First of all let us know the purpose return:
1. Mode for transfer of information to tax administrations
2. Compliance verification program of tax administration
3. Finalisation of the tax liabilities of the tax payer within stipulated period of limitation; + to declare tax liability for a given period.
4. Providing necessary inputs for taking policy decision.
5. Management of audit and anti evasion programs of tax administration.
Every registered taxable person – who crosses the threshold limit for payment of taxes. A supplier needs to be registered when the aggregate turnover crosses Rs. 9 lakhs but he become taxable person ONLY when he crosses Rs. 10 lakhs. So he will be required to file returns when he crosses the threshold limit of Rs. 10 Lakhs. There are some other class of persons who need to be registered and therefore will have to file returns like interstate suppliers, TDS Deductors, E-commerce operators etc.,
A normal registered tax payer has to file the outward supply details in GSTR-1 in relation to various types of supplies made in a month, namely outward supplies to registered persons, outward supplies to un-registered persons i.e. consumers etc., details of credit and debit notes, zero rated exempted and non GST supplies, exports and advances received in relation to future supply.
Scanned copy of invoices is to be uploaded. Only certain prescribed fields of information from invoices need to be uploaded.
It depends on whether B2B or B2C plus whether Intra-State or Interstate supplies. For B2B suppliers , all invoices, whether Intra State or Inter State supplies, will heave to be uploaded. Now the question arises why so? Because ITC will be taken by the recipients, invoice matching is required to be done.
In B2C supplies, uploading in general may not be required as the buyer will not be taking ITC. However still in order to implement the destination based principle, invoices of value more than Rs. 2.5 Lakhs in inter-State B2B supplies will have to be uploaded. For intra State invoices below Rs. 205 Lakhs and all intra-State invoices, state wise summary will be sufficient.
In fact description will not have to be uploaded. Only HSN code in respect of supply of goods and Accounting code in respect of supply of services will have to be fed. The minimum number of digits that the filer will have to uploaded would depend on his turnover in the last year.
Value for each transaction will have to be fed. Not only value but taxable value will also have to be fed. In some cases both may be different. In case there is no consideration, but it is supply by virtue of schedule I, the taxable value will have to be uploaded.
A recipient feed information in his GSTR-2. The recipient can himself feed the invoices not uploaded by his supplier. The credit on such invoices will also be given provisionally but will be subject to matching. On matching, if the invoice is not uploaded by the supplier, both of them will be intimated. If the mismatch is rectified, provisional credit will be confirmed. But if mismatch continues even after intimation, the credit provisionally allowed will be reversed.
While a large part of GSTR-2 will be auto populated, there are some details that only recipient can fill like details of imports, details of purchases from non-registered or composition suppliers and exempt, non-GST, Nil GST suppliers etc.,
If invoices in GSTR-2 do not match with invoices in counter party GSTR-1, the ITC will be reversed if the mismatch continuous even after it is made known to both and still it is not rectified. Mismatch can be because of two reasons. First, it could be due to mistake at the side of the recipient, and in such a case, no further action is required. Secondly, it could be possible that the said invoice was issued by supplier but he did not upload it and pay tax on it. In such a case, recovery action shall be taken against the supplier. In short all mismatches will lead to proceedings if the supplier has made a supply but not paid tax on it.
At any stage, but before September of the next financial year, supplier can upload the invoice and pay duty and interest on such missing invoices in his GSTR-3 of the month in which he uploaded the invoice. The recipient will then automatically get ITC on that invoice. The interest paid by the recipient at the time of reversal will also be returned to the recipient through an automated system on the GSTN.
The special feature of GSTR-2 is that the details of supplies received by the recipient can be auto populated on the basis of the details furnished by the counter party supplier in his GSTR-1.
Composition tax payers do not need to file any statement of outward or inward supplies. They have to file a quarterly return in Form GSTR-4 by the 1st of the month after the end of the quarter. Since they are not eligible for any input tax credit, there is no relevance of GSTR-2 for them and since they do not pass on any credit to their recipients, there is no relevance of GSTR-1 for them. In their return they have to declare summary details of their outward supplies along with the details of tax payment. They also have to give details of their purchases in their quarterly return itself. Most of which will be auto populated.
The ISDs need to file only a return in GSTR-6 and the return has the details of credit received by them from the service provider and the credit distributed by them to the subsidiaries. Since their return itself covers these aspects, there is no requirement to file separate statement of inward and outward supplies.
Under GST, the Deductor will be submitting the deductor wise details of all the deductions made by him in his return in form GSTR-7 to be filed by 10th of the next to the month in which deductions were made. The details of the deductions as uploaded by the Deductor shall be auto populated in the GSTR-2 of the deductee. The taxpayer shall be required to confirm these details in his GSTR-2 to avail the credit for deductions made on his behalf. To avail this credit he does not require to produce any certificate in physical or electronic form. The certificate will only be for record keeping of the tax payer and can be downloaded from the Common Portal.
All taxpayers filing return in GSTR-1 to 3 other than casual taxpayers and tax payers under composition scheme are required to file an annual return. Casual tax payers, non-resident tax payers, ISDs and persons authorised to deduct tax at source are not required to file annual return.
Annual Return has to be filed by every registered taxable person paying tax as a normal or a compounding taxpayer. Final Return has to be filed only by those registered taxable persons who have applied for cancellation of registration. This has to be filed within three months of the date of cancellation or the date of cancellation order.
In GST since the returns are built from details of individual transactions, there is no requirement for having a revised return. Any need to revise a return may arise due to the need to change a set of invoices or debit or credit notes. Instead of revising the return already submitted, the system will allow changing the details of those transactions such as invoices or debit or credit notes etc., that are required to be amended. They be amended in any of the future GSTR-1 or GSTR-2 in the tables specifically provided for the purposes of amending previously declared details.
Taxpayers will have various modes to file the statements and returns. Firstly, they can file their statement and returns directly on the Common Portal online, However this may be tedious and time taking for taxpayers with large number of invoices. For such taxpayers, an offline utility will be provided that can be used for preparing the statements offline after down loading them on the Common Portal, GSTN has also developed an ecosystem of GST Suvidha Providers (GST) that will integrate with the Common Portal.
One of the most important things under GST will be timely uploading of the details of outward supplies in Form GSTR-1 by 10th of next month. How best this can be ensured will depend on the number of B2B invoices that the taxpayer issues If the number s small, the taxpayer can unloaded all the information in one go. However if the number of invoices is large the invoices or debit or credit notes etc., should be uploaded on a regular basis. GSTN will allow regular uploading of invoices even on a real time basis. Till the statement is actually submitted, the system will also allow the taxpayer modify the uploaded invoices. Therefore, it would always be beneficial for the taxpayers to regularly upload the invoices. Last minute rush will make uploading difficult and will come with higher risk of possible failure and default. The second thing would be to ensure that taxpayers follow up on uploading the invoices of their inward supplies by their suppliers. This would be helpful in ensuring that the input tax credit is available without any hassle and delay. Recipients can also encourage their suppliers to upload their invoices on a regular basis instead of doing it on or close to the due date. The system would allow recipients to see if their suppliers have uploaded invoices pertaining to them, The GSTN system will also provide the track record about the compliance level of a taxpayer, especially about his tract record about the compliance level of a tax payer, especially about his track record in respect of timely uploading of his supply invoices giving details about the auto reversals that have happened for invoices issued by a supplier. The common portal of GST would have pan India data at one place which will enable valuable services to the taxpayers. Efforts are being made to make regular uploading of invoices as easy as possible and it is expected that an enabling eco-system will develop towards this objective. Taxpayers should make efficient use of this ecosystem for easy and hassle free compliance under GST.
A registered taxpayer person can also get his return filed through a Tax Return Preparer, duly approved by the Central or the State tax administration.
A registered taxable person who files return beyond the prescribed date will have to pay late fees of rupees one hundred for every day of delay subject to a maximum of Rs. 500/-