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Faceless Assessments


  • A ‘National e-Assessment Centre’ to facilitate and centrally control the e-assessment.
  • Regional e-Assessment Centres’ under the jurisdiction of the regional Principal Chief Commissioner for making assessment.
  • Assessment units’ for identifying points or issues, material for the determination of any liability (including refund), analysing information, and such other functions.
  • Verification units’ for enquiry, cross verification, examination of books of accounts, witness and recording of statements, and such other functions.
  • Technical units’ for technical assistance including any assistance or advice on legal, accounting, forensic, information technology, valuation, transfer pricing, data analytics, management or any other technical matter.
  • Review units’ for reviewing the draft assessment order to check whether the facts, relevant evidence and law and judicial decisions have been considered in the draft order.

All the communications between all the units mentioned above, for the purpose of making an assessment under this scheme would be through the National e-Assessment Centre.

  • The National e-Assessment Centre may at any stage of the assessment, if it considers necessary, transfer the case to the Assessing Officer having jurisdiction over such case

Grandfathering of Tax on Buy Back of Shares

Change brought by FA 2019 u/s 115QA of IT Act –

Individual has subscribed to a company in IPO stage at Rs.100/-

The company announced a buyback at Rs 500

The company would pay the buyback tax at 20 % on Rs 400

Earlier – The individual would have paid LTCG at 10% or STCG @ 15% on Rs 400 in listed companies.

This amendment is effective from 5 July 2019. There were instances where public announcement for buy-back were made before 5 July 2019 but necessary approvals received post 5 July 2019. Such cases also came within the ambit of section 115QA of the IT Act and would be subject to buy-back tax. In order to give relief to such cases, the Ordinance has inserted a proviso to section 115QA of the IT Act to provide that the buy-back tax shall not apply to listed Companies where public announcement with respect to buy-back was made before 5 July 2019.

N No 72/2019 dated 23rd Sep.

CBDT notified the Income-tax Authorities which shall exercise and perform, concurrently, the powers and functions of Assessing Officer, to facilitate the conduct of E-assessment proceeding in a centralised manner in respect of returns furnished under Section 139 or in response to notice under Section 142 (1) during any financial year commencing on or after 1st day of April, 2018

All authorities are head quartered in New Delhi

N No 69/2019 dated 23rd Sep 2019.

CBDT notifies Additional depreciation on motor Car and Motor vehicles i.e. 15% to 30% and 30% to 45% respectively, acquired on or after the 23rd day of August, 2019 but before the 1st day of April, 2020 and is put to use before the 1st day of April, 2020

N No 64/2019 dated 13th Sep

CBDT notifies tolerance range for wholesale trading & for other cases for AY 19-20 w.r.t. the calculation of arm length price related to International transaction determined as per section 92C i.e. 1% in case of wholesale trading and 3% in other cases

For the purposes of this notification, “wholesale trading” means an international transaction or specified domestic transaction of trading in goods, which fulfils the following conditions, namely:-

(i) purchase cost of finished goods is eighty per cent. or more of the total cost pertaining to such trading activities; and

(ii) average monthly closing inventory of such goods is ten per cent. or less of sales pertaining to such trading activities.

Cir 25/2019 – Relaxation for Compounding

CBDT as a one-time measure provides relaxation of time filling of compounding application, with a view to mitigate unintended hardship to taxpayers in deserving cases, and to reduce the pendency of existing prosecution cases before the courts

Cir 24/2019 Relaxation for Compounding

CBDT lays down the procedure to identify & process Income Tax cases for prosecution in respect of certain Income Tax related offences such as Failure to pay tax to the credit of Central Government, Failure to pay the tax collected at Source, Wilful attempt to evade tax, etc.

i. Offences u/s 276B: Failure to pay tax to the credit of Central Government under Chapter XII-D or XVII-B.

ii. Offences u/s 276BB: Failure to pay the tax collected at Source

iii. Offences u/s 276C(1): Wilful attempt to evade tax, etc.

iv. Offences u/s 276CC: Failure to furnish returns of income.

Cir 23/2019 – Non Filing of Appeals by Dept

Appeal filing limit not applies to cases of Bogus LTCG / STCG-Exception to monetary limits for filing appeals specified in any Circular issued under Section 268A. Similar instructions has been issued vide instructions no. F. No. 279/Misc./M-93/2018-ITJ(Pt.) dated 6th September 2019.

Appeals may be filed on merits as an exception to said circular, where Board, by way of special order direct filing of appeal on merit in cases involved in organised tax evasion activity

ITBA Inst 3: Regularizing of Manual Letters

Any communication issued manually under the exceptional circumstances as mentioned has to be regularised within 15 working days of its issuance by –

(i) uploading the manual communication on the systems

(ii) Compulsorily generating the DIN on the Systems

(iii) Communicating the DIN so generated to the assessee/any other person as per electronically generated proforma available on the Systems

143(1) Not Issued Cases

Functionality for processing of returns having refund claims which were not processed within the time allowed u/s 143(1) due to some technical or other reasons has been issued


(i) Valid return for the assessment years is filed under permitted time limit u/s 139 or 142(1).

(ii) Assesse has claimed refund in return of income.

(iii) On computation, the resultant outcome is refund.

(iv) The returns of income should not have been remained unprocessed due to any reason attributable to the concerned assessee.

(v) The returns of income should not be under Scrutiny assessment in view of provisions of sub- section (1D) of section 143 of the Act.

Processes to be followed:

(i) Prior administrative approval of concerned Pr.CCIT/CCIT must be obtained for processing of such eligible time-barred returns.

(ii) Once administrative approval is accorded by the concerned PCCIT/CCIT, the concerned Pr.CIT/CIT would make reference to the Pr. DGIT (Systems), to provide necessary enablement in system to the assessing officer on case to case basis.

Office Memorandum: Sec 197 Certificate for NRIs

Seeks to raise threshold of revenue effect for issue of certificates under section 197/195 needing approval of the CIT (Intl. Taxation) to Rs. 10 Crore. This threshold will be applicable for all stations in respect of all applications of non-resident taxpayers either pending as on date or filed hereafter.

Cir 17/2019 & 3/2018 : Limit for filing of appeals

F. No.279/Misc/M-93/2018-ITJ

No appeal shall be filed in respect of an assessment year or years in which the tax effect is less than the monetary’ limit specified in para 3.

the revised monetary limits so mentioned is applicable, to all pending SLPs/ appeals/ cross objections/references. All such pending appeals within the revised limits shall be withdrawn on or before 31.10.2019

Appellate Forum Existing Monetary Limit Revised Monetary Limit
Before ITAT 20,00,000 50,00,000
Before High Court 50,00,000 1,00,00,000
Before Supreme Court 1,00,00,000 2,00,00,000

Change in Tax Rates

Particulars Tax Rates
Section 115BAA applicable from FY 19-20 (For All Companies) Tax Rate 22% 22.00%
Surcharge 10% 24.20%
EC 4% 25.17%
Option May be deferred Once Availed, can’t be withdrawn
To be availed before due date of return filing

Exemptions / benefits that cannot be availed:

♦ No claim set-off of any brought forward loss on account of additional depreciation for an Assessment Year for which the option has been exercised and for any subsequent Assessment Year.

♦ tax credit of MAT paid by a domestic company exercising the option under section 115BAA of the Act shall not be available consequent to exercising of such option.

Additional initial depreciation allowance @ 20% u/s. 32(1)(iia)

SEZ u/s. 10AA

Tea Development Benefit u/s. 33AB

Site Restoration Benefit u/s. 33ABA

Scientific Research Benefit u/s. 35

Additional Allowance on Scientific Research

Section 32AD (investment in P&M in notified backward areas), 32AB (Investment Deposit Account), 35CCC (Expenditure on Agriculture Extension project), 35CCD (Expenditure on Skill Development project)

Chapter VI-A Deductions other than Section 80JJAA

♦ Without set off of any loss carried forward from any earlier Assessment Year if such loss is attributable to any of the above deductions

Option needs to be exercised before filing of return. Once exercised, it cannot be revoked.

Imp Aspects

♦ As there is no timeline within which the option under section 115 BA can be exercised, it may be noted that a domestic company with brought forward losses on account of additional depreciation may, if it so desires exercise the option after setting off the losses so accumulated.

♦ As there is no timeline within which the option under section 115BAA can be exercised, it may be noted that a domestic company having MAT credit may, if it so desires exercise the option after utilising the said credit against the regular tax payable under the taxation regime existing prior to the promulgation of the Ordinance.

New Manufacturing Companies

Corporate tax rate reduced to 15 % for new manufacturing Companies
Section 115BAB applicable from 01.10.2019 (For All Newly Set Up Manufacturing  Companies) Company set-up and registered on or after 1 October 2019 and commenced manufacturing on or before 31 March 2023 Not formed by splitting up, or the reconstruction, of a business
No machinery or plant previously used for any purpose Not engaged in ANY business other than manufacture, research & distribution of any article Company does not avail specified exemptions/ incentives
Option Once Availed, can’t be withdrawn Tax Rate – Basic 15% + Surcharge 10% + EC 4%

Total = 17.16%


Exemptions/benefits that cannot be availed:

♦ Company has been set up & registered on or after 1st October, 2019 and commenced manufacturing operations on or before 31st March, 2023.

♦ This benefit is available to companies which do not avail any exemption/incentive and commences their production on or before 31st March, 2023

♦ The Company is not formed by splitting up, reconstruction of a business already in existence.

♦ The Company does not use any plant & machinery previously used for any purpose.

♦ MAT will not be applicable to such Companies

Pertinent Questions:

♦ What is manufacture

♦ Only New Plant & Machinery to be used

Effective Rates

Total Income (INR) Where turnover in FY 2017-18 does not exceed INR 400 Cr Companies opting to be governed by section 115BAA Companies opting to be governed by section 115BAB Company not covered by (2) to (4)
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Upto 1 Cr 26.00%

(25% + 4% EC)


(22% + 10% SC + 4% EC)


(15% + 10% SC + 4% EC)


(30% + 4% EC)

1 Cr – 10 27.82%

(25% + 7% SC + 4% EC)


(22% + 10% SC + 4% EC)


(15% + 10% SC + 4% EC)


(30% + 7% SC + 4% EC)

Above 10  Cr 29.12%

(25% + 12% SC + 4% EC)


(22% + 10% SC + 4% EC)


(15% + 10% SC + 4% EC)


(30% + 12% SC + 4% EC)

Domestic Transfer Pricing

Domestic Transfer Pricing

The definition of the Specified Domestic Transaction (SDT) contained in Section 92BA of the IT Act is amended to bring the Companies opting to be covered by section 115BAB within the ambit of Transfer Pricing. Thus, any transactions entered into by newly set up manufacturing company, opting for reduced rate of 15%, with any of its related parties (domestic or otherwise) are to be at Arm’s Length. This amendment shall be effective from fiscal year 2019-20.


Total Income (INR) Companies opting to be governed by section 115BA

(Not opting for new scheme)

Companies opting to be governed by section 115BAA Companies opting to be governed by section 115BAB
(1) (2) (3) (4)

Upto 1 Cr


(15% + 4% EC)

Earlier 19.24%



1 Cr – 10


(15% + 7% SC + 4% EC)

Earlier 20.59%



Above 10  Cr


(15% + 12% SC + 4% EC)

Earlier 21.55%



Form Of Business

Particulars Partnership Firm LLP Company

Tax (Considering Highest Rate)


(30% + 12% SC + 4% EC)


(30% + 12% SC + 4% EC)


(22% + 10% SC + 4% EC)



(18.5% + 12% SC + 4% EC)


(18.5% + 12% SC + 4% EC)




(17.65% grossed + 12% SC + 4% EC)

Surcharge on capital gains

The Finance (No 2) Act 2019, introduced increased surcharge at 25 % & 37 % of income-tax apply if the total income exceeds INR 2 Cr and INR 5 Cr, respectively. The Ordinance provides relief from the increased Surcharge in case of a FIIs as referred in section 115AD of the IT Act, in respect of income from capital gains arising on sale of securities.

The surcharge rate in respect of capital gains covered by section 111A and section 112A of the IT Act capped at 15 %. The revised surcharge rate is tabulated here under:

Total CG (INR) Income other than Capital gains covered under section 111A and section 112A Capital gains covered under section 111A and section 112A

Upto 50 L


50L – 1 Cr



1 Cr – 2 Cr

15% 15%
2 Cr – 5 Cr



Above 5 Cr 37%


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Author Bio

Mr. Vivek Jalan is a Fellow Member of the Institute Of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) ; a qualified LL.M (Constitutional Law) and LL.B. He is the Chairman of The Core Group on Indirect Taxes of The CII- Economic Affairs and Taxation Committee (ER); He is the Chairman of The Fiscal Affairs Com View Full Profile

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April 2024