“ITR form” asking for information equivalent to “Scrutiny Notice Questionnaire”
The Income Tax Return (ITR) forms for FY 2018-19 notified by the government are different from those used to file the previous year’s returns. Some of the changes in the forms have been done keeping in mind the changes in income tax laws made in Budget 2018 for FY 2018-19 and onwards. Apart from that, there are other changes as well in the ITR forms which you should be careful about while filing your return for FY 2018-19.
The additional disclosures have been sought by the CBDT in respect of all those income which are often subject to tax disputes or which are prone to tax avoidance. It appears that the CBDT has envisaged turning the ITR forms into Scrutiny forms. By making the changes in current year ITR forms, the Dept. has increased the scope of disclosure and the scope to uncover the under-reporting or wrong-reporting of income. Key Changes have been discussed as follows:
For the Assessment Year 2019-20, every taxpayer shall file the income-tax return electronically except a super senior citizen (whose age is 80 years or above during the previous year 2018-19) who furnishes the return either in ITR-1 or ITR-4.
The option available to a taxpayer, whose income was below Rs. 5 lakhs during the previous year, to file the physical return has been withdrawn. Thus, it is now mandatory for every taxpayer (except super senior citizen) to file the return only electronically.
Return of income can be filed through electronic mode using any of the following three options:
i. E-filing using a Digital Signature (DSC)
ii. E-filing without a Digital Signature
iii. E-filing under Electronic Verification Code (EVC)
The new ITR-2 form asks individuals not only to specify the residential status as resident, resident but not ordinarily resident or non-resident, but also to provide additional information with respect to residential status, such as :-
a) Number of days of stay in India,
b) Jurisdiction of his residence
c) Tax identification number in case he is a non-resident.
If you are Director of a company, then you will be required to specify your DIN (Director Identification Number) in ITR-2 or 3 whichever is applicable. Along with this you will also be required to provide information –
a) Name of company,
c) Whether shares are listed or unlisted.
Taxpayers will be required to specify the full bifurcation details of the interest income. Income from other sources head in ITR-1 has been updated to provide details of the source from where interest. Interest income to be bifurcated into –
a. Saving Bank
b. Deposits (all kinds of)
c. Income tax refund
d. In the nature of Pass Through Income u/s 115UA & 115UB
In ITR-1, this year providing details of your salary income will be easier as the details required are in sync with the information available in Form-16. In the last year, though taxpayers were required to provide the break-up of salary details, the information required was not in sync with information available in Form-16.
Now, from Assessment Year 2019-20, an individual has to mention his gross salary and then the amount of exempt allowances, perquisites and profit in lieu of salary shall be deducted or added to arrive at the taxable figure of salary income.
Further, the new ITR forms seek separate reporting of all deductions allowable under Section 16, namely:
a) Standard deduction
b) Entertainment allowance
c) Professional tax.
The new ITR forms seek TAN (Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number) of the employer instead of PAN. Further, furnishing of TAN is mandatory in case tax is deducted at source by employer on the salary income.
If you are holding shares in an unlisted company then, you are required to disclose the details of your holdings in ITR-2. The details required are extensive –
a) Name of the company,
b) PAN of the company,
c) Number and cost of acquisition at the beginning of the year,
d) Number of shares, face value, issue price (or purchase price) and date of purchase of shares acquired during the year,
e) Number and sale consideration of shares transferred during the year,
f) Number and cost of acquisition of shares held at the end of Previous Year.
If you have sold a property in FY 2018-19, then while filing ITR-2, you will be required to provide complete details of the buyer to whom you have sold the property need to be reported such as:
a) Name of buyer
b) PAN of the buyer
c) Address of property
d) In case of more than one buyer, percentage share and amount of each buyer
a) Insertion of Manufacturing Account and Trading Account in addition to Profit and Loss Account. Statement of Profit and Loss has been bifurcated into Manufacturing account, Trading Account and Profit and Loss Account. Certain additional details need to be furnished in the Manufacturing Account such as details of direct wages, direct expenses and factory overheads.
Thus, if assessee is engaged in manufacturing activities then he shall be required to arrive at cost of goods sold through manufacturing account, gross profit through trading account and net profit through profit and loss account. Manufacturing account is not meant for service providers and traders. Hence, they can start directly from trading account
b) In case where regular books of accounts are not maintained – Details of gross receipts as bifurcated between receipts through specified banking modes and any other mode to be reported.
c) Any person claiming bad debts of the amount of more than Rs. 1 lakh, in respect of a debtor, is required to report PAN of such debtor (if available) in ITR forms. However, no information about these debtors were required to be furnished in old ITR forms if PAN is not available. In new ITR forms, name and address of the debtor shall be required to be furnished in case PAN of such debtors isn’t available.
d) ITR forms released last year had incorporated new Schedule requiring GSTIN of the assessee and turnover as per GST return filed by him. However, this information was required only in case of taxpayers who have opted for presumptive taxation scheme and filing return in form ITR-4. The same schedule has now been incorporated in ITR Forms 3, 5 and 6.
e) New ITR-3 inserted a new clause asking for the details regarding the liability of assessee for audit under any Act other than the Income-tax Act, wherein assessee is required to mention the relevant Act and section under which audit is required and date of furnishing of audit report for the same.
It is mandatory for an assessee to specify the “nature of income taxable” under the head income from other sources.
Enhanced reporting in exempt income schedule, if net agricultural income exceeds Rs.5 Lakhs, following details need to be reported separately for each agricultural land :
a) Name of district along with pin code where agricultural land is situated
b) Measurement in acres
c) Whether the land is owned or leased and whether it is irrigated or rain fed
Break-up of monetary donations made in cash and other mode- Monetary donations made by taxpayer and eligible for deduction under section 80G of the Income Tax Laws (ITL) need to be bifurcated between donation made in cash or in any other mode (like cheque or electronic mode). Cash donation made in excess of Rs. 2,000 shall not be allowed as deduction from gross total income.
Enhanced reporting in relation to foreign assets located outside India- Instead of information about foreign bank accounts held, the new ITR forms require details of following assets held by resident taxpayers at any time during the previous year in Schedule FA dealing with foreign assets and income from any source outside India
a) Details of Foreign Depository accounts
b) Details of Foreign Custodial accounts
c) Details of Foreign Equity and Debt interest
d) Details of Foreign Cash Value Insurance Contract or Annuity Contract
Under each asset category, there is further reporting requirement such as details of
a) Country name and code,
b) Name and address of institution,
c) Account number,
d) Date of opening the account,
e) Peak balance during the tax year,
f) Closing balance,
g) Amount of interest/ amount paid/ credit.
In case of insurance contract, cash/ surrender value of contract needs to be reported.
Thus, Taxpayers and Tax Professionals should get themselves ready for Additional Disclosures and documentation for this Tax-Filing season.