The right to freedom comes under one of the fundamental rights. It is enshrined in the Indian Constitution. It is important to understand what rights are and what they entail. This subject is a major in Politics and Electives of the UPSC Civil Service Examination Program.

Six fundamental rights that are mentioned in the constitution are seen as essential to the functioning of Indian democracy. The right to freedom gives citizens’ freedom of expression and expression, freedom of association, individual freedom and freedom to lead lives of dignity. It is equally crucial to understand the scope of this provision and any exceptions.

What is the right to freedom?

The right to freedom guarantees citizens, among other things, the freedom to live in dignity. They are regulated in Articles 19, 20, 21A and 22 of the Indian Constitution.

In this section we will go through each article.

The aim of the basic rights of Indians was to overcome inequalities in the pre-independence social system. Basic rights are essential for the development of the personality of each person and for the maintenance of human dignity.

Article 19: Protection of 6 rights based on freedom:

1. Language and appearance

2. Assembly

3. Association

4. Protest

5. Accommodation

6. Business

1. Article 20:

Protection related to criminal penalties

2. Article 21:

Right to life and individual freedom

3. Article 21(A):

The right to basic education

4. Article 22

Protection from arrest and imprisonment in some cases

5. Article 19:

Article 19 guarantees six freedoms. They are:

1. Freedom of Expression and Expression: The government guarantees freedom of speech for all people in India. However, the state can restrict free speech in the name of integrity, security, sovereignty, friendly relations with foreign countries, public order, defamation, neglect or neglect of the courts. Forbidden. Read more about freedom of expression and expression here.

2. Freedom of Association: The government guarantees the freedom of everyone to assemble peacefully without weapons. However, as noted above, reasonable restrictions may be placed on the sovereignty, integrity and interests of the state’s public order.

3. Freedom of association / trade unions / cooperatives: Here the state can also impose sanctions on integrity, security, , friendly relations with foreign countries, public order, slander and crimes in the country. This law gives workers a right to form trade unions, which is a fundamental right.

The Police Law (Regulation of Rights) of 1966 prohibits police officers from forming unions.

Laws restricting the right of employers, including members of the armed forces, intelligence services, and telecommunications systems, to form political associations.

4. Freedom of Movement: Indian citizens can walk freely in India. This right can also be limited to protect security, public order, or proposed tribal interests.

5. Housing Freedom: Citizens of India have the right to live in any part of the country. In fact, restrictions can be imposed to protect security, public order, or the interests of the proposed tribe.

6. Freedom of work: All citizens are entitled to employment / employment / continuing trade, regardless of whether the trade or work is illegal or immoral. Moreover, the law does not prevent from enforcing laws relating to technical or professional qualifications required for business or professional training.

Article 20:

  1. Article 20 regulates the protection of civilians when punishing criminal offenses. It offers three types of individual protection to the state.
  2. Former penal code: This is also known as former secondary penal code. In this way, a person cannot be convicted of an act committed until the crime is legally declared.
  3. This means that this law cannot take precedence.
  4. The immunity can’t get utilized against preventive containment and does not involve testing.
  5. The law also says that a person cannot be punished for more than the crime prescribed by law.
  6. Multiple threats: this indicates that a person cannot be convicted more than once for the same crime.
  7. Prohibition of self-repression: This means that the government will not force someone accused of a crime to testify against them.

Article 21:

  • No one can lose his life or freedom except in accordance with the procedures laid down by law in Article 21. This article offers a variety of possibilities and the interpretations have seen many changes over the decades.
  • The Supreme Court is the right to live with dignity.
  • In a sense, this is the most important right, due to the reason because without this right to life all other rights are null and void.
  • This clearly showcases the differences between a police state and a rule of law.

Article 21(a):

This article was introduced in 2002 with the 86th amendment to the Constitution. It stipulates that states must offer free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 6 and 14.

Article 22:

  1. Article 22 provides protection against arrest & detention in a few cases.
  2. This article implies both citizens and citizens of the country.
  3. This provision extends certain procedures to individuals in the case of arrests.
  4. It comes in picture after a man was arrested. This is not a fundamental right to detention as well as arrest.
  5. The idea behind this right is to restrict arbitrary arrest as well as detention.
  6. This article provides the following protections:
  7. Article 22 (1) – Every detainee must state why he is being detained. In addition, the right to consult a lawyer cannot be denied.
  8. Article 22 Paragraph 2 – A person who is arrested must be arrested and brought before a judge within 24 hours.
  9. Article 22 Paragraph 3 – No one can be detained for longer than determined by the judge.
  10. However, this precaution does not apply:
  11. The enemy is unknown.
  12. The people were arrested under the Preventive Detention Act.

What is immune protection?

There are two types of contraception:

  1. Is Punishable.
  2. An obstacle.

Penalty imprisonment is a post-trial detention. Preventive detention is detention without trial. The idea behind this is to stop someone from committing a crime. This means that people can be arrested if suspected.

6 freedom that guarantee right to liberty?

Here are 6 freedoms:

  1. Language and performance
  2. Assembly
  3. Association
  4. Protest
  5. Accommodation
  6. Company

Right to freedom: Importance

The right to freedom is crucial because it is a human right. India’s national struggle against colonialism is a struggle for freedom from foreign imperialist rule, to live a life of respect for freedom, to choose how to live according to law, to accept a job or business, to speak up, to advance, to live in any part of the country and finally live a meaningful life safely.

What are the fundamental rights?

The six basic rights are:

  1. Right to equality
  2. Right to freedom
  3. The right against exploitation
  4. The right to freedom of religion
  5. Cultural and educational rights
  6. The right to constitutional decisions

*****

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