Expediting prosecution proceedings under the Act

Chapter XXII of the Income-tax Act, 1961 details punishable offences and prosecution for such offences. Prosecution under the direct tax laws is used as a tool for deterrence and effective enforcement of laws.

It is proposed to strengthen the prosecution mechanism (through new sections 280A, 280B, 280C and 280D) under the Income-tax Act by –

(i) Providing for constitution of Special Courts for trial of offences.

(ii) Application of summons trial for offences under the Act to expedite prosecution proceedings as the procedures in a summons trial are simpler and less time consuming.

(iii) Providing for appointment of public prosecutors.

The existing provisions of section 276C, 276CC, 277, 277A and section 278 of the Income-tax Act provide that in a case where the amount of tax, penalty or interest which would have been evaded by a person exceeds one hundred thousand rupees, he shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to seven years and with fine.

In case the amount which would have been evaded by a person does not exceed one hundred thousand rupees, he shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to three years and with fine.

The threshold of one hundred thousand rupees was introduced in 1976. It is proposed to be amended so that the revised threshold will be twenty-five hundred thousand rupees.

Summons trials apply to offences where the maximum term of imprisonment does not exceed two years. It is, therefore, proposed that where the amount which would have been evaded does not exceed twenty-five hundred thousand rupees, the person shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to two years and with fine.

These amendments will take effect from the 1st day of July, 2012.

More Under Income Tax

Posted Under

Category : Income Tax (28348)
Type : Articles (18239) Featured (4580)
Tags : Income Tax Penalty (118)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Featured Posts