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Deduction, disallowance and reallowance of Employee’s and Employer’s contribution to PF under the Income Tax Act, 1961

According to the provisions of provident act of India, there is requirement of contribution to the provident fund on part of both the Employer and Employee. Both contributes at equal rates.

The Employer deducts an amount from salary of an Employee and he himself additionally contributes and deposits the same.

In hands of Assessee-Employer, the allowance in respect of contribution to provident fund, deduction is allowed provided the section 36(1)(va) of the Income Tax Act,1961 (“Act”).

As per the Income Tax Act, 1961, deduction in respect of both Employer’s contribution and Employee’s contribution to PF are allowed to the Employer from his income under PGBP  Provided the Employer had deposited the same within due date.

If the amounts were not paid within due dates prescribed under the act, it will leads to the disallowance under income tax act. The disallowance in respect of both contributions governed by the different provisions of the Act which is as under :

Employer’s contribution to PF: The Employer’s contribution to PF is a genuine expenditure incurred by the Employers for the Employees. Thus, it is considered as business expenditure and allowed as deduction under the head PGBP.  Section 43B of the Act governs the provisions regarding disallowance of statutory expenses incurred by the Assessee if the same is not paid within the due date of filing return of income. Further, the same will be allowed in the year in which it is being paid. The Clause (b) of section 43B of the Act prescribes the provisions regarding Employer’s contribution to PF.

This means that if an Employer’s contribution to PF is not paid within due of filing return of income the same will be disallowed U/s 43B of the Act. Further, if paid in subsequent year, the  deduction will be reallowed in subsequent year on actual payment basis.

Deduction of Employee’s & Employer’s contribution to PF

Employee’s contribution to PF: In regards with Employee’s contributions to PF, the amount of contribution is being deducted by the Employer from salary of Employee.

– Section 2(24)(x) of the Act states that income includes the amount received as Employee contribution to PF. Thus, the Employees contribution to PF collected by the Employers first being  treated as income of the Employer and thereafter allowed as deduction U/s 36(1)(va) of the Act. The provision of section 36(1)(va) of the Act prescribes that deduction will be allowed if the Employee’s contribution is being paid before the due date as prescribed under the Provident Fund Act. Thus, in view of the above, it is clear that in regard to the Employee’s contribution to PF, section mandates that in order to claim deduction for Employee’s contribution to PF, it has to be deposited before the due date as per PF law. Unlikely the provisions of section 43B of the Act, this section is not giving benefit of reallowance of Employee’s contribution to PF on actual payment basis. If there is delay in payment of contribution even by single day, the assessee has to foregone the deduction of Employee’s contribution. Even if it is being paid after due date the deduction cannot be allowed.

– The above discussion is summarized as under:

Sr. No. Particulars Employee’s
1. Firstly considered as income Yes, as per section 2(24)(x) Employee contribution to PF is firstly treated as income of the Employer and then he gets deduction after the payment made. NA
2. Deduction allowed U/s Section 36(1)(va) Allowed as general business expenditure U/s 36
3. Due date for purpose of claiming deduction Explanation 1 to
section 36(1)(va) clearly mentioned due date as per PF Act
For disallowance, section 43B attracts thus as per it due date means date of filing return of income.
4. Section governing disallowance               of deduction Section 36(1)(va) Section 43B
5. Reallowance               of deduction in subsequent period of actual payment Not available (Explanation 5 to section 43B    clearly excludes    Employees
contribution to PF) and further section 36(1)(va) does not
contains the provision regarding the re-
Available U/s 43B, which means
amount disallowed in current AY shal be allowed in
subsequent AY on actual payment basis.

– Thus, in view of above it is clear that the provisions for the Employer’s contribution to PF and Employee’s contribution to PF are differently deals under income tax law.

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  1. Kanoji C B says:

    I am a salaried individual and both the employer’s contribution and the employee contribution to pf has been added under taxable income and then provided as a deduction under 80C for employee contribution, however, employer’s contribution to pf be exempted under some section of IT act. Please let me know the section under which employer’s contribution to pf be claimed.

  2. ARUN says:

    query-PF contribution…I have VPF voluntary PF contribution 20% .whether the employer contribution (equal )for the VPF ..also I have contribution of 10%.what will be employer contribution…10,%plus 20%.?,or ..

  3. Sourav says:

    I am a salaried individual and both the employer’s contribution and the employee contribution to pf has been added under taxable income and then provided as a deduction under 80C, however, shouldn’t the employer’s contribution to pf be exempt and not added to my taxable in the first place?
    Appreciate your time and assistance in advance!

    1. Tejaswini Ramesh Bobde says:

      Hello Maneesha!, as duly mentioned in my above article, the due date for Employers Contribution is due date of furnishing return of income.

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