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Case Law Details

Case Name : Toyota Financial Services India Ltd. Vs ACIT (ITAT Bangalore)
Appeal Number : ITA No. 801/Bang/2023
Date of Judgement/Order : 09/01/2024
Related Assessment Year : 2017-18

Toyota Financial Services India Ltd. Vs ACIT (ITAT Bangalore) 

Introduction: The case of Toyota Financial Services India Ltd. vs ACIT (ITAT Bangalore) pertains to the taxability of interest income from Non-Performing Assets (NPAs). Toyota Financial filed an appeal against the CIT(Appeals) order concerning the assessment year 2017-18, disputing the treatment of interest income and the levy of interest under section 234C of the Income Tax Act.

Detailed Analysis: Toyota Financial, a Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC), declared its taxable income for the assessment year 2017-18. During the assessment proceedings, discrepancies were noted regarding the treatment of income deferred on NPAs and income deferred in previous years. The AO rejected Toyota Financial’s fresh claim based on a Supreme Court judgment and disallowed certain deductions.

On appeal, the CIT(A) partially accepted Toyota Financial’s claim concerning the taxability of interest income from NPAs but upheld the levy of interest under section 234C. Dissatisfied with the CIT(A)’s decision, Toyota Financial approached the ITAT seeking relief.

The ITAT, after considering submissions from both parties and reviewing the lower authorities’ orders, noted discrepancies in the CIT(A)’s treatment of the interest income from NPAs. While partially allowing Toyota Financial’s claim, the CIT(A) overlooked a significant portion of interest income. Therefore, the ITAT directed re-adjudication on the taxability of this income, instructing the CIT(A) to consider relevant Supreme Court judgments and provide a decision in accordance with the law.

Regarding the issue of interest under section 234C, the ITAT deemed it unnecessary to adjudicate further, indicating that the matter did not require additional review.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the ITAT provided relief to Toyota Financial by ordering re-adjudication on the taxability of interest income from NPAs. The decision emphasizes the importance of thorough consideration of relevant legal precedents in tax assessments. While the appeal was partly allowed for statistical purposes, the case highlights the complexity of tax matters and the significance of judicial scrutiny in ensuring fair treatment for taxpayers.

FULL TEXT OF THE ORDER OF ITAT BANGALORE

This appeal is filed by the assessee against the DIN & Order No. ITBA/NFAC/S/250/2023-243/1055412333(1) dated 25.08.2023 of the CIT(Appeals), National Faceless Appeal Centre, Delhi [NFAC], for the AY 2017-18 on the following grounds:-

Ground No.1: Taxability of interest income from Non-Performing Assets (NPAs)

The Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals) from the National Faceless Appeal Centre [‘learned CIT(A)’] erred on facts and in law in considering the Appellant’s claim, for giving effect to the Supreme Court judgment relating to taxability of interest income from NPA, as Rs.2,55,45,276 instead of Rs.5,38,33,494.

Ground No.2: Incorrect levy of interest under section 234C of the Act

The learned CIT(A) erred on facts and in law in confirming the levy of interest under section 234C of the Act on assessed income as against the returned income.”

Toyota Financial ITAT Directs Re-Adjudication on Taxability of NPAs' Interest

2. The brief facts of the case are that the assessee is a NBFC and filed return of income on 26.03.2018 declaring taxable income of Rs.118,64,97,440. The case was selected for complete scrutiny through CASS and statutory notices were issued to the assessee. During the assessment proceedings, the AO noted that assessee had claimed deduction of Rs.2,55,45,277 as income deferred on NPA as per section 43D of the Act and Rs.60,76,889 as income deferred in earlier year realized as income in books on receipt basis in FY 2016-17 and offered to tax in respect previous year. Similarly, the assessee claimed deduction of Rs.1,44,19,621 as income deferred in earlier year, not considered in books since the related accounts were written off as bad debt during AY 2017-18, but offered to tax in respective previous year. The assessee furnished break-up of this amount, but on verification it was noted that the assessee had not claimed this deduction of Rs.4,60,41,857 in its return. The assessee relied on judgment of Supreme Court in the case of CIT v. Vashisht Chay Vyapar Ltd., 410 ITR 244 (SC). Since fresh claim was made by the assessee, the same was not accepted by the AO by relying on the judgement of Hon’ble Apex Court in the case of Goetze (India) Ltd. vs. CIT , 284 ITR 323 (SC).

3. The assessee filed appeal before the CIT(Appeals) and filed detailed written submissions. The CIT(A) accepted the claim to the extent of Rs.2,55,45,277. The assessee also raised the issue regarding interest u/s. 234C before the CIT(A), who confirmed the order of the AO. Aggrieved, the assessee is in appeal before the ITAT.

4. After hearing both the sides, perusing the entire material on record and the orders of the lower authorities, we note from para 8.3 & 8.4 of the CIT(Appeals)’s order that he has allowed claim of the assessee to the extent of Rs.2,55,45,277 relying on the case of Vashisht Chay Vyapar Ltd. (supra). The assessee raised the issue that interest income of NPAs amounting to Rs.5,38,33,424 has been offered to tax on accrual basis which has not been actually realized during the year under consideration and therefore this income should be reduced from the computation of total income. The issue raised by the assessee is covered by the judgment of Hon’ble Supreme Court cited by assessee supra. However, there is no observation of the ld. CIT(Appeals) in this regard and therefore for the limited purpose of this issue, we remit the matter to the ld. CIT(Appeals) for consideration of this issue in the light of the Supreme Court judgments cited above for decision as per law, after reasonable opportunity to the assessee. The assessee is also directed to comply with the notice of hearing and not to seek unnecessary adjournment for early disposal of the case.

5. Ground No.2 on interest u/s. 234C on the assessed income instead of returned income does not require adjudication.

6. In the result, the appeal by the assessee is partly allowed for statistical purposes.

Pronounced in the open court on this 09th day of January, 2024.

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