1A BACKGROUND

  • The GST Council has approved ‘E-invoicing’ in a phased manner for reporting of B2B invoices from 1st January 2020 on voluntary basis.
  • Generation of invoice in a standard format is required so that invoice generated from one software can be read by another software.
  • Invoice Registration Portal (‘IRP’) will report e-invoices to the GST portal/ system automatically.
  • The basic aim of e-invoice system is ability to pre-populate the GST return and to reduce the reconciliation problems of input credit.
  • Threshold requirement for E-invoicing applicability will be notified by the government at the time of roll -out.

1B INTRODUCTION

  • E-invoice does not mean generation of invoices from GST portal of government.
  • It is required to standardize the format in which data of an Invoice will be shared with others to ensure there is interoperability of the data.
  • Existing software of the organization are required to adopt the new e-invoice standards wherein they would re-align their data access and retrieval in the standard format to generate E-invoices. Please refer Annexure A for E-invoice standards.
  • The registration of an E-invoice will only be possible once all the mandatory fields are uploaded in IRP.

1C OTHER BENEFITS

  • One time reporting of B2B invoice data by the supplier. It will reduce reporting in multiple formats (GSTR-1/ E-way bill).
  • Substantial reduction in input credit verification issues as same data will get reported to tax department as well to buyer.
  • It will facilitate automatic preparation of GST Returns (ANX 1 and ANX 2
  • Complete trail of B2B invoices will be available
  • Elimination of fake invoices from the industry

2. FEATURES OF AN E-INVOICE

1) Unique invoice reference number (‘IRN’) IRN will be based on 3 parameters like Supplier GSTIN, invoice no. and financial year.

2) Digitally signed –  IRP will sign invoice digitally with the private key of the IRP. Only signed E-invoice will be a valid invoice and used by GST/ E-way bill system.

3) QR codeIRP will generate QR code containing IRN along with some important parameters. Please refer Annexure B for the parameters. This is like a bar code helpful for the tax officers to check the invoice where internet may not be available.

4) Offline AppThe offline app will be provided on the IRP for anyone to download to authenticate the QR code of the invoice offline and its basic details.

5) Multiple IRP – Multiple IRP will be there to ensure 24 X 7 operations without any break. National Informatics center (‘NIC’) will be the first IRP.

6) StandardizationA technical group of GST council has drafted standards for e-invoice after consultation with the industry.

7) Modes to generate invoices Multiple modes are available to generate invoices through IRP like web/ API/ SMS/ Mobile App/ Offline tool/ GSP.

8) Printing of invoicesThe suppliers can continue to print his paper invoice as they are doing today including logo and other information.

3. WORK FLOW TO GENERATE E-INVOICE

Step 1Invoice will be generated by the supplier in his own accounting or billing system

√ The invoice must conform to the e-invoice standards and have the mandatory parameters.

√ The optional parameters can be incorporated in the invoice according to the business need of the supplier.

Step 2 -JSON file will be generated by the supplier to upload on the IRP. The IRP will only take JSON file of the e-invoice.

Step 3  (Optional)–  Unique Invoice Reference Number (‘IRN’) can be generated by the supplier on the basis of 3 parameters like Supplier GSTIN, invoice number and financial year.

Step 4 – Supplier will upload the JSON file of the e-invoice along with IRN already generated directly on the IRP or through GSPs.

Step 5  – IRP will generate IRN and validate IRN of JSON if already uploaded by the supplier. IRP will add its signature on the invoice data as well as a QR code to the JSON.

Step 6  – Supplier will download digitally signed JSON with IRN along with a QR code. IRP will share back digitally signed e-invoice for record of supplier.

Notes:

1) QR code is a bar code which will contain GSTIN of seller and buyer, invoice number, invoice date, number of line items, HSN, invoice reference number etc.

2) Once supplier uploads JSON file on the IRP, invoices will be registered immediately on real time basis.

3) IRP will sent E-invoice to the seller and buyer on their mail ids mentioned on the invoices.

4. OTHER IMPORTANT POINTS

  • Supplier should have a utility that will output invoice data in JSON format, either from his accounting or billing software or his ERP or excel/word document or even a mobile app. Those who do not use any accounting software or IT tool to generate the invoice, they will be provided an offline tool to key-in data of invoice and then submit the same.
  • The small and medium size taxpayers (having annual turnover below Rs 1.5 Crores) can avail accounting and billing system being offered by GSTN free of cost.
  • GSTN will provide Offline Tool where data of an invoice, generated on paper can be entered which in turn will create JSON file for uploading on the IRP.
  • The mandatory fields are those fields that must be there for an invoice to be valid under e-invoice standards. The optional ones are those that may be needed for the specific business needs of the seller.
  • The registration of an e-invoice will only be possible all the mandatory fields uploaded into the IRP.
  • Once an invoice is registered on the IRP, it is not required to be signed by someone else.
  • In case of API mode of invoice generation -The big tax payers and accounting software providers can interface their systems and pull the IRN after passing the relevant invoice information in JSON format. API request will handle one invoice request at time to generate the IRN. This mode will also be used for bulk requirement (user can pass the request one after the other and get the IRN response within fraction of second) as well. The e-way bill system provides the same methodology.
  • Invoices have to be uploaded on IRP one at a time. The IRP should be able to handle a large sequence of invoices for registration and validate them. Essentially bulk upload will be required by large taxpayers who generate large number of invoices. Their ERP or accounting system will have to be designed in such a way that it makes request one by one. For the user, it will not make any difference.

ANNEXURE A – E-INVOICE STANDARDS – MANDATROY FIELDS OF E-INVOICE

Sr. No. Category Small Description of the field Sample Value of the field Description
1 General Version number 1.0 It is the version of schema . It will be used to keep track of version of Invoice specification.
2  Invoice Refernce  Number 649b01ft It will be generated by IRP
3 Code for Invoice type Reg / SEZP / SEZWP / EXP / EXPWP / DEXP This will be the code to identify type of invoice.
4 Invoice number Sa/1/2019 It will be as per invoice number rule mentionted in CGST/SGST rule. It cannot exceed 16 digits
5 Invoice Date 21-07-19 The date when the Invoice was issued. Format “YYYY-MM-DD”
6 Supplier Information Supplier_Legal_Name The Institute of Charetred Accountants of India Name as appearing in PAN of the Supplier
7 Gstin of the Supplier 29AADFV7589C1ZO GSTIN of the supplier
8 Supplier address1 Vasanth Nagar Address of the Supplier
9 Place Karnataka State of the Supplier
10 Pincode 560087 Pincode of the Supplier
11 Buyer Details Buyer Legal name Adarsha Trade name of buyer
12 GSTIN 29AACCR7832C1ZD GSTIN of the Buyer
13 State code 29 Place of supply code of Supply
14 Address1 Address Address of the Buyer
15 Place Bangalore State of the Buyer
16 pincode 560002 Pincode of the Buyer
17 Payment Information Payee name Name of the person to whom payment is to be made
18 Account Number Account number of Payee
19 Payment mode Cash/Credit/Direct Transfer Cash/Credit/Direct Transfer
20 Financial Institution Branch (IFSC Code) A group of business terms to specify Branch of Payee
21 Delivery Information Company_Name ICAI Detail of person and address wherefrom goods are dispatched.
22 Address1 Vasanth Nagar
23 State Karnataka
24 Pincode 560087
25 Invoice Item Details Serial Number 1,2,3
26 Quantity 10 The quantity of items (goods or services) that is charged in the Invoice line.
27 Item Rate per quantity 500.5 The number of item units to which the price applies.
28 net amount 5000 The unit price, exclusive of GST, before subtracting Item price discount, can not be negative
29 GST Rate of item 5 The GST rate, represented as percentage that applies to the invoiced item.
30 IGST Amount as per item A group of business terms providing information about GST breakdown by different categories, rates and exemption reasons
31 CGST Amount as per item 650.00
32 SGST Amount as per item 650.00
33 Batch number/name Batch number details are important to be mentioned for certain  set of manufacturers
34 Document Total Details Total invoice value
35 Total Tax Amount When tax currency code is provided, two instances of the tax total must be present, but only one with tax subtotal.
36 Paid amount in advance The sum of amounts which have been paid in advance. Must be rounded to maximum 2 decimals.
37 Amount due The outstanding amount that is requested to be paid. Must be rounded to maximum 2 decimals.
38 Extra Information Tax scheme GST, Excise, Custom, VAT eyc. Mandatory element. Use “GST”
39 Ship To information ShippingTo_Name Adarsha A group of business terms providing information about the address to which goods and services invoiced were or are delivered.
40 ShippingTo_GSTIN 36AABCT2223L1ZF
41 ShippingTo_Address1 Address
42 ShippingTo_Pincode 560001
43 ShippintTo_State Karnataka
44 Supply Type Supply/export/ Jobwork A group of business terms providing information about the address to which goods and services invoiced were or are delivered.
45 Transacion Mode Regula/BilTo/ ShipTo

ANNEXURE B (Parameters of QR code)

  • GSTIN of supplier
  • GSTIN of Recipient
  • Invoice number as given by Supplier
  • Date of generation of invoice
  • Invoice value (taxable value and gross tax)
  • Number of line items.
  • HSN Code of main item (the line item having highest taxable value)
  • Unique Invoice Reference Number (hash)

Author can be reached at cavipinmittal@gmail.com / 9899128122

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Job / Business
Company: Info Edge (India) Limited - Naukri.com
Location: Delhi, New Delhi, IN
Member Since: 31 Oct 2019 | Total Posts: 1
A Chartered Accountant with 7 years of work experience in the role of Indirect Taxation. Currently working as Manager in Info Edge (India) Ltd. (Naukri.com), previously working in KPMG (Big 4). Sound knowledge of Goods and Service Tax (‘GST’), Service Tax and Central Excise. View Full Profile

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