FINANCIAL YEAR 1993-94

 Instructions for deduction of tax at source from salary – Rate of tax for the financial year 1993-94

  1. Reference is invited to Board’s Circular No. 629, dated 31-7-1992 wherein the rates of deduction of income-tax from the pay­ment of income under the head ‘Salaries’ under section 192 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, during the financial year 1992-93, were intimated. The present circular contains the rates of deduction of income-tax from the payment of income chargeable under the head ‘Salaries’ during the financial year 1993-94 and explains certain related provisions of the Income-tax Act.
  2. The Finance Act, 1993 has raised the income-tax exemption limit for individuals from Rs. 28,000 to Rs. 30,000. There is no change, however, in the tax rates of 20 per cent, 30 per cent and 40 per cent which will apply respectively to the income slabs (i) Rs. 30,001 to Rs. 50,000, (ii) Rs. 50,001 to Rs. 1,00,000, and (iii) over Rs. 1,00,000, during the financial year 1993-94. The rate of surcharge also remains unchanged at 12 per cent of the amount of income-tax computed on total income exceeding Rs. 1,00,000. An extract of sub-paragraph 1 of paragraph A of Part III of the First Schedule to the Finance Act, 1993, containing the tax rates applicable, is given at Annexure 1.
  3. Some of the other important changes brought about by the Finance Act, 1993, are as follows:

(i)   Amendment of clause (i) of section 16 so as to raise the limit of standard deduction from Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 15,000. Similarly, the limit applicable in the case of working women, whose total income (before allowing the standard deduction) does not exceed Rs. 75,000, has been raised from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 18,000.

(ii)   Amendment of clause (2) of section 17 so as to provide that the expenditure on medical treatment and stay abroad shall be excluded from perquisite only to the extent permitted by the Reserve Bank of India.

(iii)   Amendment of section 80DD so as to enhance the deduction in respect of medical treatment of handicapped depend­ants for Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 15,000.

(iv)   Amendment of section 80G so as to allow deduction, to the extent specified, in respect of any sum paid to the National Foundation for Communal Harmony, and, to a University or educa­tional institution of national eminence as may be approved by the prescribed authority.

(v)   Amendment of section 80L so as to enhance the deduction in respect of income by way of interest, dividend, etc., from Rs. 7,000 to Rs. 10,000.

(vi)   Amendment of section 88B so as to increase the rebate of income-tax from 10 per cent to 20 per cent in the case of individuals of 65 years of age and above, and also to raise the limit of gross total income, for the purpose of this conces­sion, from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 75,000.

  1. The substance of the main provisions of law insofar as they relate to income chargeable under the head “Salaries” on which tax is to be deducted at source during the financial year 1993-94 is given hereunder and in the succeeding paragraphs :

(i)   Sub-section (1) of section 192 provides that the person responsible for paying any income chargeable under the head “Salaries” shall, at the time of making payment, deduct income-tax on the amount payable at the average rate of income-tax computed on the basis of the rates in force for the financial year, in which the payment is made, on the estimated income, under this head, of the assessee, for that financial year. The provisions of sub-section (3) of the said section are intended for making adjustment for any excess or shortfall in the deduction of tax made during the financial year. The aggregate tax thus calculated on the estimated income, divided by 12 and rounded off to the nearest rupee, is required to be deducted from the monthly salary. No tax will, however, be deducted at source in any case unless the estimated salary income for the financial year exceeds Rs. 30,000. (Some typical examples of calculations are given at Annexure II).

(ii)   “Salary” includes wages, fees, commissions, perquisites, profits in lieu of, or, in addition to salary, advance of salary, annuity or pension, gratuity, payments in respect of encashment of leave, etc. It also includes the annual accretion to the employee’s account in a recognised provident fund to the extent to which it is chargeable to tax under rule 6 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule of the Income-tax Act. Other items included in salary, profits in lieu of salary and perqui­sites are described in section 17 of the Income-tax Act. It may be noted that, since salary includes pensions, tax at source would have to be deducted from pension also, if otherwise called for. However, no tax is required to be deducted from the commuted portion of pension as explained in para 5(iii) of this Circular.

(iii)   The value of perquisites by way of free or concessional residential accommodation, or motor car provided by employers to their employees shall be determined under rule 3 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. It is, however, clarified that the use of any vehicle provided by a company or an employer for journey by the assessee from his residence to his office or other place of work or from such office or place to his residence, shall not be regarded as a benefit or amenity granted or provided to him free of cost or at concessional rate for the purpose.

(iv)   Other benefits or amenities provided free of cost or at concessional rates to the employees like supply of gas, electric energy, water for household consumption, educational facilities, etc., should also be taken into account for the purpose of computing the estimated salary income of the employees during the current financial year (Example III at Annexure II illustrates computation of some such perquisites). The valuation has to be done in accordance with rule 3 of the Income-tax Rules.

(v)   The value of any benefit or amenity granted or provided free of cost or at concessional rate by an employer to an employ­ee (not being a Director of the Company or a person who has substantial interest in the company) is not regarded as perquisites received by the employee unless the employee’s income under the head ‘Salary’ exclusive of the value of any benefit or amenity not provided for by way of monetary payment exceeds Rs. 24,000.

(vi)   In cases where salary is received from more than one employer, the aggregate salary from these employers will have to be taken into account for the purpose of tax deduction at source.

Exemptions/deductions in computing total income

  1. The exemptions/deductions which can be taken into account for computing the total income of an employee are discussed hereun­der :

(i)   The value of any travel concession or assistance received by or due to an employee from his employer of former employer for himself and his family, in connection with his proceeding (a) on leave to any place in India, or (b) on retirement from service, or after termination of service to any place in India is exempt under clause (5) of section 10 subject, however, to the conditions prescribed in rule 2B of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. For the purpose of this clause, “family” in relation to an individual means—

(1)   The spouse and children of the individual; and

(2)   The parents, brothers and sisters of the individual or any of them, wholly or mainly dependent on the individual.

It may also be noted that the amount exempt under this clause shall in no case exceed the amount of expenses actually incurred for the purpose of such travel.

(ii)   Death- cum-retirement gratuity or any other gratuity is exempt to the extent specified from inclusion in computing the total income under clause (10) of section 10.

(iii)   Any payment in commutation of pension received under the Civil Pension (Commutation) Rules of the Central Government or under any similar scheme applicable to the members of the civil services of the Union, or holders of civil posts/posts connected with defence, under the Union, or civil posts under a State, or to the members of the all India services/defence services, or, to the employees of a local authority or a corporation established by a Central, State or Provincial Act, is exempt under sub-clause (i) of clause (10A ) of section 10. As regards payments in commutation of pension received under any scheme of any other employer, exemption will be governed by the provisions of sub-clause (ii) of clause (10A) of section 10.

(iv)   Any payment received by an employee of the Central Government or a State Government, as cash equivalent of the leave salary in respect of the period of earned leave at his credit at the time of his retirement on superannuation or otherwise, is exempt under sub-clause (i) of clause (10AA) of section 10. In the case of other employees, this exemption will be determined with reference to the leave to their credit at the time of re­tirement on superannuation, or otherwise, subject to a maximum of eight months’ leave. This exemption will be further limited to the maximum amount specified by the Government of India from time to time. Presently, this limit has been specified in the Govern­ment of India Notification No. SO 553(E) [F.No. 142/11/88-TPL], dated 8-6-1988 at Rs. 79,920.

(v)   Under section 10(10B), the retrenchment compensation received by a workman is exempt from income-tax subject to certain limits. The maximum amount of retrenchment compensation exempt is the sum calculated on the basis provided in section 25F(b) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 or any amount not less than Rs. 50,000 as the Central Government may by notifica­tion specify in the Official Gazette, whichever is less. These limits shall not apply in the case where the compensation is paid under any scheme which is approved in this behalf by the Central Government, having regard to the need for extending special pro­tection to the workmen in the undertakings to which the scheme applies and other relevant circumstances.

(vi)   Under section 10(10C), any payment received by an employee of a public sector company or any other company, at the time of his voluntary retirement, is exempt from income-tax, to the extent such amount does not exceed Rs. five lakhs, provided the scheme of voluntary retirement has been framed in accordance with the prescribed guidelines (given in rule 2BA of the Income-tax Rules, 1962). Further, in the case of a company other than a public sector company, such schemes shall have to be approved by the Chief Commissioner of Income-tax or the Director General of Income-tax, as the case may be. The Finance Act, 1993 has extend­ed this exemption to the employees of an authority established under a Central, State or Provincial Act, or, a local authority. It has also been provided that where this exemption has been allowed to any employee for any assessment year, it shall not be allowed to him for any other assessment year :

(vii)   Under section 10(13A) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, any special allowance specifically granted to an assessee by his employer to meet expenditure incurred on payment of rent (by whatever name called) in respect of residential accommodation occupied by the assessee is exempt from income-tax to the extent as may be prescribed, having regard to the area or place in which such accommodation is situated and other relevant considerations. According to rule 2A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, the quantum of exemption allowable on account of grant of special allowance to meet expenditure on payment of rent shall be :—

(a)   The actual amount of such allowance received by an employee in respect of the relevant period; or

(b)   The actual expenditure incurred in payment of rent in excess of 1/10 of the salary due for the relevant period; or

(c)   Where such accommodation is situated in Bombay, Calcut­ta, Delhi or Madras, 50 per cent of the salary due to the employ­ee for the relevant period; or

(d)   Where such accommodation is situated in any other place, 40 per cent of the salary due to the employee for the relevant period,

whichever is the least.

For this purpose, ‘Salary’ includes dearness allowance, i.e., if the terms of employment so provide, but excludes all other allow­ances and perquisites.

It has to be noted that only the expenditure actually incurred on payment of rent in respect of residential accommodation occupied by the assessee subject to the limits laid down in rule 2A, qualifies for exemption from income-tax. Thus, house rent allow­ance granted to an employee who is residing in a house/flat owned by him is not exempt from income-tax. The disbursing authorities should satisfy themselves in this regard by insisting on produc­tion of evidence of actual payment of rent before excluding the house rent allowance or any portion thereof from the total income of the employee.

Though incurring actual expenditure on payment of rent is a prerequisite for claiming deduction under section 10(13A), it has been decided as an administrative measure that salaried employees drawing house rent allowance up to Rs. 600 per month will be exempted from production of rent receipt. It may, however, be noted that this concession is only for the purpose of tax deduc­tion at source, and, in the regular assessment of the employee, the Assessing Officer will be free to make such enquiry as he deems fit for the purpose of satisfying himself that the employee has incurred actual expenditure on payment of rent.

(viii)   Clause (14) of section 10 provides for exemption of the following allowances :

(a)   Any special allowance or benefit granted to an employee to meet the expenses incurred in the performance of his duties, which the Central Government may specify by notification in the Official Gazette;

(b)   Any allowance granted to an assessee either to meet his personal expenses at the place of his posting or at the place he ordinarily resides or to compensate him for the increased cost of living, which the Central Government may specify by notification in the Official Gazette.

However, the allowance referred to in (b) above should not be in the nature of a personal allowance granted to the assessee to remunerate or compensate him for performing duties of a special nature relating to his office or employment unless such allowance is related to his place of posting or residence.

By Notification Nos. SO 143(E), dated 21-2-1989, SO 144(E), dated 21-2-1989 [as amended by Notification Nos. SO 259(E), dated 27-3-1990 and SO 487(E), dated 1-7-1992, GSR 606(E), dated 9-6-1989 and SO 267(E), dated 29-3-1991] the Central Government have specified the following allowances as exempt to the extent and subject to the conditions indicated therein :

(a)   Any allowance granted to meet cost of travel on tour or on transfer, including any allowance granted to meet the ordinary daily charges incurred by an employee on account of absence from his normal place of duty;

(b)   Any Special Compensatory Allowance in the nature of border area allowance or remote area allowance or difficult area allowance or disturbed area allowance;

(c)   Tribal area allowance;

(d)   Any allowance granted to an employee working in a transport system to meet his personal expenses during his duty performed in the course of running of such transport from one place to another;

(e)   Children Education Allowance;

(f)   Any allowance granted to an employee to meet the hostel expenditure of his child;

(g)   Any allowance granted to meet the expenditure incurred on conveyance in the performance of duties of an office or employment of profit;

(h)   Any special compensatory allowance in the nature of Composite Hill Compensatory Allowance or High Altitude Allowance or Uncongenial Climate Allowance or Snowbound Area Allowance or Avalanche Allowance; and

(i)   Any allowance granted to meet the expenditure incurred on a helper where such a helper is engaged for the performance of duties of an office or employment of profit; any allowance grant­ed for encouraging academic research and any other professional pursuit; any allowance granted to meet the expenses incurred on the purchase or maintenance of uniform for wear during the per­formance of the duties of an office or employment of profit.

It may be noted that the Dearness Allowance  and City Compensato­ry Allowance granted to an employee are not covered by the afore­said notifications; these allowances will clearly be part of income and will have to be taken into account in the computation of income for the purpose of deduction of tax at source. The reimbursement of tuition fee is also not exempt from tax.

(ix)   Under section 10(15)(iv )(i) of the Income-tax Act, interest payable by the Government on deposits made by an employ­ee of the Central Government or State Government or a public sector company from out of his retirement benefits, in accordance with such scheme framed in this behalf by the Central Government and notified in the Official Gazette is exempt from income-tax, by Notification No. F. 2/14/89-NS-II, dated 7-6-1989 as amended by Notification No. 2/14/89-NS-II, dated 12-10-1989, the Central Government has notified a scheme called the Deposit Scheme for Retiring Government Employees, 1989 for the purpose of the said clause.

(x)( a)   Under section 16 of the Income-tax Act, as amended by the Finance Act, 1993 the taxable salary is to be computed after making a standard deduction equal to 331 / 3 per cent of the salary, subject to the following limits :

(i)   Rs. 18,000 in the case of working women whose total income, before making the standard deduction, does not exceed Rs. 75,000 in the financial year;

(ii)   Rs. 15,000 in any other case, not covered by (i).

For this purpose, the term ‘salary’ will include fees, commissions, perquisites, or, profits in lieu of, or, in addition to salary, but will not include any payment received by the employees which is specifically exempt under clauses (10), ( 10A), (10AA), (10B), (10C ), (10D), (11), (12 ), (13A) and (14) of section 10 of the Act. Thus, for example, House Rent Allowance to the extent exempt under section 10(13A) of the Act will not be taken into account for the purpose of computing the amount of standard deduction. This deduction will be available also to all persons drawing pension during the current financial year at the same rate and subject to the ceiling of Rs. 15,000.

It may be noted that the standard deduction in full will be admissible even to those employees who are entitled to conveyance facilities.

(b)   The tax on employment within the meaning of clause (2) of Article 276 of the Constitution of India, leviable by or under any law, shall also be allowed as a deduction in computing the income of the salaried taxpayers under the head “Salaries”.

(c)   A deduction is also allowed under clause (ii) of sec­tion 16 in respect of any allowance in the nature of an enter­tainment allowance specifically granted to the assessee by his employer subject to certain limits. In the case of a Government employee, a sum equal to one-fifth of his salary (exclusive of any allowance, benefit or other perquisite) or five thousand rupees or the actual amount of entertainment allowance, whichever is the least, is allowable as deduction. In the case of a non-Government employee, deduction for entertainment allowance to the extent specified in sub-clause (b) of clause (ii) of section 16 will be given only if the allowance is regularly received by him from his present employer from a date prior to 1st April, 1955.

(xi)   Under section 17, as amended by the Finance Act, 1992, and, further amended by the Finance Act, 1993, exemption from tax will also be available in respect of—

(a)   the value of any medical treatment provided to an employee or any member of his family, in any hospital maintained by the employer;

(b)   reimbursement by the employer, of expenditure incurred by an employee on his medical treatment or treatment of any member of his family in any hospital maintained by the Government or any local authority or any other hospital approved by the Government for the purposes of medical treatment of its employ­ees;

(c)   any sum paid by the employer directly to a hospital, approved by the Chief Commissioner of Income-tax, having regard to the prescribed guidelines for the purposes of medical treat­ment of the prescribed diseases or ailments, on account of such treatment of the employee or any member of his family. For this purpose the necessary guidelines are contained in rule 3A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962;

(d)   premium paid by the employer in respect of medical insurance taken for his employees (under any scheme approved by the Central Government) or reimbursement of insurance premium to the employees who take medical insurance for themselves or for their family members (under any scheme approved by the Central Government);

(e)   reimbursement by the employer, of the amount spent by an employee in obtaining medical treatment for himself or any member of his family from any doctor, not exceeding in the aggre­gate, Rs. 10,000 in any year;

(f)   as regards medical treatment abroad, the actual expend­iture on stay and treatment abroad of the employee or any member of his family, or, on stay abroad of one attendant who accompa­nies the patient, in connection with such treatment, will be excluded from perquisites to the extent permitted by the Reserve Bank of India. As regards the expenditure incurred on travel abroad by the patient/attendant, it shall be excluded from per­quisites only if the employee’s gross total income, as computed before including the said expenditure, does not exceed Rs. 2 lakhs.

(xii)   Under section 80D in the case of the following categories of persons, a deduction can be allowed for a sum not exceeding Rs. 6,000 per annum to the extent payment is made by cheque out of their income chargeable to tax to keep in force an insurance on the health of the categories of persons mentioned below provided that such insurance is in accordance with the scheme framed by the General Insurance Corporation of India as approved by the Central Government, popularly known as “Medi­claim”.

The categories of persons are :

(a)   where the assessee is an individual, any sum paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of the assessee or on the health of the wife or husband, dependent parents or dependent  children of the assessee;

(b)   where the assessee is a Hindu undivided family, any sum paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of any member of the family;

(c)   where the assessee is an association of persons or a body of individuals consisting in either case, only of husband and wife governed by the system of community of property in force in the State of Goa and the Union Territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, any sum paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of any member of such association or body or on the health of dependent children of the members of such an association or body.

(xiii)   Under section 80DD, as amended by the Finance Act, 1993, a deduction of Rs. 15,000 shall be allowed in the case of resident individuals who incur expenditure on the medical treat­ment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of a handi­capped dependent relative, suffering from permanent physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation, specified in rule 11A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. The deduction will be available to all assessees without any restriction with regard to their total income. The permanent physical disability or mental retardation of the dependent relative has to be certified by a physician, surgeon, oculist or a psychiatrist, as the case may be, working in a Government hospital, including a Departmental Dispensary or a hospital maintained by a local authority as per Explanation given below section 80DD. The Drawing and Disbursing Officers should therefore, call for such particulars/certifi­cates/information and from the employees as they deemed necessary to verify the genuineness of the claim before they allow this deduction.

(xiv)   No deduction should be allowed by the DDO from the salary income in respect of any donations made for charitable purposes. The tax relief on such donations as admissible under section 80G of the Act, will have to be claimed by the taxpayer in the return of income. However, in cases where contributions are made to the National Defence Fund, the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, the Prime Minister’s Drought Relief Fund, the National Children’s Fund, the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust or the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, fifty per cent of such contributions may be deducted in computing the total income of the employee. Simi­larly, the donations to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund, the Prime Minister’s Armenia Earthquake Relief Fund, the Africa (Public Contributions – India) Fund, and, the National Foundation for Communal Harmony, will be eligible for hundred per cent deduction. Deduction will not be admissible where the aggregate of all contributions during the financial year is less than Rs. 250.

(xv)   Under section 80GG of the Act, an assessee is entitled to a deduction in respect of house rent paid by him for his own residence at the places specified under rule 11B of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. Such deduction is permissible subject to the following conditions:—

(a)   the assessee has not been in receipt of any house rent allowance specifically granted to him which qualifies for exemp­tion under section 10(13A) of the Act;

(b)   he will be entitled to a deduction in respect of house rent paid by him in excess of 10 per cent of his total income, subject to a ceiling of 25 per cent thereof or Rs. 1,000 per month, whichever is less. The total income for working out these percentages will be computed before making any deduction under section 80GG;

(c)   the assessee does not own :

(i)   any residential accommodation himself or by his spouse or minor child or where such assessee is a member of a Hindu undivided family, by such family, at the place where he ordinari­ly resides or performs duties of his office or carries on his business or profession; or

(ii)   at any other place, any residential accommodation being accommodation in the occupation of the assessee, the value of which is to be determined under sub-clause (i) of clause (a), or as the case may be, clause (b) of sub-section (2) of section 23;

(d)   The accommodation occupied by him for the purpose of his own residence is situated in any of the following places, namely :—

(i)   Agra, Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Amritsar, Bangalore, Bho­pal, Calcutta, Coimbatore, Delhi, Faridabad, Gwalior (Lashkar), Hyderabad, Indore, Jabalpore, Jaipur, Kanpur, Lucknow, Ludhiana City, Madurai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Srinagar, Surat, Vadodara (Baroda) or Varanasi (Banaras) or the Urban agglomeration of each of such places; or

(ii)   Bombay, Calicut, Cochin, Ghaziabad, Hubli-Dharwar, Madras, Solapur, Trivandrum or Vishakhapatnam.

Explanation : “Urban Agglomeration” in relation to a place means the area for the time being included in the urban agglomeration of such place for the purpose of grant of house rent allowance by the Central Government to its employees under the orders issued by it from time to time in this regard.

The disbursing authorities should satisfy themselves that all the conditions mentioned above are satisfied before such deduction is allowed by them to the assessees. They should also satisfy them­selves in this regard by insisting on production of evidence of actual payment of rent.

(xvi)   Section 80RRA, provides that where the gross total income of an individual who is a citizen of India, includes any remuneration received by him in foreign currency from any employ­er (i.e., a foreign employer or an Indian concern) for any services rendered by him outside India, an amount equal to the following shall be allowed as deduction in computing the total income of the individual :

(i)   fifty per cent of the remuneration, or

(ii)   seventy-five per cent of such remuneration as is brought into India, by, or on behalf of, the assessee, in accord­ance with the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973, and any rules made thereunder,

whichever is higher.

In the case of an employee of Central Government or any State Government, or a person who was immediately before taking up the service outside India, in the employment of the Central Govern­ment or any State Government, the deduction will be allowed only if the service of the employee is sponsored by the Central Gov­ernment. In the case of any other individual, the deduction will be allowed only if he is a “technician” and the terms and condi­tions of his service outside India are approved for the purpose of the said section by the Central Government or the prescribed authority. It is pertinent to note that the deduction is to be allowed with reference to the remuneration received by the individual in foreign currency for services rendered outside India.

Thus, if remuneration is paid to the Indian technician, etc., partly in Indian currency and partly in foreign currency, the amount paid in Indian currency, will not be taken into account for purposes of deduction under section 80RRA. Likewise, if a part of the remuneration, although paid in foreign currency relates to service rendered in India, then such part of the remuneration will also not qualify for deduction under section 80RRA. The expression “foreign employer” has been defined in Explanation (b) to section 80RRA to mean (i) The Government of a foreign State; or (ii) a foreign enterprise; or (iii) any association or body established outside India. While allowing the deduction under this section, documentary evidence should be obtained on the following points :

(a)   In the case of an individual who is in the employment of the Central Government or any State Government, the fact of his service having been sponsored by the Central Government;

(b)   In the case of any other individual being a technician, the fact of the terms and conditions of his service outside India having been approved in this behalf by the Central Government (Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue, Foreign Tax Divi­sion, New Delhi).

(It should also be ensured that the deduction is allowed with reference to the remuneration received in foreign currency in respect of the period of service outside India).

(xvii)   Section 80U allows deduction of a sum of twenty thousand rupees in computing the total income of a resident individual, who at the end of the previous year, is suffering from a permanent physical disability (including blindness) or is subject to mental retardation, being a permanent physical disa­bility, or mental retardation, specified in rule 11D of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, which is certified by a physician, sur­geon, oculist or psychiatrist, as the case may be, working in a Government hospital and which has the effect or reducing consid­erably such individual’s capacity for normal work or engaging in a gainful employment or occupation. The expression ‘Government hospital’ will include a departmental dispensary or a hospital maintained by a local authority as specified in the Explanation given below section 80DD.

Tax rebate

  1. According to section 88, an assessee will be entitled to a rebate (subject to the specified limits) in respect of the amounts invested or deposited in the following items, during the previous year out of his income chargeable to tax from the in­come-tax payable by him on his total income :—

(i)   Payment of insurance premium to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the life of the individual, the wife or husband, or any child of the individual. (It may be noted that any premium or other payment made on a policy as is not in excess of 10% of the sum assured, will alone qualify for deduction);

(ii)   Any payment made to effect or to keep in force a con­tract for a deferred annuity, not being an annuity plan as is referred to in item (viii) hereinbelow on the life of the indi­vidual, the wife or husband or any child of the individual, provided that such contract does not contain a provision for the exercise by the insured of an option to receive a cash payment in lieu of the payment of the annuity;

(iii)   Any sum deducted from the salary payable by or on behalf of the Government to any individual, being a sum deducted in accordance with the conditions of the service for the purpose of securing to him a deferred annuity or making provision for his wife or children, in so far as the sum deducted does not exceed 1/5th of the salary;

(iv)   Any contribution made :

(a)   by an individual to any Provident Fund to which the Provident Funds Act, 1925 applies;

(b)   to any provident fund set up by the Central Government, and notified by it in this behalf in the Official Gazette, where such contribution is to an account standing in the name of an individual, or a minor of whom he is the guardian;

(c)   by an employee to a recognised provident fund;

(d)   by an employee to an approved superannuation fund :

It may be noted that “contribution” to any fund shall not include any sums in repayment of loan;

(v)   Any deposit in a ten year account or a fifteen year account under the Post Office Savings Bank (Cumulative Time Deposit) Rules, 1959, as amended from time to time, where such sums are deposited in an account standing in the name of an individual, or a minor, of whom he is the guardian;

(vi)   Any subscription :—

(a)   to any such security of the Central Government or any such deposit scheme as the Central Government may, by notifica­tion in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

(b)   to any such saving certificates as defined under sec­tion 2(c) of the Government Saving Certificate Act, 1959 as the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf. Interest on NSC (VI Issue) and NSC (VIII Issue) which is deemed investment also qualifies for deduction;

(vii)   Any sum paid as contribution :

(a)   for participation in the Unit Linked Insurance Plan, 1971 of the Unit Trust of India;

(b)   for participation in any unit-linked insurance plan of the LIC Mutual Fund notified by the Central Government under clause (23D) of section 10.

(viii)   Any payment made to effect or keep in force a contract for such annuity plan of the Life Insurance Corporation as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.

(ix)   Any subscription not exceeding rupees ten thousand, made to any units of any Mutual Fund, notified under clause (23D) of section 10, or, of the Unit Trust of India established under the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963, under any plan formulated in accordance with any such scheme as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

(x)   Any contribution made by an individual to any pension fund set up by any Mutual Fund notified under clause (23D) of section 10, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

(xi)   Any subscription made to any such deposit scheme of, or, any contribution made to any such pension fund set up by the National Housing Bank, as the Central Government may, by notifi­cation in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

(xii)   Any subscription made to any such deposit scheme, floated by (a) public sector companies engaged in providing long-term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India for residential purposes, or (b ) any authority constituted in India by, or, under any law, enacted either for the purpose of dealing with and satisfying the need for housing accommodation or for the purpose of planning, development or improvement of cities, towns and villages, or for both.

(xiii)   Any sums paid by an assessee for the purpose of purchase or construction of residential house property, the income from which is chargeable to tax under the head “Income from house property” (or which would, if it has not used for assessee’s own residence, have been chargeable to tax under that head) where such payments are made towards or by way of any instalment or part payment of the amount due under any self-financing or other scheme of any development authority, housing board etc. The deduction will also be allowable in respect of re-payment of loans borrowed by an assessee from the Government, or any bank or Life Insurance Corporation, or the National Housing Bank, or certain other categories of institutions engaged in the business of providing long-term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India. Any repayment of loan borrowed from the employer will also be covered, if the employer happens to be a public company, public sector company or a university estab­lished by law or a college affiliated to such university, or a local authority or a co-operative society. The stamp duty, regis­tration fee and other expenses incurred for the purpose of trans­fer shall also be covered. Payment towards the cost of house property, however, will not include, admission fee or cost of share or initial deposit or the cost of any addition or altera­tion to or renovation or repair of the house property which is carried out after the issue of the completion certificate by competent authority, or after the occupation of the house by the assessee or after it has been let out. Payments towards any expenditure in respect of which the deduction is allowable under the provisions of section 24 of the Income-tax Act will also not be included in payments towards the cost of purchase or construc­tion of a house property. Where the house property in respect of which deduction has been allowed under these provisions is trans­ferred by the tax-payer at any time before the expiry of five years from the end of the financial year in which possession of such property is obtained by him or he receives back, by way of refund or otherwise, any sum specified in section 88(2)(xv), no deduction under these provisions shall be allowed in respect of such sums paid in such previous year in which the transfer is made and the aggregate amount of deduction of income-tax so allowed in the earlier years shall be added to the tax on the total income of the assessee with which he is chargeable for such assessment year. It may be noted that the amount which will qualify for tax rebate in respect of this item will not exceed Rs. 10,000. In respect of repayment of loans taken for the pur­chase or construction of a new residential house property the construction of which does not get completed by the end of the financial year 1993-94, no tax rebate in respect of these items shall be admissible to the employees.

6.1 Subject to the limits mentioned for the various items, the entitlement to tax-rebate will be calculated at the rate of 20% of the total amount of the aforesaid savings etc., in the case of individuals, and, at the rate of 25 per cent in the case of an author or playwright or artist or musician or actor or sportsman (including an athlete) whose income derived from the exercise of his profession as such author/playwright/artist/musician/actor/sportsman/athlete consti­tutes twenty-five per cent or more of his total income.

The maximum tax-rebate allowable will be Rs. 12,000 generally, and Rs. 17,500 in the case of authors, playwrights, artists, musicians, actors, sportsmen and athletes. There will, therefore, be an overall limit for savings which will qualify for tax-rebate. In the case of individuals, the limit will be Rs. 60,000 and in the case of authors, sportsmen etc. Rs. 70,000.

6.2 Section 88B was introduced into the Income-tax Act by the Finance Act, 1992, with a view to providing additional tax-rebate of 10 per cent of the amount of income-tax payable be resident individuals of the age of 65 years and above, whose gross total income did not exceed Rs. 50,000. The Finance Act, 1993 has further amended section 88B so as to enhance the aforesaid rebate from 10 per cent to 20 per cent of the amount of income-tax (as computed before allowing deductions under Chapter VIII of the Income-tax Act, 1961), payable by such resident individuals subject to the condition that their gross total income does not exceed Rs. 75,000.

6.3 The Drawing and Disbursing Officers should satisfy themselves about the actual deposits/subscriptions/payments made by the employees, by calling for such particulars/information as they deem necessary before allowing the aforesaid rebate. In case the DDO is not satisfied about the genuineness of the employee’s claim regarding any deposit/subscription/payment made by the employee, he should not allow the same, and the employee would be free to claim the rebate on such amount by filing his return of income and furnishing the necessary proof etc., therewith to the satisfaction of the Assessing Officer. It may also be mentioned here that the deposits/subscriptions/payments towards the items qualifying for the tax rebate should be made out of the employ­ee’s income chargeable to tax.

Calculation of income-tax and surcharge

  1. (a) The net salary income in the case of each employee, ar­rived at after allowing the eligible deductions, from the gross salary, is liable to income-tax during the financial year 1993-94 at the rates referred in para 2 above. After calculating the tax-liability, the tax rebate provided for in section 88 and section 88B (wherever applicable) should be allowed as a deduction. The balance amount is the tax payable by the employee which is re­quired to be deducted from the monthly salary in equal instal­ments. It may be noted here that the tax-rebate under sections 88 and 88B shall not in any case exceed the amount of income-tax on the total income of the assessee with which he is chargeable.

(bSurcharge : In the case of every person having a total income exceeding Rs. 1,00,000, the amount of income-tax thus computed, as reduced by the rebate of tax, mentioned above, shall be in­creased by a surcharge, for the purposes of the Union, calculated at the rate of 12 per cent of such tax. This surcharge will, however, not apply to non-resident.

(cRounding off : It may also be noted that the total income computed in accordance with the provisions of the Act should be rounded off to the nearest multiple of ten rupees by ignoring the fraction less than five rupees and increasing the fraction which is five rupees or more, to ten rupees. Similarly, the net amount of tax deductible should be rounded off to the nearest rupee by ignoring the fraction less than 50 paise and increasing the fraction which is fifty paise or more, to one rupee.

Miscellaneous provisions of information/guidance of DDOs

  1. As stated in para 4 above, sub-section (1) of section 192 makes the person responsible for paying salary, also responsible for deducting income-tax at source from the payment of salary. The scope of deduction of tax at source from “Salaries” was further modified by the Finance Act, 1987 by the insertion of sub-sections (2), (2A) and (2B) in section 192. The salient features of these provisions as further modified by the Finance Act, 1989 are given below :—

(a)   Sub-section (2) of section 192 deals with situations where an individual is working under more than one employer or has changed from one employer to another. It provides for deduc­tion of tax at source by such employer (as the taxpayer may choose) from the aggregate salary of the employee who is or has been in receipt of salary from more than one employer. The em­ployee is now required to furnish to the present/chosen employer details of the income under the head “Salary” due or received from the former/other employer and also tax deducted at source therefrom, in writing and duly verified by him and by the former/other employer. The present employer will be required to deduct tax at source on the aggregate amount of salary (including salary received from the former or other employer).

(b)   Sub-section (2A) of section 192 provides that in re­spect of salary payment of employees of Government, Company, Co-operative Society, Local Authority, University, Institution, Association or Body deduction of tax at source may be made after allowing relief under section 89(1), whenever salary, etc., is paid in arrears or in advance.

(c)   Sub-section (2B) enables a taxpayer to furnish particu­lars of income under any head other than “Salaries” and of any tax deducted at source thereon in the prescribed Form (No. 12C). Such income under any other head should not be a loss. The em­ployer shall take such other income and tax, if any, deducted at source from such income, into account for the purpose of comput­ing tax deductible under section 192 of the Income-tax Act. However, if such aggregation results in tax deductible which is less than in the case where income under the head “Salaries” alone is taken into account for computing tax deductible, then such aggregation under sub-section (2B) is not permissible. In other words, a loss from any other source cannot be adjusted by the DDO against salary income. To meet the requirements of these provisions, the Central Government have enacted Rule 26B in the Income-tax Rules. Detailed instructions in this regard were issued by the Department vide Circular No. 504 [F. No. 275/138/87-IT(B)], dated 8-2-1988.

8.1 Section 197 further enables the taxpayer to make an applica­tion in Form No. 13 to his Assessing Officer, and, if the Assess­ing Officer is satisfied that the total income of the taxpayer justifies the deduction of income-tax at any lower rate or no deduction of income-tax, he may issue an appropriate certificate to that effect which should be taken into account by the Drawing and Disbursing Officer while deducting tax at source.

8.2 In the case of pensioners who receive their pension from a nationalised bank, the instructions contained in this Circular shall apply in the same manner as they apply to salary income. The deductions from the amount of pension on account of standard deduction under section 16 and the tax-rebate under section 88B (in the case of pensioners, resident in India, who are 65 years of age or more, and, whose gross total income does not exceed Rs. 75,000) will be allowed by the concerned bank at the time of deduction of tax at source from the pension, before making pay­ment to the concerned pensioner. As regards the tax-rebate under section 88 on account of contribution to Life Insurance, Provi­dent Fund, NSC, etc., if the pensioners furnish the relevant details to the banks, the tax-rebate at the specified rate may also be allowed. Necessary instructions in this regard were issued by the Reserve Bank of India to the State Bank of India and other Nationalised Banks vide RBI’s Pension Circular (Central Series) No. 7/C/C.D.R./1992 [Ref. CO:DGBA:GA (NBS) No. 60/GA.64(11 CVL)-91/92], dated the 27th April, 1992 and, these instructions should be followed by all the branches of the Banks, which have been entrusted with the task of payment of pensions.

  1. According to the provisions of section 200, any person deduct­ing any sum in accordance with the provisions of section 192 shall pay, within the prescribed time, the sum so deducted to the credit of the Central Government in the prescribed manner (viderule 30 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962). In the case of deductions made by or on behalf of the Government, the payment has to be made on the day of the tax-deduction itself. In other cases, the payment has to be normally made within one week of the deduction. If a person fails to deduct tax at source, or, after deducting, fails to pay the tax to the credit of the Central Government within the prescribed time, he shall be liable to action in accordance with the provision of section 201. Sub-section (1A) of section 201 lays down that such person shall be liable to pay simple interest at fifteen per cent per annum on the amount of such tax from the date on which such tax was deductible to the date on which tax is actually paid. Section 271C lays down that if any person fails to deduct tax at source, he shall be liable to pay, by way of penalty, a sum equal to the amount of tax not deducted by him. Further, section 276B lays down that if a person fails to pay to the credit of the Central Government within the prescribed time the tax deducted at source by him, he shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall be between 3 months and 7 years and with fine.

9.1 While making the payment of tax deducted at source to the credit of the Central Government, it may kindly be ensured that the correct amount of income-tax is recorded in the relevant challan. It may also be ensured that the right type of challan is used. The relevant challan for making payment of tax deducted at source from salaries is No. 9 with “blue colour band”. Where the amount of tax deducted at source is credited to the Central Government through book adjustment, care should be taken to ensure that the correct amount of income-tax is reflected there­in.

9.2 According to the provisions of section 203, every person responsible for deducting tax at source is required to furnish a certificate to the payee to the effect that tax has been deducted and, to specify therein the amount deducted and certain other particulars. This certificate, usually called the TDS certifi­cate, has to be furnished within a period of one month from the end of the relevant financial year, in the case of employees receiving salary income. The certificate has to be issued in Form No. 16 which has been prescribed under Board’s Notification No. S.O. 148(E), dated 28-2-1991 and circulated by Circular No. 597, dated 27-3-1991 [F. No. 275/42/91-IT(B)]. A specimen of the certificate is enclosed as Annexure III. This certificate is to be issued on the tax deductor’s own stationery. If he fails to issue the TDS certificate to the person concerned as required by section 203, he will be liable to pay by way of penalty, under section 272A, a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 100 but which may extend to Rs. 200, for every day during which the failure continues.

9.3 According to the provisions of section 203A of the Income-tax Act, it is obligatory for all persons responsible for deducting tax at source to obtain and quote the Tax-deduction Account Number (TAN) in the Challans, TDS-certificates, returns, etc. Detailed instructions in this regard are available in this De­partment’s Circular No. 497 [F. No. 275/118/87-IT(B)], dated 9-10-1987. If a person fails to comply with the provisions of section 203A, he will be liable to pay, by way of penalty, under section 272BB, a sum up to Rs. 5,000.

9.4 According to the provisions of section206 of the Income-tax Act, read with Rules 36A and 37 of the Income-tax Rules, the prescribed person in the case of every office of Government, the principal officer in the case of every company, the prescribed person in the case of every local authority or other public body or association, every private employer and every other person responsible for deducting tax under section 192, from “salaries”, shall, after the end of each financial year, prepare and deliver, by 31st May of the succeeding financial year, an annual return of deduction of tax to the designated/concerned Assessing Officer. This return has to be furnished in Form No. 24. It may be noted that a copy of each of the TDS certificates issued during the financial year should be enclosed with the annual return. If a person fails to furnish in due time the annual return, he shall liable to pay by way of penalty under section 272A, a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 100 but which may extend to Rs. 200 for every day during which the failure continues, so, however, that this sum shall not exceed the amount of tax which was de­ductible at source.

  1. These instructions are not exhaustive and are issued only with a view to helping the employers to understand the various provisions relating to deduction of tax from salaries. Wherever there is any doubt reference may be made to the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, the Income-tax Rules, 1962 and the Finance Act, 1993.
  2. In case any assistance is required, the Assessing Officer/the local Public Relations Officer of the Income-tax Department may be contacted.
  3. These instructions may please be brought to the notice of all disbursing officers and undertakings under the control of the Central/State Governments, etc.

Circular : No. 654, dated 22-7-1993.

ANNEXURE I

EXTRACT FROM THE FINANCE ACT, 1993, PART III
OF THE FIRST SCHED­ULE

Paragraph A – Sub-paragraph I

In the case of every individual or Hindu undivided family or association of persons or body of individuals, whether incorpo­rated or not, or every artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (31) of section 2 of the Income-tax Act, not being a case to which Sub-Paragraph II of this Paragraph or any other Paragraph of this Part applies—

Rates of income-tax

(1) where the total income does not exceed Rs. 30,000 Nil;
(2) where the total  income exceeds Rs. 30,000 but  does not exceed Rs. 50,000 20 per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 30,000;
(3) where the total  income exceeds Rs. 50,000 but does  not exceed Rs. 1,00,000 Rs. 4,000 plus 30 per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 50,000;
(4) where the total  income exceeds Rs. 1,00,000 Rs. 19,000 plus 40 per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 1,00,000.

Surcharge on income-tax

The amount of income-tax computed in accordance with the preced­ing provisions of this sub-Paragraph or section 112 shall—

(i)   in the case of every individual, Hindu undivided family or association of persons or body of individuals referred to in sections 88 and 88B having a total income exceeding one hundred thousand rupees, be reduced by the amount of rebate of income-tax calculated under Chapter VIIIA and the income-tax as so reduced;

(ii)   in the case of every person, other than those mentioned in item (i) having a total income exceeding one hundred thousand rupees;

be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union calculated at the rate of twelve per cent of such income-tax :

Provided that no such surcharge shall be payable by a non-resident.

ANNEXURE II

Example I

(ILLUSTRATING CALCULATING OF TAX IN THE CASE OF AN EMPLOYEE HAVING GROSS
SALARY INCOME OF RS. 75,000)

Rs. Rs.
1. Gross Salary Income (including allowances) 75,000
2. Deposits under the notified schemes (e.g., NSS) 6,000
3. Contribution to G.P.F. 12,000
4. Payment towards Life Insurance Premia 500
5. Contribution for participation in Unit-linked Insurance Plan, 1971, made under section 19(1)(cc)
of the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963 300 23,720
6. Deposits in a 10-year account or 15-year account
under the Post  Office Savings Bank (Cumulative
Time Deposit) Rules, 1959 1,200
7. C.G.E.I.S. (applicable to Government employees only) 720
8. Subscription to National Savings Certificates, VIII
Issue 3,000

Computation of total income

1. Gross Salary Income 75,000
2. Standard deduction [pl. see para 5(x)(a )] (-) 15,000
3. Total Income (1 minus 2) 60,000
4. Tax on Total Income (Rs. 4,000, plus 30 per cent of the amount in excess of Rs. 50,000, (i.e., 30 per
cent of Rs. 10,000) 7,000
5. Deduct rebate on savings, etc., under section 88
@ 20 per cent of Rs. 23,720 4,744
6. Tax payable 2,256

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 188 per month during the financial year)

Example II

(ILLUSTRATING  CALCULATION OF HOUSE RENT ALLOWANCE UNDER SECTION 10( 13A) IN RESPECT OF RESIDENTIAL ACCOMMODATION SITUATED IN DELHI)

Rs. Rs.
1. Salary (excluding allowances) 1,08,000
2. House rent allowance received 12,000
3. Actual rent paid 24,000
4. Deposits under notified schemes (e.g., NSS) 12,000
5. Contribution to General Provident Fund 24,000
6. Life Insurance Premium 2,000 39,200
7. Deposits in a 10-year account under the Post Office Savings Bank (Cumulative Time Deposit)
Rules, 1959 1,200

Computation of total income

1. Salary 1,08,000
2. House rent allowance received 12,000
3. Total Salary Income 1,20,000
4. Less : House Rent allowance exempt under section 10(13A)
(a) Actual amount of HRA received (Rs. 12,000)
(b) Expenditure on rent in excess of 10 per cent of salary (Rs. 24,000 – 10,800 = Rs. 13,200)
(c ) 50  per  cent of salary (Rs. 54,000) which-
ever is the least; therefore (a) is exempt (-) 12,000
1,08,000
5. Standard deduction under section 16(i) @ 33 13
per cent subject to a maximum of Rs. 15,000 (-) 15,000
6. Total Income 93,000
7. Tax on Total Income (Rs. 4,000 plus 30 per cent
of Rs. 43,000, i.e., 4,000 + 12,900) 16,900
8. Deduct tax rebate on savings under section 88
(20 per cent of Rs. 39,200) (-) 7,840
9. Tax payable 9,060

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 755 per month during the financial year).

Example III

(ILLUSTRATING VALUATION OF PERQUISITES AND CALCULATION OF SURCHARGE IN THE CASE OF AN EMPLOYEE OF A PRIVATE COMPANY, POSTED AT BOMBAY)

Rs. Rs.
1. Salary 1,20,000
2. Bonus 10,000
3. Free  gas,  electricity,  water,  etc.,  (actual  bills
paid by the Company) 3,000
4. Furniture at cost (including television set, radio set, refrigerator,   other   household   appliances  and  air-
conditioner) belonging to the Company 40,000
5. (i ) Furnished flat provided to the employee for  which
actual  rent  paid  by  the Company 84,000
(ii ) Rent recovered from the employee 12,000
6. Deposits under the specified schemes 15,000
7. Subscription to Mutual Fund 8,000
8. Life Insurance  Premium 2,000 44,000
9. Subscription  to  National  Savings  Certificates
(VIII issue) 3,000
10. Contribution to Recognised Provident Fund 16,000

Computation of total income

Rs. Rs. Rs.
1. Salary 1,20,000
2. Bonus 10,000 1,30,000
3. Valuation of perquisites :
(a) Furnished flat at concessional rent under section 17(2) read with clauses (a) and (b ) of rule 3 of the IT Rules, 1962. Fair rental value (FRV) assumed to be equal to actual rent i.e., Rs. 84,000 (10 per cent of salary
including bonus) 13,000
(b) Add : Excess of (FRV) over 60 per cent   of     salary  in­cluding  bonus  (i.e.,  Rs.  84,000 –
Rs. 78,000) 6,000
(c) Add  :  Perquisite  of  the furniture (10 per
cent of cost, i.e., Rs. 40,000) 4,000
23,000
(d) Less : Rent paid by the employee (-) 12,000 11,000
(e) Add : Perquisite of free gas, electri-
city, etc. 3,000 1,44,000
4. Less :Standard deduction under section 16(i) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, (331/3 per cent of  the   amount   subject  to  a  maximum of
Rs. 15,000) (-) 15,000
5. Total Income 1,29,000
6. Tax  on  Total  Income  (Rs.  19,000 + 40 per cent
of Rs. 29,000) 30,600
7. Deduct tax rebate on Savings (Specified Savings  Schemes,   Mutual   Fund,   LIP,   PF,  NSC,  etc.)
20 per cent of Rs. 44,000 (-) 8,800
8. Tax payable (6-7) 21,800
9. Surcharge (@ 12 per cent of Rs. 21,800) 2,616
10. Total tax payable 24,416

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 2,035 for 11 months and Rs. 2,031 in the last month)

Notes :

(i)   In the example given above the actual rent has been assumed to be equal to the “Fair Rental Value”. “Fair Rental Value” can, however, be different from the actual rent. It is defined in Explanation 2, below clause (a) of rule 3, to mean in the case of an accommodation which is unfurnished, the rent which a similar accommodation would realise in the same locality or the municipal valuation in respect of the accommodation, whichever is higher.

(ii)   In case the accommodation is situated in Bombay, Cal­cutta, Delhi or Madras, the excess of fair rental value over 60 per cent of salary as against 50 per cent in other cases, is required to be added in determining the value of perquisites in view of Board’s Circular No. 374, dated 14-12-1983. If this excess  is a negative figure, it should be taken as ‘Nil ’.

(iii)   In the case of Government servants, the value of perquisites of unfurnished accommodation provided free is deter­mined in accordance with rules framed by the Government for allotment of residence to its employees. For determining the perquisite value of free furniture, it is taken, as in other cases, at 10 per cent per annum of the original cost of the furniture, or if it is hired from a third party, the actual hire charges payable.

(iv)   Where unfurnished accommodation is provided to its employees by the Reserve Bank of India or any other public sector body specified in sub-clause (2) of clause (a) of rule 3 of the Income-tax Rules. Say a nationalised bank, State Trading Corpora­tion, etc., it is taken as 10 per cent of the salary due to the employee and where the accommodation is furnished, as in other cases, an additional 10 per cent of the original cost of furni­ture, or if it is hired from a third party, the actual hire charges payable.

Example IV

(EXAMPLES OF INCOME-TAX CALCULATION IN THE CASE OF AN EMPLOYEE POSTED IN
DELHI AND REPAYING HOUSE BUILDING LOAN)

Rs. Rs.
1. Total Salary (excluding H.R.A.) 90,000
2. House rent allowance 12,000
3. Subscription to units of Mutual Fund referred
in para 6(ix) 12,000
4. Contribution of GPF and payment  of LIC premium 15,000 27,000
5. Actual rent paid 24,000
6. Repayment of loan taken from LIC for con-
struction of house 12,000

Computation of total income

1. Salary 90,000
2. House rent allowance received 12,000
3. Gross salary income 1,02,000
4. Less : Allowance under section 10(13A) :
(a) Actual amount of HRA received, or 12,000
(b) Expenditure  on  rent  in  excess  of  10 per cent
of salary (24,000 – 9,000), or 15,000
(c) 50 per cent of salary 45,000
whichever, is the least; therefore (a) is exempt (-) 12,000
90,000
5. Less : Standard deduction under section 16(i) of the  Income-tax  Act,  1961  @  331 /   per   cent   of   salary
subject to a maximum of Rs. 15,000 (-) 15,000
6. Total income 75,000
7. Tax on total income (Rs. 4,000 + 30 per cent of 25,000) 11,500
8. Tax rebate to be allowed under section 88; amounts qualifying for rebate—
(i) Mutual   Fund   (Limited   to   Rs.   10,000);   see
para 6(ix) 10,000
(ii) Contribution to GPF/LIC premium 15,000
(iii) Repayment of housing loan (limited to Rs. 10,000),
see para 6(xiii ) 10,000
Tax rebate (20 per cent of Rs. 35,000) 7,000
9. Tax payable (6 – 7) 4,500

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 975 p.m. during the financial year)

Example V

(SHOWING CALCULATION OF TAX LIABILITY OF A PERSON OF 65 YEARS OF AGE
(OR MORE) AND DRAWING PENSION)

Rs.
1. Total pension income (including Dearness Relief) 60,000
2. Deposits under specified schemes (e.g., NSS) 6,000

Computation of total income

1. Total pension income 60,000
2. Standard deduction (-) 15,000
3. Total Income 45,000
4. Tax on Total Income [20 per cent of Rs. (45,000 – 30,000)] 3,000
5. Tax  rebate  under  section  88B  (20  per  cent of
Rs. 3,000) (-) 600
6. Tax payable (4 – 5) 2,400
7. Tax  rebate  under  section  88  (20  per  cent  of
Rs. 6,000) 1,200
8. Net tax payable (6 – 7) 1,200

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 100 p.m. during the financial year)

ANNEXURE III

FORM NO. 16

[See rule 31(1)(a)]

Certificate under section 203 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 for tax deducted at
source from income chargeable under the head “Sal­aries”

Name and address of the Employer Name and Designation of the Employer
…………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….
PAN/GIR NO. TAN PAN/GIR NO.
TDS  Circle  where  Annual  Return/ PERIOD Assessment
Statement under section 206 is to befiled From To Year 19…..

DETAILS OF SALARY PAID AND ANY OTHER INCOME AND TAX DEDUCTED

1. Gross Salary* Rs…..
2. Less : Allowance to the extent exempt under section 10 Rs….. Rs…..
3. Balance (1 – 2) Rs…..
4. Deductions :
(a) Standard deduction Rs…..
(b) Entertainment allowance Rs…..
(c) Tax on Employment Rs…..
5. Aggregate of 4(a to c) Rs…..
6. Income chargeable under the  head Salaries (3 – 5) Rs…..
7. Add : Any other income  reported by the employee Rs…..
8. Gross Total Income (6 + 7) Rs…..
9. Deductions under Chapter VI-A
Gross Qualifying Deductible
Amount Amount Amount
(a) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(b) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(c) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(d) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
10. Aggregate of deductible  amount under Chapter VI-A Rs…..
11. Total income (8 – 10) Rs…..
12. Tax on Total Income Rs…..
13. Rebate and Relief under Chapter VIII
I. Under section 88 (Please specify)
Gross Qualifying Tax
Amount Amount Rebate/
Relief
(a) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(b) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(c) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(d) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(e) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(f) Total (a) to (e ) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
II. Under section 88A (Please specify)
Gross Qualifying
Amount Amount
(a) Rs….. Rs…..
(b) Rs….. Rs…..
(c) Total (a) + (b ) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
III. Under section 89 (attach details) Rs…..
14. Aggregate of Tax Rebates and Reliefs at 13 above
(I)(f) + II(c) + III) Rs…..
15. Tax Payable (12 – 14) and  surcharge thereon Rs…..
16. Less: Tax deducted at source Rs…..
17. Tax Payable/Refundable (15 – 16) Rs…..

DETAILS OF TAX DEDUCTED AND DEPOSITED INTO CENTRAL
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNT

Amount Date of Payment Name of Bank & Branch where tax Deposited

Certified that a sum of Rs….. (in words)……has been deducted at source and paid to the credit of the Central Government. Further that the above information is true and correct as per records.

Signature of the person responsible
for deduction of tax
Place…………… Full Name……………………….
Date…………… Designation……………………..

 

 Instructions for deduction of tax at source from salary – Rate of tax for the financial year 1993-94

  1. Reference is invited to Board’s Circular No. 629, dated 31-7-1992 wherein the rates of deduction of income-tax from the pay­ment of income under the head ‘Salaries’ under section 192 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, during the financial year 1992-93, were intimated. The present circular contains the rates of deduction of income-tax from the payment of income chargeable under the head ‘Salaries’ during the financial year 1993-94 and explains certain related provisions of the Income-tax Act.
  2. The Finance Act, 1993 has raised the income-tax exemption limit for individuals from Rs. 28,000 to Rs. 30,000. There is no change, however, in the tax rates of 20 per cent, 30 per cent and 40 per cent which will apply respectively to the income slabs (i) Rs. 30,001 to Rs. 50,000, (ii) Rs. 50,001 to Rs. 1,00,000, and (iii) over Rs. 1,00,000, during the financial year 1993-94. The rate of surcharge also remains unchanged at 12 per cent of the amount of income-tax computed on total income exceeding Rs. 1,00,000. An extract of sub-paragraph 1 of paragraph A of Part III of the First Schedule to the Finance Act, 1993, containing the tax rates applicable, is given at Annexure 1.
  3. Some of the other important changes brought about by the Finance Act, 1993, are as follows:

(i)   Amendment of clause (i) of section 16 so as to raise the limit of standard deduction from Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 15,000. Similarly, the limit applicable in the case of working women, whose total income (before allowing the standard deduction) does not exceed Rs. 75,000, has been raised from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 18,000.

(ii)   Amendment of clause (2) of section 17 so as to provide that the expenditure on medical treatment and stay abroad shall be excluded from perquisite only to the extent permitted by the Reserve Bank of India.

(iii)   Amendment of section 80DD so as to enhance the deduction in respect of medical treatment of handicapped depend­ants for Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 15,000.

(iv)   Amendment of section 80G so as to allow deduction, to the extent specified, in respect of any sum paid to the National Foundation for Communal Harmony, and, to a University or educa­tional institution of national eminence as may be approved by the prescribed authority.

(v)   Amendment of section 80L so as to enhance the deduction in respect of income by way of interest, dividend, etc., from Rs. 7,000 to Rs. 10,000.

(vi)   Amendment of section 88B so as to increase the rebate of income-tax from 10 per cent to 20 per cent in the case of individuals of 65 years of age and above, and also to raise the limit of gross total income, for the purpose of this conces­sion, from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 75,000.

  1. The substance of the main provisions of law insofar as they relate to income chargeable under the head “Salaries” on which tax is to be deducted at source during the financial year 1993-94 is given hereunder and in the succeeding paragraphs :

(i)   Sub-section (1) of section 192 provides that the person responsible for paying any income chargeable under the head “Salaries” shall, at the time of making payment, deduct income-tax on the amount payable at the average rate of income-tax computed on the basis of the rates in force for the financial year, in which the payment is made, on the estimated income, under this head, of the assessee, for that financial year. The provisions of sub-section (3) of the said section are intended for making adjustment for any excess or shortfall in the deduction of tax made during the financial year. The aggregate tax thus calculated on the estimated income, divided by 12 and rounded off to the nearest rupee, is required to be deducted from the monthly salary. No tax will, however, be deducted at source in any case unless the estimated salary income for the financial year exceeds Rs. 30,000. (Some typical examples of calculations are given at Annexure II).

(ii)   “Salary” includes wages, fees, commissions, perquisites, profits in lieu of, or, in addition to salary, advance of salary, annuity or pension, gratuity, payments in respect of encashment of leave, etc. It also includes the annual accretion to the employee’s account in a recognised provident fund to the extent to which it is chargeable to tax under rule 6 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule of the Income-tax Act. Other items included in salary, profits in lieu of salary and perqui­sites are described in section 17 of the Income-tax Act. It may be noted that, since salary includes pensions, tax at source would have to be deducted from pension also, if otherwise called for. However, no tax is required to be deducted from the commuted portion of pension as explained in para 5(iii) of this Circular.

(iii)   The value of perquisites by way of free or concessional residential accommodation, or motor car provided by employers to their employees shall be determined under rule 3 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. It is, however, clarified that the use of any vehicle provided by a company or an employer for journey by the assessee from his residence to his office or other place of work or from such office or place to his residence, shall not be regarded as a benefit or amenity granted or provided to him free of cost or at concessional rate for the purpose.

(iv)   Other benefits or amenities provided free of cost or at concessional rates to the employees like supply of gas, electric energy, water for household consumption, educational facilities, etc., should also be taken into account for the purpose of computing the estimated salary income of the employees during the current financial year (Example III at Annexure II illustrates computation of some such perquisites). The valuation has to be done in accordance with rule 3 of the Income-tax Rules.

(v)   The value of any benefit or amenity granted or provided free of cost or at concessional rate by an employer to an employ­ee (not being a Director of the Company or a person who has substantial interest in the company) is not regarded as perquisites received by the employee unless the employee’s income under the head ‘Salary’ exclusive of the value of any benefit or amenity not provided for by way of monetary payment exceeds Rs. 24,000.

(vi)   In cases where salary is received from more than one employer, the aggregate salary from these employers will have to be taken into account for the purpose of tax deduction at source.

Exemptions/deductions in computing total income

  1. The exemptions/deductions which can be taken into account for computing the total income of an employee are discussed hereun­der :

(i)   The value of any travel concession or assistance received by or due to an employee from his employer of former employer for himself and his family, in connection with his proceeding (a) on leave to any place in India, or (b) on retirement from service, or after termination of service to any place in India is exempt under clause (5) of section 10 subject, however, to the conditions prescribed in rule 2B of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. For the purpose of this clause, “family” in relation to an individual means—

(1)   The spouse and children of the individual; and

(2)   The parents, brothers and sisters of the individual or any of them, wholly or mainly dependent on the individual.

It may also be noted that the amount exempt under this clause shall in no case exceed the amount of expenses actually incurred for the purpose of such travel.

(ii)   Death- cum-retirement gratuity or any other gratuity is exempt to the extent specified from inclusion in computing the total income under clause (10) of section 10.

(iii)   Any payment in commutation of pension received under the Civil Pension (Commutation) Rules of the Central Government or under any similar scheme applicable to the members of the civil services of the Union, or holders of civil posts/posts connected with defence, under the Union, or civil posts under a State, or to the members of the all India services/defence services, or, to the employees of a local authority or a corporation established by a Central, State or Provincial Act, is exempt under sub-clause (i) of clause (10A ) of section 10. As regards payments in commutation of pension received under any scheme of any other employer, exemption will be governed by the provisions of sub-clause (ii) of clause (10A) of section 10.

(iv)   Any payment received by an employee of the Central Government or a State Government, as cash equivalent of the leave salary in respect of the period of earned leave at his credit at the time of his retirement on superannuation or otherwise, is exempt under sub-clause (i) of clause (10AA) of section 10. In the case of other employees, this exemption will be determined with reference to the leave to their credit at the time of re­tirement on superannuation, or otherwise, subject to a maximum of eight months’ leave. This exemption will be further limited to the maximum amount specified by the Government of India from time to time. Presently, this limit has been specified in the Govern­ment of India Notification No. SO 553(E) [F.No. 142/11/88-TPL], dated 8-6-1988 at Rs. 79,920.

(v)   Under section 10(10B), the retrenchment compensation received by a workman is exempt from income-tax subject to certain limits. The maximum amount of retrenchment compensation exempt is the sum calculated on the basis provided in section 25F(b) of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 or any amount not less than Rs. 50,000 as the Central Government may by notifica­tion specify in the Official Gazette, whichever is less. These limits shall not apply in the case where the compensation is paid under any scheme which is approved in this behalf by the Central Government, having regard to the need for extending special pro­tection to the workmen in the undertakings to which the scheme applies and other relevant circumstances.

(vi)   Under section 10(10C), any payment received by an employee of a public sector company or any other company, at the time of his voluntary retirement, is exempt from income-tax, to the extent such amount does not exceed Rs. five lakhs, provided the scheme of voluntary retirement has been framed in accordance with the prescribed guidelines (given in rule 2BA of the Income-tax Rules, 1962). Further, in the case of a company other than a public sector company, such schemes shall have to be approved by the Chief Commissioner of Income-tax or the Director General of Income-tax, as the case may be. The Finance Act, 1993 has extend­ed this exemption to the employees of an authority established under a Central, State or Provincial Act, or, a local authority. It has also been provided that where this exemption has been allowed to any employee for any assessment year, it shall not be allowed to him for any other assessment year :

(vii)   Under section 10(13A) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, any special allowance specifically granted to an assessee by his employer to meet expenditure incurred on payment of rent (by whatever name called) in respect of residential accommodation occupied by the assessee is exempt from income-tax to the extent as may be prescribed, having regard to the area or place in which such accommodation is situated and other relevant considerations. According to rule 2A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, the quantum of exemption allowable on account of grant of special allowance to meet expenditure on payment of rent shall be :—

(a)   The actual amount of such allowance received by an employee in respect of the relevant period; or

(b)   The actual expenditure incurred in payment of rent in excess of 1/10 of the salary due for the relevant period; or

(c)   Where such accommodation is situated in Bombay, Calcut­ta, Delhi or Madras, 50 per cent of the salary due to the employ­ee for the relevant period; or

(d)   Where such accommodation is situated in any other place, 40 per cent of the salary due to the employee for the relevant period,

whichever is the least.

For this purpose, ‘Salary’ includes dearness allowance, i.e., if the terms of employment so provide, but excludes all other allow­ances and perquisites.

It has to be noted that only the expenditure actually incurred on payment of rent in respect of residential accommodation occupied by the assessee subject to the limits laid down in rule 2A, qualifies for exemption from income-tax. Thus, house rent allow­ance granted to an employee who is residing in a house/flat owned by him is not exempt from income-tax. The disbursing authorities should satisfy themselves in this regard by insisting on produc­tion of evidence of actual payment of rent before excluding the house rent allowance or any portion thereof from the total income of the employee.

Though incurring actual expenditure on payment of rent is a prerequisite for claiming deduction under section 10(13A), it has been decided as an administrative measure that salaried employees drawing house rent allowance up to Rs. 600 per month will be exempted from production of rent receipt. It may, however, be noted that this concession is only for the purpose of tax deduc­tion at source, and, in the regular assessment of the employee, the Assessing Officer will be free to make such enquiry as he deems fit for the purpose of satisfying himself that the employee has incurred actual expenditure on payment of rent.

(viii)   Clause (14) of section 10 provides for exemption of the following allowances :

(a)   Any special allowance or benefit granted to an employee to meet the expenses incurred in the performance of his duties, which the Central Government may specify by notification in the Official Gazette;

(b)   Any allowance granted to an assessee either to meet his personal expenses at the place of his posting or at the place he ordinarily resides or to compensate him for the increased cost of living, which the Central Government may specify by notification in the Official Gazette.

However, the allowance referred to in (b) above should not be in the nature of a personal allowance granted to the assessee to remunerate or compensate him for performing duties of a special nature relating to his office or employment unless such allowance is related to his place of posting or residence.

By Notification Nos. SO 143(E), dated 21-2-1989, SO 144(E), dated 21-2-1989 [as amended by Notification Nos. SO 259(E), dated 27-3-1990 and SO 487(E), dated 1-7-1992, GSR 606(E), dated 9-6-1989 and SO 267(E), dated 29-3-1991] the Central Government have specified the following allowances as exempt to the extent and subject to the conditions indicated therein :

(a)   Any allowance granted to meet cost of travel on tour or on transfer, including any allowance granted to meet the ordinary daily charges incurred by an employee on account of absence from his normal place of duty;

(b)   Any Special Compensatory Allowance in the nature of border area allowance or remote area allowance or difficult area allowance or disturbed area allowance;

(c)   Tribal area allowance;

(d)   Any allowance granted to an employee working in a transport system to meet his personal expenses during his duty performed in the course of running of such transport from one place to another;

(e)   Children Education Allowance;

(f)   Any allowance granted to an employee to meet the hostel expenditure of his child;

(g)   Any allowance granted to meet the expenditure incurred on conveyance in the performance of duties of an office or employment of profit;

(h)   Any special compensatory allowance in the nature of Composite Hill Compensatory Allowance or High Altitude Allowance or Uncongenial Climate Allowance or Snowbound Area Allowance or Avalanche Allowance; and

(i)   Any allowance granted to meet the expenditure incurred on a helper where such a helper is engaged for the performance of duties of an office or employment of profit; any allowance grant­ed for encouraging academic research and any other professional pursuit; any allowance granted to meet the expenses incurred on the purchase or maintenance of uniform for wear during the per­formance of the duties of an office or employment of profit.

It may be noted that the Dearness Allowance  and City Compensato­ry Allowance granted to an employee are not covered by the afore­said notifications; these allowances will clearly be part of income and will have to be taken into account in the computation of income for the purpose of deduction of tax at source. The reimbursement of tuition fee is also not exempt from tax.

(ix)   Under section 10(15)(iv )(i) of the Income-tax Act, interest payable by the Government on deposits made by an employ­ee of the Central Government or State Government or a public sector company from out of his retirement benefits, in accordance with such scheme framed in this behalf by the Central Government and notified in the Official Gazette is exempt from income-tax, by Notification No. F. 2/14/89-NS-II, dated 7-6-1989 as amended by Notification No. 2/14/89-NS-II, dated 12-10-1989, the Central Government has notified a scheme called the Deposit Scheme for Retiring Government Employees, 1989 for the purpose of the said clause.

(x)( a)   Under section 16 of the Income-tax Act, as amended by the Finance Act, 1993 the taxable salary is to be computed after making a standard deduction equal to 331 / 3 per cent of the salary, subject to the following limits :

(i)   Rs. 18,000 in the case of working women whose total income, before making the standard deduction, does not exceed Rs. 75,000 in the financial year;

(ii)   Rs. 15,000 in any other case, not covered by (i).

For this purpose, the term ‘salary’ will include fees, commissions, perquisites, or, profits in lieu of, or, in addition to salary, but will not include any payment received by the employees which is specifically exempt under clauses (10), ( 10A), (10AA), (10B), (10C ), (10D), (11), (12 ), (13A) and (14) of section 10 of the Act. Thus, for example, House Rent Allowance to the extent exempt under section 10(13A) of the Act will not be taken into account for the purpose of computing the amount of standard deduction. This deduction will be available also to all persons drawing pension during the current financial year at the same rate and subject to the ceiling of Rs. 15,000.

It may be noted that the standard deduction in full will be admissible even to those employees who are entitled to conveyance facilities.

(b)   The tax on employment within the meaning of clause (2) of Article 276 of the Constitution of India, leviable by or under any law, shall also be allowed as a deduction in computing the income of the salaried taxpayers under the head “Salaries”.

(c)   A deduction is also allowed under clause (ii) of sec­tion 16 in respect of any allowance in the nature of an enter­tainment allowance specifically granted to the assessee by his employer subject to certain limits. In the case of a Government employee, a sum equal to one-fifth of his salary (exclusive of any allowance, benefit or other perquisite) or five thousand rupees or the actual amount of entertainment allowance, whichever is the least, is allowable as deduction. In the case of a non-Government employee, deduction for entertainment allowance to the extent specified in sub-clause (b) of clause (ii) of section 16 will be given only if the allowance is regularly received by him from his present employer from a date prior to 1st April, 1955.

(xi)   Under section 17, as amended by the Finance Act, 1992, and, further amended by the Finance Act, 1993, exemption from tax will also be available in respect of—

(a)   the value of any medical treatment provided to an employee or any member of his family, in any hospital maintained by the employer;

(b)   reimbursement by the employer, of expenditure incurred by an employee on his medical treatment or treatment of any member of his family in any hospital maintained by the Government or any local authority or any other hospital approved by the Government for the purposes of medical treatment of its employ­ees;

(c)   any sum paid by the employer directly to a hospital, approved by the Chief Commissioner of Income-tax, having regard to the prescribed guidelines for the purposes of medical treat­ment of the prescribed diseases or ailments, on account of such treatment of the employee or any member of his family. For this purpose the necessary guidelines are contained in rule 3A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962;

(d)   premium paid by the employer in respect of medical insurance taken for his employees (under any scheme approved by the Central Government) or reimbursement of insurance premium to the employees who take medical insurance for themselves or for their family members (under any scheme approved by the Central Government);

(e)   reimbursement by the employer, of the amount spent by an employee in obtaining medical treatment for himself or any member of his family from any doctor, not exceeding in the aggre­gate, Rs. 10,000 in any year;

(f)   as regards medical treatment abroad, the actual expend­iture on stay and treatment abroad of the employee or any member of his family, or, on stay abroad of one attendant who accompa­nies the patient, in connection with such treatment, will be excluded from perquisites to the extent permitted by the Reserve Bank of India. As regards the expenditure incurred on travel abroad by the patient/attendant, it shall be excluded from per­quisites only if the employee’s gross total income, as computed before including the said expenditure, does not exceed Rs. 2 lakhs.

(xii)   Under section 80D in the case of the following categories of persons, a deduction can be allowed for a sum not exceeding Rs. 6,000 per annum to the extent payment is made by cheque out of their income chargeable to tax to keep in force an insurance on the health of the categories of persons mentioned below provided that such insurance is in accordance with the scheme framed by the General Insurance Corporation of India as approved by the Central Government, popularly known as “Medi­claim”.

The categories of persons are :

(a)   where the assessee is an individual, any sum paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of the assessee or on the health of the wife or husband, dependent parents or dependent  children of the assessee;

(b)   where the assessee is a Hindu undivided family, any sum paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of any member of the family;

(c)   where the assessee is an association of persons or a body of individuals consisting in either case, only of husband and wife governed by the system of community of property in force in the State of Goa and the Union Territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, any sum paid to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the health of any member of such association or body or on the health of dependent children of the members of such an association or body.

(xiii)   Under section 80DD, as amended by the Finance Act, 1993, a deduction of Rs. 15,000 shall be allowed in the case of resident individuals who incur expenditure on the medical treat­ment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of a handi­capped dependent relative, suffering from permanent physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation, specified in rule 11A of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. The deduction will be available to all assessees without any restriction with regard to their total income. The permanent physical disability or mental retardation of the dependent relative has to be certified by a physician, surgeon, oculist or a psychiatrist, as the case may be, working in a Government hospital, including a Departmental Dispensary or a hospital maintained by a local authority as per Explanation given below section 80DD. The Drawing and Disbursing Officers should therefore, call for such particulars/certifi­cates/information and from the employees as they deemed necessary to verify the genuineness of the claim before they allow this deduction.

(xiv)   No deduction should be allowed by the DDO from the salary income in respect of any donations made for charitable purposes. The tax relief on such donations as admissible under section 80G of the Act, will have to be claimed by the taxpayer in the return of income. However, in cases where contributions are made to the National Defence Fund, the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, the Prime Minister’s Drought Relief Fund, the National Children’s Fund, the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust or the Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, fifty per cent of such contributions may be deducted in computing the total income of the employee. Simi­larly, the donations to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund, the Prime Minister’s Armenia Earthquake Relief Fund, the Africa (Public Contributions – India) Fund, and, the National Foundation for Communal Harmony, will be eligible for hundred per cent deduction. Deduction will not be admissible where the aggregate of all contributions during the financial year is less than Rs. 250.

(xv)   Under section 80GG of the Act, an assessee is entitled to a deduction in respect of house rent paid by him for his own residence at the places specified under rule 11B of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. Such deduction is permissible subject to the following conditions:—

(a)   the assessee has not been in receipt of any house rent allowance specifically granted to him which qualifies for exemp­tion under section 10(13A) of the Act;

(b)   he will be entitled to a deduction in respect of house rent paid by him in excess of 10 per cent of his total income, subject to a ceiling of 25 per cent thereof or Rs. 1,000 per month, whichever is less. The total income for working out these percentages will be computed before making any deduction under section 80GG;

(c)   the assessee does not own :

(i)   any residential accommodation himself or by his spouse or minor child or where such assessee is a member of a Hindu undivided family, by such family, at the place where he ordinari­ly resides or performs duties of his office or carries on his business or profession; or

(ii)   at any other place, any residential accommodation being accommodation in the occupation of the assessee, the value of which is to be determined under sub-clause (i) of clause (a), or as the case may be, clause (b) of sub-section (2) of section 23;

(d)   The accommodation occupied by him for the purpose of his own residence is situated in any of the following places, namely :—

(i)   Agra, Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Amritsar, Bangalore, Bho­pal, Calcutta, Coimbatore, Delhi, Faridabad, Gwalior (Lashkar), Hyderabad, Indore, Jabalpore, Jaipur, Kanpur, Lucknow, Ludhiana City, Madurai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Srinagar, Surat, Vadodara (Baroda) or Varanasi (Banaras) or the Urban agglomeration of each of such places; or

(ii)   Bombay, Calicut, Cochin, Ghaziabad, Hubli-Dharwar, Madras, Solapur, Trivandrum or Vishakhapatnam.

Explanation : “Urban Agglomeration” in relation to a place means the area for the time being included in the urban agglomeration of such place for the purpose of grant of house rent allowance by the Central Government to its employees under the orders issued by it from time to time in this regard.

The disbursing authorities should satisfy themselves that all the conditions mentioned above are satisfied before such deduction is allowed by them to the assessees. They should also satisfy them­selves in this regard by insisting on production of evidence of actual payment of rent.

(xvi)   Section 80RRA, provides that where the gross total income of an individual who is a citizen of India, includes any remuneration received by him in foreign currency from any employ­er (i.e., a foreign employer or an Indian concern) for any services rendered by him outside India, an amount equal to the following shall be allowed as deduction in computing the total income of the individual :

(i)   fifty per cent of the remuneration, or

(ii)   seventy-five per cent of such remuneration as is brought into India, by, or on behalf of, the assessee, in accord­ance with the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973, and any rules made thereunder,

whichever is higher.

In the case of an employee of Central Government or any State Government, or a person who was immediately before taking up the service outside India, in the employment of the Central Govern­ment or any State Government, the deduction will be allowed only if the service of the employee is sponsored by the Central Gov­ernment. In the case of any other individual, the deduction will be allowed only if he is a “technician” and the terms and condi­tions of his service outside India are approved for the purpose of the said section by the Central Government or the prescribed authority. It is pertinent to note that the deduction is to be allowed with reference to the remuneration received by the individual in foreign currency for services rendered outside India.

Thus, if remuneration is paid to the Indian technician, etc., partly in Indian currency and partly in foreign currency, the amount paid in Indian currency, will not be taken into account for purposes of deduction under section 80RRA. Likewise, if a part of the remuneration, although paid in foreign currency relates to service rendered in India, then such part of the remuneration will also not qualify for deduction under section 80RRA. The expression “foreign employer” has been defined in Explanation (b) to section 80RRA to mean (i) The Government of a foreign State; or (ii) a foreign enterprise; or (iii) any association or body established outside India. While allowing the deduction under this section, documentary evidence should be obtained on the following points :

(a)   In the case of an individual who is in the employment of the Central Government or any State Government, the fact of his service having been sponsored by the Central Government;

(b)   In the case of any other individual being a technician, the fact of the terms and conditions of his service outside India having been approved in this behalf by the Central Government (Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue, Foreign Tax Divi­sion, New Delhi).

(It should also be ensured that the deduction is allowed with reference to the remuneration received in foreign currency in respect of the period of service outside India).

(xvii)   Section 80U allows deduction of a sum of twenty thousand rupees in computing the total income of a resident individual, who at the end of the previous year, is suffering from a permanent physical disability (including blindness) or is subject to mental retardation, being a permanent physical disa­bility, or mental retardation, specified in rule 11D of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, which is certified by a physician, sur­geon, oculist or psychiatrist, as the case may be, working in a Government hospital and which has the effect or reducing consid­erably such individual’s capacity for normal work or engaging in a gainful employment or occupation. The expression ‘Government hospital’ will include a departmental dispensary or a hospital maintained by a local authority as specified in the Explanation given below section 80DD.

Tax rebate

  1. According to section 88, an assessee will be entitled to a rebate (subject to the specified limits) in respect of the amounts invested or deposited in the following items, during the previous year out of his income chargeable to tax from the in­come-tax payable by him on his total income :—

(i)   Payment of insurance premium to effect or to keep in force an insurance on the life of the individual, the wife or husband, or any child of the individual. (It may be noted that any premium or other payment made on a policy as is not in excess of 10% of the sum assured, will alone qualify for deduction);

(ii)   Any payment made to effect or to keep in force a con­tract for a deferred annuity, not being an annuity plan as is referred to in item (viii) hereinbelow on the life of the indi­vidual, the wife or husband or any child of the individual, provided that such contract does not contain a provision for the exercise by the insured of an option to receive a cash payment in lieu of the payment of the annuity;

(iii)   Any sum deducted from the salary payable by or on behalf of the Government to any individual, being a sum deducted in accordance with the conditions of the service for the purpose of securing to him a deferred annuity or making provision for his wife or children, in so far as the sum deducted does not exceed 1/5th of the salary;

(iv)   Any contribution made :

(a)   by an individual to any Provident Fund to which the Provident Funds Act, 1925 applies;

(b)   to any provident fund set up by the Central Government, and notified by it in this behalf in the Official Gazette, where such contribution is to an account standing in the name of an individual, or a minor of whom he is the guardian;

(c)   by an employee to a recognised provident fund;

(d)   by an employee to an approved superannuation fund :

It may be noted that “contribution” to any fund shall not include any sums in repayment of loan;

(v)   Any deposit in a ten year account or a fifteen year account under the Post Office Savings Bank (Cumulative Time Deposit) Rules, 1959, as amended from time to time, where such sums are deposited in an account standing in the name of an individual, or a minor, of whom he is the guardian;

(vi)   Any subscription :—

(a)   to any such security of the Central Government or any such deposit scheme as the Central Government may, by notifica­tion in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

(b)   to any such saving certificates as defined under sec­tion 2(c) of the Government Saving Certificate Act, 1959 as the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf. Interest on NSC (VI Issue) and NSC (VIII Issue) which is deemed investment also qualifies for deduction;

(vii)   Any sum paid as contribution :

(a)   for participation in the Unit Linked Insurance Plan, 1971 of the Unit Trust of India;

(b)   for participation in any unit-linked insurance plan of the LIC Mutual Fund notified by the Central Government under clause (23D) of section 10.

(viii)   Any payment made to effect or keep in force a contract for such annuity plan of the Life Insurance Corporation as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.

(ix)   Any subscription not exceeding rupees ten thousand, made to any units of any Mutual Fund, notified under clause (23D) of section 10, or, of the Unit Trust of India established under the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963, under any plan formulated in accordance with any such scheme as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

(x)   Any contribution made by an individual to any pension fund set up by any Mutual Fund notified under clause (23D) of section 10, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

(xi)   Any subscription made to any such deposit scheme of, or, any contribution made to any such pension fund set up by the National Housing Bank, as the Central Government may, by notifi­cation in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

(xii)   Any subscription made to any such deposit scheme, floated by (a) public sector companies engaged in providing long-term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India for residential purposes, or (b ) any authority constituted in India by, or, under any law, enacted either for the purpose of dealing with and satisfying the need for housing accommodation or for the purpose of planning, development or improvement of cities, towns and villages, or for both.

(xiii)   Any sums paid by an assessee for the purpose of purchase or construction of residential house property, the income from which is chargeable to tax under the head “Income from house property” (or which would, if it has not used for assessee’s own residence, have been chargeable to tax under that head) where such payments are made towards or by way of any instalment or part payment of the amount due under any self-financing or other scheme of any development authority, housing board etc. The deduction will also be allowable in respect of re-payment of loans borrowed by an assessee from the Government, or any bank or Life Insurance Corporation, or the National Housing Bank, or certain other categories of institutions engaged in the business of providing long-term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India. Any repayment of loan borrowed from the employer will also be covered, if the employer happens to be a public company, public sector company or a university estab­lished by law or a college affiliated to such university, or a local authority or a co-operative society. The stamp duty, regis­tration fee and other expenses incurred for the purpose of trans­fer shall also be covered. Payment towards the cost of house property, however, will not include, admission fee or cost of share or initial deposit or the cost of any addition or altera­tion to or renovation or repair of the house property which is carried out after the issue of the completion certificate by competent authority, or after the occupation of the house by the assessee or after it has been let out. Payments towards any expenditure in respect of which the deduction is allowable under the provisions of section 24 of the Income-tax Act will also not be included in payments towards the cost of purchase or construc­tion of a house property. Where the house property in respect of which deduction has been allowed under these provisions is trans­ferred by the tax-payer at any time before the expiry of five years from the end of the financial year in which possession of such property is obtained by him or he receives back, by way of refund or otherwise, any sum specified in section 88(2)(xv), no deduction under these provisions shall be allowed in respect of such sums paid in such previous year in which the transfer is made and the aggregate amount of deduction of income-tax so allowed in the earlier years shall be added to the tax on the total income of the assessee with which he is chargeable for such assessment year. It may be noted that the amount which will qualify for tax rebate in respect of this item will not exceed Rs. 10,000. In respect of repayment of loans taken for the pur­chase or construction of a new residential house property the construction of which does not get completed by the end of the financial year 1993-94, no tax rebate in respect of these items shall be admissible to the employees.

6.1 Subject to the limits mentioned for the various items, the entitlement to tax-rebate will be calculated at the rate of 20% of the total amount of the aforesaid savings etc., in the case of individuals, and, at the rate of 25 per cent in the case of an author or playwright or artist or musician or actor or sportsman (including an athlete) whose income derived from the exercise of his profession as such author/playwright/artist/musician/actor/sportsman/athlete consti­tutes twenty-five per cent or more of his total income.

The maximum tax-rebate allowable will be Rs. 12,000 generally, and Rs. 17,500 in the case of authors, playwrights, artists, musicians, actors, sportsmen and athletes. There will, therefore, be an overall limit for savings which will qualify for tax-rebate. In the case of individuals, the limit will be Rs. 60,000 and in the case of authors, sportsmen etc. Rs. 70,000.

6.2 Section 88B was introduced into the Income-tax Act by the Finance Act, 1992, with a view to providing additional tax-rebate of 10 per cent of the amount of income-tax payable be resident individuals of the age of 65 years and above, whose gross total income did not exceed Rs. 50,000. The Finance Act, 1993 has further amended section 88B so as to enhance the aforesaid rebate from 10 per cent to 20 per cent of the amount of income-tax (as computed before allowing deductions under Chapter VIII of the Income-tax Act, 1961), payable by such resident individuals subject to the condition that their gross total income does not exceed Rs. 75,000.

6.3 The Drawing and Disbursing Officers should satisfy themselves about the actual deposits/subscriptions/payments made by the employees, by calling for such particulars/information as they deem necessary before allowing the aforesaid rebate. In case the DDO is not satisfied about the genuineness of the employee’s claim regarding any deposit/subscription/payment made by the employee, he should not allow the same, and the employee would be free to claim the rebate on such amount by filing his return of income and furnishing the necessary proof etc., therewith to the satisfaction of the Assessing Officer. It may also be mentioned here that the deposits/subscriptions/payments towards the items qualifying for the tax rebate should be made out of the employ­ee’s income chargeable to tax.

Calculation of income-tax and surcharge

  1. (a) The net salary income in the case of each employee, ar­rived at after allowing the eligible deductions, from the gross salary, is liable to income-tax during the financial year 1993-94 at the rates referred in para 2 above. After calculating the tax-liability, the tax rebate provided for in section 88 and section 88B (wherever applicable) should be allowed as a deduction. The balance amount is the tax payable by the employee which is re­quired to be deducted from the monthly salary in equal instal­ments. It may be noted here that the tax-rebate under sections 88 and 88B shall not in any case exceed the amount of income-tax on the total income of the assessee with which he is chargeable.

(bSurcharge : In the case of every person having a total income exceeding Rs. 1,00,000, the amount of income-tax thus computed, as reduced by the rebate of tax, mentioned above, shall be in­creased by a surcharge, for the purposes of the Union, calculated at the rate of 12 per cent of such tax. This surcharge will, however, not apply to non-resident.

(cRounding off : It may also be noted that the total income computed in accordance with the provisions of the Act should be rounded off to the nearest multiple of ten rupees by ignoring the fraction less than five rupees and increasing the fraction which is five rupees or more, to ten rupees. Similarly, the net amount of tax deductible should be rounded off to the nearest rupee by ignoring the fraction less than 50 paise and increasing the fraction which is fifty paise or more, to one rupee.

Miscellaneous provisions of information/guidance of DDOs

  1. As stated in para 4 above, sub-section (1) of section 192 makes the person responsible for paying salary, also responsible for deducting income-tax at source from the payment of salary. The scope of deduction of tax at source from “Salaries” was further modified by the Finance Act, 1987 by the insertion of sub-sections (2), (2A) and (2B) in section 192. The salient features of these provisions as further modified by the Finance Act, 1989 are given below :—

(a)   Sub-section (2) of section 192 deals with situations where an individual is working under more than one employer or has changed from one employer to another. It provides for deduc­tion of tax at source by such employer (as the taxpayer may choose) from the aggregate salary of the employee who is or has been in receipt of salary from more than one employer. The em­ployee is now required to furnish to the present/chosen employer details of the income under the head “Salary” due or received from the former/other employer and also tax deducted at source therefrom, in writing and duly verified by him and by the former/other employer. The present employer will be required to deduct tax at source on the aggregate amount of salary (including salary received from the former or other employer).

(b)   Sub-section (2A) of section 192 provides that in re­spect of salary payment of employees of Government, Company, Co-operative Society, Local Authority, University, Institution, Association or Body deduction of tax at source may be made after allowing relief under section 89(1), whenever salary, etc., is paid in arrears or in advance.

(c)   Sub-section (2B) enables a taxpayer to furnish particu­lars of income under any head other than “Salaries” and of any tax deducted at source thereon in the prescribed Form (No. 12C). Such income under any other head should not be a loss. The em­ployer shall take such other income and tax, if any, deducted at source from such income, into account for the purpose of comput­ing tax deductible under section 192 of the Income-tax Act. However, if such aggregation results in tax deductible which is less than in the case where income under the head “Salaries” alone is taken into account for computing tax deductible, then such aggregation under sub-section (2B) is not permissible. In other words, a loss from any other source cannot be adjusted by the DDO against salary income. To meet the requirements of these provisions, the Central Government have enacted Rule 26B in the Income-tax Rules. Detailed instructions in this regard were issued by the Department vide Circular No. 504 [F. No. 275/138/87-IT(B)], dated 8-2-1988.

8.1 Section 197 further enables the taxpayer to make an applica­tion in Form No. 13 to his Assessing Officer, and, if the Assess­ing Officer is satisfied that the total income of the taxpayer justifies the deduction of income-tax at any lower rate or no deduction of income-tax, he may issue an appropriate certificate to that effect which should be taken into account by the Drawing and Disbursing Officer while deducting tax at source.

8.2 In the case of pensioners who receive their pension from a nationalised bank, the instructions contained in this Circular shall apply in the same manner as they apply to salary income. The deductions from the amount of pension on account of standard deduction under section 16 and the tax-rebate under section 88B (in the case of pensioners, resident in India, who are 65 years of age or more, and, whose gross total income does not exceed Rs. 75,000) will be allowed by the concerned bank at the time of deduction of tax at source from the pension, before making pay­ment to the concerned pensioner. As regards the tax-rebate under section 88 on account of contribution to Life Insurance, Provi­dent Fund, NSC, etc., if the pensioners furnish the relevant details to the banks, the tax-rebate at the specified rate may also be allowed. Necessary instructions in this regard were issued by the Reserve Bank of India to the State Bank of India and other Nationalised Banks vide RBI’s Pension Circular (Central Series) No. 7/C/C.D.R./1992 [Ref. CO:DGBA:GA (NBS) No. 60/GA.64(11 CVL)-91/92], dated the 27th April, 1992 and, these instructions should be followed by all the branches of the Banks, which have been entrusted with the task of payment of pensions.

  1. According to the provisions of section 200, any person deduct­ing any sum in accordance with the provisions of section 192 shall pay, within the prescribed time, the sum so deducted to the credit of the Central Government in the prescribed manner (viderule 30 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962). In the case of deductions made by or on behalf of the Government, the payment has to be made on the day of the tax-deduction itself. In other cases, the payment has to be normally made within one week of the deduction. If a person fails to deduct tax at source, or, after deducting, fails to pay the tax to the credit of the Central Government within the prescribed time, he shall be liable to action in accordance with the provision of section 201. Sub-section (1A) of section 201 lays down that such person shall be liable to pay simple interest at fifteen per cent per annum on the amount of such tax from the date on which such tax was deductible to the date on which tax is actually paid. Section 271C lays down that if any person fails to deduct tax at source, he shall be liable to pay, by way of penalty, a sum equal to the amount of tax not deducted by him. Further, section 276B lays down that if a person fails to pay to the credit of the Central Government within the prescribed time the tax deducted at source by him, he shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall be between 3 months and 7 years and with fine.

9.1 While making the payment of tax deducted at source to the credit of the Central Government, it may kindly be ensured that the correct amount of income-tax is recorded in the relevant challan. It may also be ensured that the right type of challan is used. The relevant challan for making payment of tax deducted at source from salaries is No. 9 with “blue colour band”. Where the amount of tax deducted at source is credited to the Central Government through book adjustment, care should be taken to ensure that the correct amount of income-tax is reflected there­in.

9.2 According to the provisions of section 203, every person responsible for deducting tax at source is required to furnish a certificate to the payee to the effect that tax has been deducted and, to specify therein the amount deducted and certain other particulars. This certificate, usually called the TDS certifi­cate, has to be furnished within a period of one month from the end of the relevant financial year, in the case of employees receiving salary income. The certificate has to be issued in Form No. 16 which has been prescribed under Board’s Notification No. S.O. 148(E), dated 28-2-1991 and circulated by Circular No. 597, dated 27-3-1991 [F. No. 275/42/91-IT(B)]. A specimen of the certificate is enclosed as Annexure III. This certificate is to be issued on the tax deductor’s own stationery. If he fails to issue the TDS certificate to the person concerned as required by section 203, he will be liable to pay by way of penalty, under section 272A, a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 100 but which may extend to Rs. 200, for every day during which the failure continues.

9.3 According to the provisions of section 203A of the Income-tax Act, it is obligatory for all persons responsible for deducting tax at source to obtain and quote the Tax-deduction Account Number (TAN) in the Challans, TDS-certificates, returns, etc. Detailed instructions in this regard are available in this De­partment’s Circular No. 497 [F. No. 275/118/87-IT(B)], dated 9-10-1987. If a person fails to comply with the provisions of section 203A, he will be liable to pay, by way of penalty, under section 272BB, a sum up to Rs. 5,000.

9.4 According to the provisions of section206 of the Income-tax Act, read with Rules 36A and 37 of the Income-tax Rules, the prescribed person in the case of every office of Government, the principal officer in the case of every company, the prescribed person in the case of every local authority or other public body or association, every private employer and every other person responsible for deducting tax under section 192, from “salaries”, shall, after the end of each financial year, prepare and deliver, by 31st May of the succeeding financial year, an annual return of deduction of tax to the designated/concerned Assessing Officer. This return has to be furnished in Form No. 24. It may be noted that a copy of each of the TDS certificates issued during the financial year should be enclosed with the annual return. If a person fails to furnish in due time the annual return, he shall liable to pay by way of penalty under section 272A, a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 100 but which may extend to Rs. 200 for every day during which the failure continues, so, however, that this sum shall not exceed the amount of tax which was de­ductible at source.

  1. These instructions are not exhaustive and are issued only with a view to helping the employers to understand the various provisions relating to deduction of tax from salaries. Wherever there is any doubt reference may be made to the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, the Income-tax Rules, 1962 and the Finance Act, 1993.
  2. In case any assistance is required, the Assessing Officer/the local Public Relations Officer of the Income-tax Department may be contacted.
  3. These instructions may please be brought to the notice of all disbursing officers and undertakings under the control of the Central/State Governments, etc.

Circular : No. 654, dated 22-7-1993.

ANNEXURE I

EXTRACT FROM THE FINANCE ACT, 1993, PART III
OF THE FIRST SCHED­ULE

Paragraph A – Sub-paragraph I

In the case of every individual or Hindu undivided family or association of persons or body of individuals, whether incorpo­rated or not, or every artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (vii) of clause (31) of section 2 of the Income-tax Act, not being a case to which Sub-Paragraph II of this Paragraph or any other Paragraph of this Part applies—

Rates of income-tax

(1) where the total income does not exceed Rs. 30,000 Nil;
(2) where the total  income exceeds Rs. 30,000 but  does not exceed Rs. 50,000 20 per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 30,000;
(3) where the total  income exceeds Rs. 50,000 but does  not exceed Rs. 1,00,000 Rs. 4,000 plus 30 per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 50,000;
(4) where the total  income exceeds Rs. 1,00,000 Rs. 19,000 plus 40 per cent of the amount by which the total income exceeds Rs. 1,00,000.

Surcharge on income-tax

The amount of income-tax computed in accordance with the preced­ing provisions of this sub-Paragraph or section 112 shall—

(i)   in the case of every individual, Hindu undivided family or association of persons or body of individuals referred to in sections 88 and 88B having a total income exceeding one hundred thousand rupees, be reduced by the amount of rebate of income-tax calculated under Chapter VIIIA and the income-tax as so reduced;

(ii)   in the case of every person, other than those mentioned in item (i) having a total income exceeding one hundred thousand rupees;

be increased by a surcharge for purposes of the Union calculated at the rate of twelve per cent of such income-tax :

Provided that no such surcharge shall be payable by a non-resident.

ANNEXURE II

Example I

(ILLUSTRATING CALCULATING OF TAX IN THE CASE OF AN EMPLOYEE HAVING GROSS
SALARY INCOME OF RS. 75,000)

Rs. Rs.
1. Gross Salary Income (including allowances) 75,000
2. Deposits under the notified schemes (e.g., NSS) 6,000
3. Contribution to G.P.F. 12,000
4. Payment towards Life Insurance Premia 500
5. Contribution for participation in Unit-linked Insurance Plan, 1971, made under section 19(1)(cc)
of the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963 300 23,720
6. Deposits in a 10-year account or 15-year account
under the Post  Office Savings Bank (Cumulative
Time Deposit) Rules, 1959 1,200
7. C.G.E.I.S. (applicable to Government employees only) 720
8. Subscription to National Savings Certificates, VIII
Issue 3,000

Computation of total income

1. Gross Salary Income 75,000
2. Standard deduction [pl. see para 5(x)(a )] (-) 15,000
3. Total Income (1 minus 2) 60,000
4. Tax on Total Income (Rs. 4,000, plus 30 per cent of the amount in excess of Rs. 50,000, (i.e., 30 per
cent of Rs. 10,000) 7,000
5. Deduct rebate on savings, etc., under section 88
@ 20 per cent of Rs. 23,720 4,744
6. Tax payable 2,256

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 188 per month during the financial year)

Example II

(ILLUSTRATING  CALCULATION OF HOUSE RENT ALLOWANCE UNDER SECTION 10( 13A) IN RESPECT OF RESIDENTIAL ACCOMMODATION SITUATED IN DELHI)

Rs. Rs.
1. Salary (excluding allowances) 1,08,000
2. House rent allowance received 12,000
3. Actual rent paid 24,000
4. Deposits under notified schemes (e.g., NSS) 12,000
5. Contribution to General Provident Fund 24,000
6. Life Insurance Premium 2,000 39,200
7. Deposits in a 10-year account under the Post Office Savings Bank (Cumulative Time Deposit)
Rules, 1959 1,200

Computation of total income

1. Salary 1,08,000
2. House rent allowance received 12,000
3. Total Salary Income 1,20,000
4. Less : House Rent allowance exempt under section 10(13A)
(a) Actual amount of HRA received (Rs. 12,000)
(b) Expenditure on rent in excess of 10 per cent of salary (Rs. 24,000 – 10,800 = Rs. 13,200)
(c ) 50  per  cent of salary (Rs. 54,000) which-
ever is the least; therefore (a) is exempt (-) 12,000
1,08,000
5. Standard deduction under section 16(i) @ 33 13
per cent subject to a maximum of Rs. 15,000 (-) 15,000
6. Total Income 93,000
7. Tax on Total Income (Rs. 4,000 plus 30 per cent
of Rs. 43,000, i.e., 4,000 + 12,900) 16,900
8. Deduct tax rebate on savings under section 88
(20 per cent of Rs. 39,200) (-) 7,840
9. Tax payable 9,060

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 755 per month during the financial year).

Example III

(ILLUSTRATING VALUATION OF PERQUISITES AND CALCULATION OF SURCHARGE IN THE CASE OF AN EMPLOYEE OF A PRIVATE COMPANY, POSTED AT BOMBAY)

Rs. Rs.
1. Salary 1,20,000
2. Bonus 10,000
3. Free  gas,  electricity,  water,  etc.,  (actual  bills
paid by the Company) 3,000
4. Furniture at cost (including television set, radio set, refrigerator,   other   household   appliances  and  air-
conditioner) belonging to the Company 40,000
5. (i ) Furnished flat provided to the employee for  which
actual  rent  paid  by  the Company 84,000
(ii ) Rent recovered from the employee 12,000
6. Deposits under the specified schemes 15,000
7. Subscription to Mutual Fund 8,000
8. Life Insurance  Premium 2,000 44,000
9. Subscription  to  National  Savings  Certificates
(VIII issue) 3,000
10. Contribution to Recognised Provident Fund 16,000

Computation of total income

Rs. Rs. Rs.
1. Salary 1,20,000
2. Bonus 10,000 1,30,000
3. Valuation of perquisites :
(a) Furnished flat at concessional rent under section 17(2) read with clauses (a) and (b ) of rule 3 of the IT Rules, 1962. Fair rental value (FRV) assumed to be equal to actual rent i.e., Rs. 84,000 (10 per cent of salary
including bonus) 13,000
(b) Add : Excess of (FRV) over 60 per cent   of     salary  in­cluding  bonus  (i.e.,  Rs.  84,000 –
Rs. 78,000) 6,000
(c) Add  :  Perquisite  of  the furniture (10 per
cent of cost, i.e., Rs. 40,000) 4,000
23,000
(d) Less : Rent paid by the employee (-) 12,000 11,000
(e) Add : Perquisite of free gas, electri-
city, etc. 3,000 1,44,000
4. Less :Standard deduction under section 16(i) of the Income-tax Act, 1961, (331/3 per cent of  the   amount   subject  to  a  maximum of
Rs. 15,000) (-) 15,000
5. Total Income 1,29,000
6. Tax  on  Total  Income  (Rs.  19,000 + 40 per cent
of Rs. 29,000) 30,600
7. Deduct tax rebate on Savings (Specified Savings  Schemes,   Mutual   Fund,   LIP,   PF,  NSC,  etc.)
20 per cent of Rs. 44,000 (-) 8,800
8. Tax payable (6-7) 21,800
9. Surcharge (@ 12 per cent of Rs. 21,800) 2,616
10. Total tax payable 24,416

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 2,035 for 11 months and Rs. 2,031 in the last month)

Notes :

(i)   In the example given above the actual rent has been assumed to be equal to the “Fair Rental Value”. “Fair Rental Value” can, however, be different from the actual rent. It is defined in Explanation 2, below clause (a) of rule 3, to mean in the case of an accommodation which is unfurnished, the rent which a similar accommodation would realise in the same locality or the municipal valuation in respect of the accommodation, whichever is higher.

(ii)   In case the accommodation is situated in Bombay, Cal­cutta, Delhi or Madras, the excess of fair rental value over 60 per cent of salary as against 50 per cent in other cases, is required to be added in determining the value of perquisites in view of Board’s Circular No. 374, dated 14-12-1983. If this excess  is a negative figure, it should be taken as ‘Nil ’.

(iii)   In the case of Government servants, the value of perquisites of unfurnished accommodation provided free is deter­mined in accordance with rules framed by the Government for allotment of residence to its employees. For determining the perquisite value of free furniture, it is taken, as in other cases, at 10 per cent per annum of the original cost of the furniture, or if it is hired from a third party, the actual hire charges payable.

(iv)   Where unfurnished accommodation is provided to its employees by the Reserve Bank of India or any other public sector body specified in sub-clause (2) of clause (a) of rule 3 of the Income-tax Rules. Say a nationalised bank, State Trading Corpora­tion, etc., it is taken as 10 per cent of the salary due to the employee and where the accommodation is furnished, as in other cases, an additional 10 per cent of the original cost of furni­ture, or if it is hired from a third party, the actual hire charges payable.

Example IV

(EXAMPLES OF INCOME-TAX CALCULATION IN THE CASE OF AN EMPLOYEE POSTED IN
DELHI AND REPAYING HOUSE BUILDING LOAN)

Rs. Rs.
1. Total Salary (excluding H.R.A.) 90,000
2. House rent allowance 12,000
3. Subscription to units of Mutual Fund referred
in para 6(ix) 12,000
4. Contribution of GPF and payment  of LIC premium 15,000 27,000
5. Actual rent paid 24,000
6. Repayment of loan taken from LIC for con-
struction of house 12,000

Computation of total income

1. Salary 90,000
2. House rent allowance received 12,000
3. Gross salary income 1,02,000
4. Less : Allowance under section 10(13A) :
(a) Actual amount of HRA received, or 12,000
(b) Expenditure  on  rent  in  excess  of  10 per cent
of salary (24,000 – 9,000), or 15,000
(c) 50 per cent of salary 45,000
whichever, is the least; therefore (a) is exempt (-) 12,000
90,000
5. Less : Standard deduction under section 16(i) of the  Income-tax  Act,  1961  @  331 /   per   cent   of   salary
subject to a maximum of Rs. 15,000 (-) 15,000
6. Total income 75,000
7. Tax on total income (Rs. 4,000 + 30 per cent of 25,000) 11,500
8. Tax rebate to be allowed under section 88; amounts qualifying for rebate—
(i) Mutual   Fund   (Limited   to   Rs.   10,000);   see
para 6(ix) 10,000
(ii) Contribution to GPF/LIC premium 15,000
(iii) Repayment of housing loan (limited to Rs. 10,000),
see para 6(xiii ) 10,000
Tax rebate (20 per cent of Rs. 35,000) 7,000
9. Tax payable (6 – 7) 4,500

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 975 p.m. during the financial year)

Example V

(SHOWING CALCULATION OF TAX LIABILITY OF A PERSON OF 65 YEARS OF AGE
(OR MORE) AND DRAWING PENSION)

Rs.
1. Total pension income (including Dearness Relief) 60,000
2. Deposits under specified schemes (e.g., NSS) 6,000

Computation of total income

1. Total pension income 60,000
2. Standard deduction (-) 15,000
3. Total Income 45,000
4. Tax on Total Income [20 per cent of Rs. (45,000 – 30,000)] 3,000
5. Tax  rebate  under  section  88B  (20  per  cent of
Rs. 3,000) (-) 600
6. Tax payable (4 – 5) 2,400
7. Tax  rebate  under  section  88  (20  per  cent  of
Rs. 6,000) 1,200
8. Net tax payable (6 – 7) 1,200

(Average monthly deduction comes to Rs. 100 p.m. during the financial year)

ANNEXURE III

FORM NO. 16

[See rule 31(1)(a)]

Certificate under section 203 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 for tax deducted at
source from income chargeable under the head “Sal­aries”

Name and address of the Employer Name and Designation of the Employer
…………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….
PAN/GIR NO. TAN PAN/GIR NO.
TDS  Circle  where  Annual  Return/ PERIOD Assessment
Statement under section 206 is to befiled From To Year 19…..

DETAILS OF SALARY PAID AND ANY OTHER INCOME AND TAX DEDUCTED

1. Gross Salary* Rs…..
2. Less : Allowance to the extent exempt under section 10 Rs….. Rs…..
3. Balance (1 – 2) Rs…..
4. Deductions :
(a) Standard deduction Rs…..
(b) Entertainment allowance Rs…..
(c) Tax on Employment Rs…..
5. Aggregate of 4(a to c) Rs…..
6. Income chargeable under the  head Salaries (3 – 5) Rs…..
7. Add : Any other income  reported by the employee Rs…..
8. Gross Total Income (6 + 7) Rs…..
9. Deductions under Chapter VI-A
Gross Qualifying Deductible
Amount Amount Amount
(a) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(b) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(c) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(d) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
10. Aggregate of deductible  amount under Chapter VI-A Rs…..
11. Total income (8 – 10) Rs…..
12. Tax on Total Income Rs…..
13. Rebate and Relief under Chapter VIII
I. Under section 88 (Please specify)
Gross Qualifying Tax
Amount Amount Rebate/
Relief
(a) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(b) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(c) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(d) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(e) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
(f) Total (a) to (e ) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
II. Under section 88A (Please specify)
Gross Qualifying
Amount Amount
(a) Rs….. Rs…..
(b) Rs….. Rs…..
(c) Total (a) + (b ) Rs….. Rs….. Rs…..
III. Under section 89 (attach details) Rs…..
14. Aggregate of Tax Rebates and Reliefs at 13 above
(I)(f) + II(c) + III) Rs…..
15. Tax Payable (12 – 14) and  surcharge thereon Rs…..
16. Less: Tax deducted at source Rs…..
17. Tax Payable/Refundable (15 – 16) Rs…..

DETAILS OF TAX DEDUCTED AND DEPOSITED INTO CENTRAL
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNT

Amount Date of Payment Name of Bank & Branch where tax Deposited

Certified that a sum of Rs….. (in words)……has been deducted at source and paid to the credit of the Central Government. Further that the above information is true and correct as per records.

Signature of the person responsible
for deduction of tax
Place…………… Full Name……………………….
Date…………… Designation……………………..

 

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Category : Income Tax (26742)
Type : Circulars (7676) Notifications/Circulars (31380)

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