is https://taxguru.in/income-tax/compliance-check-functionality-sections-206ab-206cca.html
Now, we will discuss some of the bullet points given under the point no. 3 titled as “logic of the functionality” of above mentioned circular.
1. In 2nd bullet point, it is said that “During the financial year 2021-22, no new names are added in the list of specified persons. This is a taxpayer friendly measure to reduce the burden on tax deductor and collector of checking PANs of non-specified person more than once during the financial year.”
Consider the following example
|Financial Year||139(1) Limit Expired||Return filed?|
In situation given above, person will not be considered as “Specified Person” as on 01/04/2021, if he has filed return for FY 2018-19 by that date. But immediately on 01/10/2021 (when due date 30/09/2021 will expire to file return for FY 2020-21), he must have to be declared as “Specified Person”.
How such a relaxation can be given by CBDT which is not looking consistent with the legal provisions contained in sub-section (1) and (3) of sections 206AB and Section 206CCA?
2. In 3rd bullet point, it is said that “If any specified person files a valid return of income (filed & verified) for assessment year 2019-20 or 2020-21 during the financial year 2021-22, his name would be removed from the list of specified persons. This would be done on the date of filing of the valid return of income during the financial year 2021-22.
Now, suppose a case where return of income is filed for FY 2018-19 (AY 2019-20) during FY 2021-22 on 01/10/2021 [suppose in response to notice issued under 142(1)]. But the same person has not filed a return of income for both FY 2019-20 and FY 2020-21, so as on 01/10/2021, he must be continued to be classified as a “Specified Person”.
3. In bullet points 4 and 5, which due date they are discussing? As the due date for the purpose of section 139(1) is different for different persons as to whether he is liable to tax audit or audit under any other law or Transfer Pricing audit or not liable to any audit?
4. Further, to calculate the aggregate amount of TDS/TCS (Rs. 50,000 or more), obviously their system would fetch the data from Form No. 26AS. Now what to do if someone erroneously enters our PAN in his TDS/TCS return and we get an erroneous credit in our Form No. 26AS?
Thus, it is quite clear from the above-mentioned points that matters of above-mentioned circular must be again considered for proper modification and if needed, amendment should also be brought into relevant sections of the Income Tax Act, 1961 also.