Every business entity having a turnover exceeding INR 20,00,000 (20 lakhs) in a financial year is required to be registered under the GST Act.
Turnover means the aggregate annual sales of the business after providing discounts. Every entity whose aggregate turnover of the business exceeds INR 20,00,000 (20 lakhs) in a financial year is mandatorily required to register under Goods and Services Tax. For North-eastern and hilly states including J&K (i.e. Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura, Himachal, Nagaland, Sikkim, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Pradesh and Uttarakhand), the limit is restricted to INR 10,00,000.
Under section 2(13) of the CGST Act, an audit has been defined as an examination of records, returns and other relevant documents furnished or maintained by the person registered under the GST Acts or under any other law for the time being in force. GST audit is conducted to verify the correctness of taxes paid, turnover declared, input tax credit (ITC) availed and a refund claimed, and to assess the compliance of the registered person with the provisions of the Acts and the rules made thereunder.
Every person registered under GST Act, whose aggregate turnover exceeds the prescribed limit (i.e. 2 crore rupees) during the financial year, is required to get his books of accounts audited by a (CA) Chartered Accountant or a (CMA) Cost and Management Accountant. The person registered under GST who is required to get his books of accounts audited under GST Act shall submit the Annual Return electronically along with a reconciliation statement, reconciling the declared value of supplies in the GST return furnished for the financial year and a copy of the audited statement of accounts. Both the reconciliation statement and the copy of audited annual accounts, duly certified, is to be furnished by the registered person in Form GSTR-9C along with the annual return.
The person registered under the GST Act, for facilitating the GST audit, shall keep and maintain his accounts to show the correct value in regards to:
The “aggregate turnover” is the aggregate value of all taxable supplies, exports of goods or/and services or both, exempt supplies and interstate supplies of persons having the same PAN, to be computed on all India basis. However, such taxable supplies do not include the value of inward supplies on which GST is being paid under reverse charge basis. The aggregate turnover also excludes Central tax, State tax, Union territory tax, Integrated tax and cess.
In other words, the total of the following shall be considered as an aggregate turnover:
Turnover would, therefore, include the following:
However, the following items would be excluded from Turnover:
As per section 2(47) exempt supply means any supply of goods or/and services or both which may be wholly exemption from tax under section 6 or under section 11 of the IGST Act or attract nil rate of tax, and includes non-taxable supply.
If the turnover of the registered person exceeds the prescribed limit i.e. rupees 2 crores in a financial year, then the registered person shall get his accounts audited by a (CA) Chartered Accountant or a (CMA) Cost & Management Accountant as per GST Rules.
The annual return is required to be filed electronically through Form GSTR 9B, along with the audited statement of annual accounts, the reconciliation statement and other documents as prescribed as per the GST law.
If any mistake/error is noticed in any filled returns during the financial year while auditing the books of accounts, the same can be rectified only in the annual return.