Depreciation Rate Chart  under Companies Act, 2013 for  as per  SCHEDULE II (applicable from 01.04.2014) read with Section 123 which Corresponds to Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 .

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Depreciation under Companies Act, 2013
SCHEDULE II
(See section 123)

USEFUL LIVES TO COMPUTE DEPRECIATION

PART ‘A’

1. Depreciation is the systematic allocation of the depreciable amount of an asset over its useful life. The depreciable amount of an asset is the cost of an asset or other amount substituted for cost, less its residual value. The useful life of an asset is the period over which an asset is expected to be available for use by an entity, or the number of production or similar units expected to be obtained from the asset by the entity.

2. For the purpose of this Schedule, the term depreciation includes amortisation.

3. Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions of paragraph 1,—

3[(i) The useful life of an asset shall not be longer than the useful life specified in Part ‘C’ and the residual value of an asset shall not be more than five per cent of the original cost of the asset:

Provided that where a company uses a useful life or residual value of the asset which is different from the above limits, justification for the difference shall be disclosed in its financial statement.

(ii) For intangible assets, the provisions of the accounting standards applicable for the time being in force shall apply, except in case of intangible assets (Toll Roads) created under ‘Build, Operate and Transfer’, ‘Build, Own, Operate and Transfer’ or any other form of public private partnership route in case of road projects. Amortisation in such cases may be done as follows:—

(a) Mode of amortisation

Amortisation Amount
Cost of Intangible Assets (A)

 

Amortisation Amount =

Actual Revenue for the year (B)
Projected Revenue from Intangible Asset (till the end of the concession period) (C)

(b) Meaning of particulars are as follows :—

Cost of Intangible Assets (A) = Cost incurred by the company in accordance with the accounting standards.
Actual Revenue for the year (B) = Actual revenue (Toll Charges) received during the accounting year.
Projected Revenue from Intangible Asset (C) = Total projected revenue from the Intangible Assets as provided to the project lender at the time of financial closure/agreement.

The amortisation amount or rate should ensure that the whole of the cost of the intangible asset is amortised over the concession period.

Rates of depreciation as per companies act 2013

Revenue shall be reviewed at the end of each financial year and projected revenue shall be adjusted to reflect such changes, if any, in the estimates as will lead to the actual collection at the end of the concession period.

(c) Example:—

Cost of creation of Intangible Assets : Rs. 500 Crores
Total period of Agreement : 20 Years
Time used for creation of Intangible Assets : 2 Years
Intangible Assets to be amortised in : 18 Years

Assuming that the Total revenue to be generated out of Intangible Assets over the period would be Rs. 600 Crores, in the following manner:—

Year No. Revenue (In Rs. Crores) Remarks
Year 1 5 Actual
Year 2 7.5 Estimate*
Year 3 10 Estimate*
Year 4 12.5 Estimate*
Year 5 17.5 Estimate*
Year 6 20 Estimate*
Year 7 23 Estimate*
Year 8 27 Estimate*
Year 9 31 Estimate*
Year 10 34 Estimate*
Year 11 38 Estimate*
Year 12 41 Estimate*
Year 13 46 Estimate*
Year 14 50 Estimate*
Year 15 53 Estimate*
Year 16 57 Estimate*
Year 17 60 Estimate*
Year 18 67.5 Estimate*
Total 600

‘*’ will be actual at the end of financial year.

Based on this the charge for first year would be Rs. 4.16 Crore (approximately) (i.e. Rs. 5/Rs. 600 × Rs. 500 Crores) which would be charged to profit and loss and 0.83% (i.e. Rs. 4.16 Crore/Rs. 500 Crore × 100) is the amortisation rate for the first year.

Where a company arrives at the amortisation amount in respect of the said Intangible Assets in accordance with any method as per the applicable Accounting Standards, it shall disclose the same.]

PART ‘B’

4. The useful life or residual value of any specific asset, as notified for accounting purposes by a Regulatory Authority constituted under an Act of Parliament or by the Central Government shall be applied in calculating the depreciation to be provided for such asset irrespective of the requirements of this Schedule.

PART ‘C’

5. Subject to Parts A and B above, the following are the useful lives of various tangible assets:

Nature of assets Useful Life
I. Buildings [NESD]
(a)  Buildings (other than factory buildings) RCC Frame Structure 60 Years
(b)  Buildings (other than factory buildings) other than RCC Frame Structure 30 Years
(c)  Factory buildings -do-
(d)  Fences, wells, tube wells 5 Years
(e)  Others (including temporary structure, etc.) 3 Years
II. Bridges, culverts, bunders, etc. [NESD] 30 Years
III. Roads [NESD]
(a)  Carpeted roads
  (i)  Carpeted Roads—RCC 10 Years
(ii)  Carpeted Roads—other than RCC 5 Years
(b)  Non-carpeted roads 3 Years
IV. Plant and Machinery
  (i)  General rate applicable to plant and machinery not covered under special plant and machinery
(a)  Plant and Machinery other than continuous process plant not covered under specific industries 15 Years
4[(b) Continuous process plant for which no special rate has been prescribed under (ii) below [NESD] 25 Years]
(ii)  Special Plant and Machinery
(a)  Plant and Machinery related to production and exhibition of Motion Picture Films
1.    Cinematograph films—Machinery used in the production and exhibition of cinematograph films, recording and reproducing equipments, developing machines, printing machines, editing machines, synchronizers and studio lights except bulbs 13 Years
2.    Projecting equipment for exhibition of films -do-
(b)  Plant and Machinery used in glass manufacturing
1. Plant and Machinery except direct fire glass melting furnaces —
Recuperative and regenerative glass melting furnaces 13 Years
2. Plant and Machinery except direct fire glass melting furnaces — Moulds [NESD] 8 Years
3. Float Glass Melting Furnaces [NESD] 10 Years
(c)  Plant and Machinery used in mines and quarries—Portable under ground machinery and earth moving machinery used in open cast mining [NESD] 8 Years
(d)  Plant and Machinery used in Telecommunications [NESD]
1. Towers 18 Years
2. Telecom transreceivers, switching centres, transmission and other network equipment 13 Years
3. Telecom—Ducts, Cables and optical fibre 18 Years
4. Satellites -do-
(e)  Plant and Machinery used in exploration, production and refining oil and gas [NESD]
1. Refineries 25 Years
2. Oil and gas assets (including wells), processing plant and facilities -do-
3. Petrochemical Plant -do-
4. Storage tanks and related equipment -do-
5. Pipelines 30 Years
6. Drilling Rig -do-
7. Field operations (above ground) Portable boilers, drilling tools, well-head tanks, etc. 8 Years
8. Loggers -do-
(f)  Plant and Machinery used in generation, transmission and distribution of power [NESD]
1. Thermal/Gas/Combined Cycle Power Generation Plant 40 Years
2. Hydro Power Generation Plant -do-
3. Nuclear Power Generation Plant -do-
4. Transmission lines, cables and other network assets -do-
5. Wind Power Generation Plant 22 Years
6. Electric Distribution Plant 35 Years
7. Gas Storage and Distribution Plant 30 Years
8. Water Distribution Plant including pipelines -do-
(g)  Plant and Machinery used in manufacture of steel
1. Sinter Plant 20 Years
2. Blast Furnace -do-
3. Coke ovens -do-
4. Rolling mill in steel plant -do-
5. Basic oxygen Furnace Converter 25 Years
(h)  Plant and Machinery used in manufacture of non-ferrous metals
1. Metal pot line [NESD] 40 Years
2. Bauxite crushing and grinding section [NESD] -do-
3. Digester section [NESD] -do-
4. Turbine [NESD] -do-
5. Equipments for Calcination [NESD] -do-
6. Copper Smelter [NESD] -do-
7. Roll Grinder 40 Years
8. Soaking Pit 30 Years
9. Annealing Furnace -do-
10. Rolling Mills -do-
11. Equipments for Scalping, Slitting, etc. [NESD] -do-
12. Surface Miner, Ripper Dozer, etc., used in mines 25 Years
13. Copper refining plant [NESD] -do-
(i)  Plant and Machinery used in medical and surgical operations [NESD]
1. Electrical Machinery, X-ray and electrotherapeutic apparatus and accessories thereto, medical, diagnostic equipments, namely, Cat- Scan, Ultrasound Machines, ECG Monitors, etc. 13 Years
2. Other Equipments. 15 Years
(j)  Plant and Machinery used in manufacture of pharmaceuticals and chemicals [NESD]
1. Reactors 20 Years
2. Distillation Columns -do-
3. Drying equipments/Centrifuges and Decanters -do-
4. Vessel/storage tanks -do-
(k)  Plant and Machinery used in civil construction
1. Concreting, Crushing, Piling Equipments and Road Making Equipments 12 Years
2. Heavy Lift Equipments—
Cranes with capacity of more than 100 tons 20 Years
Cranes with capacity of less than 100 tons 15 Years
3. Transmission line, Tunneling Equipments [NESD] 10 Years
4. Earth-moving equipments 9 Years
5. Others including Material Handling /Pipeline/Welding Equipments [NESD] 12 Years
(l)  Plant and Machinery used in salt works [NESD] 15 Years
V. Furniture and fittings [NESD]
(i)  General furniture and fittings 10 Years
(ii)  Furniture and fittings used in hotels, restaurants and boarding houses, schools, colleges and other educational institutions, libraries; welfare centres; meeting halls, cinema houses; theatres and circuses; and furniture and fittings let out on hire for use on the occasion of marriages and similar functions. 8 Years
VI. Motor Vehicles [NESD]
1. Motor cycles, scooters and other mopeds 10 Years
2.  Motor buses, motor lorries, motor cars and motor taxies used in a business of running them on hire 6 Years
3. Motor buses, motor lorries and motor cars other than those used in a business of running them on hire 8 Years
4. Motor tractors, harvesting combines and heavy vehicles -do-
5. Electrically operated vehicles including battery powered or fuel cell powered vehicles 8 Years
VII. Ships [NESD]
1. Ocean-going ships
(i)  Bulk Carriers and liner vessels 25 Years
(ii)  Crude tankers, product carriers and easy chemical carriers with or without conventional tank coatings 20 Years
(iii)  Chemicals and Acid Carriers :
(a)  With Stainless steel tanks 25 Years
(b)  With other tanks 20 Years
(iv)  Liquified gas carriers 30 Years
(v)  Conventional large passenger vessels which are used for cruise purpose also -do-
(vi)  Coastal service ships of all categories -do-
(vii)  Offshore supply and support vessels 20 Years
(viii)  Catamarans and other high speed passenger for ships or boats -do-
(ix)  Drill ships 25 Years
(x)  Hovercrafts 15 Years
(xi)  Fishing vessels with wooden hull 10 Years
(xii)  Dredgers, tugs, barges, survey launches and other similar ships used mainly for dredging purposes 14 Years
2. Vessels ordinarily operating on inland waters—
(i)  Speed boats 13 Years
(ii)  Other vessels 28 Years
VIII. Aircrafts or Helicopters [NESD] 20 Years
IX. Railways sidings, locomotives, rolling stocks, tramways and railways used by concerns, excluding railway concerns [NESD] 15 Years
X. Ropeway structures [NESD] 15 Years
XI. Office equipment [NESD] 5 Years
XII. Computers and data processing units [NESD]
(i)  Servers and networks 6 Years
(ii)  End user devices, such as, desktops, laptops, etc. 3 Years
XIII. Laboratory equipment [NESD]
(i)  General laboratory equipment 10 Years
(ii)  Laboratory equipments used in educational institutions 5 Years
XIV. Electrical Installations and Equipment [NESD] 10 years
XV. Hydraulic works, pipelines and sluices [NESD] 15 Years

Notes.—

1. “Factory buildings” does not include offices, godowns, staff quarters.

2. Where, during any financial year, any addition has been made to any asset, or where any asset has been sold, discarded, demolished or destroyed, the depreciation on such assets shall be calculated on a pro rata basis from the date of such addition or, as the case may be, up to the date on which such asset has been sold, discarded, demolished or destroyed.

3. The following information shall also be disclosed in the accounts, namely:—

(i)  depreciation methods used; and

(ii)  the useful lives of the assets for computing depreciation, if they are different from the life specified in the Schedule.

4. Useful life specified in Part C of the Schedule is for whole of the asset. Where cost of a part of the asset is significant to total cost of the asset and useful life of that part is different from the useful life of the remaining asset, useful life of that significant part shall be determined separately.

5.  5[***]

6. The useful lives of assets working on shift basis have been specified in the Schedule based on their single shift working. Except for assets in respect of which no extra shift depreciation is permitted (indicated by NESD in Part C above), if an asset is used for any time during the year for double shift, the depreciation will increase by 50% for that period and in case of the triple shift the depreciation shall be calculated on the basis of 100% for that period.

7.  From the date this Schedule comes into effect, the carrying amount of the asset as on that date—

(a)  shall be depreciated over the remaining useful life of the asset as per this Schedule;

(b)  after retaining the residual value, shall be recognised in the opening balance of retained earnings where the remaining useful life of an asset is nil.

8. “Continuous process plant” means a plant which is required and designed to operate for twenty-four hours a day.

______________________________

1. Corresponds to Schedule XIV of the 1956 Act.

2. Enforced with effect from 1-4-2014.

3. Substituted for clauses (i) to (iiivide Notification No. GSR 237(E) [F. No. 17/60/2012-CL-V], dated 31-3-2014, w.e.f. 1-4-2014. Prior to their substitution, clauses (i) to (iii) read as under :

“(i)  In case of such class of companies, as may be prescribed and whose financial statements comply with the accounting standards prescribed for such class of companies under section 133 the useful life of an asset shall not normally be different from the useful life and the residual value shall not be different from that as indicated in Part C, provided that if such a company uses a useful life or residual value which is different from the useful life or residual value indicated therein, it shall disclose the justification for the same.

(ii) In respect of other companies the useful life of an asset shall not be longer than the useful life and the residual value shall not be higher than that prescribed in Part C.

(iii) For intangible assets, the provisions of the Accounting Standards mentioned under sub-para (i) or (ii), as applicable, shall apply.”

4. Substituted vide Notification No. GSR 237(E) [F. No. 17/60/2012-CL-V], dated 31-3-2014, w.e.f. 1-4-2014. Prior to its substitution, clause (b) read as under :

(b) Continuous process plant for which no special rate has been prescribed under (ii) below [NESD]

5. Omitted vide Notification No. GSR 237(E) [F. No. 17/60/2012-CL-V], dated 31-3-2014, w.e.f. 1-4-2014. Prior to its omission, Paragraph 5 read as under :

“5. Depreciable amount is the cost of an asset, or other amount substituted for cost, less its residual value. Ordinarily, the residual value of an asset is often insignificant but it should generally be not more than 5% of the original cost of the asset.”

[As amended by Finance Act, 2022]

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are for information purposes only and do not constitute an advice or a legal opinion and are personal views of the author. It is based upon relevant law and/or facts available at that point of time and prepared with due accuracy & reliability. Readers are requested to check and refer relevant provisions of statute, latest judicial pronouncements, circulars, clarifications etc before acting on the basis of the above write up.  The possibility of other views on the subject matter cannot be ruled out. By the use of the said information, you agree that Author / TaxGuru is not responsible or liable in any manner for the authenticity, accuracy, completeness, errors or any kind of omissions in this piece of information for any action taken thereof. This is not any kind of advertisement or solicitation of work by a professional.

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33 Comments

  1. Veeral Kurwa says:

    A company is under advertising business. They build their own hoardings, and use them in their business. So under what head should these hoardings be grouped? What shall be the rate of depreciation on such hoardings built by the company?

  2. Sairam Shetty says:

    Hi,
    software is an intangible asset and which can be depreciated over an approximate period of 5 Years as per AS-26, but it is left to the management to decide the life over which the asset will be depreciated.

  3. Shweta says:

    where asset is acquired as a result of demerger in FY 2012-13. how will be depriciation calculated? I means what will be the base for date of acquisition of an asset.

  4. Puravi Satpathy says:

    Hi,

    We run a taxi business and I have purchased 2013 model cars. Can you tell me what should be the rate of depreciation of these cars? One is a Maruti Ritz and the other is Desire. Both are commercial number plates. Is the life of the commercial car is 6 years? So should I divide the cost of purchase to 6 to arrive at yearly depreciation? And should I also divide the depreciation amount to 12 to arrive at monthly depreciation? Please confirm.

    Thanks and regards,
    Puravi

  5. ABHINAV TIWARI says:

    A company has installed a SAP software in its office and all its work are done in that software like Billing, Accounting, etc. So what will be the method of depreciation in this case as per Companies Act 2013.
    Please Clarify

  6. Shharad says:

    Chandrakant

    1)Offset printing machinery will fall under category of “Plant & Machinery”

    2)Life of Building of Printing press is 30 years as per Companies Act 2013.

  7. Swapnil says:

    Dear Taxguru,

    The Useful Life of-
    [(b) Continuous process plant for which no special rate has been prescribed under (ii) below [NESD]
    is 8 years as per MCA Website and not 25 Years as mentioned by you above.

    Kindly rectify.

    -Swapnil.

  8. Triveni says:

    I have to know is there any seperate rate of depreciation for the machineries used in massag centres or parlour service centres

  9. Triveni says:

    i want the clarification reagarding the depreciation for plant & machinery
    Is there sepearate Dep rate for the machinery used in the massag centre or parlour service centres

  10. Ramachandra says:

    dear friends
    i have purchased a computer on 25-06-2010. so how to calculate a depreciation for the year 2014-15 as per companies act 2013 please replay me ….

  11. sagar says:

    i would like to know, presently my company following WDV method for computation of depreciation, please tell us How the new companies act 2013 affect the balance sheet of 2014-2015 in term of depreciation.
    i have a manufacturing concern machinery having WDV 1500000,

  12. Prakash Tiwari says:

    I want to know that i have opening WDV of asset(1.4.14) and alos addition during the financial year-2014-15 than as per companies act-2013 Schdule-II two rate of Deprecition one rate on opening WDV and other on addition during the year(reason of doubt is life of assets fixed in S-II of Co-2013 than life of opening WDV and addition during the year is differ from each other)
    Please clearify It.

  13. Aditya says:

    Now for the old computers and laptops purchased before the new act should be retrospectively depreciated or not
    And will the Deferred Tax Liability should also be retrospectively changed???

  14. RITUL JAIN says:

    I would like to know, how to calculate the rate of depreciation as per WDV. I am already calculated the useful life and residual value.

  15. Asika says:

    I would like to know the standard rate for depreciating computers, then also what happens if i have not been depreciating my assets and one happens to get lost, how do i determine the value for the responsible officer to pay.

    Thank you

  16. SUCHISMITA says:

    I would like to know, how to calculate the rate of depreciation as per WDV. I am already calculated the useful life and residual value.

  17. CHANDRAKANTH says:

    I would llike to know printing industry like offset printing machinery will fall under which catagory and what is the life is it 15 years or 25 years
    Factory building of printing press is it 30 years or 60 years

    Kindly clarifyt

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