CA Namita Gad

CA Namita GadWe receive gifts in cash, ornaments, land, car, gadgets, vouchers and many more on various occasions like on birthday, marriage, achievements and even sometimes out of gratitude too. Feel special and happy on its receipt, right? But have you ever bothered to check its taxability under Indian Income Tax Law? If not, then here are the provisions of income tax law related to gift. Some of the gifting transactions are to be taxed under the Income Tax Act, 1961 and the onus to offer such gift for tax and then to pay tax on it; is on the recipient of such gift. Remember in this article, we will be testing only those transactions for “taxability” which are having gift value exceeding Rs.50,000/- and that too received without consideration i.e. nothing is exchanged for such gift by an individual on or after October 1, 2009.  

There are 3 aspects of the transaction which need to be considered in consolidation before concluding its taxability…

  1. Money or Property received as Gift.
  2. Relationship with the person gifting such money or property.
  3. Occasion on which gift is received.

Let us first understand; what are those things which can be a taxable gift under the law.

1. Money i.e. cash or cheque or draft.

2. Property: The term “Property” is specifically narrated in the law. So besides those items, other gifts will not come in the purview of taxability and property includes;

i. immovable property being land or building or both;

ii.  shares and securities;

iii.  jewellery;

iv.   archaeological collections;

v.   drawings;

vi.  paintings;

vii.  sculptures;

viii. any work of art;

ix. bullion (bullion w.e.f June 1, 2010)

Lesson: Receipt of Gift other than in Money or Property is not liable for tax.

Second aspect to be look upon is the relationship with the person gifting such money or property. Income Tax Act has excluded transactions of gift received from relatives from taxing and relative with respect to an individual includes;

i. spouse of the individual;

ii. brother or sister of the individual;

iii. brother or sister of the spouse of the individual;

iv. brother or sister of either of the parents of the individual;

v.  any lineal ascendant or descendant of the individual;

vi.  any lineal ascendant or descendant of the spouse of the individual;

vii. spouse of the person referred to in items (ii) to (vi)

Lesson: Receipt of Gift in Money or Property from a relative is not liable for tax.

Now coming to occasions, gift received on specified events or circumstances is excluded from taxability such as;

i. on the occasion of the marriage of the individual;

ii. under a will or by way of inheritance;

iii. in contemplation of death of the payer or donor;

iv. from any local authority;

v.  from any fund or foundation or university or other educational institution or hospital or other medical institution or any trust or institution referred to in section 10(23C);

vi.  from any trust or institution registered under section 12AA.

Lesson: Receipt of Gift in Money or Property from a relative or from a non-relative on specified occasion/circumstances is not liable for tax.

So whenever you will be doing a taxability test for a gift transaction, go by each of these step and conclude. But it is not as simple and straight as it looks; it also includes many other aspects relating to computation and documentation; so it is always advised to consult your Chartered Accountant on receipt of gift or if possible before entering into such gifting transactions.

Sharing this knowledge is a small gift from my side to you and this is surely not taxable, so enjoy it!

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Author Bio

Qualification: CA in Practice
Company: Namita Gad & Associates
Location: Lower Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, IN
Member Since: 28 Dec 2017 | Total Posts: 4
Can be reached at work@namitagad.com CA. Namita Gad has served over 500 clients including start-ups & corporates and headed as CFO for one of the technology start-ups. Her expertise lies in areas such as valuations of shares, company law compliance, due diligence assistance, funding formalities View Full Profile

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0 responses to “Received Gift? Check taxability before enjoying!”

  1. vipin jain says:

    there is a penalty order passed u/s 271D. cash received from husband above Rs.50000 to repayment of loan raised for purchase of a house property.
    please provided caae laws and other judgements to protect the assessee…..reply

  2. Akshay JAIN says:

    3 Lessons are very useful. Clubbing provisions are also relevant here. There would be no confusion (as above) if we would have discussed the same also.

  3. Arvind says:

    Really useful and nice article.

    A small query is also there:

    Is gift by way of Account payee cheque for Rs.Ten lacs or above
    from an NRI from hi NRI Bank account to his Indian relative, exempted
    from all tax. Second point of test is relationship, Doner (NRI) is Husband of
    Donee’s real sister. Donee is permanent resident indian. Is it covered under relationship given above at (iii) brother or sister of the spouse of the individual;

    Kindly clarify.

    Regards

    Arvind

  4. C A K C Agagarwal says:

    in nutshell, the gift received from the relative is non taxable, but the gift more than Rs.50000.00 received from other than relative, is taxable
    c a k c agarwal .Allahabad

  5. ca kishor kothuriti says:

    well explained Namita. keep it up!!!

  6. SRIKANT AGARWAL says:

    Explained in a very simple language. However inclusions of applicable section and treatment for below Rs 50000 gift would have made it a complete one.

  7. Kamal says:

    Thanks for your update and yes Sharing the knowledge is not taxable .
    I have one question if you could confirm like in case of marriage any one can pay a hefty amount / property to someone as a gift then would not that be taxable ? then by doing this person could easily avoid tax on their income.

  8. kailash kumar says:

    nice

  9. Sanjay Pandey says:

    Thanks for a compact article as gift.

  10. Bishal Das says:

    Nice article !!

  11. Amit says:

    Is there any requirement of preparation on gift deed if money is received from relative as gift ?

  12. Tereza Dsouza says:

    I am a taxpayer. Now I am participating in World Masters Athletic at Australia during 30th Sept. to 14 Oct.15. If I get some sponsorship in cheques or cash, the amount received by me is taxable ??? If so, what should I do ???
    Please clarify

  13. Makhan Jhaver says:

    Pl note that as far as i know any Gift by parent in law to daughter in law is not permissible ? It is old law which needs to change – Pl clarify reg present position and taxability of Gift / Income from Gift in the hands of donor / donee

  14. Makhan Jhaver says:

    Pl note that as far as i know , gift from spouse is taxable or income derive from the gift is taxable in the hands of donor .. Pl clarify

  15. Manohar says:

    Pl elaborate more. I think it’s not so simple, as you have described in examples 🙂

  16. Sobhana says:

    If a cancer patient receive 10 lacs account transfer for treatment from some kind hearted person. Kindly let me know whether this amount is taxable in the hands of the patient.

  17. Manoj says:

    Informative & well drafted in a simple language.

  18. Neal Jain says:

    Nice article. Very informative

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