Anticipatory bail is often obtained by an individual who anticipates arrest. Hence, anticipatory bail may be a direction to release an individual on bail, even before the person is arrested. Anticipatory bail is applied for under Section 438 of the CPC during this article, we glance at the procedure for obtaining anticipatory bail in India.

Who is eligible to get anticipatory bail?

When a person features a reason to believe that there’s an opportunity to urge him arrested on false or concoct charges or thanks to enmity with someone, or he fears that a false case is probably going to be built up against him, he has the proper to manoeuvre the court of Session or the supreme court under Section 438 of the code of Criminal Procedure for grant of bail within the event of his arrest, and therefore the court may if it thinks fit, direct that within the event of such arrest, he shall be released on bail.

All about Anticipatory Bail under Section 438 of the CPC

Accused who has been declared as an absconder/proclaimed offender in terms of Section 82 of the Criminal Procedure Code and not cooperated with the investigation shouldn’t tend anticipatory bail.

The State of M.P vs. Pradeep Sharma held that “when an individual against whom a warrant had been issued and is absconding or concealing himself so as to avoid execution of warrant and declared as a proclaimed offender in terms of Section 82 of the Code he’s not entitled to the relief of anticipatory bail”.

Anticipatory Bail Conditions

While granting anticipatory bail, the Court can impose one or more of the subsequent conditions supported the facts of the actual case:

Be available for interrogation by the policeman, as and when required;

The person shall not, directly or indirectly, make any inducement, threat, or promise to a person familiar with the facts of the case to dissuade him from disclosing such facts to the court or any police officer;

The person shall not leave India without the previous permission of the court.

SECTION 438 CR.P.C – DIRECTION FOR GRANT OF BAIL TO PERSON APPREHENDING ARREST.

(1) When a person has reason to believe that he could also be arrested on an accusation of getting committed a non-bailable offense, he may apply to the supreme court or the Court of Session for a direction under this section; which court may if it thinks fit, direct that within the event of such arrest, he shall be released on bail.

(2) When the supreme court or the Court of Session makes a direction under sub-section (1), it’s going to include such conditions in such directions within the light of the facts of the actual case, because it might imagine fit, including:

a condition that the person shall make himself available for interrogation by a policeman as and when required,

a condition that the person shall not, directly or indirectly, make any inducement, threat, or promise to a person familiar with the facts of the case to dissuade him from disclosing such facts to the court or any policeman,

a condition that the person shall not leave India without prior permission of the court,

such other condition as could also be imposed under subsection (3) of section 437, as if the bail were granted thereunder section.

(3) If such person is thereafter arrested without warrant by a politician responsible of a police headquarters on such accusation, and is ready either at the time of arrest or at any time while within the custody of such officer to offer bail, he shall be released on bail; and if a Magistrate taking cognizance of such offense decides that a warrant should be issued within the first instance against that person, he shall issue a bailable warrant in conformity with the direction of the court under sub-section.

Filing Anticipatory Bail Application

It is advisable to interact with a criminal lawyer once a criminal complaint has been lodged. Once engaged, an appropriate course of action including the appliance for pre-arrest notice, notice bail, or anticipatory bail is often decided upon.

Once decided, the Lawyer would draft an anticipatory bail mentioning the explanations for the bail application and your version of the facts surrounding the matter. The bail application is then made at an appropriate Sessions Court.
When the matter comes up for hearing, the Lawyer must appear and present the case. If the judge sees the case as fit, anticipatory bail is provided to the accused. just in case the anticipatory bail application is rejected within the Sessions Court, the appliance is often made within the supreme court. If the supreme court also rejects the bail, the appliance is often made within the Supreme Court.

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