Since the significant announcement by the Reserve Bank of India on May 7, 2012 many NRIs have expressed interest in transferring funds from the Non-Resident Ordinary Account (NRO) to Non-Resident External Account (NRE).
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) permitted NRO to NRE fund transfer subject to payment of applicable taxes within the overall ceiling of $ 1 million in a financial year.
Transfer of Funds from NRO to NRE: Before 2012…
Prior to 2012, the transfer of funds from NRO to NRE account was not permitted by RBI. The only way to transfer the amount into NRE accounts was through release from abroad or another NRE account.
Transfer of Funds from NRO to NRE: After 2012…
The proclamation by the Reserve Bank of India is plainly good news for NRIs looking forward to transfer their money to NRE accounts, which are repatriable in foreign currencies. This change has helped NRIs to save transaction cost. However, there are certain conditions that have to be met before transferring the amount.
What is NRO and NRE Account?
1. The NRO account is mainly for depositing Indian incomes like dividends, rent or incomes through any investment or sale of property. In case of NRO account both non-resident and resident can become joint account holders.
2. The NRE account is mainly for depositing income from abroad. In case of NRE account, only NRIs can become joint account holders.
Lack of Awareness about transfer of funds from NRO to NRE
A lot of NRIs are using this privilege; still a few NRIs are facing difficulties transferring their funds. This is mainly due to lack of awareness about the process/intricacies. Below are a few conditions every NRI must know about transfer of funds from NRO to NRE.
For Your Knowledge…
Document Requirements for Transfer of Funds from NRO to NRE
For transfer of funds from NRO to NRE account, NRIs need to submit Form 15CA (online application form) and form 15CB (Chartered Accountant Application) to the bank branch.
RBI’s 2011 change….
A decreasing value of rupee incited RBI to exempt interest rate on NRE deposits in December 2011. This change has propelled NRIs to save their funds in NRE deposits, as they are tax free and freely repatriable. Here, reparation means you are free to move your money to your overseas account.
Benefits of reparation
It is beneficial for NRIs to repatriate money, since at the time of excess motion (constructively) in the currency you can make money by transferring the amounts to your overseas financial account.
A little on ‘Taxation’ side…
Do you know the difference in the tax treatment for interest earned on an NRE and NRO account? Yes! Both the accounts have different rules. Read on:
It is now possible for NRIs to transfer funds from NRO to NRE account subject to certain conditions and guidelines mentioned above. In order to avoid financial ambiguities, one must get in touch with a financial expert to clear all the doubts. Read and understand the conditions carefully before transferring your funds.
(The author is Ramalingam.K an MBA (Finance) and certified financial planner. He is the Director & Chief Financial Planner of holistic investment planners (www.holisticinvestment.in) a firm that offers Financial Planning and Wealth Management. He Can be reached at email@example.com)