Case Law Details

Case Name : Shri G.Natarajan Vs Shri K. Veerabhadra Reddy (CESTAT Chennai)
Appeal Number : ST/185/2010
Date of Judgement/Order : 25/04/2018
Related Assessment Year :
Courts : All CESTAT (1056) CESTAT Chennai (140)

Shri G.Natarajan Vs Shri K. Veerabhadra Reddy (CESTAT Chennai)

The facts of the case are that appellants are the owners of ‘Citi Centre’ a shopping mall and had rented / leased out commercial space in the mall to various occupants, through lease deeds. For the renting of immovable property services, the appellants were discharging service tax liability. It appeared to the department that appellants were also required to discharge further tax liability in respect of maintenance and repair, services provided by them to the tenants / lessees for which monthly charges were collected from the latter. Show cause notices were issued to appellants for different periods, inter alia proposing demand of service tax liability in respect of amounts collected by them from the tenants / lessees for maintenance and repair charges, along with interest thereon and imposition of penalties under various provisions of law. Adjudicating authorities vide the impugned orders have confirmed these proposals. Aggrieved, appellants are before this forum

2. Today when the matter came up for hearing, on behalf of the appellant, ld. counsel Shri G. Natarajan submits that various expenses incurred by the appellants in maintaining common area of the mall are in turn claimed from the lessees as reimbursements on a proportionate basis. No profit has been enjoyed by them in this exercise. Ld. Advocate takes us to the terms of the lease in respect of maintenance charges in para-8 thereof at pages 94-97 of Appeal ST/40415/2013, to emphasize his point. Ld. Advocate submits that the amounts collected from the tenants / lessees would only be in the nature of collection of reimbursable expenses and the ratio laid down by the Hon’ble Apex Court in the case of UOI Vs Intercontinental Technocrafts Pvt. Ltd. – 2018 (10) GSTL 401 (SC) will apply.

3. On the other hand, Ld. A.R supports the impugned order. He draws our attention to para 3.1 of the impugned order to highlight that appellants have appointed a Property Manager, M/s.ETA Star Facilities Management Services Pvt. Ltd. who have been entrusted with operation, maintenance etc. and the entire onus of the maintenance and repair etc. is only on the appellant.

4. Heard both sides. We find merit in the assertions of the Ld. Advocate. Para-8 (c) of the Lease Agreement makes the situation amply clear and hence the same is reproduced for ready reference :

8. (c) However for the same of convenient operations is is agreed between the parties hereto that the Lessor shall raise monthly maintenance bills an indicative rate of Rs.6/- per Sq.ft of chargeable area of the said Leased Premises, and the lessee shall make payment of such bills every month. At the end of every year, the Lessor shall furnish to Lessee a statement of the maintenance charges incurred at actual during the relevant previous year, and the Lessee shall be entitled to adjust any credit remaining in its favour against the maintenance charges payable for succeeding year, as necessary. It is  abundantly made clear that the lessee shall be responsible to pay only the actual proportionate cost of maintenance charges and lessor hereby agrees and undertakes not to have any profit element for the maintenance charges except pay and park system.”

(Emphasis added)

5. We therefore find that the appellants in collecting the impugned amounts are only getting themselves reimbursed for the expenses incurred by them for maintenance and repair and upkeep of the mall, that too on a proportionate and equitable basis, without any profit element for themselves. The ratio upheld by the Hon’ble Apex Court in Intercontinental Consultants Technocrafts Pvt. Ltd. (supra) will apply on all fours to the facts of this case. Following the ratio laid down by the Hon’ble Apex Court, we find in favour of the appellant. Impugned orders cannot then be sustained and are required to be set aside, which we hereby do. Appeals are therefore allowed with consequential relief, if any, as per law.

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One Comment

  1. vswami says:

    OFFHAND

    Quite a beneficial and favorable evelopment worthy of a conscious noting !

    Should be of immense support in case of a ‘housing society’, with its managing body collecting in advance or otherwise, for meeting the actual common expenses; and, regardless of whether or not, for convenience, an external agency is engaged for the purpose.

    Cross refer the Previous Posts focusing on the applicable principle / doctrine of ‘mutuality’ .

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