1. Principal of the Policy

a. To develop good human beings capable of rational thought and action, possessing compassion and empathy, courage and resilience, scientific temper and creative, imagination, with sound ethical moorings and values.

b. It aims at producing engaged, productive, and contributing citizens for building an equitable, inclusive, and plural society as envisaged by our Constitution.

2. Fundamental Principles

1. recognizing, identifying, and fostering the unique capabilities of each student

2. to achieving Foundational Literacy and Numeracy

3. flexibility,

4. no hard separations

5. multidisciplinarity and a holistic education

6. emphasis on conceptual understanding

7. creativity and critical thinking

8. ethics and human & Constitutional values

9. promoting multilingualism and the power of language

10. life skills

11. focus on regular formative assessment for learning

12. extensive use of technology

13. respect for diversity and respect for the local context i

14. full equity and inclusion

15. synergy in curriculum across all levels of education

16. teachers and faculty as the heart of the learning process

17. ‘light but tight’ regulatory framework

18. integrity, transparency

19. resource efficiency

20. outstanding research

21. continuous review

School Education

3. Change in education structure

New pedagogical and curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 covering ages 3-18

New pedagogical and curricular restructure

4. Early Childhood  Care and Education

For children 3 to 6 years

5. Focus on Mathematics

Mathematics will be area of focus

6. Semester system

At subjects to be offered at 2 levels i.e all exam to be semester wise twice a year.

7. Vocational Course

6th Standard onwards vocational course available and students will have 10 bag-less days during which they will teach about vocation of their choice (kind of informal Training).

8. Choice in subjects

From 8th std to 11th Std there will be choice in subjects.

9. Medium of subjects

Medium of instruction upto grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be home language/ mother tongue/ local language.

10. Division on study

Age 6-8 – Basic and Fundamental stage

Age 8-11– Interactive classroom, play

Age 11-14– experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.

Age 14-18– multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects.

Examination Structure

11. School Exams

School exam will be held only for 3 Level i.e for Classes 3, 5 and 8.

Assessment shall be based upon formative style which will encourages higher order thinking skills, critical thinking and conceptual clarity.

12. Assessment Centre PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development

A new national assessment centre PARAKH will be established which will overtake the board exam.

Now Board exam will have less stakes because now student will be allowed to take board exams on upto two occasions during their given school year.

1. Main examination;

2. Exam for improvement; if desired;

Higher Education (College level education)

13. CCE Test (Common College Entrance Test)

CCE will be conduct twice a year by the National Testing Agency. This will be effective from 2022 session.

14. Graduation

There will be 4 years graduation degree

15. Bachelor degree with exit option

In every bachelor degree there will be an exit option i.e

If for any graduation Program if student complete-

a. Only 1 year- Then he will get a Basic Certificate

b. Only 2-3 years- Then he will get a Diploma Certificate

c. Complete Full course- Then he will get a Degree Certificate.

16. Option to Drop outs

Drop Outs will be given an option to complete his degree after a break.

17. Multidisciplinary nature of degree

There will be no hard separation between Arts and Science.

18. Promotions  of following at all level

Indian Arts, Culture, Regional Language.

19. Master in Philosophy (M.Phil)

M.Phil  will be discontinued

20. Only Selected Universities among the World

Among to 100 universities in the world will be allowed to operate in India

21. Merger of various institution

UGC, AICTE will be merged

22. Same grading system

All university either govt. or pvt, open, deemed, vocational etc will have same grading

23. Practical

More focus will be given on Practical Knowledge.

24. Reduction in Syllabus

Only Core knowledge based syllabus

25. Teacher Training Board

A new Teacher Training Board with established at National Level in which states have no right for making any changes.

For More details down load the National Education policy 2020 here


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February 2023