Secularism is about understanding, developing and respecting different religions. The word ‘secularism’ probably comes from late medieval Europe. In 1948, during a debate in the Constituent Assembly, KT Shah asked to include the word “secular” in the preamble to the Constitution. The assembly members approved the secular nature of the Constitution, which was not included in the preamble. Then, in 1976, the government of Indira Gandhi passed the 42nd Amendment Act and the word ‘secular‘ was added to its preamble. Mini-Constitution, i.e. The 42nd Amendment Act, also known as the, is the most comprehensive Amendment to the Constitution.
In the highly controversial Ayodhya case, the appeals court ruled that the Constitution postulates religious equality. The country is secular, and people can promote it through tolerance and cooperation.
The right to freedom of religion is assured to all the Indians under constitutional Articles 25 to 28. This blog, which is related to the concept of secularism, is very important. You can read everything about these rights in this article.
Right to Freedom of Religion:
The Indian Constitution guarantees individuals and religious groups in India the right to freedom of religion. This is covered in Articles 25 to 28.
Article 25 (Freedom of conscience and occupation, practice and propagation of religion): Article 25 guarantees all citizens freedom of conscience and religion and the practice and spread of religion.
The above points are all based upon and subject to public order, health and morals:
Article 26 (Freedom to regulate religious affairs):
This article states that each religious denomination has the following rights, subject to morality, health and public order.
Article 27 (Right and Freedom to Pay Taxes for the Promotion of Any Religion):
According to Article 27 of the Indian Constitution, there can be no taxes whose income is used directly to promote and maintain a certain religion/religious denomination.
Indian and Western models of secularism:
As explained above, the term secularism refers to the separation of state and religion. However, this concept has slightly different connotations in Indian and Western countries. This is discussed further below.
India is the most religiously diverse country. As a secular state, it does not have its religion, and every citizen has the right to choose, practice, propagate, and even change his religion. However, these rights are not constant and are based on constitutional limitations. No person in the name of any religion may engage in any activity that violates public order or causes any disturbance or intolerance among the Indian people.
We at Book My Lectures help aspirants and learners to understand the concepts of the law of our secular country by making clear the ideas behind the right to religious freedom. This is one of the basic needs of society in a country and therefore needs to be clarified. We offer Online lectures for CS, CA and CMA and is one of the leading digital platforms for online learning of CS, CA and CMA.
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