The provisions of Income- tax act impose an obligation on customer (i.e., recipient of service) to withhold certain portion of payment as tax deduction at source. Accordingly, the customer deducts such portion and releases the balance amount.

Assuming TDS rate is 10% and bill value is Rs.50,000/-, service provider would get Rs. 45,000/- in the form of cash or cash equivalents and balance of Rs. 5,000/- would be available as tax credit which can be available for adjustment against taxes payable.

In case of least profitable businesses or loss making business, tax deductions at 10%(assumption) on revenue would cause real pinch on liquidity, though the same could be claimed as refund in subsequent year by filing Income tax return. Consequently, these business entities should at least wait for a period of 1 year to get their own money as refund from Income-tax department.

Hence, Income-tax act provides for a facility to obtain Nil Deduction Certificate or Lower Deduction Certificate by filing an application in Form 13 with Jurisdictional Assessing Officer (AO). Considering the merits of the case, AO issues a certificate seeking a list of customers of the assessee to neither deduct taxes nor deduct at lower rate.

Who can ideally apply ?

  1. Loss making businesses
  2. Least profitable business (profit margins being less than rate of tax deduction)
  3. Assessee having carried forward losses to set off with future year’s Income
  4. Assessee eligible for deductions of profits (U/s. 10 or under chapter VI A etc.,)
  5. Assessee eligible for weighted deduction of expenditure
  6. A non-resident selling immovable property

Above list is an indicatory list but changes on case to case basis.

Requirements to file application in Form 13

  1. Financial statements of last 3 years and projected financial statements for FY 2018-19
  2. Details of income of last 3 years and projected current year’s income of FY 2018-19
  3. Income tax returns of last 3 years
  4. Details of tax deduction of last 3 years (Form 26AS)
  5. List of customers (with TAN) and projected income from customers
  6. Details of tax deduction by assessee for last 3 years.

Physical / Manual Filing of application in Form 13

States like Karnataka & Goa etc., have released online portal to file Form 13 application. In case of other states, Form 13 shall be filed physically.

Procedure to File online Form 13 for Lower / Non Deduction of TDS U/s. 197

Should you require any clarification, feel free to contact me on 8884260807.

Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: N/A
Location: Bangalore, Karnataka, IN
Member Since: 07 May 2018 | Total Posts: 1

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Category : Income Tax (28533)
Type : Articles (18506)
Tags : TDS (1147)

5 responses to “Sec. 197 How to apply for non/lower deduction certificate in Form 13”

  1. S.RAGOTHAMAN says:

    please advise me the link to get form 13 on line

  2. S.RAGOTHAMAN says:

    I have to apply tds exemption certificate for my loss making company ,which undertakes jobwork and payment is eligible for tds deduction under Sec 194. Please advise the link where I can browse form 13and submit to AO, with relevant enclosures

  3. Jayesh says:

    Link for site for mumbai as the link mentioned above is for Karnataka and goa

  4. Rachan says:

    Can you guide me with the Mumbai website portal link please

  5. SUNIL says:


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