(Name clause of Memorandum of Association)
A company being a legal entity must have a name of its own to establish its Separate identity. The name of the company is a symbol of its independent corporate existence. The first clause in the Memorandum of Association of the company states the name by which a company is known. The company may adopt any suitable name provided it is not undesirable.
The Company after incorporation can change their name by following way:
(a) Conversion of name from private to public, or
(b) Conversion of name from public to private, or
(c) Change of name from ABC limited to XYZ limited.
Change in Name clause of the Company involves alteration of Memorandum of Association (hereinafter referred to as “Memorandum”) of the Company. Section 13 of Companies Act 2013 regulates the process of amendment in Memorandum of Association is applicable to all companies. All clauses of Memorandum except Capital clause can be altered by following the provisions of Section 13 of Companies Act, 2013 by passing special resolution.
Section 13 of the Companies Act, 2013 deal with change of name which says that the name of the company can be changed by a special resolution and with the approval of the Central Government. Approval of Central Government is not required if the change relates to the addition/deletion of the words “private” to the name.
Sub Section- 2 of Section 4 of the Companies Act, 2013 provides that no company shall be registered by name which:
Sub Section-3 without prejudice (Effect) to the provisions of sub-section (2) [as given above], a company shall not be registered with a name which contains unless the previous approval of the Central Government has been obtained for the use of any such word or expression:
Alteration of Name shall not allow to following Companies:
The change of name shall not be allowed to a company:
STEPS FOR ALTERATION IN MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION:
STEP – I: Convey Board Meeting of Directors: (As per section 173 and SS-1)
STEP – II: Held Board Meeting: (As per section 173 and SS-1)
STEP-III- File – e-form- RUN with ROC:
File form RUN with ROC for approval of name:
√ Copy of Board Resolution.
√ Approval of Owner of Trade Mark or the applicant of such application
[If proposed name(s) are based on a registered Trade Mark or is a subject matter of an application pending for registration under the Trade Mark Act, 1999]
Name Approval Certificate from ROC, if applied name are available
STEP- V: Issue Notice of General Meeting: (Section 101)
Notice of EGM shall be given at least 21 days before the actual date of EGM. EGM can be called on Shorter Notice with the consent of at least majority in number and ninety five percent of such part of the paid up share capital of the company giving a right to vote at such a meeting:
The notice shall specify the place, date, day and time of the meeting and contain a statement on the business to be transacted at the EGM.
STEP- VI: Hold General Meeting: (Section 101)
STEP- VII: Filing of form with ROC: (Section 117)
A. File Form MGT-14 (Filing of Resolutions and agreements to the Registrar under section 117) with the Registrar along with the requisite filing within 30 days of passing the special resolution, along with given documents:-
B. File Form INC – 24 within 30 days of passing of Special Resolution
STEP- VIII: Issue of New Certificate:
After completing Above Procedure ROC will issue a New Certificate of Incorporation
A. Whether Stamp Duty required to pain on Alteration in Memorandum of Association (MOA)?
The Act does not contemplate new memorandum of association, and where it purports to be so, it is nothing more than a special resolution and as such does not require to be stamped.
B. Whether it is mandatory that name should reflect the Objects of the Company?
No it is not mandatory to reflect the objects of the Company in its Name. But if any word in name reflecting any business activity that should be companies objects only.
C. After approval of name up to what time name shall be available to use?
As per Companies Amendment Act, 2017 In case of alteration of Name. Name shall be reserved for 60 days from the date of approval of name.
SOME IMPORTANT POINTS:
I. A change of name under section 21 does not affect the rights and obligations of the company or render defective any legal proceedings by or against it, and any legal proceedings, which might have been continued or commenced by or against the company by its former name, may be continued by or against the company by its new name.
II. The company which has changed its name would be entitled to ask those companies in which it is holding shares, to substitute its old certificates by new ones.
 The name once approved valid for 60 days from the date of making of application.
(Author – CS Divesh Goyal, ACS is a Company Secretary in Practice from Delhi and can be contacted at email@example.com)
(Republished with Amendments)