Arjuna (Fictional Character): Krishna, season of Festival have arrived, soon India would be celebrating the festival of Rakshabandhan with full excitement but how and when the taxpayers would celebrate Rakshabandhan of GST i.e. to say ITC matching and mismatching of supplier (brother) and recipient (sister) in GSTR-2A and with Books of Accounts?

Krishna (Fictional Character): Arjuna, Rakshbandhan is celebration of the purest form of brother and sister bond. On this day sister ties Rakhi to brother’s Wrist, in return of the promise of her safety. Similarly in GST matching and mismatching of purchase/sale bond needs to be done to ensure the promise to claim ITC between supplier (brother) and recipient (sister). This can be done by matching the details of GSTR-2A with purchases as shown in the Books of Accounts.

Arjuna: Krishna, what details are required to be verified from GSTR-2A and what are the possible issues which can be faced by taxpayers?

Krishna: Arjuna, the taxpayers have to match the details of the purchases made by them with the sale details of its supplier i.e. with transactions appearing in GSTR-2A. During this matching the taxpayer’s needs to match ITC claimed with ITC as appearing in GSTR-2A. Even if mismatch exists the taxpayer can claim such unmatched ITC provided all such transactions are genuine and risk of litigations arises.

Arjuna: Krishna, What to do if the suppliers have not uploaded invoices or furnished incorrect information by in its GSTR-1?

Krishna: Arjuna, There can be instances where the supplier have not furnished its sale details or furnished incorrect information in GSTR-1. The effect being non/incorrect reflection in GSTR-2A of the recipient. In such case the supplier needs to be informed about such mismatch and rectification of the issue in its upcoming GSTR-1.

As per the provisions of CGST Act, registered person not be entitled to take ITC in respect of any invoice for supply of goods or services or both in case mismatch arises.

Arjuna: What probable issues can arise while matching GSTR-2A with books in Annual Return of financial year 2017-18?

Krishna: Arjuna, taxpayers have to reconcile ITC claimed as per returns with ITC as appearing in GSTR-2A in Table 8 of Annual return. In Table 8A, ITC as per GSTR-2A would auto-populate and ITC claimed in returns would auto-populate in Table 8B. The ITC of financial year 2017-18 availed in 2018-19 is to be reported in Table 8C. Reasons of difference in ITC are to be given in it.  Even if mismatch exists, taxpayer can claim such unmatched ITC provided, all such transactions are genuine. But in such cases taxpayers may have to face difficulties in coming future, if Tax Authorities initiates any action in regarding such mismatch. Also, judgement by High Court has been issued for claiming such ITC.

Arjuna: Krishna, What lesson the taxpayer should take from this?

Krishna: Arjuna, the time period for making amendments for the financial year 2017-18 has passed. However the tax payers can still make amendments in the invoices of financial year 2018-19. The recipient should get it rectified by informing it to supplier. So that he can amend in its GSTR 1. Such rectifications can be possible only if there are strong ties between the supplier and the recipient. Therefore on this Rakshabandhan the supplier and the recipient should cherish their sweet bond to protect themselves from penalty if any.

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2 Comments

  1. HASMUKH says:

    Do not misguide. See Sc secession on same issue.
    Also see my interpretation on same issue.
    The Company has availed input tax credit through GSTR-3B for the period 2017-18, without reconciling with GSTR-2A. The credit has been availed based upon the physical copies of the invoices.
    ISSUES:
    The amount of GST credit claimed in GSTR 3B is in excess of the credit reflecting in GSTR 2A.
    Can a company claim GST credit if it is not reflecting in GSTR 2A.
    ANALYSIS:
    The law is ambiguous with respect to above issues and hence it can be argued either ways as evident from the below arguments:-
    Argument in favour of the position that credit cannot be claimed-
    As per Section 16 2 (c) of CGST Act 2017, one of the condition to avail the input tax credit is, payment of tax should be made by vendor to Government.
    “The tax charged in respect of such supply has been actually paid to the government, either in cash or through utilization of input tax credit admissible in respect of the said supply”
    Therefore, on a reading of above provisions it can be concluded that payment of taxes by the vendor is a mandatory requirement before availment of credit by the vendor. Assuming that vendor has not paid tax (which cannot be conclusively confirmed though), it can be contended that the Company may not be in a position to claim credit.
    Arguments in favour of the position that credit can be claimed-
    GROUND 1- Practical difficulty to verify the credit availed by the recipient against the payment of tax made by the vendor.
    One of the condition to avail the credit is that, the tax shall be paid by the vendor to the Government. Payment of tax is on the basis of GSTR-3B and not on the basis of GSTR-1. GST authority does not have a bifurcation of invoice wise details, against which vendor has made the payment through GSTR-3B. In the absence of such bifurcation, GST authority has to rely on the GSTR-2A, to compare the credit availment with the credit availed in GSTR-3B. Since the invoice is appearing in GSTR-2A of the Company, it can be argued that it can avail the credit. The only caution point is that this ground gets diluted if the vendor hasn’t filed 3B for that relevant tax period at all.
    GROUND 2- Possession of Original Tax Invoice.
    As per Section 16(2)(a), recipient should be in a possession of original Tax invoice or debit note issued by the registered supplier under this act. Hence, Claiming of ITC with the aforesaid condition cannot be denied.
    GROUND 3- GST portal currently not in a position to do tax payment level matching
    This issue would have been automatically addressed if GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 was functional. Since the GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 was not functional, the matching provision was not applicable and in the absence of such matching provision, one cannot identify, whether the payment of tax has been made by the vendor in respect of any particular invoice. Thus, for the time being, the only viable option is to rely upon uploaded data (whether submitted/ paid or not).
    GROUND 4- Provisional availment of input tax credit.
    As per Section 16 (2)(c) of CGST Act 2017, credit can be availed subject to payment of tax by vendor, the extract of same has been reproduced below:
    “Subject to Section 41 and 43A of CSGT Act 2017, the tax charged in respect of such supply has been actually paid to the government, either in cash or through utilization of input tax credit admissible in respect of the said supply.”
    However, Section 16(2)(c) is subject to Section 41. Section 41 of CGST Act, 2017 provides for provisional availment of credit, where it states as under:
    “Every registered person shall, subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be prescribed, be entitled to take the credit of eligible input tax, as self-assessed, in his return and such amount shall be credited on a provisional basis to his electronic credit ledger.
    The law simultaneously allows for taking provisional credit under Section 41. And there is no timeline that has been prescribed as to till what point of time this credit can be carried forward in the books/ returns. The only timeline is the one mentioned in respect of Section 37(1), which talks about uploading of the invoices.
    Thus, to conclude even if the vendor has not paid GST, the Company should be allowed to avail credit (even provisionally though) provided, the vendor has uploaded the invoice details which gets duly reflected in GSTR-2A report within the prescribed time limit.
    CONCLUSION:
    It can be argued that even though the substantive requirement of payment of tax by the supplier under Sec.16(2)(c) of CGST Act has not been satisfied (which does weaken the position of availing credit), the entire IT backbone/infrastructure as envisaged in Sec.37, 38, 42, 43 has failed to take-off, which made it impossible for the taxpayer to fulfil the procedure of taking credit. Thus, the credit should not be denied.

  2. vswami says:

    To Share (with a jugular vein- of Fun and Frolic):
    Jho- jho – OMG (Lord Krishna) !!!! >>>>

    “…..Such rectifications can be possible only if there are STRONG TIES between the supplier and the recipient. Therefore on this Rakshabandhan the SUPPLIER and the RECIPIENT should cherish their sweet bond to protect themselves from penalty if any.”

    But, for tying the bond, symbolically, – the traditiinal way /ritualistic ‘RAKSHA BANDAN’, either might have to be related as ….> Search for MORE !

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