FINANCIAL YEAR 1989-90

1714. Instructions for deduction of tax at source from interest on securities-Rates of tax applicable during the financial year 1989-90

1. Reference is invited to this department’s Circular No. 519, dated 10-8-1988 on the above subject wherein a request was made for issuing necessary instructions to all the Treasury Officers etc., for making deduction of income-tax at source from the payment of interest on Government securities for the financial year 1988-89.

2. There is no change in the basic rates of tax for the financial year 1989-90 insofar as they relate to deduction of tax at source from payments of interest on Government securities. However, the Finance Act, 1989 has brought about some important changes in the provisions of section 193 of the Income-tax Act relating to deduction of tax at source from income by way of interest on securities. The changes are :

(a)   In order to prevent the postponement of liability to deduct tax and payment to the credit of the Central Government, the Finance Act, 1989 has amended section 193 whereby tax will be deducted at source either at the time of credit to the account of the payee or at the time of payment thereof, whichever is earlier.

(b)   By an Explanation inserted in section 193, it has been clarified that for the purpose of the said section where any income by way of interest on securities is credited to any account whether called “Interest Payable Account” or “Suspense Account” or by any other name, in the books of account of the person liable to pay such income, such credit shall be deemed to the credit of such income to the account of the payee and the provisions of this section shall accordingly apply.

(c)   By amending clause (v)( b) of the proviso to section 193, the monetary ceiling of Rs. 1,000 mentioned therein has been increased to Rs. 2,500. Accordingly, tax will not be deducted at source from any interest payable to a resident individual on debentures issued by a company in which the public are substantially interested, if the interest is paid by the company by an account payee cheque and the amount of such interest or as the case may be, the aggregate of amount of such interest paid or likely to be paid during the financial year by the company to such an individual does not exceed Rs. 2,500.

The aforesaid amendments are effective from 1-6-1989. Besides, the Finance Act, 1989 has increased the levy of surcharge on the total income exceeding Rs. 50,000 from 5 per cent to 8 per cent in the case of resident persons and domestic companies. Therefore, the amount of tax deducted as per the rates given in enclosed draft circular shall be increased :

(i)   by a surcharge for purpose of the Union at 8 per cent of such income-tax in the case of a resident person;

(ii)   by a surcharge of 8 per cent of such income-tax in the case of domestic company.

3. A copy of the draft circular letter setting out the rates at which income-tax should be deducted from such payments after 31st March, 1989 is enclosed. On the basis of this draft, a circular may be issued to all Treasury Officers and Sub-Treasury Officers, banks, etc., under your control with a view to ensuring that the provisions of the Income-tax Act are strictly adhered to by the tax deductor.

4. In this connection, attention is invited to the provisions of sections 200, 203, 203A, 206 of the Income-tax Act, the sum and substance of which are as under :

(a)   According to the provisions of section 203 of the Income-tax Act, every person responsible for deducting tax at source is required to furnish a certificate to the effect that tax has been deducted and to specify therein, inter alia, the amount deducted and other particulars that may be prescribed. The certificate has to be furnished within the prescribed period of one month to the person to whose account credit is given or to whom payment is made or the cheque or warrant is issued, as the case may be. By Notification No. SO 937(E), dated 20-10-1988, old rule 31 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962 has been substituted by a new rule which provides for a unified form of certificate to be issued in Form No. 16. Detailed instructions regarding the issue of certificates for tax deducted at source have been issued in Board’s Circular No. 529 dated 13-2-1989.

If a person fails to furnish a certificate as required by section 203, he shall, on an order passed by the income-tax authority, under section 272A of the Income-tax Act, pay, by way of penalty, a sum which shall not be less than Rs.100, but which may extend to Rs. 200 for every day during which the failure continues.

(b)   According to the provisions of section 203A of the Income-tax Act, it is obligatory for all persons responsible for deducting tax at source to quote the tax deduction account number (TAN) in the Challan, TDS certificates, periodical returns, etc. Detailed instructions in this regard are available in this Department’s Circular No. 497, dated 9-10-1987. If a person fails to comply with the provisions of section 203A, he shall on an order passed by the Assessing Officer under section 272BB, pay by way of penalty a sum which may extend to Rs. 5,000.

(c)   According to the provisions of section 206 of the Income-tax Act, read with rules 36A and 37 of the Income-tax Rules, the prescribed person in the case of every office of Government, the principal officer in the case of every company, the prescribed person in the case every local authority or other public body or association, every private employer and every other person responsible for deducting tax under the provisions of Chapter XVII of the Income-tax Act, shall prepare, within the prescribed time after the end of each financial year, and deliver or cause to be delivered by the 31st May following the financial year to the prescribed income-tax authority the annual return of deduction of tax under section 193 from “Interest on securities” in Form No. 25 prescribed under rule 37 of the Income-tax Rules. It may be noted that the third copy of the TDS certificate issued to the assessees should be enclosed with the annual return.

If a person fails to furnish in due time the annual return, he shall, on an order passed by the income-tax authority, under section 272A pay, by way penalty a sum which shall not be less than one hundred rupees, but which may extend to two hundred rupees during which the failure continues.

(d)   According to the provision of section 200 of the Income-tax Act, any person deducting any sum in accordance with the provisions of section 193 shall pay, within the prescribed time, the sum so deducted to the credit of the Central Government. If he fails to deduct tax at source or after deducting fails to pay the tax to the credit of the Government, he shall be liable to action in accordance with the provisions of section 201. In this connection, attention is also invited to the provisions of section 276B of the Income-tax Act, according to which if a person fails to pay to the credit of the Central Government the tax deducted at source by him, he shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall be between 3 months and 7 years and with fine.

Circular : No. 543, dated 31-8-1989.

DRAFT CIRCULAR TO ALL TREASURY OFFICERS, ETC.

1. I am to invite your attention to this office letter regarding deduction of income-tax from interest on Government securities during the financial year 1988-89.

2. It may be noted that the Finance Act, 1989 has brought about important changes in the provisions of section 193 of the Income-tax Act relating to deduction of tax at source from income by way of interest on securities. Some of the changes are :—

(a)   In order to prevent the postponement of liability to deduct tax and payment to the credit of the Central Government, the Finance Act, 1989 has amended section 193 whereby tax will be deducted at source either at the time of credit to the account of the payee or at the time of payment thereof, whichever is earlier.

(b)   By an “Explanation” inserted in section 193, it has been clarified that for the purpose of the said section where any income by way of interest on securities is credited to any account whether called “Interest Payable Account” or “Suspense Account” or by any other name, in the books of account of the person liable to pay such income, such credit shall be deemed to be credit of such income to the account of the payee and the provisions of this section shall accordingly apply.

These amendments will be effective from 1-6-1989.

3. Income-tax is to be deducted during the financial year 1989-90, from the entire amount of interest on securities at the following rates, namely :—

I.
In the case of a person other than a company :
Rates of income-tax

(i)   Where the person is resident in India-on income by way of interest payable on any security (excluding interest payable on a tax-free security)
10 per cent

(ii)   Where the person is not resident in India—

1.    In the case of a non-resident Indian

A.    On investment income and long- term capital gains
20 per cent

B.    On income by way of interest payable on a tax-free security
15 per cent

C.    On the whole of the other
Income-tax at 30 per cent of the amount of the income

or

Income-tax in respect of the income at the rates prescribed in Sub-paragraph I of Paragraph A of Part III of the First Schedule to the Finance Act, 1989 (Copy at Annexure I), if such income had been the total income, whichever is higher.

2.    In the case of any other person,—

A.    On the income by way of interest on a tax-free security
15 per cent

B.    On the whole of other income (excluding interest payable on a tax-free security)
[As against 1(c) above]
II.
In the case of a company;—

(i)   Where the company is a domestic company – on income by way of interest on securities (excluding interest payable on a tax-free security)
21.5 per cent

(ii)   Where the company is not a domestic company—

A.    On interest payable on a tax-free security
44 per cent

B.    On interest on other securities
65 per cent.
Surcharge on Income-tax

The amount of tax deducted as per the rates given above shall be increased :

(i)   by a surcharge for purposes of the Union @ 8 per cent of such income-tax in the case of resident person; and

(ii)   by a surcharge @ 8 per cent of such income-tax in the case of a domestic company.

4. The term “domestic company” means an Indian company or any other company which, in respect of its income liable to tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, has made the prescribed arrangements for the declaration and payment within India, of the dividends (including dividends on preference shares) payable out of such income.

5. In making payment or crediting interest on Government securities from the 1st April, 1989, you are requested to deduct income-tax at the rates specified above, except in cases where an exemption or abatement certificate granted by an Income-tax Officer/Assessing Officer under sub-section (1) of section 197 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, is produced. In this connection the following points should be kept in view :—

(i)   exemption or abatement certificates issued before the 1st April, 1989, authorising deduction of tax at a particular rate expressed as percentage of the amount of interest should be accepted and acted upon, if operative for the financial year ending on 31st March, 1990;

(ii)   where a certificate is issued by the Income-tax Officer/Assessing Officer on or after 1st April 1989, authorising deduction of tax at a specified rate in respect of any person, income-tax should be deducted at the rates specified therein;

(iii)   no tax should be deducted in cases in which, from a certificate issued by the Income-tax Officer/Assessing Officer or otherwise, you are satisfied that the payee is a person exempt from payment of income-tax under sections 10 to 13A of the Income-tax Act,1961;

(iv)   no tax should be deducted from interest payable on 7- year National Savings Certificates (IV Issue), National Development Bonds, etc., which have been specifically exempted from the requirement of tax deduction at source under the proviso to section 193 or of the interest payable on such debentures/securities bonds as have been specified by the Central Government by notification in the Official Gazette under the proviso to section 193;

(v)   no tax should be deducted from any interest payable on any other security of the Central or State Government where the security is held by a resident individual, and the holder makes a declaration in waiting in duplicate in the prescribed form and verified in the prescribed manner as provided in section 197A (1) of the Income-tax Act to the effect that his estimated total income of the previous year in which such income is to be included in computing his total income will be less than the minimum liable to income-tax. A copy of declaration form prescribed under the provisions of section 197A of the Income-tax Act is at Annexure II. A copy of such declaration should be forwarded by you on or before the seventh day of the month next following the month in which the declaration is furnished by you to the Commissioner of Income-tax concerned, as provided in rule 29C of the Income-tax Rules, 1962;

(vi)   no tax should be deducted from any sum payable in respect of any security owned by a corporation established by or under a Central Act which under any law for the time being in force is exempt from income-tax on its income. Payments made to Life Insurance Corporation and Unit Trust of India are exempt from the requirement of TDS by their respective Acts;

(vii)   under section 288B of the Income-tax Act, fractions of one rupee contained in the amount of tax will have to be rounded off to the nearest rupee by ignoring amounts less than fifty paise and increasing amounts of fifty paise or more to one rupee. Hence, the amount of tax to be deducted at source should be rounded off to the nearest rupee in accordance with the aforesaid provisions of the Act.

6. Attention is invited in this connection to the provisions of sections 200, 203, 203A and 206 of the Income-tax Act. The sum and substance of which are as under :—

(a)   According to the provisions of section 203 of the Income-tax Act, every person responsible for deducting tax at source is required to furnish a certificate to the effect that tax has been deducted and to specify therein, inter alia, the amount deducted and other particulars that may be prescribed. The certificate has to be furnished within the prescribed period of one month to the person to whose account credit is given or to whom payment is made or the cheque or warrant is issued, as the case may be. By Notification No. SO 937(E), dated 20-10-1988, old rule 31 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962, has been substituted by a new rule which provides for a unified form of certificate to be issued in Form No. 16. Detailed instructions regarding the issue of certificates for tax deducted at source have been issued in Board’s Circular No. 529 [F.No. 275/3/89-IT(B)], dated 13-2-1989.

If a person fails to furnish certificate as required by section 203, he shall, on an order passed by the income-tax authority, under section 272A of the Income-tax Act, pay by way of penalty, a sum which shall not be less than Rs. 100 but which may extend to Rs. 200 for every day during which the failure continues.

(b)   According to the provisions of section 203A of the Income-tax Act, it is obligatory for all persons responsible for deducting tax at source to quote the Tax-deduction Account Number (TAN) in the challans. TDS certificates, periodical returns, etc. Detailed instructions in this regard are available in this Department’s Circular No. 497 [F.No.275/118/87-IT(B)], dated 9-10-1987. If a person fails to comply with the provisions of section 203A, he shall on an order passed by the Assessing Officer, under section 272BB, pay, by way of penalty, a sum which may extend to Rs. 5,000.

(c)   According to the provisions of section 206 of the Income-tax Act, read with rules 36A and 37 of the Income-tax Rules the prescribed person in the case of every office or Government, the principal officer in the case of every company, the prescribed person in the case of every local authority or other public body or association, every private employer and every other person responsible for deducting tax under the provisions of Chapter XVII of the Income-tax Act, shall prepare, within the prescribed time after the end of each financial year, and deliver or cause to be delivered by the 31st May following the financial year to the designated Income-tax Officer the annual return of deduction of tax under section 193 from “Interest on securities” in Form No. 25 prescribed under rule 37 of the Income-tax Rules. It may be noted that the third copy of the TDS certificate issued to the assessees should be enclosed with the annual return.

If a person fails to furnish in due time the annual return, he shall, on an order passed by the income-tax authority under section 272A pay, by way of penalty a sum which shall not be less than one hundred rupees, but which may extend to two hundred rupees for every day during which the failure continues.

(d)   According to the provisions of section 200 of the Income-tax Act, any person deducting any sum in accordance with the provisions of section 193 shall pay, within the prescribed time, the sum so deducted to the credit of the Central Government. If he fails to deduct tax at source or after deducting fails to pay the tax to the credit of the Government, he shall be liable to action in accordance with the provisions of section 201. In this connection, attention is also invited to the provisions of section 276B of the Income-tax Act, according to which if a person fails to pay to the credit of the Central Government the tax deducted at source by him, he shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall be between 3 months and 7 years and with fine.

7. In case of any doubt, the Assessing Officer or the Local Public Relations Officer of the Department should be consulted before making deduction from interest on Government securities.

ANNEXURE I

EXTRACT FROM THE FINANCE ACT, 1989, PART III OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE

Paragraph A, Sub-Paragraph I

In the case of every individual or Hindu undivided family or unregistered firm or other association of persons or body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, or every artificial juridical person referred to in sub-clause (vii ) of clause (31) of section 2 of the Income-tax Act, not being a case to which Sub-Paragraph II of this paragraph or any other Paragraph of this part applies :—

Rates of income-tax

(1)
where the total income does not
Nil;

exceed Rs. 18,000

(2)
where the total income exceeds
20 per cent of the amount by which the total

Rs. 18,000 but does not exceed
income exceeds Rs.18,000;

Rs. 25,000

(3)
where the total income exceeds
Rs. 1,400 plus 30 per cent of the amount by

Rs. 25,000 but does not exceed
which the total income exceeds Rs. 25,000;

Rs. 50,000

(4)
where the total income exceeds
Rs. 8,800 plus 40 per cent of the amount by

Rs. 50,000 but does not exceed
which the total income exceeds Rs. 50,000; Rs.

1,00,000

(5)
where the total income exceeds
Rs. 28,900 plus 50 per cent of the amount

Rs. 1,00,000
by which the total income exceeds Rs. 1,00,000.
Surcharge on income-tax

The amount of income-tax computed in accordance with the preceding provisions of this Sub-Paragraph shall, in the case of every person having a total income exceeding fifty thousand rupees, be increased by surcharge for purposes of the Union calculated at the rate of eight per cent of such income-tax :

Provided that no such surcharge shall be payable by a non-resident.

ANNEXURE II

Form No. 15F

[See rule 29C(1)]

Declaration under section 197A (1) of the Income-tax Act 1961, to be made by an individual
claiming receipt of “interest on securities” without deduction of tax

I………………………………………..son/daughter/wife of ……………………………………………. resident of @ ……………………………………………………….. do hereby declare—

1. that the securities, particulars of which are given below, stand in my name and are beneficially owned by me, and the interest therefrom is not includible in the total income of any other person under sections 60 to 64 of the Income-tax Act, 1961:

Description of securities
Number of securities
Dates of securities
Amount of securities
Date(s) on which the Securities were acquired
by the declarant

2. that my present occupation is…………………… .

3. that my estimated total income including the interest on securities referred to in paragraph 1 above, computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, for the previous year ending on……………………………………., relevant to the assessment year 19…19…will be less than the minimum liable to income-tax;

4. *”that I have not been assessed to income-tax at any time in the past but I fall within the jurisdiction of the Chief Commissioner or Commissioner of Income-tax……………

or

that I was last assessed to income-tax for assessment year 19…19… by the Assessing Officer ……………Circle/Ward, District and the permanent account number allotted to me is………”

5. that I am resident of India within the meaning of section 6 of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

………………………………………………………..

Signature of Declarant

Verification

I…………………………….. do hereby declare that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, what is stated above is correct, complete and is truly stated.

Verified today,……………………………. day of………………………………….. 19……….
………………………….
Place…………………….
Signature of Declarant
Notes :

1. @Give complete postal address.

2. The declaration should be furnished in duplicate.

3. *Delete whichever is not applicable.

4. Before signing the verification, the declarant should satisfy himself that the information furnished in the declaration is true, correct and complete in all respects. Any person making a false statement in the declaration shall be liable to prosecution under section 277 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, and on conviction be punishable—

(i)   in a case where tax sought to be evaded exceeds one lakh rupees, with rigorous imprisonment which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to seven years and with fine;

(ii)   in any other case, with rigorous imprisonment which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to three years and with fine.

FOR USE BY THE PERSON TO WHOM THE DECLARATION IS FURNISHED

1. Name and address of the person responsible for paying the interest on securities mentioned in paragraph 1 of the declaration.

2. Date on which the declaration was furnished by the declarant.

3. Period for which interest is paid.

4. Amount of interest.

5. Date on which interest is paid.

Forwarded to the Chief Commissioner or Commissioner of Income tax…………
……………………………

Signature of the person
Place……..
responsible for paying
Date………
interest on securities.

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