GST on Joint development agreements (i.e Ratio deal)

A. Taxability in the hands of landowner

1. Landowner will transfer development rights of his land to the developer for development of residential or commercial apartments.

2. In consideration for transfer of development rights, landowner can get payment, either in terms of money (i.e revenue sharing) or in terms of share in built-up area (i.e area sharing) or a combination of both.

GST on transfer of development rights by landowner to developer

3. Item 5 (b) of Schedule II read with Item 5 of Schedule III needs to be considered while determining GST liability of landowner. Meaning thereby if the landowner sells his share after completion certificate or first occupation whichever is earlier, then on sale of such share no GST liability will arise.

B. Taxability in the hands of Developer

1. Landowner will transfer development rights of his land to the developer for development of residential or commercial apartments.

2. In consideration of transfer of development right, developer can pay, either in terms of money (i.e revenue sharing) or in terms of share in built-up area (i.e area sharing) or a combination of both.

GST on transfer of development rights by landowner to developer 2

3. Development rights given for construction of residential apartments

3.1. Manner of calculating exemption

Amount of exemption =

GST Payable on TDR or FSI or both for construction of project × carpet ar. of residential apts.
Total carpet area of residential and commercial apartments in project

3.2. Time of Supply (Point of Taxation) of development rights

Liability of GST on TDR attributable to unsold residential apartments as on the date of CC shall arise on date of CC or first occupation, whichever is earlier. [N/N 06/2019 – Central Tax (Rate)]

3.3. Valuation of development rights

Value = Monetary consideration paid to landowner + Value of similar apartments charged by the developer from the independent buyers nearest to the date of transfer of TDR or FSI

[ Instruction 1A of N/N 12/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) read with N/N 04/2019 – Central Tax (Rate)]

3.4. How to calculate tax on development rights attributable to unsold residential apartments

GST shall be payable lower of A or B [ Sr. No. 41A of N/N 12/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) read with N/N 04/2019 – Central Tax (Rate)]

GST Payable on TDR or FSI or both for construction

B. 1% of value of unbooked affordable residential apartments or 5 % of value of unbooked other than affordable residential apartments

Value shall be taken as value of similar apartments nearest to the date of CC or first occupation, as the case may be. [ Instruction 1B of N/N 12/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) read with N/N 04/2019 – Central Tax (Rate)]

3.5. GST Rate on development rights

a. SAC Code – 9972

b. GST Rate – 18%

Development rights given for construction of commercial apartments

4.1. Time of Supply (Point of Taxation) of development rights [N/N 06/2019 – Central Tax (Rate)]

Time of Supply (Point of Taxation) of development rights

4.2. Valuation of development rights

Same as point 3.3 above

4.3. GST Rate on development rights

Same as point 3.5 above

5. GST on construction service of apartments given to landowner by the developer for transfer of development rights

5.1. Time of Supply (Point of taxation) [N/N 06/2019 – Central Tax (Rate)]

Date of issuance of completion certificate (CC) or first occupation, whichever is earlier.

5.2. Valuation of such construction service

Value shall be equal to total amount charged for similar apartments in the project from the independent buyers, nearest to the date on which development right or FSI is transferred. [Instruction 2A of N/N 11/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) r.w. N/N 03/2019 – Central Tax (Rate)]

5.3. GST Rates [N/N 11/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) r.w. N/N 03/2019 – Central Tax (Rate)]

a. SAC Code – 9954

b. GST Rates- 1% , 5%, 12% (effective GST Rates) (1% – affordable residential apt., 5% – other than affordable residential apt., 12% – commercial apts.)

GST on Joint development agreements (wherein land is given by landowner to the developer for development of plots)

A. Taxability in the hands of landowner

1. GST on transfer of development rights

Landowner is not liable to pay GST. Developer will pay GST on RCM basis on such rights

[(N/N 13/2017 – Central Tax (Rate) r.w. N/N 5/2019 – Central Tax (Rate) ]

2. In consideration of transfer of development right, landowner can get payment, either in terms of money (i.e revenue sharing) or in terms of share in plots (i.e area sharing) or a combination of both.

3. When the landowner will sell his share of plots, no GST will arise as it is covered under item 5 of Schedule III (neither supply of goods nor supply of service)

B. Taxability in the hands of Developer

1. GST on transfer of development rights

1.1. Developer will pay GST on RCM basis on development rights given by landowner.

1.2. Time of Supply – Date of transfer of development rights i.e date of entering into JDA

1.3. Valuation of supply – Value of land on the date of transfer of development right

1.4. GST Rates – 18% (SAC code – 9972)

2. When the developer will sell his share of plots, no GST will arise as it is covered under item 5 of Schedule III (neither supply of goods nor supply of service)

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Qualification: Other
Company: CA Abizer Pithewan
Location: Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India
Member Since: 07 Aug 2021 | Total Posts: 4

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2 Comments

  1. B. Muthukori says:

    EXCELLENT ARTICLE AND POST. LOT OF DOUBTS CLEARED. AFTER READING THIS ARTICLE I FELT LIKE GIVING BENGALI SWEET SANDESH TO SANDESH JAIN.

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