Accounts and Other Records to be maintained under GST
Every registered person under GST is required to keep and maintain all specified Accounts and records at his principal place of business.
Who must maintain Accounts and Other Records under GST?
Every registered person whose turnover during a financial year exceeds the prescribed limit (2 crore) will get his accounts audited by a chartered accountant or a cost accountant.
What Books of Accounts or records must be maintained under GST?
Every registered person must maintain records of-
|Records||Information Required||By Whom?|
|Register of Goods Produced||Account should contain detail of goods manufactured in a factory or production house||Every Assessee carrying out manufacturing activity|
|Purchase Register||All the purchases made within a tax period for manufacturing of goods or provision of services||All Assessee|
|Sales Register||Account of all the sales made within a tax period must be maintained||All Assessee|
|Stock Register||This register should contain a correct stock of inventory available at any given point of time||All Assessee|
|Input Tax Credit Availed||This register should maintain the details of Input Tax Credit availed for a given tax period||All Assessee|
|Output Tax Liability||This register should maintain the details of GST liability outstanding to be adjusted against input credit or paid out directly||All Assessee|
|Output Tax Paid||This register should maintain the details of GST paid for a particular tax period||All Assessee|
|Other Records Specified||Government can further specify by way of a notification, additional records and accounts to be maintained||Specific Businesses as notified by the government|
Electronic Cash and Credit Ledger
Every registered taxpayer will have 3 ledgers under GST which will be generated automatically at the time of registration and will be maintained electronically.
Electronic Cash Ledger– This ledger will serve as an electronic wallet. The taxpayer will have to deposit money into his cash ledger (add money to the wallet). The money will be utilized to make the payment. A taxpayer can view their Electronic Cash Ledger by logging on to the GST website. Electronic Cash Ledger can only be viewed by the taxpayers themselves or by their Jurisdictional Officer (JO).
The amount available in the Electronic Cash Ledger can be utilised for payment of any liability for the respective major and minor heads. For example, liability for the tax under SGST can be utilised from the available amount of cash available under SGST only.
Electronic Credit Ledger– The input tax credit on purchases will be reflected here under three categories i.e IGST, CGST & SGST. The taxpayer will be able to utilize the balance shown in this account only for payment of tax (not for interest, penalty etc.)
The Electronic Credit Ledger is maintained by the GST System. Taxpayers can view their Electronic Credit Ledger in the post login mode by logging on to the GST Portal. Path: Services > Ledgers > Electronic Credit Ledger. An Electronic Credit Ledger can be viewed only by the taxpayers themselves or by the concerned Jurisdictional Officer (JO).
E-Liability Ledger: This ledger will show the total tax liability of a taxpayer after netting off for the month. This ledger will be auto-populated.
Period for Retention of Accounts under GST
As per the GST Act, every registered taxable person must maintain the accounts books and records for at least 72 months (6 years). The period will be counted from the last date of filing of Annual Return for that year.
The last date of filing the Annual return is 31st December of the following year.
For the year 2017-2018, the due date of filing the annual return is 31.12.2018. The books & records of 2017-2018 must be maintained for 6 years, i.e., 31.12.2023
If the taxpayer is a part of any proceedings before any authority (First Appellate) or is under investigation, then he must maintain the books for 1 year after the order of such proceedings/appeal has been passed.
Consequences of Not Maintaining Proper Records under GST
If the taxpayer fails to maintain proper records in respect of goods/services, then the proper officer shall treat such unaccounted goods/services as if the taxpayer had supplied them. The officer will determine the tax liability on such unaccounted goods.
The taxable person will be required to pay the tax liability calculated along with penalty.
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