Section 230 and 232 of Companies Act 2103 read with rules Companies (Compromise, Arrangements and Amalgamation) Rules, 2016
Step: 1 AUTHORISATION IN MOA AOA
Step: 2 DRAFT SCHEME OF MERGER
Step: 3 CALL BOARD MEETING ⇓
Call Board Meeting and approve following resolutions:
a. Approve the draft scheme of Merger.
b. Authorization to filing of application to NCLT
c. Authorization to file a Petition for confirmation of scheme by the NCLT.
d. Appointment of an Independent Registered Valuer for valuing shares to determine the share exchange ratio.
Step: 4 FILE APPLICATION TO NCLT TO CONVENE THE MEETING ⇓
Company files preliminary petition and draft scheme of merger to NCLT:
Form NCLT-1 Application for order of meeting with fees,
Form NCLT-2 Notice of Admission
Form NCLT-6 attached with Affidavit disclosing:
a. latest financial position, latest auditors report, and pendency of any investigation or proceedings.
b. Reduction of share capital of the Company, if any.
c. Any scheme of corporate debt restructuring (CDR) if any
Joint-application application may be filed where there are more than one company
Step: 5 NCLT HEARING AND NCLT MAY BY ORDER. ⇓
– NCLT fix Date, Time, and Place of Class Meeting and Appoint Chairpersons
(In the class meeting, PASS SPECIAL RESOLUTION –majority by number and also hold ¾th by value):
– NCLT may directs as below:
– Other matters NCLT may directs relating to Merger:
Further no Compromise and arrangement shall be sanction by the NCLT unless Certificate by the company’s auditor is filled with NCLT for the accounting treatment effect.
(Note: NCLT may dispense with calling of a meeting of creditor or class of creditors where such creditors or their class, having at least 90 %value, agree and confirm, by way of affidavit to the scheme of demerger.)
Step: 6 Notice of such meeting shall be send to every member/creditor/Regulatory Authority Attaching following documents along with Form No. CAA.2: ⇓
a. Copy of the scheme,
b. Details of the order of NCLT
c. Explanatory statement,
d. Date of the Board Meeting at which the scheme was approved along with voting results,
e. Copy of the valuation report, if any,
f. Explain effect of merger on Creditors, KMP, Directors, Promoters, Debenture-holder, Employees, etc.
g. Investigation or proceedings, if any, pending against the Company
Step: 7 Reporting by Chairman ⇓
Step: 8 File the Petition to the NCLT for Confirming the Merger scheme: ⇓
The NCLT shall fix date for the hearing of the second petition, and notice of the hearing, not less than 10 days before the date fixed for the hearing.
Step: 9 NCLT may sanction the Scheme or not: ⇓
If sanction by NCLT: File to ROC copy of scheme
Copy of NCLT Order
E-form INC-28 (within 30 days)
After filling it shall become fully binding and effective.
If not sanction by NCLT: File an appeal to NCLAT
Every Company shall, until the completion of the scheme, file a statement in every year within 210 days from the end of each financial year with the ROC, certified by a CA or CS or CWA in practice indicating whether the scheme is being complied with in accordance with the orders of the NCLT or not by filling Form No.CAA.8.
NCLT-1: Application to NCLT
NCLT-2: A notice of admission
NCLT-6: Affidavit verifying Petition
CAA-2: Notice and advertisement to notice
CAA-3: Notice to Government Regulatory authorities
CAA-4: Result of report of meeting by chairperson
CAA-5: Petition to sanction Merger
CAA-6: Order of petition
CAA-8: Statement to be filled with ROC
INC-28: Notice of Order of the court
About the Author
Author is Divya Goel, ACS working as Assistant Manager- Company Secretary with Neeraj Bhagat & Co. Chartered Accountants, a Chartered Accountancy firm helping foreign companies in setting up business in India and complying with various tax laws applicable to foreign companies while establishing their business in India.