In this article we will understand why section 269ST is introduced and what is the need of invoking such provisions,
Section 269ST was introduced by finance act, 2017 in Income tax act, 1961 by the central government in order to curb the tax evasion, regulation and circulation of Black money. Most of the transactions in India are done in cash ( specially real estate transactions )as a tactic to evade the income tax, as cash transactions are difficult to track by the department. Therefore there is a great need and requirement to invoke such provisions with the intention of restricting cash transactions. There are already provisions in the act to restrict cash transaction. For instance, the provisions of section 40A(3) imposing restrictions on cash expenditure. Similarly, there are provisions under sections like 269SS/269T regarding accepting and repayment of loans in cash.
But, there is no provision in income tax regarding cash receipts before inserting section 269ST ( i.e. before 1st April, 2017 ) and this what it makes a difference between the existing provisions and 269ST. It cast a restriction on the person receiving the cash i.e. payee.
Understanding the provision of section 269ST;
No person shall receive an amount of two lakh rupees or more—(a) in aggregate from a person in a day; or
(b) in respect of a single transaction; or
(c) in respect of transactions relating to one event or occasion from a person,
otherwise than by an account payee cheque or an account payee bank draft or use of electronic clearing system through a bank account.
Provided that the provisions of this section shall not apply to—
(i) any receipt by—
(b) any banking company, post office savings bank or co-operative bank;
(ii) transactions of the nature referred to in section 269SS;
(iii) such other persons or class of persons or receipts, which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,—
(a) “banking company” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (i) of the Explanation to section 269SS;
(b) “co-operative bank” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (ii) of the Explanation to section 269SS
1). Applicabilty : This section is applicable to all persons as defined in section 2(31). It covers all types of receipts whether it is a capital or revenue.
Penalty for non-compliance of section 269ST ( Section 271DA)
If a person receives any sum in contravention of the provisions of section 269ST, he shall be liable to pay, by way of penalty, a sum equal to the amount of such receipt
Any penalty imposable under sub-section (1) shall be imposed by the Joint Commissioner.
1). Laxminarayan & Associates ( a partnership firm ) has entered into a transaction of purchase of immovable property from Pushp kumar sahu at a consideration of 25,00,000/- INR. The mode of payment is partly cash and partly by NEFT, cash portion is 5,00,000 and remaining is NEFT. In this case pushp kumar sahu has received cash in excess of 2,00,000/-INR. In which he has violated the provisions of section 269ST. Therefore penalty will be leviable u/s 271DA for receiving cash @ rate of 100%. In layman, penalty will be levied on transaction portion received in cash.
2). Laxminarayan & Associates ( a partnership firm) has withdrawn a amount of 3,00,000/-INR from a bank account in a single day. In this case receiving person is laxminarayan & associates which has received a amount exceeding 2,00,000/-but still it is not violating the provisions of section 269ST. Therefore, penalty will not be levied u/s 271DA; because there is a clarification regarding the same by Central Board of Direct taxes that there will be no restriction on cash withdrawl from bank.
Clarifications in respect of section 269ST of the Income-tax Act, 1961 Vide Circular No. 22 of 2017 Dated 03rd July, 2017.