E1: INCREASE IN CLEAN ENERGY CESS [NOTIFICATION NO 1& 2/2016 DATED 29TH FEB,2016]- APPLICABLE FROM 1ST MARCH 2016
The Clean Energy Cess is being renamed as Clean Environment Cess. Also, the Tenth Schedule to the Finance Act, 2010 dealing with Clean Energy Cess is being amended so as to increase the Scheduled rate of Clean Energy Cess from Rs.300 per tonne to Rs.400 per tonne. The effective rate of Clean Energy Cess is being increased from Rs.200 per tonne to Rs.400 per tonne
E2: LEVY OF INFRASTRUCTURE CESS [NOTIFICATION NO 1/2016 DATED 29TH FEB,2016]– APPLICABLE FROM 1ST MARCH 2016
Infrastructure Cess is being levied on motor vehicles, of heading 8703, as under:
- Petrol/LPG/CNG driven motor vehicles of length not exceeding 4m and engine capacity not exceeding 1200cc – 1%
- Diesel driven motor vehicles of length not exceeding 4m and engine capacity not exceeding 1500cc – 2.5%
- Other higher engine capacity motor vehicles and SUVs and bigger sedans – 4%.
Three wheeled vehicles electrically operated vehicles, Hybrid vehicles, Hydrogen vehicles based on fuel cell technology, Motor vehicles which after clearance have been registered for use solely as taxi, Cars for physically handicapped persons and Motor vehicles cleared as ambulances or registered for use solely as ambulance will be exempt from this Cess.
In case of Taxi and Ambulance, the Infrastructure cess needs to be paid by the Manufacturer and then claim as refund within six months of payment of such cess.
In case of Handicapped person, the certificate is required to be issued by prescribed officer that such person is capable of using such Vehicle and Handicapped person also provides an Affidavit that such vehicle will not be disposed by him in less than 5 years.
E3: AMENDMENTS IN CENTRAL EXCISE RULES [NOTIFICATION NO 8/2016 DATED (N.T.) 1ST MARCH 2016]- APPLICABLE FROM 1ST APRIL 2016
The Central Excise Rules, 2002 are being amended so as to:
- Rule 7- Provide that in case of finalization of provisional assessment, the interest will be chargeable from the original date of payment of duty- Applicable from 1st March 2016
- Rule 12-Reduce the number of returns to be filed by a central excise assessee above a certain threshold from 27 to 13, that is, one annual and 12 monthly returns. Monthly returns are already being e-filed. CBEC will provide for e-filing of annual return also. This annual return will have to be filed by service tax assessees also, above a certain threshold, taking total number of returns to three in a year for them
- Rule 12: -Extend the facility for revision of return, hitherto available to a service tax assessees only, to manufacturers also.
- Rule 11: Provide that in cases where invoices are digitally signed, the manual attestation of copy of invoice, meant for transporter, is done away with.
E4: AMENDMENTS IN CENVAT CREDIT RULES,2004 [NOTIFICATION NO 13/2016 N.T. DATED 1ST MARCH 2016]- APPLICABLE FROM 1ST APRIL 2016
- Wagons of sub heading 8606 92 of the Central excise Tariff and equipment and appliance used in an office located within a factory are being included in the definition of capital goods so as to allow cenvat credit on the same. [Amendment in rule 2, clause (a) sub-clause (A) item (i) and condition No. (1) of the Rules refers].
- CENVAT credit on inputs and capital goods used for pumping of water, for captive use in the factory, is being allowed even where such capital goods are installed outside the factory. [Amendment in rule 2 clause (a), sub-clause (A) condition (1A) and clause (k) sub-clause(ii) of the Rules refers].
- All capital goods having value up to Rs. ten thousand per piece are being included in the definition of inputs. This would allow an assessee to take whole credit on such capital goods in the same year in which they are received. [Amendment in rule 2 clause (k) refers]
- Service by way of transportation of goods by a vessel from customs station of clearance in India to a place outside India is being excluded from the definition of „exempted service‟. This would allow shipping lines to take credit on inputs and input services used in providing the said service. [Amendment in rule 2, clause (e) refers]
- Manufacturer of final products is being allowed to take CENVAT credit on tools of Chapter 82 of the Central Excise Tariff in addition to credit on jigs, fixtures, moulds & dies, when intended to be used in the premises of job-worker or another manufacturer who manufactures the goods as per specification of manufacturer of final products. It is also being provided that a manufacturer can send these goods directly to such other manufacturer or job-worker without bringing the same to his premises. [Amendment in Rule 4(5) (b) refers]
- Presently, the permission given by an Assistant Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner to a manufacturer of the final products for sending inputs or partially processed inputs outside his factory to a job-worker and clearance there from on payment of duty is valid for a financial year. It is being provided that the same would be valid for three financial years. [Amendment in rule 4(6) refers].
- It is being provided that CENVAT credit of Service Tax paid on amount charged for assignment by Government or any other person of a natural resource such as radio-frequency spectrum, mines etc. shall be spread over the period of time for which the rights have been assigned. It is also being provided that where the manufacturer of goods or provider of output service further assigns such right to use assigned to him by the Government or any other person, in any financial year, to another person against a consideration, balance CENVAT credit not exceeding the service tax payable on the consideration charged by him for such further assignment, shall be allowed in the same financial year. It is also being provided that CENVAT credit of annual or monthly user charges payable in respect of such assignment shall be allowed in the same financial year. [Amendment in rule 4, sub-rule (7) refers]
- Rule 6 of Cenvat Credit Rules, which provides for reversal of credit in respect of inputs and input services used in manufacture of exempted goods or for provision of exempted services, is being redrafted with the objective of simplifying and rationalizing the same without altering the established principles of reversal of such credit.
(i) sub rule (1) of rule 6 is being amended to first state the existing principle that CENVAT credit shall not be allowed on such quantity of input and input services as is used in or in relation to manufacture of exempted goods and exempted service. The rule then directs that the procedure for calculation of credit not allowed is provided in sub-rules (2) and (3), for two different situations.
(ii) sub-rule (2) of rule 6 is being amended to provide that a manufacturer who exclusively manufactures exempted goods for their clearance up to the place of removal or a service provider who exclusively provides exempted services shall pay (i.e. reverse) the entire credit and effectively not be eligible for credit of any inputs and input services used.
(iii) sub-rule (3) of rule 6 is being amended to provide that when a manufacturer manufactures two classes of goods for clearance upto the place of removal, namely, exempted goods and final products excluding exempted goods or when a provider of output services provides two classes of services, namely exempted services and output services excluding exempted services, then the manufacturer or the provider of the output service shall exercise one of the two options, namely,
(a) pay an amount equal to six per cent of value of the exempted goods and seven per cent of value of the exempted services, subject to a maximum of the total credit taken or
(b) pay an amount as determined under sub-rule (3A).
The maximum limit prescribed in the first option would ensure that the amount to be paid does not exceed the total credit taken. The purpose of the rule is to deny credit of such part of the total credit taken, as is attributable to the exempted goods or exempted services and under no circumstances this part can be greater than the whole credit.
(iv) Sub-rule (3A) is being amended to provide the procedure and conditions for calculation of credit allowed and credit not allowed and directs that such credit not allowed shall be paid, provisionally for each month. The four key steps for calculating the credit required to be paid are :-
(a) No credit of inputs or input services used exclusively in manufacture of exempted goods or for provision of exempted services shall be available;
(b) Full credit of input or input services used exclusively in final products excluding exempted goods or output services excluding exempted services shall be available;
(c) Credit left thereafter is common credit and shall be attributed towards exempted goods and exempted services by multiplying the common credit with the ratio of value of exempted goods manufactured or exempted services provided to the total turnover of exempted and non- exempted goods and exempted and non-exempted services in the previous financial year.
(d) Final reconciliation and adjustments are provided for after close of financial year by 30th June of the succeeding financial year, as provided in the existing rule.
(v) A new sub-rule (3AA) is being inserted to provide that a manufacturer or a provider of output service who has failed to follow the procedure of giving prior intimation, may be allowed by a Central Excise officer, competent to adjudicate such case, to follow the procedure and pay the amount prescribed subject to payment of interest calculated at the rate of fifteen per cent. per annum
(vi) New sub-rule (3AB) is being inserted as transitional provision to provide that the existing rule 6 of CCR (v) would continue to be in operation upto 30.06.2016, for the units who are required to discharge the obligation in respect of financial year 2015-16.
(vii) Sub-rule (3B) of rule 6 is being amended so as to allow banks and other financial institutions to reverse credit in respect of exempted services on actual basis in addition to the option of 50% reversal.
(viii) Following are the other changes being made in rule 6 of the Cenvat Credit Rules: (i) Explanations 3 and 4 are being inserted in rule 6, sub-rule (1) so as provide for reversal of CENVAT Credit on inputs/input services which have been commonly used in providing taxable output service and an activity which is not a service under the Finance Act, 1994.
(ii) Sub-rule (4) is being amended to provide that where the capital goods are used for the manufacture of exempted goods or provision of exempted service for two years from the date of commencement of commercial production or provision of service, no CENVAT credit shall be allowed on such capital goods. Similar provision is being made for capital goods installed after the date of commencement of commercial production or provision of service.
(iii) Sub-rule (7) is being amended so as to provide that credit taken on inputs and input services used in providing a service by way of “transportation of goods by a vessel from customs station of clearance in India to a place outside India” shall not be required to be reversed by the shipping lines. It may be mentioned here that this service presently qualifies as an “exempted service” on account of Rule 10 of Place of Provision of Supply Rules. Service by way of transportation of goods by a vessel from customs station of clearance in India to a place outside India is being excluded from the definition of „exempted service‟ by amending rule 2(e) of the rules as discussed above. Amendment in sub-rule (7) coupled with the corresponding amendment in the definition of Exempted Service is aimed at allowing credit of eligible inputs, input services and capital goods for providing the said service and providing Indian shipping lines a level playing field vis a vis the foreign shipping lines. The credit available may be used by Indian shipping lines to pay service tax on the services of transportation of goods by a vessel from outside India to the customs station of clearance in India, which would become taxable w.e.f 1st June 2016 after enactment of Finance Bill 2016.
- Rule 7 of the Rules dealing with distribution of credit on input services by an Input Service Distributor is being completely rewritten to allow an Input Service Distributer to distribute the input service credit to an outsourced manufacturing unit also in addition to its own manufacturing units. Outsourced manufacturing unit is being defined to mean either a job-worker who is required to pay duty on the value determined under the provisions of rule 10A of the Central Excise Valuation (Determination of Price Of Excisable Goods) Rules, 2000, on the goods manufactured for the Input Service Distributor or a manufacturer who manufactures goods, for the Input Service Distributor under a contract, bearing the brand name of the Input Service Distributor and is required to pay duty on value determined under the provisions of section 4A of the Central Excise Act, 1944. (Amendment in rule 2 (m) and rule 7 refers)
- Presently, rule 7 provides that credit of service tax attributable to service used by more than one unit shall be distributed pro rata, based on turnover, to all the units. It is now being provided that an Input Service Distributor shall distribute CENVAT credit in respect of service tax paid on the input services to its manufacturing units or units providing output service or to outsourced manufacturing units subject to, inter alia, the following conditions,:
- credit attributable to a particular unit shall be attributed to that unit only.
- credit attributable to more than one unit but not all shall be to attributed to those units only and not to all units.
- credit attributable to all units shall be attributed to all the units.Credit shall be distributed pro rata on the basis of turnover as is done in the present rules.
- It is also being provided that an outsourced manufacturing unit shall maintain separate account of credit received from each of the input service distributors and shall use it for payment of duty on goods manufactured for Input Service Distributor concerned. The credit of service tax paid on input services, available with the Input Service Distributor as on 31st of March, 2016 shall not be distributed to an outsourced manufacturing unit. Further, provisions of rule 6 of Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004 relating to reversal of credit in respect of inputs and input services used in manufacture of exempted goods or for provision of exempted services, shall apply to the units availing the CENVAT credit distributed by Input Service Distributor and not to the Input Service Distributor.
- Rule 7B is being inserted in Cenvat Credit Rules, 2004 so as to enable manufacturers with multiple manufacturing units to maintain a common warehouse for inputs and distribute inputs with credits to the individual manufacturing units. It is also being provided that a manufacturer having one or more factories shall be allowed to take credit on inputs received under the cover of an invoice issued by a warehouse of the said manufacturer, which receives inputs under cover of an invoice towards the purchase of such inputs. Procedure applicable to a first stage dealer or a second stage dealer would apply, mutatis mutandis, to such a warehouse of the manufacturer.
- Presently, an invoice issued by a manufacturer for clearance of inputs or capitals goods is a valid document for availing CENVAT credit. It is being provided that an invoice issued by a service provider for clearance of inputs or capitals goods shall also be a valid document for availing CENVAT credit. [Amendment in Rule 9 (a) (i) refers.]
- Rule 9A of the Rules is being amended to provide for filing of an annual return by a manufacturer of final products or provider of output services for each financial year, by the 30th day of November of the succeeding year in the form as specified by a notification by the Board
- The existing sub- rule (2) of rule 14 prescribes a procedure based on FIFO method for determining whether a particular credit has been utilized. The said sub-rule is being omitted. Now, whether a particular credit has been utilised or not shall be ascertained by examining whether during the period under consideration, the minimum balance of credit in the account of the assessee was equal to or more than the disputed amount of credit.
(Article written by: CA Shilpi Gupta, BCom (H), M.Com, FCA- M – 9910009056- Email Id: firstname.lastname@example.org)