The GST Council in its 31st meeting recommended introduction and implementation of a new GST Return System in a phased manner from October 2019 to facilitate taxpayers.
In the new GST Return System, there will be three main components to the new return – one main return (FORM GST RET-1) and two annexures (FORM GST ANX-1 and FORM GST ANX-2).
From October 2019 on wards, the current FORM GSTR-1 will be replaced by FORM GST ANX-1. The large taxpayers whose aggregate annual turnover in the previous financial year was more than Rs. 5 Crore will upload their monthly FORM GST ANX-1 from October 2019 on wards. However, the small taxpayers whose aggregate annual turnover in the previous financial year was upto Rs. 5 Crore will upload their first quarterly FORM GST ANX-1 only in January 2020 for the quarter October to December 2019. Invoices, etc., can be uploaded in FORM GST ANX-1 on a continuous basis both by large and small taxpayers from October 2019 on wards.
For October and November, 2019, large taxpayers will continue to file FORM GSTR-3B on monthly basis. They will file their first FORM GST RET-1 for the month of December 2019 by 20th January 2020.
The small taxpayers opting to file FORM GST RET-1 on a quarterly basis will stop ling FORM GSTR-3B and will start ling FORM GST PMT-08 from October 2019 onwards. They will file their first FORM GST-RET-1 for the quarter October 2019 to December 2019 by 20th January 2020.
The periodicity of ling return in FORM GST RET-1 will be deemed to be monthly for all taxpayers unless quarterly ling of the return is explicitly opted for by small taxpayers. The aggregate annual turnover of newly registered taxpayers will be considered as zero and they will have the option to file a quarterly return.
In addition, small taxpayers can choose to file, instead of FORM GST RET-1, any of the other two new quarterly returns, namely, Sahaj (FORM GST RET- 2) and Sugam (FORM GST RET-3).
Small taxpayers opting to file the return on quarterly basis are required to pay tax, either by cash or credit or both, on monthly basis on the taxable supplies made during the month by ling FORM GST PMT – 08 for the first two months of the quarter. Tax must be paid by 20th of the month succeeding the month which the tax liability pertains to.
FORM GST RET-1 (Normal Monthly)
♦ Taxpayers whose aggregate turnover in the preceding financial year was above Rs.5 Crore will have to le monthly return.
♦ This return needs to be led monthly by 20th of the month succeeding the month to which the tax liability pertains.
♦ Monthly return in FORM GST RET-1 needs to be led based on FORM GST ANX – 1 and FORM GST ANX – 2.
FORM GST RET-1 (Normal Quarterly)
♦ Taxpayers whose aggregate turnover in the preceding financial year was upto Rs. 5 Crore can file this return.
♦ This return needs to be led quarterly by 20th of the month succeeding the quarter to which the tax liability pertains.
♦ Tax has to be paid on monthly basis through FORM GST PMT-08.
FORM GST RET-2 (SAHAJ Quarterly)
♦ Taxpayers whose aggregate turnover in the preceding financial year was upto Rs.5 Crore and have supplies only to consumers and unregistered persons (B2C supplies) can file this return based on FORM GST ANX – 1 and FORM GST ANX – 2 on quarterly basis, but pay tax on monthly basis through FORM GST PMT-08.
♦ Taxpayers opting to file Sahaj can declare outward supply under B2C category and inward supplies attracting reverse charge only. E-commerce operators are ineligible to file Sahaj.
FORM GST RET-3 (SUGAM Quarterly)
♦ Taxpayers whose aggregate turnover in the preceding financial year was upto Rs.5 Crore and have made supplies to consumers and un-registered persons (B2C) and to registered persons (B2B) can le this return based on FORM GST ANX – 1 and FORM GST ANX – 2 on quarterly basis, but pay tax on monthly basis through FORM GST PMT-08.
♦ Taxpayers opting to file Sugam can declare outward supply under B2C and B2B category and inward supplies attracting reverse charge only. E-commerce operators are ineligible to file Sugam.
Salient features of the New GST Return System
FORM GST ANX-1
♦ Three important details need to be declared in FORM GST ANX – 1.
♦ Supplier can upload invoice details and the recipient can view them and take action on real time basis.
♦ Inward supplies aracting reverse charge will be reported only by the recipient.
♦ Option is available to include details omitted in the previous tax periods.
Edit/Amendment of upload documents FORM GST ANX-1A
♦ The amendment of details of earlier tax period can be made in FORM GST ANX-1A before the due date of September return following the end of the financial year or the actual date of furnishing relevant annual return, whichever is earlier.
♦ Documents rejected by the recipient shall be conveyed to the supplier only aer ling of the return by the recipient.
♦ Supplier may edit the rejected documents before ling any subsequent return. However, credit will be made available to recipient through the next FORM GST ANX-2 for the recipient. e tax liability for such edited documents will be accounted for in the same tax period.
FORM GST ANX-2
♦ Details of documents uploaded by the corresponding supplier(s) will be auto populated in FORM GST ANX-2 and recipient can take action on the auto populated documents to – accept, reject or to keep pending on continuous basis after 10th of the following month on which it was uploaded by supplier. Accepted documents would not be available for amendment at the corresponding supplier’s end.
♦ Supplier may edit rejected documents before ling subsequent return However, credit will be available to recipient through next FORM GST ANX-2. e tax liability will be accounted for in the same tax period.
New GST Return Formats : Implementation Schedule
If you require further information and assistance on this matter or on any other matter concerning GST, please contact: e Goods and Services Tax (GST) Helpdesk of GST and Central Excise, Chennai Outer located at its Anna Nagar Headquarters office either in person or by calling any of these numbers: 26142850, 26142851, 26142852 and 26142853 or by writing to [email protected]
Issued in Public Interest
Office of the Commissioner of GST and Central Excise, Chennai Outer
Newry Towers, No.2054-I, 2nd Avenue, 12th Main Road,
Anna Nagar, Chennai – 600040