1. Measures for Trade facilitation:

Relaxation in the requirement of filing FORM GST ITC-04:

Requirement of filing FORM GST ITC-04 under rule 45 (3) of the CGST Rules has been relaxed as under:

1. Taxpayers whose annual aggregate turnover in preceding financial year is above Rs. 5 crores shall furnish ITC-04 once in six months;

2. Taxpayers whose annual aggregate turnover in preceding financial year is up to Rs. 5 crores shall furnish ITC-04

Key Recommendations of 45th GST Council meeting

2. Interest on liability:

In the spirit of earlier Council decision that interest is to be charged only in respect of net cash liability, section 50 (3) of the CGST Act to be amended retrospectively, w.e.f. 01.07.2017, to provide that interest is to be paid by a taxpayer on “ineligible ITC availed and utilized” and not on “ineligible ITC availed”. It has also been decided that interest in such cases should be charged on ineligible ITC availed and utilized at 18% w.e.f. 01.07.2017.

3. Transfer of unutilized CGST and IGST cash ledger balance:

Unutilized balance in CGST and IGST cash ledger may be allowed to be transferred between distinct persons (entities having same PAN but registered in different states), without going through the refund procedure, subject to certain safeguards.

4. Measures for streamlining compliances in GST:

1. Late fee for delayed filing of FORM GSTR-1 to be auto-populated and collected in next month’s FORM GSTR-3B.

2. Refund to be disbursed in the bank account, which is linked with PANon which registration has been obtained under GST.

3. Rule 59(6) of the CGST Rules to be amended w.f 01.01.2022to provide that a registered person shall be allowed to furnish FORM GSTR-1, only after FORM GSTR-3B for the preceding month is filed.

4. Rule 36(4) of CGST Rules, 2017 to be amended, once the proposed clause (aa) of section 16(2) of CGST Act, 2017 is notified, to restrict availment of ITC in respect of invoices/ debit notes, to the extent the details of such invoices/ debit notes are furnished by the supplier in FORM GSTR-1/ IFF and are communicated to the registered person in FORM GSTR-2B.

Other changes relating to GST rates on goods:

1. Supply of mentha oil from unregistered person has been brought under reverse charge. Further, Council has also recommended that exports of Mentha oil should be allowed only against LUT and consequential refund of input tax credit.

2. Brick kilns would be brought under special composition scheme with threshold limit of Rs. 20 lakhs, with effect from 1.4.2022. Bricks would attract GST at the rate of 6% without ITC under the scheme. GST rate of 12% with ITC would otherwise apply to bricks.

3. In terms of the recent directions of the Hon’ble High Court of Kerala, the issue of whether Specified petroleum products should be brought within the ambit of GST was placed for consideration before the Council. After due deliberation, the Council was of the view that it is not appropriate to do so at this stage.

4. E Commerce Operators are being made liable to pay tax on following services provided through them Transport of passengers, by any type of motor vehicles through it [w.e.f. 1st January, 2022]. Restaurant services provided through it with some exceptions [w.e.f. 1st January, 2022].

5. Certain relaxations have been made in conditions relating to IGST exemption relating to import of goods on lease, where GST is paid on the lease amount, so as to allow this exemption even if (i) such goods are transferred to a new lessee in India upon expiry or termination of lease; and (ii) the lessor located in SEZ pays GST under forward charge.

5. Clarification in relation to GST rate on Goods:

1. Pure henna powder and paste, having no additives, attract 5% GST rate under Chapter 14.

2. Scented sweet supari and flavoured and coated illachi falling under heading 2106 attract GST at the rate of 18%.

3. Carbonated Fruit Beverages of Fruit Drink” and “Carbonated Beverages with Fruit Juice” attract GST rate of 28% and Cess of 12%. This is being prescribed specifically in the GST rate schedule.

4. Tamarind seeds fall under heading 1209, and hitherto attracted nil rate irrespective of use. However, henceforth they would attract 5% GST rate (w.e.f. 1.10.2021) for use other than sowing. Seeds for sowing will continue at nil rate.

5. External batteries sold along with UPS Systems/ Inverter attract GST rate applicable to batteries [28% for batteries other than lithium-ion battery] while UPS/inverter would attract 18%.

6. GST on specified Renewable Energy Projects can be paid in terms of the 70:30 ratios for goods and services, respectively, during the period from 1.7.2017 to 31.12.2018, in the same manner as has been prescribed for the period on or after 1st January 2019.

7. Due to ambiguity in the applicable rate of GST on Fibre Drums, the supplies made at 12% GST in the past have been regularised. Henceforth, a uniform GST rate of 18% would apply to all paper and paper board containers, whether corrugated or non-corrugated.

8. Distinction between fresh and dried fruits and nuts is being clarified for application of GST rate of “nil” and 5%/12% respectively;

9. It is being clarified that all pharmaceutical goods falling under heading 3006 attract GST at the rate of 12% [ not 18%].

10. Essentiality certificate issued by Directorate General of Hydrocarbons on imports would suffice; no need for taking a certificate every time on inter-state stock transfer.

11. Brewers’ Spent Grain (BSG), Dried Distillers’ Grains with Soluble [DDGS] and other such residues, falling under HS code 2303 attract GST at the rate of 5%.

12. All laboratory reagents and other goods falling under heading 3822 attract GST at the rate of 12%.

6. Clarification in relation to GST rate on services:

1. Coaching services to students provided by coaching institutions and NGOs under the central sector scheme of ‘Scholarships for students with Disabilities” is exempt from GST.

2. Services by cloud kitchens/central kitchens are covered under ‘restaurant service’, and attract 5% GST [without ITC].

3. Ice cream parlour sells already manufactured ice- cream. Such supply of ice cream by parlours would attract GST at the rate of 18%.

4. Overloading charges at toll plaza are exempt from GST being akin to toll.

5. The renting of vehicle by State Transport Undertakings and Local Authorities is covered by expression ‘giving on hire’ for the purposes of GST exemption

6. The services by way of grant of mineral exploration and mining rights attracted GST rate of 18% w.e.f. 01.07.2017.

7. Admission to amusement parks having rides etc. attracts GST rate of 18%. The GST rate of 28% applies only to admission to such facilities that have casinos etc.

8. Alcoholic liquor for human consumption is not food and food products for the purpose of the entry prescribing 5% GST rate on job work services in relation to food and food products.

9. On the issue of compensation scenario, a presentation was made to the Council wherein it was brought out that the revenue collections from Compensation Cess in the period beyond June 2022 till April 2026 would be exhausted in repayment of borrowings and debt servicing made to bridge the gap in 2020-21 and 2021-22. In this context various options, as have been recommended by various committees/ forums were presented. The Council deliberated at length on the issue. The Council decided to set up a GoM to examine the issue of correction of inverted duty structure for major sectors; rationalize the rates and review exemptions from the point of view of revenue augmentation, from GST. It was also decided to set up a GoM to discuss ways and means of using technology to further improve compliance including monitoring through improved e-way bill systems, e-invoices, FASTag data and strengthening the institutional mechanism for sharing of intelligence and coordinated enforcement actions by the Centre and the States.

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: Oswal & Heda Chartered Accountants
Location: Pune, Maharashtra, India
Member Since: 27 Mar 2021 | Total Posts: 14
Anubhav has over 5 years of professional experience in handling Audit & Assurance of various entities, Direct & Indirect Tax Advisory services, Project financing, Litigation Services, RERA, Preparation and Finalization of Income Tax returns, Monthly Compliance which includes GST, TDS and oth View Full Profile

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