F. No. 2/12/2020-BOA.I
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Financial Services

3rd floor, Jeevan Deep Building
Sansad Marg, New Delhi – 110 001

Dated 23rd October 2020

To:

1. State Bank of India (SBI)

2. All India Financial Institutions (AIFIs)

3. All Nationalised Banks

4. All Banking Companies, Urban Co-operative Banks, and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) registered with RBI [through RBI]

5. All NBFC— Micro Finance Institutions (NBFGMEIs) that are members of an RBI-recognised Self-Regulatory Organisation [through Micro Finance Institutions Network (MFIN) and Sa-Dhan]

6. All State Co-operative Banks, District Central Co-operative Banks and Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) [through the rural banking system supervisor {National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)}]

7. All Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) registered with the National Housing Bank (NHB) [through the supervisor of I If Cs National Housing Bank)]

Subject: Scheme for grant of ex-gratia payment of difference between compound interest and simple interest for six months to borrowers in specified loan accounts (1.3.2020 to 31.8.2020)

Madam/sir,

The undersigned is directed to convey that in view of the unprecedented and extreme COVID-19 situation, the Central Government has approved “Scheme for grant of ex-gratia payment of difference between compound interest and simple interest for six months to borrowers in specified loan accounts (1.3.2020 to 31.8.2020)”. Benefits under the scheme would be routed through lending institutions. Operational guidelines for the scheme are attached.

2. Eligibility criteria for ex-,gratia payment under the scheme are as follows:

(a) Borrowers in the following segments/classes of loans, who have loan accounts having sanctioned limits and outstanding amount of not exceeding Rs. 2 crore [aggregate of all facilities with lending institutions] as on 29.2.2020, shall be eligible under the Scheme:

(i) MSME loans

(ii) Education loans

(iii) Housing loans

(iv) Consumer durable loans

(v) Credit card dues

(vi) Automobile loans

(vii) Personal loans to professionals

(viii) Consumption loans

Any borrower whose aggregate of all facilities with lending institutions is more than Rs. 2 crore (sanctioned limits or outstanding amount) will not be eligible for ex-gratia payment under this scheme.

(b) The aforesaid eligibility shall be subject to the following further conditions and stipulations:

(i) Account should be standard as on 29.2.2020, i.e., loan should not be a Non-Performing Asset (NPA) as on 29.2.2020.

(ii) Lending institution must be either a banking company, or a Public Sector Bank, or a Co-operative Bank [i.e., an Urban Co-operative Bank or a State Co-operative Bank or a District Central Co-operative Bank], or a Regional Rural Bank, or an All India Financial Institution, or a Non-Banking Financial Company or a Housing Finance Company registered with RBI or National Housing Bank as the case may be. A Non-Banking Financial Company— Micro Finance Institution should be a member of a Self-Regulatory Organisation (SRO) recognised by RBI.

(iii) The ex-gratia payment under this scheme shall be admissible irrespective of whether the borrower in sub-clause (1) had fully availed or partially availed or not availed of the moratorium on repayment announced by RBI ride its circular DOR.No. BP.BC.47/21.04.048/ 2019-20, dated 27.3.2020 and extended on 23.5.2020.

3. The period to be reckoned for crediting of difference between compound interest and simple interest by the lending institutions mentioned in paragraph 2(b) (ii) above to eligible borrowers as per paragraph 2 above would be from 1.3.2020 to 31.8.2020 (six months / 184 days). For accounts closed during the said period, the period for crediting would be from 1.3.2020 and restricted to the date of closure of such account.

4. The benchmarks and modalities for ex-gratia payment of difference between compound interest and simple interest under the scheme would be as detailed in the attached operational guidelines. The rate of interest would be as prevailing on 29.2.2020, i.e., in case the rate of interest has changed thereafter, it shall not be reckoned for the purposes of this computation. The payable ex-gratia amount shall have to be credited to the account of the borrower by the respective lending institutions as ex-gratia payment under the scheme.

5. The aforesaid exercise of crediting the amount as stated above in the respective accounts of the eligible borrowers described in paragraph 2 above bythe respective lending institution shall be completed on or before 5.11.2020.

6. After the exercise mentioned in paragraph 5 above has been completed, lending institutions can lodge their claim for reimbursement latest by 15.12.2020. Claims shall be submitted to designated officer(s) / cell at the State Bank of India (SBI). SBI is advised to appropriately equip its designated officer(s) / cell for processing such claims in a timely manner, and to notify details of the same on its website.

7. Issues and concerns relating to claims submitted by the lending institutions shall be handled through the designated cell at SBI in consultation with Government of India. Each lending institution shall put in place a grievance redressal mechanism for the eligible borrowers for redressal of their grievances arising out of the present scheme within one week from the date of issuance of these scheme guidelines, at appropriate level(s). While putting in place such grievance redressal mechanism, lending institutions can keep in mind the communication dated 1.10.2020 issued by the Indian Banks’ Association in respect of resolution framework for COVID- 19 related stress for guidance. Grievances, if any, of the lending institutions shall be resolved through the designated cell at SBI in consultation with the Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

8. In case of any issues/queries relating to interpretation of this scheme, the decision of Government of India shall be fin. al.

Yours faithfully,

Attachment: as above

(A. K. Ghosh)
Under Secretary
Tel: 011-23748755
Email: boa1-dfs@nic.in

Copy, with the attachment, to:

1. Governor, Reserve Bank of India
2. Chairman, NABARD
3. Managing Director, NHB
4. Chief Executive, Indian Banks’ Association
5. Chaffy). erson, Micro Fin. ance Institutions Network (MEIN)
6. Chairman, Sa-Dhan

*****

Issued vide letter F. No. 2/12/2020-B0AI
Dated 23.10.2020

Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Financial Services

COVID-19 Relief

Scheme for grant of ex-gratia payment of difference between compound interest and simple interest for six months to borrowers in specified loan accounts (1.3.2020 to 31.8.2020)

Operational Guidelines

1. Name of the scheme

This scheme shall be called “Scheme for grant of ex-gratia payment of difference between compound interest and simple interest for six months to borrowers in specified loan accounts (1.3.2020 to 31.8.2020)”.

2. Object of the scheme

In view of the unprecedented and extreme COVID-19 situation, the object of the Scheme is to provide ex-gralia payment of difference between compound interest and simple interest by ways of relief for the period from 1′ March 2020 to 31st August 2020 to borrowers in specified loan accounts. Such payment does not constitute a contractual, legal or equitable liability of the Central Government and is only an ex-gratia payment to the following designated class of borrowers in view of the COVID-19 pandemic.

3. Applicability of the scheme

This scheme shall apply to all lending institutions, which must be either a banking company, or a Public Sector Bank, or a Co-operative Bank [i.e., an Urban Co-operative Bank or a State Co-operative Bank or a District Central Co-operative Bank], or a Regional Rural Bank, or an All India Financial Institution, or a Non-Banking Financial Company or a Housing Finance Company registered with Reserve Bank of India (RBI) or National Housing Bank as the case may be. A Non-Banking Financial Company—Micro Finance Institution should be a member of a Self-Regulatory Organisation (SRO) recognised by RBI.

4. Eligibility criteria under the scheme

(1) Borrowers in the following segments/classes of loans, who have loan accounts having sanctioned limits and outstanding amount of not exceeding Rs. 2 crore [aggregate of all facilities with lending institutions] as on 29.2.2020, shall be eligible under the Scheme:

(i) MSME loans

(ii) Education loans

(iii) Housing loans

(iv) Consumer durable loans

(v) Credit card dues

(vi) Automobile loans

(vii) Personal loans to professionals

(viii) Consumption loans

Any borrower whose aggregate of all facilities with lending institutions is more than Rs. 2 crone (sanctioned limits or outstanding amount) will not be eligible for ex-grati a payment under this scheme.

(2) The aforesaid eligibility shall be subject to the following further conditions and stipulations:

(i) Account should be standard as on 29th February 2020, i.e., loan should not be a Non-Performing Asset (NPA) as on 29th February 2020.

(ii) Lending institution must be either a banking company, or a Public Sector Bank, or a Co-operative Bank [i.e., an Urban Co-operative Bank or a State Co­operative Bank or a District Central Co-operative Bank’, or a Regional Rural Bank, or an All India Financial Institution, or a Non-Banking Financial Company or a Housing Finance Company registered with RBI or National Housing Bank as the case may be. A Non-Banking Financial Company—Micro Finance Institution should be a member of a Self-Regulatory Organisation (SRO) recognised by RBI.

(iii)The ex-grati a payment under this scheme shall be admissible irrespective of whether the borrower in sub-clause (1) had fully availed or partially availed or not availed of the moratorium on repayment announced by RBI vide its circular DOR.No. BP.BC.47/21.04.048/ 2019-20, dated 27.3.2020 and extended on 23rd May 2020.

5. Period to be reckoned

The period to be reckoned for crediting of difference between compound interest and simple interest by the lending institutions mentioned in clause 3 above to eligible borrowers as per clause 4 above would be from 1.3.2020 to 31.8.2020 (six months / 184 days). For accounts closed during the said period, the period for crediting would be from 1st March 2020 and restricted to the date of closure of such account.

6. Benefit under the scheme

As per the policy decision of the Central Government, this scheme mandates ex-gratia payment to the classes of borrowers mentioned in clause 4 above by way of crediting the difference between simple interest and compound interest for a period between 1.3.2020 to 31.8.2020 by respective lending institutions mentioned in clause 3 above.

The lending institutions shall credit the difference between compound interest and simple interest with regard to the eligible borrowers mentioned in clause 4 above in respective accounts of such borrowers for the period to be reckoned, irrespective of whether such borrowers have fully availed or partially availed or not availed of the moratorium on repayment of the respective loans as announced by the RBI vide its circular DOR.No. BP.BC.47/21.04.048/2019-20, dated 27th March 2020 and extended on 23’d May 2020.

7. Manner of claiming reimbursement

The respective lending institutions as described in clause 3 above shall, after so crediting amounts in the accounts of aforesaid eligible borrowers, claim reimbursement from the Central Government as per provisions hereinafter.

For the purpose of claiming of reimbursement by the lending institutions covered under this scheme, the compounding of interest shall be reckoned on monthly basis, except where the contrary is specified. Further, for the purpose of claiming of reimbursement by respective lending institutions, calculation of the reimbursable ex-Aralia amount shall be as detailed in clauses 8 and 9 hereof.

8. Rate of interest

(1) Education loans, Housing loans, Automobile loans, Personal loans to professionals, Consumption loans — The rate of interest to be applied for calculating the difference between simple and compound interest shall be the contracted rate as specified in loan agreement/ documentation in this respect.

(2) Consumer durable loans — The rate of interest to be applied for calculating the difference between simple and compound interest shall be the contracted rate as specified in loan agreement/ documentation. In cases where, no interest is being charged on Equated Monthly Instalments (EMI) for a specified period, for the purpose of ex-gratia payment, interest may be applied at the lender’s base rate / Marginal Cost of funds based Lending Rate (MCLR) whichever is applicable.

(3) Credit card dues — The rate of interest shall be the Weighted Average Lending Rate (WALR) charged by the card issuer for transactions financed on EMI basis from its customers during the period from 1,t March 2020 to 31st August 2020. The computation of the WALR shall be certified by the statutory auditor of the card issuer1.

(4) MSME loans — The rate of interest to be applied for calculating the difference between simple and compound interest shall be the contracted rate as specified in loan agreement/documentation in respect of the term loan. For cash credit (CC) / overdraft (OD), while the contracted rate of interest would similarly apply, the basis of calculation for simple and compound interest would differ as explained below.

(5) The rate of interest would be as prevailing on 29th February 2020, i.e., in case the rate of interest has changed thereafter, it shall not be reckoned for the purposes of this computation. Penal interest or penalty for late payment would not be reckoned as part of the contracted rate or WALR.

9. Mode of calculation of simple and compound interest

(1) As Education loans, Housing loans, Consumer Durable loans, Credit card dues, Auto Loans, Personal loans and Consumption loans are loans that are in the form of a Term Loan / Demand Loan and not a Cash Credit [CC] or an Overdraft facility [OD], the outstanding in the account as at the end of 29.2.2020 will be the reference amount for Term Loans on which the interest (simple as well as compound) will be calculated. While making the calculation, repayments in the loan account during the period to be reckoned will be ignored. This will make the approach of the lending institutions uniform for all borrowers, irrespective of whether they have fully availed or partially availed or not availed of the moratorium on repayment of the respective loans as announced by the RBI vide its circular DOR.No. BP.BC.47/21.04.048/2019-20, dated 27th March 2020 and extended on 23rd May 2020.

(2) As MSME loans are sanctioned by way of Term Loan or CC/OD, the following provisions will apply:

(a) For Term Loans:

The outstanding in the account as at end of 29.2.2020 will be the reference amount for Term Loans on which the interest (simple as well as compound) will be calculated. While making the calculation repayments in the loan account during the period to be reckoned will be ignored. This will make the approach uniform for all borrowers, irrespective of whether they have fully availed or partially availed or not availed of the moratorium on repayment of the respective loans as announced by the-RBI vide its  circular DOR.No. BP.BC.47/21.04.048/2019-20, dated 27th March 2020 and extended on 23rd May 2020.

(b) For Cash Credit / Overdraft facilities:

(i) Simple interest for the period will be calculated on daily product basis (i.e., on the daily outstanding as at end of the day) at the rate of interest as on 29.2.2020.

(ii) Compound interest will be calculated for the period at the rate of interest as on 29.2.2020 and compounding will be done on monthly rests.

It is clarified that this method will also be used in case some loans under sub-clause (1) have been sanctioned and disbursed by way of Overdraft / Cash Credit facility.

10. Claim processing

(1) Lending institutions can lodge their claim for reimbursement latest by 15th December 2020 only after crediting amounts as aforesaid. Claim should be pre-audited by the statutory auditor of the lending institutions and a certificate in this regard shall be attached to the claim.

(2) Claims shall be submitted to a designated officer(s) / cell at State Bank of India (SBI), which will function as the nodal agency under the present scheme and shall receive funds from the Government of India for settlement of claims of lending institutions. SBI shall evaluate the claims to ensure that they are in conformity with this scheme’s guidelines, and shall furnish to the Central Government statements of claims found eligible and claims settled.

11. Grievance Redressal Mechanism

(1) Each of the lending institutions referred in clause 3 above shall put in place a grievance redressal mechanism for the eligible borrowers for redressal of their grievances arising out of the present scheme within one week from the date of issuance of these scheme guidelines, at appropriate level(s).

(2) It is clarified that while putting in place such grievance redressal mechanism, lending
institutions can keep in mind the communication dated 1.10.2020 issued by the Indian Banks’ Association in respect of resolution framework for COVID-19 related stress for guidance.

(3) Grievances, if any, of the lending institutions shall be resolved through the designated cell at the State Bank of India in consultation with the Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

12. Interpretation and removal of difficulties

In case of any issues/queries relating to interpretation of this scheme, the decision of Government of India shall be final.

Note-1 – Credit card issuers typically rely on a range of rates for financing on EMI basis. As a uniform rate is not available, WALR will be utilised as the benchmark rate.

Download Guideline in PDF Format

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One Comment

  1. RAMESH PATEL says:

    THE SCHEME ISSUED FOR INTEREST WAIVER BY Govt issues guideline for interest waiver (1.3.2020 to 31.8.2020) IS NOT CONSIDERD BY THE GREAT BANKING CORPORATE – E.G. HDB FIN. SERICES, BANK OF BARODA, STATE BANK OF INDIA AND ALL OTHER BANKING CORPORATES -THERE IS NO ACTION ARE TAKEN BY THE GOVT TO IMPLEMENT THIS SCHEME

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